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The World Toilet Summit comes to Durban, December 2012




Durban’s Water Woes: Climate Chaos, Blue Flags Down, Neoliberal Loos, Fish Kills and Sewage Spills

The commodification of crap and South Africa’s toilet apartheid
Patrick Bond 4 December 2012

DURBAN - This week’s World Toilet Summit offers an opportunity to contemplate how we curate our crap. Increasingly the calculus seems to be cash, generating contradictions ranging from local to global scales, across race, gender, generation and geography. Nowhere are they more evident than in the host city, my hometown of Durban. We’ve suffered an 18-year era of neoliberal-nationalist malgovernance including toilet apartheid , in the wake of more than 150 years of colonialism and straight racial-apartheid.

In central Durban, the mafia of the global water and sanitation sector – its corporate, NGO and state-bureaucratic elite – have gathered at the International Convention Centre, just a few blocks west of the Indian Ocean, into which far too much of our excrement already flows. They’re at the same scene of the crime as, exactly a year ago, negotiators dithered at the United Nations COP17 ‘Conference of Polluters’ summit.

Recall that the COP17 rebuffed anyone who fancifully hoped global elites might address the planet’s main 21st century crisis. The 1%-ers inside ignored outsider demands for climate justice: make airtight commitments to 50 percent emissions cuts by 2020; drop the ‘privatisation of the air’ strategy known as carbon trading and offsets; and cough up ‘climate debt’ payments from rich to poor countries.

Instead, that conference ended with a ‘Durban Platform’ that re-emphasized capitalist strategies, pleasing Washington especially. The COP17 deal eroded differences in responsibility between North and South, and moreover, as lead Bank of America Merrill Lynch carbon dealer Abyd Karmali told the , the Durban Platform was like a Viagra shot for the flailing carbon markets.” True, a tiny carbon price erection followed, but the effect soon wore off; the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme has been flaccid throughout 2012.

What the dog’s-breakfast Durban Platform confirms, then, was global-elite back-slapping generosity to each other, simultaneous with rank incompetence and utter disregard for the poor and environment, all of which are again on display this week at the COP18 in Doha, Qatar. Precedents matter, for lowering standards.

The commodification of crap
The World Toilet Organisation’s battle cry, ‘Scaling up – dignity for all!’, appears as a creative talk-left but turn-the-tap-right (i.e. off) strategy. The water mafia has long struggled to gain legitimacy for neoliberal cost-cutting strategies, and now does so by invoking dignity (and they also have tried colonising the ‘water rights’ discourse) – but naturally not genuine equal access and consumer affordability, neither of which are possible under neoliberalism.

Another version of this is micro-scale privatisation, where NGOs and community organisations are encouraged to build local toilets and charge poor people for their use, to cover construction, cleaning, maintenance, the water bill and a tiny salary.

Last month in Nairobi’s Kibera and Huruma slums, I spent a day dodging the ‘flying toilets’ (plastic bags filled with faeces), thankfully guided in walkabouts by two admirable popular organisations whose young men – often drawn from ex-gang members – construct these toilets after fighting the small-scale local water capitalists who physically sabotage state suppliers. These systems of desperation-commodification, priced at US$0.10 per use (including one piece of loo paper), are vast improvements on the flying-toilet.

This travesty is the result of a more general neoliberal dogma that hit slums like Nairobi’s over the past quarter-century: cut-backs in state-subsidised water. The strong residue – both in World Bank techie talk and in populist-neoliberal micro-privatisation mode – is just as evident at the Durban Toilet Summit as it was at the World Water Forum in Marseilles nine months ago. That event reconfirmed the water-empire expansion of Paris mega-privatisers like Veolia and Suez, along with the likes of liquid-barons Coke and Nestle, all backed by the multilateral development banks.

Although for a dozen years, fierce anti-privatisation struggles have been waged in Cochabamba, Johannesburg, Accra, Argentina, Atlanta, Jakarta, Manila and many other urban water battlegrounds, it seems that recent US and European municipal fiscal crises offer a new opportunity for the water profiteers.

At the Durban summit, even more clever neoliberal stunts are being rehearsed. ‘Community-Led Total Sanitation’ (CLTS) popularized by NGOer Kamal Kar and academic Robert Chambers in Bangladesh passes yet more responsibilities for public hygiene downwards to poor people. The goal is to wean the lumpens off reliance upon state subsidies through social shaming.

Explains Petra Bongartz from Sussex University, “Through the tools employed by CLTS, a community comes to self-realization that their acts of open defecation are disgusting. In disgust, I have seen some people spit, others turn away from the direction of shit. Still others have vomited at the sight of shit. Disgust is one of the key elements of a CLTS trigger. Disgust is ignited by the unpleasant sight of shit, more so when the shit is still in its fresh and wet state.”

State funds to supply sanitation services are invariably in short supply, so such gimmicks allow smirking Finance Ministry technocrats in many countries to both decentralize the state and shrink it, and in the process, shift duties to municipalities and vulnerable people, in a process sometimes called ‘unfunded mandates’.

Durban’s dirty water
In this context, Durban residents like myself are having a hard time separating good from bad arguments when it comes to water quality and sanitation. First is the rumour, fed by media hysteria, that drinking Durban’s increasingly grey water is bad for us. As the city begins to mix recycled city sewage with river supply from the mercury-contaminated Inanda Dam (where signs warn local Zulu fisherfolk against eating their catch) and other E.coli-infected streams, will we end up as ill and thirsty as several unfortunate neighbouring Mpumalanga Province towns’ citizens?

In many little ‘dorpies’ stretching from Johannesburg east through Mpumalanga to the Mozambique border at Kruger Park, Acid Mine Drainage and related toxic effluent from coal mining corporations flow prolifically. The national environment ministry turns a blind eye. Between worsening climate change, declining air quality and widespread water pollution, it is terrible but true – as even the African National Congress (ANC) government admits in obscure reports – that apartheid’s ecology was better than freedom’s.

To illustrate, at the very tip of government’s free-market, fast-melting iceberg, Cyril Ramaphosa’s coal company was let off the prosecutorial hook last month for operating without a water license. Ramaphosa’s political clout was simply overwhelming, according to a leading Pretoria bureaucrat cited by The Mail&Guardian. Indeed it’s likely Ramaphosa will become the country’s second leader at an ANC conference in a fortnight’s time, notwithstanding his smoking-email role in the Marikana massacre, carried out by police 14 weeks ago at the behest of the multinational corporation, Lonmin, for which Ramaphosa serves as local frontman.

As for Durban’s tap-water quality, no, I don’t think there’s any worry, and still have no qualms about ordering my restaurant water straight from the tap. Much worse is the rise of plastic bottles – see http://www.storyofbottledwater.org for gory details – which clog landfills and whose petroleum inputs soil the air in South Durban, Africa’s largest refinery site.

There, children in the mainly Indian suburb of Merebank suffer the world’s worst recorded asthma rate. The Malaysian-owned Engen refinery and BP/Shell’s Sapref complex act like a massive pollution pincer on the kids’ young lungs. Last week, even the slobs at the US Environmental Protection Agency deemed BP – ‘Beyond Petroleum’ (hah) – such a filthy rogue that it may no longer bid for new oil leases there.

Durban’s dirty water policy
Other gossip making the rounds here concerns the world-famous water manager who runs Durban’s municipal system, Neil Macleod. Billionaire philanthropist and Microsoft founder Bill Gates blogged two years ago that Macleod “has been a leader in thinking through how to improve sanitation for the poor in Durban.” But last month Macleod was charged with corruption by his subordinates (whom he was investigating for the same crime).

This came just at the moment that former Durban city manager Mike Sutcliffe apparently intimidated his successor S’bu Sithole into out-of-court-settlement talks over corruption libel which may leave taxpayers shelling out as much as a million dollars to featherbed Sutcliffe’s supposedly injured ‘reputation’. Although the Manase Report into city corruption – from which Sithole made his claims that Sutcliffe should be jailed – remains a state secret, in both the Macleod and Sutcliffe cases, I’m convinced that they are being unfairly maligned.

How, then, might we more fairly malign these men, not personally of course, but for the society-corrupting, health-threatening, ecologically-destructive sanitation policies on their watch?

The most obvious evidence is the city’s repeated embarrassment at reports of high E.coli and toxin levels in the rivers feeding the ocean, especially after rains, leading to the loss of international ‘Blue Flag’ status at ten Durban beaches four years ago. This month is vital for attracting Johannesburg tourists, so the excessive recent storms make it doubly hard for our hospitality industry, given last week’s reports about unsafe beaches.

So why do long stretches of Durban’s beaches become unswimmable after rains? The primary cause is Macleod’s persistent failure to address the vast sanitation backlog in more than 100 shack settlements across the city. Here, Sutcliffe long refused to authorize standard municipal services – such as water mains and bulk sewage – because of their informal property-rights status, especially those near the traditionally white and Indian areas subject to forced-displacement pressure.

Most shack settlements, in which around a third of Durban’s 3.5 million people live, have only a few poorly- (or un-) maintained toilets, notwithstanding heroic efforts by their main social movement, Abahlali baseMjondolo – most notably at the Kennedy Road shack settlement of 4000 residents and 8 toilets (until ruling party thuggery forced them out) – to raise the profile of the problem.

As a result of loose excrement, E.coli flows into our streams at a rate far higher than the recommended ‘safe’ level of 100 parts per 100ml. The 2010 found the E.coli count in the “uMngeni River at Kennedy Road up to 1,080,000. Cause: Informal Community on the banks of the Palmiet River.”

Power politics and toilet apartheid
Five years ago, Macleod predicted to Science magazine that by 2010, “everyone [would have] access to a proper toilet,” while in reality,hundreds of thousands do not, today.

Neoliberal sanitation experts visiting Durban for the Toilet Summit may rebut that the world cannot afford 12-liter flushes for everyone, and that we must embrace some version of low-water toilets here. (I agree that low-flush bio-gas digesters could be a fine compromise, supplying cooking gas to nearby houses.)
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Yet community critics regularly tell us that Durban’s water-less ‘Ventilated Improved Pitlatrine’ (VIP) and ‘Urinary Diversion’ (‘UD’ – or ‘UnDignified’) strategies are failing. If the municipality possessed a genuinely green consciousness, then middle- and upper-class areas would have such pilot projects – not just tens of thousands provided in the city’s low-income periphery. calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-themecolor: text1>

I flush a few times each day and pay a small premium: more than Durban’s poor can afford, but still not enough for the sake of equity. Many South African readers of this column could easily cross-subsidise their low-income fellow residents, by paying more for the privileges of filling swimming pools and bathtubs, watering gardens, running washing machines and all the other liquid luxuries we enjoy. This is, after all, the world’s most unequal major country, and it’s far worse now than even during apartheid.

If those of us above the 80th percentile paid more to deter our hedonistic water consumption, and if Macleod adjusted tariffs downwards accordingly for poor people, then Durban would not be South Africa’s second stingiest city for water, according to the University of the Witwatersrand Centre for Applied Legal Studies. (The worst is nearby Pietermaritzburg – both reflective of durable old-style Natal white settler-colonial mentality and latter-day Zulu managerial conservatism.)

If such logical reforms were made to water and sanitation prices, then better health and gender equity would result, and more funds could be raised for installing decent toilets across the city, as well as to repair sewage pipes whose cracks regularly infect our rivers and harbour.

After enormous herds of White Elephant infrastructure – underutilized stadiums, a fast train linking Pretoria and Joburg, and Durban’s new airport – were built across SA for the 2010 World Cup, no one in power can claim that construction capability or subsidized funding are lacking. What’s missing is a more favourable politics of and by the poor, and so what will continue to result is toilet-apartheid.
www.zcommunications.org
http://links.org.au/node/3129

Patrick Bond directs the University of KwaZulu-Natal Centre for Civil Society.


The Neoliberal Loo
Baruti Amisi, Patrick Bond, Dudu Khumalo and Simphiwe Nojiyeza (February 2008)

Sanitation occasionally needs our attention. Usually it’s when there’s a water shortage. Today it’s because toilet (“loo”) technicians are having a major summit here in Durban, South Africa. Ironically, those who specialise in water-borne sanitation don’t want some of us to use their product, a conclusion we’ll explain below.

The sensible old adage - “If it’s yellow, let it mellow; if it’s brown, flush it down” - was initiated (we understand) in a blunt New York City water-saving campaign during an early 1970s drought. Conservation is all well and good during explicit water shortages. But that’s not generally the case here in even mostly-arid South Africa, given that human consumption of raw water amounts to less than 12 percent of the total, of which more than half is used to refill swimming pools, in non-indigenous gardens, and to otherwise sate rich/middle-income hedonistic desires. Poor black people get less than 5 percent of the raw water.

The same superficially “commonsense” yet profoundly unfair philosophy - i.e., poor folk must be given only water-free pit latrines - permeates the African Sanitation (Africasan) conference now underway at the Luthuli International Conference Centre, led by “prince of sanitation” (as he calls himself and colleagues) Piers Cross, long-term World Banker.

The Bank is brutally explicit about sanitation financing in last month’s “International Year of Sanitation” newsletter propaganda: “Africa’s sanitation should and must be developed and funded by Africa.” No Northern subsidies allowed, because “Both governments and households respond to financial incentives and client-focused mechanisms for cost recovery and contribution.” (The Dutch government sponsors this particularly nasty neoliberal ideology with generous subsidies.)

Several hundred experts have come to Durban to talk toilet cost-recovery this week. With one exception, our own attempts to enter the ICC along with civil society colleagues were deterred by the $250 entrance fee; there were only a few passes given to community groups.

If allowed in, a civil society swarm would raise the essential problem across the continent: underfunding. Toilets and bulk wastewater pipes dug down out of sight and mind aren’t sexy for donors - like the noxious British Department for International Development - to show off to politicians and constituents.

Moreover, for the last quarter century, the pressures of World Bank structural adjustment programs broke African governments’ ability to meet the citizenry’s needs, even basic water/sanitation infrastructure.

Most African states are run by venal elites who don’t care where their poorest residents defecate; witness Durban’s provision of a handful of public loos to thousands in each of the city’s burgeoning shack settlements.

So in spite of the threat to public health in the AIDS era, a dangerous conventional wisdom emerged: poor and working people should learn to consume far less water. Self-help for “total sanitation” (including hygiene education against “open defecation”) replaces state responsibility. The market rules: if you can’t pay, you can’t pee or poo in comfort. The excellent off-Broadway play “Urinetown” captures this in fiction; reality is yet more surreal.

With populist twists, UN Water Task Force on Sanitation coordinator Clarissa Brocklehurst explains: “Simple subsidisation is not enough to lure the poor to build toilets. We need to create supporting policies, develop low cost options, mobilise communities and even involve the private sector.”

Speaking to InterPress Service last November at a similar conference in India, Jon Lane of the Geneva-based Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council gives up the game: “The need is to take sanitation technology from being subsidy-driven, which it so far is, and make it market-driven.”

This then is the neoliberal sanitation strategy. In reality, the problem is not the subsidy per se, but its inadequate size. Typically, only a tiny capital grant (around $100) is provided to build an “improved” pit latrine.

Crucial operating and maintenance subsidies are practically never supplied. When pits need emptying they’re not (because there’s no funding for it). When nearby communal water taps break for lack of diesel fuel for borehole pumps or cracked piping, they stay broken.

South Africa was, unfortunately, not immune from the pressure of neoliberalism, well before the country adopted its homegrown structural adjustment policy in 1996. From the early 1990s, influential institutions - the Development Bank of Southern Africa, Mvula Trust and the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) - adopted the World Bank strategy, which hinges on persuading poor people not to use water for flushing.

When persuasion doesn’t work, officials simply impose dry toilets like Ventilated Improved Pitlatrines (“VIPs”) on very impoverished people, who are invariably black.

The worst of this philosophy was the apartheid regime’s filthy “bucket system” - people poo into a pail which is collected early each morning - for South Africa’s “temporary sojourners”: i.e. all black people living in cities. Water was a weapon in the white government’s arsenal of oppression and control.

But what goes around sometimes comes around. Mike Muller, former DWAF director general, points out that “the buckets, especially when not emptied by inefficient municipalities, provide community activists with an effective and ready-made weapon of protest, which has been used with substantial effect in protests about poor service delivery.”

Today, nearly 14 years after apartheid ended, hundreds of thousands of people still suffer buckets, in spite of Mbeki’s promise that by 2007 we’d be rid of the 19th century system.

Shockingly, there are still 9270 bucket latrines in Durban, along with 148,688 unventilated pit latrines and 41,880 chemical toilets. Lack of adequate sewage disposal, combined with heavy rains, hot temperatures and accidental spilling of these buckets, together create a perfect storm of infectious diarrhea, other gastrointestinal disorders, and worm infestations - fatal threats to so many HIV people.

Worse, alleged sanitation “improvements” since 1994 include mass installation of VIPs. As veteran sanitation practitioner Kathy Eales notes, “Many VIPs are now full and unusable. In many areas, VIPs are now called ‘full-ups’. Some pits were too small, or were fully sealed.”

According to Eales, “South Africa’s household sanitation policy is grossly inadequate. It speaks primarily to dry systems, and does not clarify roles and responsibilities around what to do when pits are full. National government under-estimated the scale of technical support required.”

Given the state’s white elephant priorities - an industrial development zone for another smelter (“Coega”), the elite Gautrain for rich people, nuclear reactors, once-off sports stadia for the 2010 soccer World Cup, and megadams that drain water from poor areas - who believes the ruling African National Congress will rid the society of the dreaded buckets and pit latrines?

And with the rate of community protest doubling to 30 per day on average from 2005-07, according to the SA Police Service, who believes we’ll have peace - without sanitation justice?

Two innovations discussed enthusiastically at Afrisan may make matters worse. Sowetans are protesting “condominal shallow sewage” systems introduced by the French water privatiser Suez, which ran Joburg Water from 2001 until they were expelled in 2006. Victims of this experiment have no water cisterns above the loo, much thinner pipes, and lower gravity to get excrement down and out to the mains.

Hence they clog not by accident but by design. Then, according to 12-step instructions provided by Suez, women are meant to stick their hands (with gloves, to be sure) into the pipes to remove the shit by hand.

Second, in Durban, a post-apartheid bucket system - the Urinary Diversion (UD) toilet - is being foisted involuntarily on 60 000 households. With their double-pits, separating urine and feces so as to speed decomposistion, the UDs are theoretically useful in water-scarce rural areas. But Durban? (Especially with our humidity, which means excrement stays damp and pathogen-ridden.)

Earlier this month, a naïve reporter at Science magazine lavishly praised Durban municipal water manager Neil Macleod’s promise that within two years, “everyone will have access to a proper toilet.”

But that includes the replacement of apartheid-era pit toilets with “the best solution”, UDs, which are credited with “a 30% reduction in diarrheal diseases compared with similar households using pit toilets”, as our university colleague Stephen Knight told Science. (Of course the comparison should instead be to decent indoor waterborne sanitation, but when serving poor black people, chef Macleod seems to have removed that item from the menu.)

Yet experience in the communities we know best (peri-urban Inanda) is unsatisfactory. UDs have internal buckets that require emptying. No training was given on how to deal with feces, except to dump it in the garden “for fertilizing your veggies”. Many people are repelled by use of human excrement (compared to cow-dung) as fertilizer, because of the many diseases surrounding them. The burden of cleaning is left to women. Creative opportunities for bio-gas are also foreclosed by UDs. Many have become mere storerooms or are permanently locked because of the smell. Councilors are useless when the UDs cease functioning.

Indeed, municipal neglect of sewage is apparently widespread. The city’s crucial Umbilo River is badly polluted because Macleod didn’t manage industrial wastewater pipes properly, as a Durban Mercury newspaper scoop last month showed.

For example, thousands of dead fish in the harbor (Africa’s largest) last Christmas were victims of a sewage pipe rupture caused by polymer blockages in the mains. City manager Mike Sutcliffe withheld a scientific study about the massacre for weeks, perhaps because it confirms the corporate culture of rampant eco-vandalism in South Durban, which he has nurtured thanks to repeated attacks on environmentalists there. Belatedly, the city will sue a plastics company for damages, but the two key state officials have been extremely evasive.

Sutcliffe and Macleod are not the only ones to blame. Faizal Bux of Durban University of Technology’s Centre for Water and Wastewater Technology remarks, “The city council needs to be held accountable for the current status of the Umbilo River” because of consistent underfunding of maintenance.

To solve the sanitation crisis doesn’t require rocket science. No one at the ICC can disagree with these aspirations:
* we need appropriate health and hygiene awareness and behaviour (especially for policy-makers and municipal officials prone to disconnect poor people from water supplies, hence threatening all of us, as South Africa’s 2000 cholera pandemic tragically proved);
* we need systems for disposing of human excreta, household waste water and refuse, acceptable and affordable to the users, safe, hygienic and easily accessible and which does not have an unacceptable impact on the environment; and
* we need a toilet facility for each household.

But as Mike Muller confessed in a 2007 article for the journal Progress in Development Studies, “the expansion of sanitation services to the unserved is slowing.” He specifically blamed SA finance minister Trevor Manuel’s 2006 Division of Revenue Act because of its “clear incentives for municipalities not to extend services to the unserved.”

To change this we need new genuinely pro-poor policies, and more state funding and policies that get poor people appropriate supplies of waterborne sanitation, including for micro biodigesters (a sophisticated septic tank) that convert excrement into cooking gas in off-grid rural areas. And in turn we need much more political pressure, not more neoliberalism from AfricaSan, the World Bank, the UN, British DFID, multinational corporate NGOs like Water Aid and Plan, SA government or Durban officials who want poor people to cut their water consumption.

If we don’t get it, government’s policy reversion to low-quality, unmaintained VIP latrines, chemical toilets, UDs and condominial sewers means that apartheid’s sanitation indignities will reconstitute huge social divisions - but not along ethnic lines alone, also according to the placement of sewage lines.

And not only will sanitation suffering continue. One day, a government with decent values will have to put in proper systems at much greater cost because it will mean undoing the damage being done today by those men tucked away behind the $250 entrance gates to AfricaSan.



Izinkinga zezamanzi aseThekwini: isidididi ngesimo semvelo, Ukwehliswa kwmaFlegi Asibhakabhaka, ezasendlini zokuya ngaphandle zongxiwankulu, Ukufa kofisho kanye nokugcwala kwendle olwandle
NguPatrick Bond, Yahunshwa nguFaith ka-Manzi

Ukudayiswa kwendle kanye nezindlu zokuya ngaphandle zobandlululo
EThekwini – Kulelisonto Ingqingqithela Yomhlaba Ngezindlu Zangaphandle isinike ithuba lokucabanga ukuthi sizihlela kanjani ezethu zasendle. Kodwa okubonakala kukukhulu kakhului imali, okudala ukuphikisana okuqhamuka lapha kwelakithi kuze kufike umhlaba wonke, kuzozonke izinhlanga, izilili, izizukulwane kanye nebalazwe. Akukho ndawo lapho kunobufakazi khona ukudlula khona kakhulu idolobha lapho bekwenza khona lengqungquthela, lapho ngihlala khona eThekwini. Sesihlupheke iminyaka eyishumi nesishagalombili ngokuphathwa nhlaka nhlaka kombuso wengxiwankulu okumbandakanya ubandlulu ngezindlu zendle, ikakhulukazi uma sesibheka ukuthi abamhlophe bafika eminyanyeki eyikhulu namashumi adlule ukuzobusa leli kanye nobandlululo lobuhlanga olwaluqondile.

Maphakathi neTheku, izigelekeqe zamanzi omhlaba kanye nezokuhlanza – izmboni ezinkulu, izinhlangano ezingaphandle kukahulumeni kanye nezikhulu ezilawulayo zezwe, bahlangene eInternationa Conventiom Centre, amamayela ambalwa empumalange nolwandle iIndian Ocean, lapho kugcwala khon akakhulu ezasendle zethu kakhulu. Bahlangene endaweni eyodwa yobugebengu, lapho ngonyaka odlule ngaso lesisikhathi, kwakunezigxoxo ezibanga namphumela ngenkathi ‘Yengqungquthela Yabangcolisi Bomoya’ iUNited Nations COP 17.

Asukhumbule ukuthi iCOP17 ayemukelanga wonke umuntu owayenethemba lokuthi ababusi bomhlaba kungase kwenzeke bakhulume ngenkinga enkulu ebhekene nesizukulwane samanje. Iphesenti elilodwa elalingaphakathi (ezingxogxweni) laziba izmfuno zabangaphandle zobulungiswa mayelana nesimo sezulu: ukuzinikela ngokuqinisekile ngokwenhlisa ngamazinga angamaphesenti angamashumi amahlanu ukungcoliswa komoya ngo2020; ukuyeka indlela ‘yokwenziwa ngasese umoya’ okwaziwa njengokudayisa isisisi esingcolisayo; bese ‘kuthi isikweletu sesimo sezulu’ sokhokhwe imali siuka emazweni acebile iye kwahlwempu.

Esikhundleni salokho, leyongqungquthela yaphela ‘Ngendawo Yasethekwini Yokukhulama’ eyayilokhu igcizelela izindlela zongxiwankulu, ezithokozisa kakhulu iWAshington ikakhulukazi. Isivumelwano seCOP 17 sachitha ukwehlukana mayelana nokubhekana nokufanele kulungiswe phakathi kweNyakatho neNingizimu, kanye futhi, njengomkhululumeli webhange elihamba phambili eMelika iMerril Lynch uAbyd Karmali wathi, Indawo Yokukhuluma eThekiwni yayifana nomjovo weViagra kwizimakethe ebesezikhombisa ukungabinanqubekela phambili.” Ngempela, ingxenye encane yokwenyuka kwenani lesisisi esingcolisayo kwalandela, kodwa khashesha kwaphela; futhi ithe European Union Emissions Trading Scheme yantengantenga ngawowonke u2012.

Ilokhu okuqinisekiswa isidlo senja kwasekuseni eThekwini, ngalesosikhathi, kwakungukushayana amahlombe kwezikhulu zomhlaba, kanyekanye nokungakwazi ukwenza kwalpha abaphethe kanye nokungahloniphi nhlobo abahlwempu kanye nezemvelo, futhi manje esesikubona kulelisonto eCOP 18 eDoha,ezweni lase Qatar. Okwenzeka ngaphambili ikhona okubalulekile, ukwehlisa izinga lokuphila.

Ukudayiswa kwendle
Inhlangano Yomhlaba Yezindlu Zendle isiqubulo sayo sempi sasithi, ‘ukugibela phezulu - inhlonipho kuwonkewonke!’, kubonalakala sengathi indlela enobuciko yokukhuluma sengathi banabantu kodwa bese futhi bevulela umpompi engxenye (i.e. balivale) indlela yabo. Izigelekeqe zamani kunesikhathi eside zizabalaza zifuna ukuba semthethweni ngezindlela ezivumelana nongxiwankulu zokukwehlisa amanani, futhi manje lokho sebekwenza ngokukhuluma ngokuhlonipha (futhi bazama ukuthi izingxoxo ‘zamalungelo amanzi’ bazenze zibuswe yibo) – kodwa ngokujwayelekile ngaphandle kokutholakala ngokulinganayo ukuwathola kanye nokukwazi ukuwakhokhela, futhi kokubili kungasoze kwenzeka ngaphansi kombusowongxiwankulu.

Enye indlela yalezizindlela ezincane zokwenza ngasese, lapho izinhlangano ezingaphandle kukahulumeni kanye nezemiphakathi zixenxwa ukuthi zakhe izindlu zendle bese zikhokhisa bantu abahluphekayo ukuzisebenzisa, ukuze kukhokhelwa ukwakhiwa kwazo, ukuzihlanza, ukuzigcina, inani lamanzi kanye neholo elincane.

Ngenyanga edlule emijondolo yase Nairobi eKibera kanye naseHuruma, ngachitha khona usuku ngivika ‘izindlu zendle ezindizayo’ (amaplastiki agcwele amasimba), ngenhlanhla ngangihamba izinhlangano ezimbili ezihlonishwayo lapho abasha besilisa – bathathwe kulabo ababengamalunga amaqembu ezigebengu – bakha lezizindlu zendle emva kokulwa impi encane kanye nongxiwankulu bendawo ababethathe umsebenzi kahulumeni. Lezizindlela zokuzabalaza-nokudayisa, okubiza uUS$0.10 ukuzisebenzisa (okuhlanganisa kanye necezu lwephepha lokusula), okuyinqibekela phambili kunezindlu zendle ezindizayo.

Lokhukungabikhona kweqiniso kungumphumela kwemithetho yongxiwankulu okwafka kwimijondolo yaseNairobi cishe eminyakeni engamashumi amabili nanhlanu: ukunqunywa kwamanzi abexhaswa nguhulumeni. Insalela enamandla – kwixingxoxo zeBhange Lomhlaba kanye nendlela encane yongxiwankulu yokwenza ngasese – kusobalala kwiNgqungquthela Yezindlu Zendle eThekwini njengoba kwenzeka kwiNgqungquthela Yamanzi Yomhlaba eMarseilles ezinyangeni eziyisishagalolunye ezedlule. Leyonkomfa yabuye yaqinisekisa ukuthi ukuthi ukusabalala kokuphathwa kwamanzi izikhulu zomhlaba okwandiswa imboni yangasese yaseParis enkulukazi njengeVeolia kanye neSuez, kanye nezicebi zokuphuzwayo njengeCoke kanye nestle, bonke besekelwa amabhange ahlukahlukene okuthuthukisa.

Noma-ke eminyakeni emibalwa, imizabalazo eshubile emelene nokwenziwa ngasese yenziwe eCochabamba,eGoli,e Accra,e Argentina,e Atlanta,e Jakarta,e Manila kanye nezinye izimpi zamanzi ezindaweni zasemadolobheni, kubonakala sengathi izinkinga zohulumeni bomasipala eMelike kanye nasemazeni aseNyakatho zize nethuba Elisha labazuzayo ngamanzi.

Kwingqungquthela yaseThekwini, kwakwenziwa imilingo enokuhlakanipha yongxiwankulu. ‘Ukuhlanza Okuholwa Umphakathi (CLTS)’owadunyiswa omunye wezinhlangano ezingaphandle kukahulumeni uKamal Kar kanye nesifundiswa uRobert Chambers eBangladesh belokhu bedlulisela okufanele bakwenze zokuhlanzeka kwemiphakathi okya ezansi kubantu. Umnyombo ukuqeda ukuthi abantukazana bangazimeleli ekuxhasweni ngokubaphoxa emphakathini.

Kuchaza uPetra Bongartz waseSussex University, “Ngamathuluzi aqashwa iclts, umphakathi ugcine ubonile ukuthi ukuzikhulula kwawo yinto eyihlazo. Ngokuzizwa benamahloni, sengike ngabna abantu befela, abanye bephenduka bebheke eceleni uma bebona amasimba. Futhi abanye bayahlanza uma bewabona. Ihlazo enye yezinto ezidalwa iCLTS. Ihlazo lidalwa isithombe esimbi samasimba, ikakhukazi uma amasimba esemasha futhi emanzi.”

Izimali zezwe zokuletha ezokuhlanza zincane, ngakho-ke amacebo okuhleka ngobulima izikhulu zeMinyango Yezezimali emazweni amaningi ukuthi angenzi kube sezwezi futhi kuncishwe, futhi ngokwenza lokho, badlulise imisebenzi yabo komasipala kanye nabantu abangena madla. Ngendlela kwenye inkathi ebizwa ngokuthi ‘ukuyalezwa okungaxhasiwe’.

Amanzi angcolile aseThekwini
Kulesisimo, izakhamizi zaseThekwini ezinjengami zinesikhathi esinzima sihlukanisa izingxoxompikiswano ezinhle kanye nezimbi uma kuza ezingeni lamanzi kanye nokuhlanzeka. Ekuqaleni kube ngamahlebezi, okwagwaliswa abezindaba, ukuthi kuphuza amanzi aseThekwini kubi kuthina sonke. Njnegoba idolobha liqala ukwenza kabusha indle yedolobha kanye namanzi omfula kwiDam laseNanda eligcwele imercury (kunezinkomba ezixwayisa abadobi babaZulu ukuthi bangawudli ufishi abawudobile) kanye nemanye amachibi agcwele iE.coli, sizogcina sigula futhi somile njengezakhamizi zamadolobha ambalwa asesiFundazweni saseMpumalanga.

‘Kumadolobhana’ amaningi amancane kusukela empumalanga neGoli kuya kumgcele waseMozambique eKruger Park, iAcid Mine Drainage kanye nelunye uketshezi oluyingozi oluvuza ngokungapheli kwizimboni zokumba amalahle. Umnyango wezemvelo awunaki kwakunaka. Phakathi kwesimo esiya ngokuba sibi kakhulu sokushintsha kwesimo sezulu, ukwehla kwezinga lomoya kanye nokungcola kwamanzi okusabalele, kubi kakhulu kodwa kuliqiniso – njengoba nohulumeni kaKhongolose uvuma kwimibiko engacacile – ukuthi ubandlululo ngezemvelo lwalungcono kunenkululeko.

Ukwenza isibonelo, ekugcineni impela kwemakethe evulelekile kahulumeni, itshe lweqhwa elincibilika ngokushesha, imboni kaCyril Ramaphosa yamalahle yayekelwa ukushushiswa ngenyanga edlule ngokusebenza ngaphandle kwemvume. Ukumanandla kwezombusazwe kukaRamaphosa kwbanamandla kakhulu, ngokusho kwesikhulu esihamba phambili sasePitoli ephephandabeni iMail&Guardian. Emeleni kubonakala ukuthi uRamaphosa uzoba ngummholi wesibili walelizwe kwinkomfa kaKhongolose ezoba semasentweni amabili azayo, noma kubhekwa incwadi yakhe ayibhala nge-email mayelana nesibhiconga saseMarikana, okwenziwa ngamaphoyisa emavikini ayishumi nane edlule ngokuyalelwa imboni esabalele emhlabeni wonke, iLonmin, lapho uRamaphosa okunguyena okhonyayo khona.
Myalena nezinga laanzi ompompi baseThekwini, cha, angicabangi ukuthi kukhona ukukhathazeka, futhi nokuxaxeka ngokucela amanzi aqhamuka empompini uma ngidla ndaphandle ezindaweni zokudla. Okubi kakhulu ukwenyuka kokusetshenziswa kwamabhodlela eplastiki amanzi – bheka e http://www.storyofbottledwater.org mayelana nokunyantisa umzimba – okugcwalisa imigodi kadoti futhi amafutha kapetroli agcwala emhlabathini bese eya emoyeno eNingizimu neTheku, lapho kunesizinda esikhulu esikhulu samafutha kapetroli eAfrika yonke.

Lapho, izingane ikakhulukazi kwilokishi lesizwe samaNdiya eMerebank ziguliswa kakhulu isifo sofuba emhlabeni wonke. Lesissizinda sikapetroli abanikazi basi baseMalaysia iEnge kanye no Sapref kaBP Shell bafana ngendlela enkulu yokusabalalisa ukungcolisa umoya kumaphaphu amancane ezingan. Ngesonto eledlule, ngisho amavila eUS Environmental Protection Agency deemed BP – ‘Ngale kukaPetroleum’ (heh) –isigebengu esingcole kanjeokungenza ukuthi bangaphinde bakwazi ukufaka izicelo zamafutha kuleyandawo.

Umgomo wamanzi angcolile aseThekwini
Enye inhlebo ejikelezayo lapho imayelana nomphathi wamanzi kumasipala weTheku odume umhlaba wonke, Neil Macleod. Umthandi kakhulu wabantu ngokunikelela ngezimali usozigidigidi kanye nomqali weMicrosoft uBill Gates owabhala eminyakeni emibili edlule ukuthi uMacleod “ube ngumholi ngokucabanga kahle ukuthi ukuthi singenziwa kanjani isimo sokuhlanza kwahlwempu eThekwini.” Kodwa ngenyanga edlule uMacleodwabekwa icala lwenkohlakala ngabaphethe (ayebasesha ngelelocala naye).

Lokhu kwenzeka ngenkathi lapho owayengumpathi wedolobha laseThekwini uMike Sutcliffe ngenkathi ezama ukusabisa lowo osephethe manje uS’bu Sithole ngokuthi icala baliqedele ngaphandle kwenkantolo mayelana nokubekwa icala lenkohlakalo okungashiya abakhokhi bentela bekhipha mhlwawumbe isgidi samadola ukuze aphile kahle uSutcliffe ngenxa yoku’’thunazwa kwakhe’’. Noma-ke Umbiko kaManase mayelana nenkohlakalo yedolobha – lapho uSithole enze asho khona ukuthi uSutcliffe kufanele abhadle ejele – namanje kuseyimfihlo kahulumeni, mayelana nodaba lukaMaCleod noSutcliffe,nginesiqinisekiso ukuthi bobabili unfairly maligned.

Manje-ke, kungafanele kukhulunywe okungelona iqiniso ngalamadoda, hayi ngoba silwa nawo ngqo, kodwa ngokukhwabaniswa umphakathi, ukubeka impilo yabo engcupheni, kanye nemigomo ecekela phansi ezemvelo okungaphansi kokuqashelwa yibo?

Ubufakazi obusobala kakhulu ngokuphoxeka kwedolobha ngemibiko yamazinga aphezulu e-E.coli kanye nolunye uketshezi oluyingozi emifuleni echithela olwandle, okwaholela ekutheni ukuthi silahlekelwe amaflegi asibhakabhaka ezindaweni emachibini olwandle ayishumi aseThekwini eminyakeni emine edlule. Kulenyanga kubalulekile ukuthi sihehe izivakashi eziqhamuka eGol, ngakho lezizichotho zemvula sikwenza lokhu kube nzima kakhulu keezokuvakasha zethu, uma sesibheka imibiko yangesonto eledlule ngokungavikeleki kolwandle lwethu.

Kungani indawo ende yolwandle lwaseThekwini kungabhukudeki kulona emva kwezimvula? Okudala lokhu okuhamba phambili ukuqhubeka kokuhluleka kukaMacleod ukubhekana nokungahlanzwa osekunesikhathi eside ezakhiweni ezingaphezulu kwekhulu zemijondolo ezisabalele kulolonke idolobha. Lapho, uSutcliffe wanqaba ukwenza emthethweni ukuhanjiswa kwezinsiza zikamasipala – njengamanzi kanye nokuhlanzwa kwendle – ngenxa yokuthi izakhiwo abantu abazakhele zona, ikakhulukazi ngoba izakhamizi zamaNdiya kanye nezimhlophe zabe seziphoqelekile ukuthi zisuke kulezizindawo.

Izakhiwo eziningi zemijondolo, cishe ingxenye enkuluyezakhamizi zayo zingabantu abangu3.5wezigidi abahlala eThekwini, zinezindlu zasendle ezakhiwe kabi futhi noma ezinganakekelwe, uma sesingabheki-nje ubuqhawe bemizamo benhlangano yabantu, Abahlali BaseMjondolo – abaqhamuka kakhulu emijondolo ekuKennedy Road enezakhamizi ezingu ezingu4000 kanye nezindlu zendle ezingu8 (kwaze kwathi zikhulu eziyizgwelegcwele zabaxosha) – ukuthi bagqamise isimo salenkinga.
Njengomphumela wamasimba ahamba entanta, iE.coli ivele igcwale emifudlaneni yethu ngezinga elikhulu kunelilindelekile lamazinga ka100 wezingxenye kumamililitha angu100. Ngo2010 kwatholakala kuthi isibalo seE.coli ‘’umfula uMngeni kuKennedy Road wawugijima kumazinga angu1,080,000. Isizathu:Izakhamizi ezngahlali emizini eyakhiwe nguhulumeni emingceleni yomfula uPalmiet.

Amandla ezombusazwe nezindlu zendle zobandlululo
Eminyakeini emihlanu edlule, uMaclead wangathekisa kwiphephabhuku iScience ukuthi ngo2010, “’wonke umuntu [uyokwazi ukuthi] akwazi ukusebenzisa indlu yendle ehlelekile,” ngenkathi empeleni, amakhulu ezinkulungwane engenazo, namhlanje.

Ompetha bezokuzokuhlanza bongxiwankulu bevakeshele eThekwini beze kwingqungquthela yezindlu zendle bangakuphikisa ukuthi umhlaba angeke ukwazi ukuba nemali engasebena ukwakha izindlu zendle ezingachitha njalo amalitha nagu12 lapho isetshenziswa kuwokewonke, futhi ukuthi kufanele samukele enye inhlobo yendlu yendle yenani eliphansi lapha. (Ngiyavuma ukuthi izindlu zendle zebio-gas digester zingasebenza, futhi nabahlal eduzane bakwazi ukupheka ngalegesi.)

Kodwa abagxeki abahlala emphakathini bahlale besitshela ukuthi izindlu zendle zaseThekwini ezingenamnazi amaVIP kanye nama Urinary Diversion’ ziyehluleka. Umangabe umasipala ngempela unokubhekelela ezemvelo, ilapho-ke izindawo zabadla izambane likapondo kanye nezifundiswa kungafanele zibe nelezizindlu zasendle njengokuzihlonza – hayi-nje amashumi ezinkulungwane abekwe ongqengqemeni lwedolobha lapho kugcwele khona abahola amaholo aphansi.

Ngiyisebenzisa izikhathi ezimbalwa indlu yendle usuku nosuku futhi kukhona okuncane engikukhokhayo: ngaphezulu okungukwazi ukukhokhelwa abahlwempu baseThekwini, kodwa akwanele ukuze kube khona ukulingana. Abaningi babafundi balombiko abayizakhamizi zaseNingizimu Afrika kungabalula ukuthi bakwazi ukuxhasa ezinye izakhamizi zezwe labo ezihola amaholo aphansi, ngokukhokhela kakhulu ngamalungelo okuba namadamu okubhukuda emizini yabo kanye nobhavu, nezingadi ezinkulu ezichelelwayo, ukusebenzisa imishini yokuwasha izingubo kanye nezinye izinhlobo zezinto abazijabulelayo ezisebenzisa amanzi. Phela, empeleni,leli izwe elingenakho ukulingana phakathi kwabantu okukhulu emhlabeni wonke, futhi manje isimo sesibucayi kakhulu kunesikhathi sobandlululo.

Umangabe labo abethu abangaphezulu kwamaphesenti angu80 bangakhokha okuthe xaxa ukuze bavimbe lezizindlela zabo zokuzijabulisa bona ngendlela abasebenzisa ngayo amanzi, futhi umangase uMacleod angabuyekeza amanani akhokhwayo ngokubhekelela abantu abahlwempu, ngakho-ke iTheku ngeke libe idolobha lesibili emhlabeni wonke eligodla kakhulu ngemali , ngokusho kweUniversity of the Witwatersrand Centre for Applied Legal Studies. (Idolobha elimbi kakhulu eliseduzane uMgungundlovu – obonakala ngezindlela ezindala usabuswa ngamaNgisi ngemiqondo yabo kanye nendlela yenqondo yobuntamolukhuni yokuphatha kwamaZulu.)

Umangabe ukwenza kabusha okunemicabango kungenziwa emanani amanzi kanye nezokuhlanza, umphumela kuyoba izempilo ezingcono kanye nokulingana kobulili, futhi izmali ezinye zingatholakala ukuthi kwakhiwe izindlu zendle ezihloniphekile edolobheni lonke, futhi bese kukhandwa amapayipi ahambisa indle ukuqhuma kwawo okuhlale njalo manje kuphumela emifuleni yethu kanye nasemtateni.

Emva kwezakhiwe ezidle izigidigidi zezimali , njengenkundla yebhola engasebenzi njalo, isitimela esigijimayi esixhumanisa iPitoli kanye neGoli kanye nesikhumulo sezindiza esisha saseThekwini – kwakhiwa eNingizimu Afrika kwenzelwa Indebe Yomhlaba ka2010, akekho futhi osembusweni ongathi ukukwazi ukwakha noma ukuxhasa ngeimali akukho. Okuswelekayo ezombusazwe ezibhekela abahlwempu futhi eziphethwe yibo, ngakho-ke okuzoqhubeka izindlu zasendle zangesikhathi sobandlululo.

UPatrick Bond ungumqondisi eCentre for Civil Society eseUniversity of KwaZulu-Natal.

 Events Index 2017
 Mhlobo Gunguluzi and Thabane Miya Centre for Civil Society and Right2Know Campaign Seminar: The Right to Protest, 27 July 2017 
 Bandile Mdlalose, Daniel Dunia and Nisha Naidoo, The Peoples Economic Forum Responds to the World Economic Forum, 1 June 2017 
 Mvu Ngcoya, Rozena Maart, Shaun Ruggunan, Mershen Pillay Centre for Civil Society Seminar: Decolonising Curricula, 25 May 2017 
 Peter Sutoris, Environmental Activism and Environmental Education: (De) Politicising Struggles in India and South Africa, 18 May 2017 
 Lubna Nadvi, Lukhona Mnguni, Shauna Mottiar, The April 7th Protests, 20 April 2017 
 John Devenish, CCS Seminar: The use of interactive maps and scatter graphs to study protest in the BRICS countries, 13 April 2017  
 Shauna Mottiar, Mvuselelo Ngcoya BOOK LAUNCH: Philanthropy in South Africa - Horizontality, ubuntu and social justice, 22 March 2017 
 Peter McKenzie Photo Exhibition - Durbanity, 09 March 2017 
 Elisabet Van Wymeersch On change, conflicts and planning theory: the transformative potential of disruptive contestation, 2 March 2017 
 Daniel Byamungu Dunia, Africa Solidarity Network (ASONET) Community Building Workshop: CRIMINALISATION OF HATE CRIMES AND HATE SPEECH, 24 February 2017 
 Jasper Finkeldey, Centre for Civil Society Seminar: (No) Limits to extraction? Popular Mobilization and the Impacts of the Extractive Industries in KZN, 9 February 2017 
 Bandile Mdlalose, New Urban Agenda’ – Report Back from Habitat III, United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development Ecuador, 28 November 
 Patrick Bond, From Trump to BRICS, where is civil society headed? 18 November 
 Gerard Boyce, Arguments in favour of putting the South African government's nuclear plans to a popular referendum, 28 October  
 Duduzile Khumalo, Sibongile Buthelezi, Cathy Sutherland, Vicky Sim, Social constructions of environmental services in a rapidly densifying peri-urban area under dual governance in eThekwini Municipality, 26 October  
 Alex Hotz CCS Seminar: Challenging Secrecy and Surveillance: Building Anti-Surveillance Activism, 19 August 
 Itai Kagwere, Daniel Byamungu Dunia and Gabriel Hertis CCS Seminar: Challenges of Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Migrants in South Africa, 26 August 
 Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: Sight on the target: Tackling destructive fishing, 12 August 
 Carolijn van Noort CCS Seminar: “Strategic narratives of infrastructural development: is BRICS modernizing the tale?”, 26 July 
 CCS Co-Hosts: The Governance and Politics of HIV AIDS, 19 July 
 Moises Arce CCS Seminar: The Political Consequences of Mobilizations against Resource Extraction, 12 July 
 Zimbabwe's Despondent Political Economy - a Durban workshop to honour Sam Moyo 13-14 June 2016 
 Patrick Bond gives political economy lecture to Durban Chamber of Commerce and Industry's Women in Business Forum, 26 April 2016 
 CCS hosts mining critics for press conference, 7 April 
 Assassination in Xolobeni: Film screening and memorial meeting for Sikhosiphi Bazooka Rhadebe, 6 April 
 Patrick Bond & Ana Garcia launch BRICS in Toronto, 31 March 
 Akin Akikboye CCS Seminar: KZN's Internally Displaced People, 31 March 
 Patrick Bond & Ana Garcia present critique of world ports, New York, 30 March 
 Dieter Lünse CCS Seminar: Strength of nonviolent action, 22 March 
 Hafsa Kanjwal CCS Seminar: India in Turmoil, 23 March 
 Patrick Bond testifies at public hearing on Transnet's South Durban plans, 21 March 
 Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS and Pan-Africanism, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 15 March 
 Yaa Ashantewaa K. Archer-Ngidi CCS Seminar: The role of Black women in liberation, 10 March 
 Patrick Bond reports on research into urban economic and ecological violence, IDRC & UKAID conference, Johannesburg, 8 March 
 Patrick Bond addresses Women in Mining (Womin) conference on movement building, Johannesburg, 7 March 
 Allen & Barbara Isaacman CCS Seminar: Dams, displacement, and the delusion of development, 4 March  
 Patrick Bond presents South Durban paper in Merebank, 2 March 
 Andrew Lawrence CCS Seminar: Why nuclear energy is bad for South Africa, bad for the world—and how it can be opposed, 29 February 2016  
 China Ngubane , Chumile Sali & Dalli Weyers CCS Seminar: Social Justice Coalition Citizen Oversight of Policing in Khayelitsha Court Case Presentation, 26 February 
 CCS hosts groundWork, SDCEA and FrackFreeSA for climate and energy workshop, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Can the SA budget afford #FeesMustFall demands and other social spending? 23 February  
 Patrick Bond joins Mondli Hlatshwayo & Aziz Choudry to launch Just Work, Ike's Books, 22 February 
 Peter Cole CCS Seminar: A History of Dockers, Social Movements and Transnational Solidarity in Durban and San Francisco, 17 February 
 Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS at Univ of the Western Cape, Cape Town, 15 February 
 Delwyn Pillay, Jorim Gerrad, Madaline George & Nozipho Mkhabela CCS Seminar: A return to MUTOKO, Zimbabwe, 10 February  
 Nick Turse CCS Seminar: AFRICOM’s New Math and “Scarier” Times Ahead in Africa, 5 February 
 Menzi Maseko & Mandla Mbuyisa CCS Seminar: Black Consciousness, Fees Must Fall and Lessons from the Life of Ongkopotse Tiro, 1 February  
 Gabriel Hertis, China Ngubane & Daniel Dunia CCS Seminar: Central African and Zimbabwean geopolitics and their implications for Durban civil society II, 27 January  
 Patrick Bond keynote at Tata Institute Development Studies conference, 23 January 
 Patrick Bond, Thando Manzi, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane present urban analysis at Tata Institute, Mumbai, 19-22 January 
 Patrick Bond, Achin Vanaik, Ajay Patnaik & Alka Acharya launch BRICS book, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 18 January 
 Gabriel Hertis, China Ngubane, Daniel Dumia & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: African geopolitics and their implications for Durban civil society I, 11 January 
 Events Index 2015 
 CCS students Boaventura Monjane, Mithika Mwenda, Tabitha Spence & Celia Alario at the COP21 climate summit, Paris, 1-12 December 
 Jorim Gerrard & Paul Steffen CCS Seminar: Influencing society's views of refugees, 9 December  
 Workshop on Climate Change and Environmental Justice with the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, 7-10 December  
 Ashwin Desai, Betty Govinden, Crispin Hemson & Andile Mngxitama CCS Seminar: The Gandhi debate, 27 November 
 Stefano Battain & Daniela Biocca CCS Seminar: Alternative development or alternative to development? 27 November 
 Patrick Bond debates Sihle Zikalala & Vasu Gounden on the state of South Africa, eThekwini Progressive Professionals Forum, 25 November 
 CCS Seminar: Remembering Sam Moyo, 25 November  
 Christelle Terreblanche debates Ubuntu at the University of Pretoria, 23 November 
 Patrick Bond & Toendepi Shonhe CCS Seminar: BRICS crumble, commodities crash and Africa's climate changes, 20 November 
 Patrick Bond seminar on BRICS banking at University of Cape Town School of Economics, 16 November 
 Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: KZN civil society responses to the Paris Climate Change Conference, 9 November 
 Patrick Bond with Numsa and BRICS climate critique at Historical Materialism conference, London, 5-6 November 
 Andile Mngxitama CCS Seminar: Black First! but what is Black? 4 November 
 Patrick Bond seminar on BRICS as sub-imperialism at Open University, 4 November 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS and climate change at Sussex University, 3 November 
 Mondli Hlatshwayo CCS Seminar: Numsa, technological change and politics at ArcelorMittal's Vanderbijlpark plant, 22 October 
 Tri Continental Film Festival Screenings at CCS 21-24 October 
 Patrick Bond launches BRICS book in New York 19 October 
 Patrick Bond delivers keynote at Cyprus conference on mining and sustainable development, 16 October 
 Brian Minga Anza, Mwamba Kalombo Thithi & Sinqobangaye Magestic Pro Sibisi CCS Seminar: Creative challenges to xenophobia, 15 October 2015 
 Patrick Bond, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Inequality, the criminalisation of protest and internecine social conflict, 9 October 
 Patrick Bond delivers sustainability keynote to SA Public Health Association conference, 8 October 
 Patrick Bond debates UN Sustainable Development Goals, ClassicFM, Johannesburg, 1 October 
 Patrick Bond talks on African uprisings at Mapungubwe Institute, Pretoria, 30 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Africa in the world economy, Channel Africa, Johannesburg, 29 September 
 Ana Garcia presents BRICS critique at Geopolitical Economy conference, Winnipeg, 26 September 
 Patrick Bond lectures on degrowth in Berlin, 16 September 
 CCS welcomes World Social Science Forum to Durban, with talks by Vuyiseka Dubula, Patrick Bond & others in CCS, 13 - 16 September  
 CCS welcomes Codesria and WSSF to Ike's Books, 12 September 
 CCS hosts the South-South Institute during the World Social Science Forum, 10-18 September 
 Patrick Bond lectures at Codesria/Osisa Economic Justice Institute, 8-9 September 
 Patrick Bond, Boaventura Monjane & Mithika Mwenda at Africa Climate Talks, Dar es Salaam, 3-5 September 
 Vladimir Slivyak What's wrong with Russia's nuclear energy deal-making? 4 September  
 John Devenish CCS Seminar: Mapping social unrest in South Africa, 1 September  
 Patrick Bond lectures on climate and deglobalisation alternatives at Attac University, Marseille, 26 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on legacy of Rosa Luxemburg at New School for Social Research, New York, 21 August 
 China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Xenophobia as symptom, 20 August  
 Justine van Rooyen CCS Seminar: The Social Inclusion/Exclusion of Intersex South Africans, 12 August 
 Patrick Bond keynote speech at BRICS-in-Africa conference, Livingstone, 7-11 August 
 Patrick Bond and Sam Moyo speak at Trust Africa conference on Illicit Financial Flows, Harare, 3 August 
 Patrick Bond delivers paper on climate and the blue economy, Wits University, 2 August 
 Patrick Bond in economic debate at M&G Literary Festival, Johannesburg, 1 August 
 Yaa Ashantewaa Ngidi CCS Seminar: The state of the Pan Africanist movement, 30 July 
 Ryan Solomon CCS Seminar: Belonging, inclusion and South African civil society in the campaigns against AIDS and xenophobia, 29 July 
 Patrick Bond moderates UKZN College of Humanities debate on xenophobia and higher ed transformation, 28 July 
 Lloyd Sachikonye CCS Seminar: Social research and civil society in Zimbabwe, 28 July 
 Patrick Bond & Mithika Mwenda at Climate Futures symposium, Italy, 13-17 July 
 China Ngubane, Bandile Mdlalose & Nonhle Mbuthuma CCS Seminar: The state of social activism against xenophobia, human rights violations and mining exploitation - three case sites, 3 July 
 CCS co-hosts (with Chris Hani Institute) World Association for Political Economy, Johannesburg, 19-21 June 
 CCS workshop with ASONET, Action Support Centre and South African Liaison Office, on South Africa, Peace and Security in the post-2015 Development Agenda, 10-11 June 
 CCS/ASONET workshop on xenophobia, 5 June 
 Alf Nilsen launches his book We Make Our Own History, at Ike's Books, 4 June 
 Patrick Bond addresses civil society electricity crisis summit on load-shedding, Johannesburg, 2 June  
 Patrick Bond talks on extractivism, BRICS sub-imperialism and South Africa at Left Forum, New York, 30-31 May 
 China Ngubane, Gabriel Hertis, Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Persistent Durban xenophobia and Operation Fiela, 20 May 
 CCS hosts Colgate University students for social movement research, June 
 Nonhle Mbuthuma CCS Seminar: Xolobeni mining, unobtanium-titanium battle update, 14 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on carbon markets and climate debt, Gyeongsang University, Jinju, Korea, 12 May 
 Patrick Bond speaks on South African political economy, Hong Kong Reader bookshop, 11 May 
 Gcina Makoba, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Rhodes' walls must fall! 30 April  
 CCS Film Screening: The GAMA Strike A victory for all workers, 24 April 
 Patrick Bond lectures on degrowth and the green economy, Berlin, 21 April 
 Faith ka Manzi & Bandile Mdlalose at Climate Justice strategy meeting, Maputo, April 21-23 
 Paul Kariuki, Bandile Mdlalose, China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Xenophobia in Durban, 14 April 
 CCS joins Greenpeace and R2K in solidarity meeting with Somkhele coal victims, northern KZN, 12 April 
 China Ngubane & Jean-Pierre Lukamba CCS Seminar: Xenophobia in Isipingo, 7 April 
 Patrick Bond lecture on water commodification and resistance at Zimbabwe Sustainable Economics Forum, Harare, 9 April 
 Alice Thomson, Desmond D’Sa & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Liberal and radical approaches to Environmental Justice campaigning, 1 April 
 Patrick Bond speaks on coalitions for national economic sovereignty, World Social Forum, University of Tunis el Manar, 25 March 
 Akin Akiboye & Jorim Gerrard CCS Seminar: Xenophobia and displacement, 17 March 
 Sofie Hellberg CCS Seminar: Water, life and politics in Durban, 10 March 
 Faith kaManzi, Nonhle Mbuthuma, Melissa Hansen & others International Women’s Day at the UKZN Centre for Civil Society: Resistance to Resource Cursing in KZN, the Eastern Cape and the DRC, 9th March 
 Israeli Apartheid Week Events 2 - 8 March 
 Baruti Amisi and Boaventura Monjane speak at US Power Africa conference, University of Illinois, 2-4 March 
 Baruti Amisi, Gerard Boyce & Patrick Bond CCS Workshop: 'False solutions' to climate and energy crises, 26 February 
 Carlos Cardoso CCS Seminar: Knowledge production and intellectual formation in Africa from Codesria's perspective, 20 February 
 Benny Wenda CCS Seminar: The campaign to free West Papua, 19 February 
 Gcina Makoba & Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Campaigning against coal in KZN, 18 February 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS sherpa Anil Sooklal, UCT Centre for Conflict Resolution, 16 February 
 Desmond D'Sa, David Le Page, Bhavna Deonarain, Winnie Mdletshe & others: Launch of Fossil Free KZN, 13 February 
 Angus Joseph CCS Seminar: Climate justice and solidarity from Lima to Paris, 13 February 
 Nhamo Chikowore & China Ngubane Zimbabwe's new conjuncture and SA's new xenophobia, 6 February 
 Baruti Amisi, Brain Amza & and Jacky Kabidu DRC uprising, repression and solidarity, 5 February 
 Chris Coward CCS Seminar: New spaces of social activism, 28 January 
 Immanuel Ness CCS Seminar: Lessons from the labour movements of China and India, 27 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Electricity crisis scenarios, 20 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Oil spills, coal digs, resource cursing and resistance, 12 January 
 Events Index 2014 
 Gcina Makoba & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: United Front Preparatory Assembly assessment, 22 December 
 Thando Manzi, Au Loong Yu & John Devenish CCS Seminar: BRICS-from-below struggles for justice, 19 December 
 CCS hosts South Durban climate camp, 8-11 December 
 Patrick Bond, Bandile Mdlalose, Shauna Mottiar, Themba Mchunu & China Ngubane CCS press conference and workshop: Durban politics stressed to break-point, 5 December 
 Mondli Hlatshwayo CCS Seminar: Organised labour's losses since 1994, worker-community relations after 2014, 28 November 
 Patrick Bond critiques World Bank at UWC poverty conference, 27 November 
 CCS hosts launch of Fossil Free South Africa, 27 November 
 Faith ka-Manzi debates SA social protest at Gumede Lecture, Durban History Museum, 27 November 
 Melissa Hansen CCS Seminar: Struggles over conservation space in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, 24 November  
 Patrick Bond lectures on Africa's Resource Curse, Stellenbosch University, 20 November 
 Vuyiseka Dubula, Faith ka-Manzi & Mzamo Zondi CCS Seminar: Treatment Action Campaign reaches the knife-edge, 18 November, 2014 
 CCS hosts Durban environmental network, 15 November 
 Aziz Choudry CCS Seminar: Learning and research in social movements, 14 November 
 Aziz Choudry CCS Seminar: NGOization, 'civil society' and social change: Complicity, contradictions and prospects, 13 November 
 Gun Free South Africa workshop with CCS, 12 November 
 Creesen Naicker CCS Seminar: Sport for Development in South Africa, 11 November 
 Patrick Bond joins SA panel at Historical Materialism conference, London, 7 November 
 Patrick Bond lectures on neoliberalism and social policy at South-South Institute in Bangkok, 5 November 
 Patrick Bond keynote address on African IT, to the International Development Informatics Association, 3 November 
 Patrick Bond debates GDP with SA government, Pretoria, 31 October 
 Patrick Bond debates GDP reform at University of Pretoria, 28 October 
 China Ngubane and Patrick Bond at UKZN Geography workshop on community politics, 24 October 
 CCS hosts CT Social Justice Coalition training on sanitation advocacy, 22 October 
 CCS hosts Greenpeace film on climate and Arctic oil, Black Ice, 14 October 
 Diana Buttu CCS Seminar: The situation in Palestine, 8 October 
 Mithika Mwenda lecture on climate justice at Climate Change and Development Conference, Morocco, 7 October 
 Stefan Cramer CCS Seminar on Karoo fracking, 7 October 
 Omar Shaukat CCS Seminar: Thinking through ISIS, 1 October 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA social policy at University of Burgundy, Dijon, 25 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Mark Weisbrot on BRICS at IPS, Washington, 23 September 
 Mithika Mwenda and Patrick Bond talk on climate justice, Converge for Climate at Graffiti Church, New York City, 20 September 
 Awethu! network meets at CCS, 20 September 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South Africa at City University of New York, 18 September 
 John Saul and Patrick Bond launch books at Cape Town Open Book Fair, 17 September 
 The UKZN Centre for Civil Society and Palestine Solidarity Forum host a Gaza Documentary Screening, 11 September  
 Gcina Makoba update on recyclables project in Inanda, 15 September 
 Patrick Bond debates the causes and implications of Marikana at the Durban Democracy and Development Programme, 10 September 
 Mnikeni Phakathi & Asha Moodley CCS Seminar (with the Right to Know Campaign): Student Protest at UKZN 2014, 5 September 
 Patrick Bond debates climate and energy at Univ of Leipzig 'Degrowth' conference, Germany, 5 September 
 Gcina Makoba & Patrick Bond Durban water and sanitation policies, projects and politics, 1 September 
 Patrick Bond input on BRICS at Centre for Conflict Resolution seminar, Pretoria, 31 August 
 Patrick Bond on Resource Curses and antidotes, at Institute for Social and Economic Studies, Maputo, 28 August 
 China Ngubane & Sizwe Shiba Southern African people's solidarity dynamics, 28 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South Durban strategy, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea, 22 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA political economy at Chinese Academy of Marxism, Beijing, 20 August 
 Mithika Mwenda CCS Seminar: Climate change and global policy battles, 15 August 
 Niall Reddy CCS Seminar: BRICS after Fortaleza, 14 August 
 Ilan Pappé Dennis Brutus Memorial Lecture: Israel’s ethnic cleansing of Palestine, 5 August 
 UKZN CCS Masters Student Mithika Mwenda testifies on Climate Justice on Our Common Planet, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA, 4 August 
 Loraine Dongo & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Climate, oil and activism in South Africa, 31 July  
 Patrick Bond debates Intensive Energy User Group's Shaun Nel on energy, SAfm, 23 July 
 Patrick Bond debates SACP's Alex Mashilo on SA politics, SA Democratic Teachers Union KZN Province, Durban, 24 July 
 Susan Spronk Contesting Water Privatisation through an Efficiency Narrative, 23 July 
 Matt Meyer The State of the Art in Non-violent Civil Disobedience, 22 July 
 Patrick Bond discusses infrastructure finance, Fortaleza, 15 July 
 CCS-Brazilian collaboration at the 2014 BRICS Summit, 14-16 July in Fortaleza 
 Patrick Bond debates JP Landman on SA poli econ, Ike's Books, 9 July 
 Bhekinkosi Moyo CCS Seminar: Southern African civil society, 7 July 
 Jack Dyer CCS Seminar: The economic consequences of Durban's port expansion, 25 June 2014 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA macroeconomic conditions, at UKZN SA Research Chair initiative workshop, 20 June 
 Patrick Bond debates SA soccer leader Danny Jordaan on the World Cup's legacy, BBC radio, 18 June 
 John Devenish CCS Seminar: Protests in India, South Africa & Brazil The issues participants & tactics, 17 June 2014 
 Patrick Bond debates the SA economy with MEC Mike Mabuyakhulu, UKZN Business School, 11 June 
 Patrick Bond debates sustainability at Governance Innovation conference, University of Pretoria, 5 June 
 CCS hosts mineworker solidarity event, 31 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South African water commodification, University of London, 30 May 
 Patrick Bond debates 'Africa Rising (or Uprising?)' in Maputo at Frelimo Political School, 29 May 2014 
 Patrick Bond speaks on global finance at the World Association for Political Economy, Hanoi, 24 May 
 Shauna Mottiar presents at 'Contentious Politics' seminar, University of Johannesburg, 22 May 
 Patrick Bond & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: BRICS from above, the middle and below: which directions for alliances and conflicts? 16 May 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS civil society, SA Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond presentation on climate justice governance via skype to Linkoping University, Sweden, 8 May 
 Gcina Makoba and Thuli Hlela host Miners Shot Down in Durban townships, 1 May 
 Admos Chimhowu CCS Seminar: Food Sovereignty Discourses, Land and Labour in Southern Africa, 30 April 
 Patrick Bond presents on BRICS geopolitics and BRICS banking, Rio de Janeiro, 28-29 April 
 Shauna Mottiar delivers paper on popular protest in South Africa, Oxford University, 26 April 
 Floyd Shivambu, Innocent Ndiki, Louise Colvin and Patrick Bond CCS Workshop: Which critiques of post-Apartheid malgovernance - and which counter strategies - come next?, 25 April 
 Bram Buscher CCS Seminar: ‘I Nature’: Web 2.0, Social Media and the Political Economy of Conservation, 25 April 
 Patrick Bond discusses DeSutcliffisation at Durban University of Technology Urban Futures Centre, 24 April 
 Patrick Bond talk on SA@20 in New York, 19 April 
 Patrick Bond keynote lecture on climate, health and risk, University of Washington, Seattle, 17 April 
 Ken Walibora Waliaula CCS Seminar: Remembering and Disremembering Africa, 16 April 
 Ben Turok School of Social Sciences & CCS Seminar: With my head above the parapet: An insider account of the ANC in power, 15 April 
 Thando Manzi CCS Seminar: Brazilian civil society contests the World Cup, economic injustice and BRICS, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond gives three talks at the Association of American Geographers, Tampa, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond on comparative solidarity with Palestine and South Africa, Johns Hopkins University, 7 April 
 Patrick Bond paper on Climate Change, Debt and Justice in Africa at University of North Carolina conference, 5 April 
 Zackie Achmat, Thando Manzi, Paul Routledge Dennis Brutus Memorial Debate: The state of our social movements, from SA to BRICS to the world 31 March  
 Paul Routledge CCS/Development Studies seminar on politics of climate change, 31 March 
 Zackie Achmat and Ndifuma Ukwazi offer activist Autumn School, 31 March - 2 April 
 Prince Mashele CCS Seminar: The fall of the ANC, 28 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on a Redistributive Eco-Debt Payment system, University of Lund, 28 March 
 Waldemar Diener CCS Seminar: Identity formation amongst immigrant traditional healers, 27 March  
 Charles Mangongera & Toendepi Shonhe CCS Seminar: Who rules Zimbabwe - and what should civil society do now? , 25 March 
 Patrick Bond and Xolani Dube debate 20 years of liberation (plus booklaunch), Time of the Writer festival, 20 March 
 Lukhona Mnguni, Molaudi Sekake & Lesiba Seshoka (invited)CCS Seminar: UKZN student woes and freedom of expression, 20 March  
 Patrick Bond responds to Deputy Foreign Minister Ebrahim Ebrahim foreign policy presentation, 19 March 
 Vanessa Burger and Faith kaManzi support Durban harbour mobilisation, Dalton Hostel, 16 March 
 Israeli Apartheid Week talk by Miko Peled, CCS co-sponsorship with Palestine Solidarity movement, 14 March 
 Peter McKenzie CCS Seminar: Cato Manor Between hope and Possibility, 13 March 
 Patrick Bond testimony on water politics at SA Human Rights Commission, 11 March 
 Patrick Bond lecture at Rosa Luxemburg centenary of Accumulation of Capital, Berlin, 9 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on SA's Resource Curse, Harare, 28 February 
 Sreeram Chaulia CCS Seminar on Brazil-Russia-India-China-SA, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond seminar on 'tokenistic' social policy at UKZN Development Studies, 19 February 
 Patrick Bond addresses PanAfrican Climate Justice Alliance challenges, Dakar, 10 February 
 China Ngubane addresses conference on Community Serving Humanity, UKZN, 12 February 
 Vishwas Satgar runs workshop on the United Front approach, 30 January 
 Patrick Bond addresses Numsa shopstewards on economic crises, Johannesburg, 25 January 
 Patrick Bond testifies to Parliament against mega-projects, 16 January 
 Shauna Mottiar Protest and participation in Cato Manor, Merebank and Wentworth, 15 January  
 Patrick Bond lecture on development and political economy and method, Birzeit University, Ramallah, Palestine, 6 January 
 Events Index 2013 
 China Ngubane and Patrick Bond speak at the People's Dialogue BRICS strategy session, Johannesburg, 10-12 December 
 Thando Manzi and Patrick Bond discuss Durban slum research at the Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, 10 December 
 Patrick Bond, Farai Maguwu and Khadija Sharife testify to African Union commission against corruption, Arusha, 7 December 
 Mithika Mwenda CCS Seminar: Report-back from Warsaw climate summit, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond debates natural capital and GDP at Wits University, Johannesburg, 5 December 
 CCS hosts Democracy from Below citizenship movement 30 November - 1 December 
 Giuliano Martinello CCS Seminar: Dispossession and resistance to SA agribusiness in the new scramble for Southern and Eastern African land, 28 November  
 Patrick Bond at South Durban BRICS-from-below campaign against port-petrochemical expansion, Wentworth, 27 November 
 Film Screenings: Non-Violence as a Strategy for Social Change: CCS Seminar room, 19 September, 17 October, 21 November 
 Patrick Bond debates climate and capitalism at COP19 in Warsaw, 17 November 
 CCS participates in South Durban People's Climate Camp, 14-17 November 
 Patrick Bond lectures on global finance in Brussels, 13-15 November 
 Patrick Bond presents on Commoning, Rights and Praxis at Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, 8 November 
 Patrick Bond public lecture on the New Africa Scramble in Berlin, 7 November 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Financial crises and social resistance, from household to global scales, 6 November 
 Gcina Makoba & Muna Lakhani CCS Seminar: Mapping Waste From Cradle to Grave: the Inkanyezi Community Recyclers and Global Zero-Waste Movement, 31 October 
 CCS founder Adam Habib launches South Africa's Suspended Revolution, Ike's Books, 29 October 
 Brutus Memorial Debate: "From democracy to kleptocracy", 26 October 
 Faith Manzi CCS Seminar: The Anatomy of a Cato Manor 'Popcorn Protest', 24 October 
 Patrick Bond critiques financial markets at Unemployment Insurance Fund board meeting, 15 October 
 Waldemar Diener CCS Seminar: Cartooning race and class after Marikana, 10 October 
 Molaudi Sekake, Christelle Terreblanche & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Commoning as an antidote to uneven development in Southern Africa, 9 October 
 CCS PhD student Vuyiseka Dubula leads AIDS research workshop, Johannesburg, 4 October 
 CCS co-organises workshop on 'Beyond Uneven Development' in Maputo, 1-3 October 
 Patrick Bond on Durban's urban neoliberalism, Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, NYC, 29 September 
 Margherita di Paola Film Screening - On the Art of War, 20 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks on the World Economic Crisis and BRICS, at the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, 13 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks at 'Rising Powers' workshop, Fudan University, Shanghai, 12 September 
 Patrick Bond at Shanghai Academy of Social Science, 11 September  
 Patrick Bond lecture on geopolitics at Institute for International Relations, Prague, 9 September 
 Patrick Bond at G20 Post-Globalisation Initiative G20 counter-summit, St Petersburg/Moscow, 2-6 September 
 Geoff Harris & Sylvia Kaye CCS Seminar: Nonviolence in social-change strategy and tactics, 30 August 
 Patrick Bond on BRICS and 'natural capital' at Centre for Natural Resource Governance, Harare, 29 August 
 Khadija Sharife at 'No REDD in Africa Network,' Maputo, 27-29 August 
 China Ngubane helps launch Diakonia's KZN School of Activism, Albert Falls, 27 August 
 Patrick Bond at Durban Flatdwellers conference, 24 August 
 China Ngubane, Joy Mabenge & Tafadzwa Maguchu Regional and Zimbabwean civil society challenged, 22 August 
 Ed Harriman, Khadija Sharife & Sarah Bracking CCS Workshop: Corruption, corporate bribery, arms deals and social critique, 21 August 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza & Richard Kamidza CCS Seminar: Neoliberal water, neoliberal trade, 19 August 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS, UKZN Student Union, 14 August 
 Simphiwe Magwaza, Simangele Manzi, Thando Manzi, Niki Moore, Knut Nustad, Jabulile Wanda & Philani Zulu CCS seminar on Cato Manor politics, Thursday, 15 August 
 Patrick Bond discusses SA's economic crisis at National Union of Metalworkers, Johannesburg, 8 August 
 Christine Jeske CCS Seminar: Social conceptualizations of work, unemployment, and blame in KwaZulu-Natal, 6 August 
 Larry Swatuk CCS Seminar on water resource conflicts, 1 August 
 Lorenzo Fioramonti Centre for Civil Society Seminar: Gross Domestic Problem, 18 July 2013 
 CCS hosts Open Society's Sustainable Development course for Southern Africa, 15-27 July 
 Faith ka-Manzi, Anne-Marie Debbané & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar on Durban hotspots (Cato Manor service delivery and South Durban privatised wastewater and port/petrochem expansion), 10 July 
 Thamsanqa Mthembu & Hylton Alcock Video Screening: Participatory video as a tool for social transformation, 4 July 
 Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja CCS Seminar: Southern Africa and the Challenge of the Congo, 27 June 
 Patrick Bond debates Blade Nzimande on 21st Century Socialism, Chris Hani Institute, Johannesburg, 25 June 
 Khadija Sharife and Shauna Mottiar Analysis of illicit flight presented at the UN Economic Commission on Africa conference on illicit capital flight, Lusaka, 18 June  
 China Ngubane & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The state of eco-social justice campaigning in East Asia and the Americas, 18 June 
 Patrick Bond at Ecuador conference on eco/economic crises, Quito, 12 June 
 Patrick Bond at Left Forum,New York City, 7-9 June 
 Patrick Bond lecture on Enviro Impact Assessments at Savannah School of Law in Georgia, 6 June 
 Amanda Huron, Amanda Thomas & Victoria Habermehl CCS Seminar: Geographies of Justice: experiences from three continents, 3 June 
 China Ngubane speaks at the Tokyo International Conference on African Development counter-summit, 1 June 
 Nik Theodore & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Migration and the Struggle for Urban Space, from Chicago to Durban, 28 May 
 CCS hosts Antipode Institute for the Geographies of Justice, 27 May to 1 June 
 Abby Neely CCS Seminar: Local Biologies, and ART Protocols: A Political Ecology of Tuberculosis and the Body, 24 May 
 Silke Trommer CCS Seminar: Transformations in Trade Politics - Participatory Trade Politics in West Africa, 23 May 
 Patrick Bond at AIDC National Development Plan seminar, Cape Town 22 May 
 Thuli Hlela CCS Seminar: Mapping Water/Sanitation Services in KwaNyuswa, Valley of 1000 Hills, 21 May 
 China Ngubane participates in the Gumede Lecture Series 17 May 
 Maia Green CCS Seminar: Youth empowerment on South Africa's Wild Coast, 14 May 
 Patrick Bond talk on African poli-econ at OilWatch-Africa conference, Johannesburg, 13 May 
 China Ngubane, Joy Mabenge & Tafadzwa Maguchu CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe's Election Preparations and Civil Society Politics, 10 May 
 Blessing Karumbidza CCS Seminar: Government Clumsiness in Rural Entrepreneurial and Coop Support, 30 April 
 Khadija Sharife and Patrick Bond presentation on climate finance at SADC Basic Income Group strategic workshop, 25 April, Johannesburg 
 Sarah Bracking & Patrick Bond at SDCEA workshop, Clairwood, 20 April 
 Patrick Bond, Des D'Sa, Megan Lewis, China Ngubane and Bobby Peek CCS Seminar: Assessing BRICS, Friday 19 April  
 Patrick Bond paper on geopolitics at Univ of California-Riverside, 13 April 
 Patrick Bond presents on South Durban to Association of American Geographers, Los Angeles, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond on territorial alliances at International Studies Association, 6 April 
 Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: UMkhumbane (Cato Manor) ilokishi elithuthuka ngamandla kodwa elibhekene nezingqinamba ezahlukahlukene, 5 April 
 Patrick Bond on 'Making of Global Capitalism', International Studies Association, 4 April 
 Patrick Bond presentation on BRICS at International Studies Association, San Francisco, 3 April 
 Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS and the Dennis Brutus legacy, University of Pittsburgh, 2 April 
 Patrick Bond on skype to World Social Forum, 28 March 
 Ondøej Horký-Hlucháò CCS Seminar: The depoliticisation of civil society in post-communism, 28 March 
 BRICS EVENTS 22 -27 MARCH 
 Ashwin Desai & Kagiso Molope seminar on SA oppressions, 22 March 
 Patrick Bond at Ejolt workshop in Abuja, Nigeria, 20-21 March 
 Susan Abul Hawa workshop on Palestine liberation today, 20 March 
 Patrick Bond lectures on climate justice, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, 15 March 
 Candido Grzybowski BRICS seen from Rio, 13 March 2013 
 Patrick Bond at community BRICS briefing, Wentworth, 11 March 
 Choice Mahridzo, China Ngubane & Toendepi Shone CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe's future, from inside and out, Thursday 7 March 
 Patrick Bond gives UKZN Development Studies seminar on BRICS, 6 March 
 Patrick Bond debates Ebrahim Ebrahim on BRICS, ActionAid in Joburg, 28 February 
 Patrick Bond panel sessions on climate and BRICS at the Global Studies Conference, Univ of California-Santa Barbara, 23 February 
 Gcina Makoba & Thuli Hlela CCS Seminar: Mapping Inanda rubbish and Valley of 1000 Hills sanitation, 21 February 
 Patrick Bond talks about climate justice at Institute for Policy Studies in Washington on 19 February 
 Thandokuhle Manzi & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Mapping Cato Manor sewage, animals and protest; and an Umlazi update, 13 February 
 Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Mapping AIDS, from body to city, 11 February 
 Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: A recent spatial history of Durban student unrest, 7 February 
 Patrick Bond briefing on BRICS at AIDC, Cape Town, 1 February 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: BRICS as Pretoria's next site to 'talk left, walk right' 31 January 
 Patrick Bond at crisis & inequality seminar at Focus on the Global South, Bangkok, 28-29 January 
 China Ngubane, Patrick Bond & the Brutus Community Scholars CCS Seminar on social conflict mapping in Durban, 22 January 
 Bill Carroll CCS Seminar: Global corporate power and a new transnational capitalist class? 17 January 
 Patrick Bond testimony to NERSA against Eskom price hikes, Durban, 17 January 
 Don Chen CCS Seminar: Smart growth, urban equality and environmental justice, 16 January 
 Bill Carroll CCS Seminar: Research institutes dedicated to social justice - a global survey, 15 January 
 Mfundo Mtshwelo CCS Seminar: New critiques of South Africa's ruling party post-Mangaung, 11 January (Cancelled) 
 Events Index 2012 
 Phillip Lühl & Guillermo Delgado CCS Seminar: Unitary urbanism, towards maximal difference, 8 January  
 Khadija Sharife, Min-Jung Kim, Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Doha's COP18 crash and climate justice (skypecast), 20 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on BRICS in Moscow, 15 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on Marikana and SA Resource Curse, Institute for African Studies, Moscow, 13 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on environmental commodification, Manchester, 11 December 
 Khadija Sharife presentation on land-grabbed Africa at South South Forum 2, Chongqing China, 8 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture to African economic journalists on global economic governance, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond at IG Metall conference on inequality, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond on debt at Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, 30 November 
 Faith ka-Manzi delivers UKZN World AIDS Day Lecture, 29 November 
 Khadija Sharife Illicit flight and mining presentation at Economic Justice Network regional tax conference 27-29 November  
 Patrick Bond keynote address on Climate Justice to Norwegian Development Association, Oslo, 27 November 
 Pamela Ngwenya CCS Course: An introduction to video production 26-30 November 
 Patrick Bond on water rights and climate at Norwegian Development Studies panel, Oslo, 26 November 
 Primrose Sonti, Mbuso Ngubane, Mametlwe Sebei and Rudolph Dubula at Brutus Memorial Debate on Marikana, 22 November 
 Patrick Bond on SA's Resource Course at Amandla! colloquium, Gauteng. 16 November 
 Pamela Ngwenya & Ben Richardson CCS Seminar - Aid for trade and Southern African agriculture: the bittersweet case of Swazi sugar, 15 November 
 Patrick Bond on BRICS/G20 at SA Forum for International Solidarity, Johannesburg, 14 November 
 Ruth Castel-Branco CCS Seminar - Why unions still matter: the case of domestic worker organizing in Maputo, 8 November 
 CCS cohosts State of Zimbabwe Transition, Diakonia, 2 November 
 Liane Greeff CCS Seminar: ‘You can’t have your gas and drink your water!’ - the incompatibility of fracking to water rights, 29 October 
 Patrick Bond with Helmi Shawary at the Jozi Book Fair on Fanon in contemporary Africa, 28 October 
 Thami Mbatha, Faith ka-Manzi, China Ngubane & Percy Ngonyama Ukucwaswa kwabokufika (CCS seminar on xenophobia, in isiZulu) 26 October 
 Patrick Bond on Marikana narratives, at Leeds University School of Politics and African Studies, 26 October 
 Patrick Bond on South Africa resource cursed, at Manchester University Development Studies, 26 October 
 Patrick Bond skype lecture to ClimateMediaFactory, Berlin, 25 October 
 Patrick Bond on the Politics of HIV/AIDS in South Africa, at Limerick University, 24 October 
 Ewok's 'Letters to Dennis' at Poetry Africa, 19 October 
 Allan Kolski Horwitz Kebbleism, politics and art, 19 October 
 Philo Ikonya Centre for Civil Society and Centre for Creative Arts Seminar: Are there limits to the freedom of expression? 16 October 
 Patrick Bond debates Brazilians on the World Cup and human rights, Sao Paolo, 15 October 
 Maia Green CCS Seminar: Love and Power on the Wild Coast, 15 October 
 David van Wyk & Chris Molebatsi CCS Seminar: Marikana: Why? What next? 9 October 
 Peace Workshop, 4 October  
 Muhammed Desai seminar on Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions against Israel, 2 October 
 Patrick Bond plenary address to Muslim Youth Movement 40th conference, 30 September 
 Patrick Bond on MDGs, Redi Tlabi Radio 702 show, 25 September 
 Patrick Bond debates KZN provincial planner, 25 September 
 GreenSquad Alliance sponsors Nonviolence training, 21 September 
  Patrick Bond speaks on Resource-Cursed Southern Africa in Harare, 18 September 
 CCS film screening about 'post'-shopping, 18 September 
 Milford Bateman CCS Seminar: Civil society's microfinance mistakes, 13 September 
 Patrick Bond on detoxing South Durban at Umbilo community meeting, 12 September 
 Patrick Bond briefs OECD-Watch on Marikana and the SA Resource Curse, 11 September, Johannesburg 
 Melanie Müller CCS Seminar: What did COP17 do to SA environmentalism? 7 September 
 Patrick Bond at the Lost in Transformation book launch seminar, 6 September 
 Patrick Bond at Cosatu/AIDC seminar on employment, Port Elizabeth, 6 September 
 Muhammed Shabat & Asad Asad CCS Seminar: Israeli apartheid's challenge for academics in Gaza, 6 September 
 Adrian Nel CCS Seminar: Ugandan carbon forestry, community resistance and environmental management, 4 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Pravin Gordhan on South Durban's port expansion, Clairwood, 1 September 
 Jonathan Nkala CCS anti-xenophobia drama: The Crossing, 1 September 
 Youngsu Kim Trade union politics in South Africa and South Korea, 31 August 
 Patrick Bond on SA transition at Arab Spring conference, Pretoria, 30 August 
 Patrick Bond paper on environmental and social rights at Christian Michelsen Institute workshop, Norway, 27 August 
 Molefi Ndlovu on Qwasha! Durban street narratives about COP17, Christian Michelsen Institute, Norway, 26 August  
 Environmental Teach-In, 25 August  
 Delwyn Pillay, Dimple Deonath & Vanessa Black South Durban civil society confronts Back of Port planning, 23 August 
 Sarah Bracking CCS Seminar: Contesting the frontiers of value in society, nature and capitalism, RESCHEDULED FOR EARLY SEPTEMBER FROM 22 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on White Elephants to S.Durban Community Environmental Alliance at Austerville Community Centre, 21 August 
 Nonhle Mbuthuma, John Clarke & Luc Hoebeke CCS Seminar: Avatar on the Wild Coast - lessons from Xolobeni against national and global commodification, 21 August 
 CCS brainstorm on Marikana Massacre, 21 August 
 Michael Dorsey CCS Seminar: Can the Green Climate Fund provide appropriate finance to Africa? 20 August 
 Percy Nhau CCS Seminar: Implications of the Secrecy Bill for Academic Research, 16 August 2012 
 Farai Maguwu & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Democratic Transitions from Top Down and Bottom Up: Prospects in Zimbabwe, 15 August 
 Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Izingqinamba ngezemvelo zaseThekwini, 8 August 
 Neima Adamo, Sergio Brito, Ester Uamba, Patrick Bond & Dimple Deonath CCS Seminar: Climate, water and destructive development from Maputo to South Durban, 3 August 
 CCS celebrates Brutus legacy at From Roots to Fruits non-violence conference, Durban Univ of Technology, 1 August 
 Matt Meyer & Elavie Ndura CCS Seminar: Nonviolent pedagogies of Africa's oppressed, from South Africa to the Great Lakes, 31 July 2012  
 Ravindra Kumar CCS Seminar: Gandhi, Democracy and Fundamental Rights, 30 July  
 Patrick Bond lecture on African political economy to Institute for the Advancement of Journalism, Johannesburg, 26 July 
 Ewok does Durban (with a French connection) UKZN Jazz Centre, 6pm, 25 July 
 Peter Muzambwe & Dean Chahim CCS Seminar: Solidarities of international urban residents and 'development' students, 25 July 2012 
 Terri Barnes CCS Seminar: Gender, autobiography and social justice, 24 July 
 Jim Kilgore CCS Seminar: Freedom never rests, when it comes to water commodification and service delivery protests, 23 July 
 Jim Kilgore meets Zimbabweans in central Durban, 23 July 
 Shalini Sharma CCS Seminar: Bhopal's catastrophe and representations of social mobilisation, 20 July 
 Jane Duncan CCS Seminar: Voice, political mobilisation and repression under Jacob Zuma, 19 July 
 Patrick Bond at Rio+20 reportback, 17 July, Diakonia Centre 
 Khadija Sharife & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The Decommissioning of Durban's Emissions Trade Pilot, 11 July 
 Bheki Buthelezi & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Interpreting Umlazi's Unrest, Repression and Occupy Resistance, 9 July 
 Farai Maguwu CCS Seminar - Resource-cursed Zimbabwe's Marange blood diamonds, 6 July 
 Eric Baldwin CCS Seminar: Housing Policy and Liberal Philosophy in Post-Apartheid South Africa, 5 July 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice at Johannesburg Workshop in Theory and Criticism, Goethe Institute, Johannesburg, 5 July 
 Patrick Bond course lectures on political economy, ecology and social policy, 2-13 July 
 Khadija Sharife & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar - Rio+20 report-back, 2 July  
 Monica Fagioli CCS Seminar - State-building in practice: the Somali diaspora and processes of reconstruction in Somaliland, 28 June  
 Fidelis Allen at African politics conference, Dakar, 26 - 28 June 
 Patrick Bond on SA subimperialism and resistance, Rio+20 Intercoll.net seminar, 21 June 
 Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu, Niall McNulty & Lwazi Gwijane CCS Seminar: QWASHA! An online archive of community digital content, 21 June 2012 
 Patrick Bond on social and environmental justice strategies, Rio+20 Cupula dos Povos plenary, 18 June 
 Patrick Bond, Khadija Sharife & Baruti Amisi on African CDMs at the International Society for Ecological Economics, Rio de Janeiro, 17 June 
 Patrick Bond and Eddie Cottle discuss SA World Cup lessons for Brazil, 13 June, Rio 
 Kim Min-Jung speaks on climate activism and the COP17 at Gyeongsang Univ Institute of Social Studies, Korea, 15 June 
 Patrick Bond at the Building and Wood Workers International debate on Green Economy and Sustainable Development, 11 June, Rio de Janeiro 
 Fidelis Allen & Khadija Sharife CCS Seminar: CDM cannot deliver: Lessons from Nigeria, 11 June 
 Michela Gallo CCS Seminar: Zimbabwean civil society in South Africa, 7 June  
 Patrick Bond speaks at faculty strike support committee, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 6 June 
 Patrick Bond lecture on carbon trading at the Brazilian Society of Political Economy, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, 5 June 
 Patrick Bond on debt crises at Queens University, Canada, 30 May 
 Dennis Brutus Memorial Debate: Durban's Corruptions & Disruptions, 24 May 
 Maria Schuld CCS Seminar: Small wars ‑ A micro‑level analysis of violence in KwaZulu‑Natal, 17 May 
 Iain Ewok Robinson MCs the Brutus Sessions, 16 May 
 Patrick Bond on 'Imperial and subimperial interests in neoliberalised nature', keynote address at Sussex Univ SouthGovNet conference, Brighton, 16-17 May 
 Patrick Bond booklaunch on climate justice at Bookmarks, London, 14 May 
 Film & discussion on Genetic Engineering hosted by Green Squad Alliance, 11 May  
 Sasha Kramer & Anthony Kilbride CCS Seminar: Improving access to sanitation on a global scale, 10 May 
 Khadija Sharife talks on Tax Justice to the Economic Justice Network, Cape Town, 9 May 
 China Ngubane & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The Africa People's Charter, Zimbabwe People's Convention Charter and South African Reconstruction and Development Programme, 7 May  
 Patrick Bond skype lecture on media and climate policy, Bergen, Norway, 7 May 
 Patrick Bond unpacks eco-imperialism at People's Dialogue 'Green Economy' seminar, Johannesburg, 5 May 
 Patrick Bond at Comrade Babble play on Kebbleism, Johannesburg, 5 May 
 Durban can 'connect‑the‑dots' to climate change with 350.org, 5 May 
 Nosipho Mngoma, Percy Nhau and Murray Hunter CCS seminar on Right2Know for researchers and journalists, 4 May 
 Patrick Bond skype lecture on Green Capitalism to Rhodes Univ, 3 May 
 Ransom Lekunze CCS Seminar: Implications of global economic crisis for Africa, 25 April 
 Patrick Bond talks to Hospice AGM on 'From Caring about Stuff to Caring about Caring' , 25 April  
 CCS participates in the Global Teach - In 25 April 
 Michele Maynard CCS Seminar: African climate change and carbon trading politics, 23 April  
 Fidelis Allen at the Social Theory Forum at Univ.Massachusetts/Boston, 19 April 
 Baruti Amisi CCS Seminar: Will the Inga Hydropower Project meet Africa’s electricity needs?, 20 April  
 Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar: Ideology, agency and protest politics, 18 April 
 Fidelis Allen & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The World Bank presidential race - African interests and personality profiles, 11 April 
 CCS Seminar: Dennis Brutus' life and times - film documentaries and discussion, 10 April 
 Molefi Ndlovu at Young Adult Review workshop of COP 17, South Durban Community and Environmental Alliance, 4 April 
 CCS Seminar: 'Occupy': what kind of social movement is it?, 3 April 
 Jens Andvig, Tiberius Barasa, Stein Sundstøl Eriksen, Sanjay Kumar, Faith Manzi & Knut Nustad CCS Seminar: Slums, states and citizens in Durban, Nairobi Delhi, 29 March 
 Henrik Ernstson CCS/DevStudies seminar on urban ecology, 28 March 
 Ronnie Kasrils CCS Seminar: Corruption, authoritarianism and the challenge for civil society, 23 March 
 Bahaa Taher CCS Seminar: Post-Arab Spring: Literary freedom of expression in Egypt, 22 March  
 Felix Platz CCS Seminar: Climate Change narratives – experiences from the COP 17, 20 March 
 Zero Fossil Fuels meeting, 20 March 
 Molefi Ndlovu presents at the Foundation for Human Rights event on 19 March 
 Patrick Bond reviews RDP for Zim opposition leaders, Nyanga, 16 March 2012 
 Trevor Ngwane at Rosa Luxemburg anti-xenophobia panel, Johannesburg, 16 March 
 David Hallowes and Tristen Taylor CCS Seminar: A hostile climate - civil society impact on the COP17, 15 March 
 Leigh Collingwood CCS Seminar: Presentation of book: “Deforestation: Why YOU need to stop it NOW”, 13 March  
 Lubna Nadvi & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Why boycotting Israeli apartheid follows South Africa’s liberation strategy, 6 March  
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza CCS Seminar: Durban’s state-sponsored climate change chaos, 1 March 
 Comrade Fatso CCS Seminar: Zim spoken-word liberation struggles, 29 February  
 Patrick Bond on climate justice at Santa Barbara Global Studies Conference, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond on service delivery protests, Nadel AGM, Mthatha, 25 February 
 Lushendrie Naidu CCS Seminar: The state of South Durban's industrial basin, 23 February  
 Alex Comninos CCS Seminar: Twitter revolutions and cyber-crackdowns, 22 February 
 Patrick Bond debates WWF's Saliem Fakier at AIDC, Cape Town, 17 February 
 Fumhiko Saito CCS Seminar: Shifting to local governance?, 16 February 
 Patrick Bond delivers New Zimbabwe Lecture, Harare, 15 February 
 Patrick Bond banned from delivering New Zimbabwe Lecture, Harare, 8 February 
 Said Ferjani CCS Seminar: The Tunisian democratic revolution, Islam and the left, 1 February 
 Tom Heinemann, Patrick Bond & Khadija Sharife CCS Seminar/film: Politics of microfinance, 25 January  
 Patrick Bond booksigning climate justice titles at Sandton Square Exclusives Books, Johannesburg, 24 January  
 Bobby Peek CCS Seminar: What went right and what went wrong at the COP17?, 19 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: What’s going on in China? Boom, bust and battles from below, 10 January  
 Keyvan Kashkooli CCS Seminar: Governing markets from below? From e-commerce to emissions trading, 6 January 
 Events Index 2011 
 Faith Manzi & Oliver Meth CCS Seminar: AIDS, rape and climate, 13 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on world financial crisis at Lingnan Univ, Hong Kong, 12 December 
 Patrick Bond on CJ at TransNational Institute meeting, 10 December 
 Patrick Bond & Baruti Amisi on climate induced migration at People's Assembly, 7 December  
 Patrick Bond & Nnimmo Bassey Book Launch, Ike's Books, Durban: 6 December 
 Patrick Bond on ecological debt, World Council of Churches, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond on culture and climate at Durban City Hall, 5 December 
 Pablo Solón Wolpe lecture: “Rights of Nature and Climate Politics”, 2 December 
 Patrick Bond on puppet statehood and climate, Unctad conference (via video), Geneva, 1 December 
 Patrick Bond presentation on labour-community-eco solidarity at International Transport Federation, People's Space, 1 December* 
 CCS Teach‑In on Climate Justice, evenings from 29 Nov‑8 Dec 
 Everyone's Downstream 25-26 November 
 Patrick Bond, Lars Gausdal, Molefi Ndlovu & Khadija Sharife on climate politics and narratives, South Durban, November 25-26 
 Molefi Ndlovu & Michael Dorsey lead youth/climate workshop, 21 November  
 Patrick Bond at Rosa Luxemburg Political Cafe on climate/energy, Johannesburg, 21 November 
 Janis Rosheuvel CCS Seminar: U.S. 'Migrant Management' & Grassroots Resistance to Criminalization of Immigrant Life, 18 November 
 Patrick Bond skype lecture on climate politics to Lahore Cafe Bol series, Pakistan, 16 November 
 Patrick Bond keynote speech to Cornell Univ development conference, 12 November 
 Michele Maynard CCS Seminar: The African Peoples Petition: What Durban COP17 must deliver!, 11 November 
 Emanuele Leonardi CCS seminar: The Environmental Side of the Current Economic Crisis: Toward an Ecological Critique of Neoliberalism, 10 November 2011 
 Patrick Bond at City Univ of NY on climate justice strategy, 9 November 
 Patrick Bond on COP17 politics at Institute for Policy Studies, Washington, 8 November 
 Rehana Dada CCS Seminar: The One Million Climate Jobs Campaign, 4 November 
 Lars Gausdal CCS Seminar: Bolivia at the Crossroads, 3 November 2011  
 Patrick Bond talk on population and climate, Pretoria, 1 November 
 Patrick Bond, Dudu Khumalo, Orlean Naidoo, Thando Manzi, Molefi Ndlovu & Noah Zimba Wolpe Lecture: Community Climate Summit, 28 October  
 Patrick Bond on water politics, the IMF and climate in Dublin, 25‑26 October 
 Patrick Bond on energy as a public good in Rome, 24 October 
 Patrick Bond talks on climate justice in Stockholm, 22 October 
 Patrick Bond on climate, land and Africa's exploitation, at Uppsala University, Sweden, 20-21 October 
 Shailja Patel CCS Seminar: Seen And Unseen: Windows On The ICC-Kenya Trials, 18 October 
 Patrick Bond on COP17 mobilisations at PanAfrican Climate Justice conference in Addis Ababa, 15‑16 October 
 Fidelis Allen CCS Seminar: Climate Change, Poverty and Public Policy in Nigeria's Niger Delta, 11 October 2011  
 Patrick Bond on electricity and climate crises, Newlands and Meerbank, 10-11 October 
 Marie Kennedy & Chris TillyCCS Seminar: Latin America’s third left: Autonomy and participation in the new political landscape, 6 October  
 Peter Waterman Emancipatory Global Labour Studies and Social Movements, 5 October  
 Patrick Bond on climate and capitalism at the International Labour Rights Information Group Globalization School, Cape Town, 3 October 
 Trevor Ngwane CCS seminar on protest ideology, 30 September 
 John Saul & Trevor Ngwane Wolpe lecture on South Africa's transition, 29 September 
 CCS hosts Democratic Left Front climate conference, 23-25 September 
 Climate Justice Now! South Africa meets at CCS, 22-23 September 
 Patrick Bond on Electricity Prices and Climate Crisis at SDCEA, 21 September 
 Patrick Bond at People's Dialogue on climate politics, 21 September 
 Solani Ngobeni CCS Seminar: Challenges facing scholarly publishers in South Africa: Towards a turnaround strategy or tilting at windmills, cancelled 
 Anton Harber & Ruth Teer-Tomaselli Amnesty International seminar on the Secrecy Bill, 15 September 
 Sarah Bracking CCS Seminar: How do investors value the environment? Why a pile of stones is not a house, 13 September 
 Climate Justice Protest US, Consulate, 9 September 
 Ashwin Desai & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The World Conference Against Racism and 9/11 ten years after, 8 September 
 Patrick Bond on climate injustice and the World Bank, London, 5 September 
 Tehmina Brohi CCS Seminar: Contention in response to neoliberal policies in post-apartheid South Africa: The case of basic services delivery in Durban, 1 September 
 Climate Justice Protest at the US Consulate, 31 August 
 Otieno, Wamuchiru, Todd, Lorimer CCS Seminar: In Hot Water ‑ Climate change and water adaptation in Nairobi and Durban, 26 August 
 Wolpe lecture by Mustafa Barghouti on how to free Palestine, 25 August 
 Patrick Bond on climate finance to SADC parliamentarians, Johannesburg, 25 August 
 Shauna Mottiar at the ISTR African Civil Society Research Network conference, 24 August  
 Kate Skinner seminar on media democracy, 22 August 
 Patrick Bond addresses metalworker shopstewards, Durban, 22 August 
 Patrick Bond on climate at the Johannesburg Book Fair, 8 August 
 Paul Routledge CCS Seminar: Translocal Climate Justice Solidarities, 5 August  
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Lessons for Durban from Ecuador's 'leave the oil in the soil' eco/indigenous movement, 2 August  
 Patrick Bond on the 'green economy' at New Global Hegemonies conference, Quito, 21‑22 July 
 Franco Barchiesi CCS Seminar: Labour and Precarious Liberation, 20 July 
 Sarah Ives CCS Seminar: “Rooibos land is high sentiment, low potential: Preliminary Reflections on a Year in Rooibos Country, 18 July 
 Patrick Bond on climate and Just Transition at National Union of Metalworkers of SA in Johannesburg, 18 July 
 Danny Schechter CCS Seminar: Citizen Media Advocacy, 15 July  
 Chene Redwood CCS Seminar: Voices of the Subaltern: Music within community struggles against environmental degradation in South Durban, 14 July 2011 
 Patrick Bond on SA political economy at Renmin Univ (China) conference via skype, 11 July 
 Patrick Bond on climate and justice at UKZN Peace Studies conference, 9 July 
 Philip Rizk CCS Seminar: Critiquing the Nation State: The Gaza Strip, 8 July  
 Philip Rizk CCS Seminar: Multi-media presentation: “The hard hit is still to come”- An Intifada Imaginary, 7 July 2011  
 Ida Susser CCS Seminar: Organic intellectuals and AIDS social movements: jumping scales, postponed 
 Patrick Bond on neoliberal climate policy at Nature, Inc conference (via skype), The Hague, 30 June 
 Patrick Bond input on African economies to International Labour Organisation industrial relations conference at UCT Business School (via skype), 28 June 
 Peter McKenzie & Doung Jahangeer CCS Seminar: People in Spaces Make Places, 28 June 2011 
 Immanuel Wallerstein Wolpe Lecture on the Arab revolt, the US and Africa, 23 June 
 Patrick Bond on SA climate policy at UKZN Business School, 23 June 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar on the global climate justice movement, 21 June 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza & Mary Galvin on sanitation politics, 20 June 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza and Geasphere debate water and climate at Alliance Francaise, 9 June 
 Mvuselelo Ngcoya & Shauna Mottiar Seminar: Understanding horizontal philanthropy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 2 June 
 Patrick Bond at Univ of Georgia Antipode Institute for Geographies of Justice, Athens, 30‑31 May 
 Orlean Naidoo, Ma Dudu Khumalo, Thandiwe Zondi, Sam Moodley, Mrs Perumal, Lubna Nadvi, Shauna Mottiar Discussion: Women in Social Movements and Community Organizing 30 May  
 Patrick Bond on climate politics at Korean conference, Jinju, 27 May 
 Florian Kunert, Phillip Hol & Justin Davy Wolpe Lecture: Shack Theatre, 26 May  
 CCS and Zimbabweans celebrate Africa Day, 25 May 
 Patrick Bond on dangers of a neoliberal Palestine, at TIDA-Gaza, Gaza City, 19 May 
 Chris Morris CCS Seminar: Notes on Pharmaceutical Patent Lawfare: The Umckaloabo Case, 19 May 2011  
 Durban Community Video Collective workshop, 14 May 
 Patrick Bond at City Univ of NY conference on precarious labour and socialism, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond on environmental justice at Autonomous University of Barcelona, 28 April 
 Mazibuko Jara, Alan Murphy & Orlean Naidoo Wolpe Lecture Panel on the Local Government Elections, 21 April 2011 
 Patrick Bond at Univ of San Francisco sustainability symposium, 19 April 
 Patrick Bond in Montreal for Cochabamba+1 climate justice conference, 15‑17 April 
 Ron Carver Reflections on organising US labour and community campaigns, 13 April 
 Patrick Bond on Palestine & Durban at American Association of Geographers conference, Seattle, 12‑14 April 
 Shauna Mottiar at the International Research Society for Public Management Conference, Dublin, 11- 13 April 
 Wiebe Nauta CCS Seminar: Civic Engagement and Democratic Consolidation in South Korea ‑ Lessons for South Africa, 5 April 
 Patrick Bond on climate politics with Polaris Institute/Ontario Public Interest Research Group at Univ of Toronto, 31 March 
 Patrick Bond climate lecture at Carleton Univ, Ottawa, 29 March 
 Adekeye Adebajo CCS/SDS Seminar: The Curse of Berlin: Africa after the Cold War, 23 March 
 Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu at Keleketla Library Johannesburg, 21-31 March 2011  
 John Devenish Seminar CCS research on protests in South Africa 2009 - 2011, 17 March 
 Nancy Lindisfarne & Jonathan Neale Seminar: Climate Justice, Global Alliance-Building and Climate Jobs, 22 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on Palestine, water and the University of Johannesburg, 16 March 
 Seminar: Documentary Screening of 'Zimbabwe's Blood Diamonds, 10 March 
 Patrick Bond gives lectures in Michigan and California, 8-14 March 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice, Northern overconsumption & African resistance at '6 Billion Ways' conference in London, 5 March 
 Wolpe Lecture by Hein Marais: Song & Dance: Power, Consent and the ANC, 3 March  
 China Ngubane hosts Zimbabwe monitoring discussion, 1 March 
 Patrick Bond, Rehana Dada, Blessing Karumbidza & Molefi Ndlovu Seminar on the 2011 World Social Forum, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond delivers Brutus Memorial Lecture, Nelson Mandela Metro Univ, 23 February 
 Danielle Carter CCS Seminar on Sources of State Legitimacy in Contemporary SA, 22 February 
 Blessing Karumbidza, Siziwe Khanyile, Bongani Mthembu, Bobby Peek in Wolpe Lecture 'Climate Teach-In', 19 February 
 Niall Bond Seminar: The history of 'civil society', 14 February 
 Molefi Ndlovu, Rehana Dada & Patrick Bond CCS seminars at the WSF, Dakar, 6-11 February 
 Teppo Eskelinen Seminar: Global justice - some emerging topics and responses 25 January 2011 
 Patrick Bond at Zuma's Own Goal booklaunch, Bluestockings, NYC, 24 January 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice in Sacramento, CA, 20 January 
 Patrick Bond at Resource Rights conference and Eskom protest, Washington, 13-14 January 
 Events Index 2010 
 Patrick Bond radio debate on climate justice politics, 22 December 
 Film screening: The Uprising of Hangberg, 14 December  
 Patrick Bond at global climate summit, 6‑11 December, Cancun 
 Pumla Gqola, Andile Mngxitama, Baruti Amisi & others Seminar on Xenophobia and Racism in SA, 10 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on uneven development, migration and xenophobia to Univ.Delhi conference, 25 November 
 Patrick Bond, Horace Campbell, Patricia Daley and Eunice Sahle panel at African Studies Association, SF, 21 November 
 CCS Wolpe film screenings with Pamela Ngwenya and community videomakers 20 November 
 Cesia Kearns Seminar: Sierra Club's Beyond Coal Campaign: Transforming the US Electric Sector, 19 November 2010 
 Patrick Bond on oil and financial crises with Attac-Norway in Oslo, 18-19 November 
 Baruti Amisi skype seminar on xenophobia to Roskilde University, 17 November 
 Patrick Bond at Race, Class & Developmental State conference in PE, via Skype, 16 November 
 Ashwin Desai and Goolam Vahed Wolpe Lecture in Honour of Fatima Meer, 16  
 Patrick Bond seminar on ecosocialism at Inst of Social Studies, The Hague, 16 November 
  Patrick Bond at Historical Materialism conference, London, 12-14 November 
 John Harvey Seminar: US Philanthropy and the Global South: Trends, Opportunities and Challenges, 8 November 
 Patrick Bond at The ‘Progress’ in Zimbabwe Conference, 4-6 November 
 Nicholas Smith Seminar: Lynch Violence and the Governance of Evil, 26 October 
 Ela Gandhi & Dilip Menon Wolpe Lecture: Indians in South Africa: 150 Years, 21 October 2010 
 Patrick Bond seminar on climate justice at Univ of California-Davis, 18 October 
 Mariem el Bourhimi and Peter McKenzie Seminar: Saharawi liberation struggle status, 15 October 
 Rolf Schwermer CCS Seminar: pro-poor technology, 14 October 
 Patrick Bond seminar on climate politics at Trinity College Dublin, 1 October 
 Baruti Amisi lecture on xenophobia for National Association of Democratic Lawyers, KwaZulu‑Natal Law Society, Pietermaritzburg, 30 September 
  Patrick Bond on transition-neoliberalism at Birzeit Univ conference, Palestine, 28 September 
 Patrick Bond in Ramallah on Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions, 26 September 
 Patrick Bond and Lungisile Ntsebeza launch Zuma's Own Goal at African Studies Association-UK conference, Oxford University, 19 September 
  Hayley Leck Seminar: Rising to the Adaptation Challenge? Responding to Global Environmental Change in the Durban metropolitan and Ugu district regions, South Africa, 17 September 
  Dudu Khumalo, Baruti Amisi, Molefi Ndlovu, Daniel Ribeiro, Terri Hathaway, Lori Pottinger Seminar: Civil society v Southern African dams, 10 September 
 Patrick Bond and Rick Rowden on the IMF and public health, San Francicso, 7 & 14 September 
 Brij Maharaj, Ashwin Desai, Patrick Bond launch new book Zuma's Own Goal, Elangeni Hotel, Durban, 5pm on 3 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks on rights/commons debate at the International Commission of Jurists Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Camp, 31 August, Johannesburg 
 Margaret Gärding Donor power in the international aid industry, 27 August  
 Makhosi Khoza, Fikile Moya, Patrick Mkhize, Tony Carnie, Pritz Dullay and Brij Maharaj on the Wolpe Lecture Panel: Media Information & Freedom, 26 August 2010 
 Ralph Borland Seminar: Radical Plumbers and PlayPumps - Objects in development, 25 August  
 Patrick Bond speaks at Jubilee South Africa conference on ecological debt, 21 August, Johannesburg 
 Dudu Khumalo and Simphiwe Nojiyeza presentation on sanitation at Umphilo waManzi seminar, 13 August, Durban 
 Patrick Bond at South Africa‑Norway climate research seminar, Christian Michelsen Institute, Bergen, 12 August 2010 
 Patrick Bond at Southeast Asia climate justice seminar, Focus on the Global South, Chulalungkorn University, Bangkok, 10 August 
 Trevor Ngwane at Solidarity Peace Trust report on Zimbabwe, 30 July, Johannesburg 
 Wolpe Lecture: Social justice ideas in Civil society politics, global & local: A Colloquium of scholar activists, 29 July 
 Press Conference on Xenophobia, 28 July  
 Padraig Carmody Seminar: Chinese Geogovernance in Africa: Evidence from Zambia, 20 July  
 CCS and Gyeongsang University Institute for Social Science (Korea) joint seminar on political economy of social movements, 14 July 
 Giuliano MartinielloCCS Seminar on Inanda's socio-spatial change, 9 July 
 Pamela Ngwenya Seminar on Video as a tool for outreach, communication, advocacy and community expression, 8 July 
 Anti Xenophobia Rally City Hall 3 July 
 Renee Horne CCS Seminar on Black Economic Empowerment, 2 July 
 Roithmayr, Adonis, Galvin, Bond, Khumalo CCS Colloquium on Water, Rights, Prices, 28 June (skypecast)  
 Blessing Karumbidza CCS Seminar on climate change and carbon trading controversies in Tanzania, 24 June 
 Trevor Ngwane and Rehana Dada at workshop on climate advocacy at the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, 22 June 
 Wolpe Lecture: Durban Social Forum members, 'World Cup for All!', Durban City Hall, 16 June 
 David J. RobertsCCS Seminar: Re-branding Durban through the 2010 World Cup, 14 June 
 Patrick Bond (with Briggs Bomba and Dave Zirin) on the World Cup, Washington, 9 June 
 Patrick Bond on global justice movements, at Grantmakers without Borders conference, SF, 8 June 
 Patrick Bond presents on climate justice at conference, Alter-globalization movements and the alternative ideas of Korea, Seoul, 28 May 
 Patrick Bond on 'Poli Econ of the World Cup' in Seoul, 27 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on National Health Insurance with Oxfam, 26 May 
 Jessie Lazar KnottCCS Seminar: Identity/Spatial Relations: scholar‑activism in the greater Kei region of the Eastern Cape, 25 May 
 Patrick Bond at Osisa conference on climate and development in Africa, Pretoria, 21 May 
 Patrick Bond on energy policy and the World Bank, at Democracy and Development Programme, Durban, 20 May 
 Eunice N. Sahle Wolpe Lecture: World orders, Ike's Books, 5pm, 20 May 
  Barak Hoffman & Orlean Naidoo Seminar: Chatsworth politics and municipal advocacy, 17 May 
 Patrick Bond on SA climate policy on TEDxUKZN, 14 May 
 Khadija Sharife & Eunice SahleCCS Seminar: Oil, minerals and maldevelopment in Africa, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond speaks on climate debt to the Economic Justice Network, Johannesburg, 5 May 
 Erin McCandless & Shepherd Zvavanhu CCS Seminar on Zimbabwe Civil Society, 3 May  
 Nathan Geffen (with Faith ka Manzi) CCS Seminar: Debunking Delusions: The inside Story of The Treatment Action Campaign, 29 April  
  Patrick Bond and Khadija Sharife address African tax authorities, 29 April 2010 
 Alan Freeman & Radhika Desai CCS Seminar on The world capitalist crisis, 23 April  
 Memorial Tribute to Professor Fatima Meer, 23 April 
 Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu facilitates Krogerup College and Durban Sings, 18‑20 April 
 Patrick Bond on carbon trading at Manchester conference on environment and finance, 15‑16 April 
 Patrick Bond in Boston v WB-Eskom loan, 9 April 
 Patrick Bond at Clark University, 8 April 
 World Bank protest, 7 April, Washington 
 Patrick Bond seminar on climate politics, City Univ of NY, 6 April 
 Patrick Bond at NYU on South African political economy, 5 April 
 Patrick Bond in SF Bay Area on World Bank loan to Eskom, 4 April 
 Trevor Ngwane at Marxism 2010 conference, Melbourne, 1-4 April 
 Patrick Bond on water commons, Syracuse University, 29-30 March 
 Trevor Ngwane seminar on activism and global campaigns, Univ of Helsinki, 26 March 
 CCS/VANSA KZN Panel discussion: 'What is Art and what is not?', March 25 
 Patrick Bond on 'Organising for Climate Justice', Left Forum, NYC, 21 March  
 Workers, Zama Hlatshwayo, Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar on UKZN labour outsourcing crisis 19 March 
 Carol ThompsonCCS Seminar on resisting agro‑industry, 18 March 
 David Zirin Seminar on Fifa's Looting of SA, 13 March  
 Dennis Brutus memorial, 11 March 
 Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar on SA's social protest wave, 9 March 
 Molefi Ndlovu and Claudia Wegener seminar at the Centre for Critical Research on Race and Identity, 2 March 
 Patrick Bond testifies to parliament on economic policy, 2 March 
 CCS anti‑xenophobia research workshop, 27 February 
 Patrick Bond speaks on The ebb and flow of water rights, Univ of Cape Town Department of Public Law, 25 February 
 Press Conference: Keep our South African Coal in the Hole! 22 February 2010 
  Patrick Bond at Power Indaba privatisation conference, 22 February 
 CCS Economic Justice course, with Trevor Ngwane, Samson Zondi and Patrick Bond, from 20 Feb‑29 May 
 Climate Justice Now! SA‑KZN chapter hosted at CCS, 13 February 
 Hallowes, D'Sa, Ngwane, Bond , Dada: Seminar on proposed World Bank coal loan to Eskom, Friday, 12 February* 
 Durban renewable energy site visits by Minnesh Bipath, SA National Energy Research Institute with Muna Lakhani and Patrick Bond 10 February 2010 
 Susan Galleymore CCS Seminar: A Dearth of Imagination Leads to Wasting Perfectly Good Waste, 5 February 
 Patrick Bond paper for Socialist Register workshop, 6 February 
 Durban Sings Follow-up and planning session with 8 Editorial Collectives, 4 February  
 Patrick Bond on climate change & Dennis Brutus Memorial at World Social Forum, Porto Alegre, 28 January 
 Rehana Dada & Patrick Bond Seminar: Copenhagen Climate and Eskom Energy Conflicts, 26 January 
 Dennis Brutus tribute, with Social Movements Indaba and Durban community groups, 23 January 
  Peter McKenzie & Doung Jahangeer Seminar: The Saharawi,Warwick Junction and Footsak Politics, 20 January 
 Patrick Bond debates NHI at Idasa, CT, 19 January 
 CCS cohosts Climate Justice Now! on electricity hearings strategy, 15 January 
 Events Index 2009 
 Patrick Bond at SF protest against Danish repression of civil society and Copenhagen climate 'deal', and radio interview, 18 December 
 Patrick Bond addresses climate seminar at Univ of Lund Business School, 15 December 
 Kristine Wasrud Participation and Influence in Water Policy in Durban, South Africa, 11 December  
 Climate Justice Film Festival, 10 December  
 Umesh de Silva Seminar: Traditional farming in Umzinyathi, 9 December 
 Oliver Meth at the CCS Workshop on women & child abuse Cato Crest Library, 8 December  
 Patrick Bond at Roskilde Univ Civil Society Centre, 7 December 
 Patrick Bond keynotes Leeds 'Democratisation in Africa' conference, 4 December 
 Sinegugu Zukulu & John Clarke CCS Seminar: Resilience, Resolarisation and Relocalisation, 30 November  
 Nick Smith CCS Seminar Politics of protection/crime/policing, 26 November 
 Patrick Bond speaks at Mandela Foundation about SA economic disasters, 26 November 
 Seminar on outsourced and contract workers at UKZN, 24 November 
 3rd Climate Justice Now! KZN meeting, 20 November 
 CCS and Durban Sings! at the Global Crisis and Africa: Struggles for Alternatives hosted by the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation; Randburg, Johannesburg 19-21 November 
 MAKE SOME NOISE! Concert 6 November  
 Immanuel Wallerstein Wolpe Lecture: Crisis of the Capitalist System Where to from Here?, 5 November 
 The Crises and the Commons: Durban debates on politics, economics and environment 4-7 November  
 Solidarity with Durban's oppressed: Bottom-up resistance strategies of shackdwellers, pollution victims and labour-brokered workers, 4 November 
 Seminar on Problems faced by UKZN workers, Westville campus, 28 October 
 Faith Manzi & Oliver Meth at the Gender Based Violence Workshop, Durban 27 & 28 October 
 Bengt Brülde & Stellan Vinthagenand Seminar: Ethics, Resistance and Global Justice, 26 October  
 Baruti Amisi, Trevor Ngwane & Patrick Bond Anti-Xenophobia research project with Strategy&Tactics 19- 20 October 
 Durban Sings (Molefi Ndlovu & Claudia Wegener) at National Oral History Conference, 13-16 October 
 Tri-Continental Film Festival Durban community screenings – (hosted by Oliver Meth) at Inanda, Chatsworth, Wentworth, CBD, & Folweni, 1-12 October 
 Patrick Bond lectures at Suffolk Univ, Boston, 29 Sept-2 Oct 
 Patrick Bond Booklaunch: Climate Change, Carbon Trading & Civil Society, 18 September 
 Dennis Brutus honored by War Resisters League, 18 September 
 Helen McCueCCS Seminar: Grassroots Mobilising within Refugee Communities: Perspectives on Palestine and Australia, 18 September 
 Patrick Bond skypecast on climate and ecological debt to Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke, Copenhagen, 16 September 
 Oliver Meth People to People International Documentary Conference, 10-12 September  
 Dick Forslund & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: South Africa's capitalist crisis and civil society, 7 September 
 Dudu Khumalo on the Durban public transport crisis, 1 September  
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: National Health Insurance: Can SA afford it?, 24 August  
 John Berg CCS Seminar: Barack Obama's presidency and civil society reactions, 24 August  
 Norman Finkelstein Wolpe Lecture: Resolving the Israel-Palestine Conflict: What we can learn from Gandhi, 20 August  
 CCS Seminar with outsourced workers at UKZN, 12 August  
 Patrick Bond debates Sampie Terreblanche (Stellenbosch), 6 August, UCT 
 Patrick Bond addresses Ecuador eco-finance conference (videolink), 4 August 
 Dr Essop Pahad CCS Seminar: Thinking about the Legacy of Mbeki's Politics, 4 August 
 Patrick Bond at the South African Civil Society Energy Caucus Meeting, 29-30 July  
 Barak Hoffman CCS Seminar: Democracy and Civil Society Research in Ghana and SA, 27 July 
 CCS hosts free screenings of Durban International Film Festival, 25 July - 1 August  
 Sean Flynn & Maj Fiil CCS Seminar on water rights, ( SKYPECAST ) 24 July 
 Patrick Bond lecture at carbon trading conference, Johannesburg, 22 July 
 Sein Win Seminar by Burmese prime minister (exiled) on solidarity (SKYPECAST), 21 July 
 Tunde Adegbola A Pan-African Harold Wolpe Lecture & cultural events, 16 July 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA Political Economy, San Francisco socialist conference, 4 July  
 Orlean Naidoo on participation at DDP seminar, 30 June 
 Patrick Bond speaks on 'World Slump: Financial Crisis and Emerging Class Struggles in the Global South', 28 June, Toronto 
 Patrick Bond on African social resistance to economic crisis, 26 June, Moscow 
 Oliver Meth and Orlean Naidoo facilitate Diakonia Council of Churches Democracy Course, 24 -26 June 
 Alex Callinicos Wolpe Lecture: Economic crisis and prospects for social revolution, 18 June*  
 Blair Rutherford CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe farm labour, social justice and citizenship, 17 June 
 Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar: Community resistance to energy privatisation and ecological degradation, 11 June 
 DURBAN SINGS central editorial workshops, 8 & 22 June 
 Gaby Bikombo, Judy Mulqueeny, Harry Ramlal, Caroline Skinner CCS Seminar: War of Warwick Junction, 9 June 
 Patrick Bond, Abedian, Dumisa, Maharaj et al on 'Zumanomics', UKZN Biz School, 3 June 
 Rehana Dada keynote address to Southern African Faith Communities' Environment Institute AGM, 2 June 
 Patrick Bond on African underdevelopment at Sussex IDS conference (via skypecast), 1 June 
 Trevor Ngwane presents at the International Conference on Ideas and Strategies in the Alterglobalisation Movement, Seoul, 29 May 
 Peter McKenzie cultural seminar on 'Footsak: On the Ball for 2010', 28 May 
 Björn SurborgCCS Seminar: Contesting Johannesburg's extractive industries, 25 May  
 Paul Verryn, Methodist Bishop of Johannesburg: Wolpe Lecture: Poverty and xenophobia, 21 May 
 Robert Jensen, Univ of Texas: CCS Seminar: Whiteness and social change in the US, 21 May 
 Tony Clarke, Polaris Institute: CCS Seminar: The state of the world water wars, 15 May 
 Patrick Bond debates 'The G20 Global Deal' at Wits/Osisa, Johannesburg, 12 May 
 Molefi Ndlovu CCS Seminar: Azania Rising: The demise of the 1652 class project, 13 May 
 Rehana Dada,CCS Seminar: Climate mitigation case studies, 11 May 
 CCS/DYFS - Anti-xenophobia film screening facilitators workshop, 9 May 
 Orlean Naidoo CCS Seminar: Chatsworth upgrading struggles and victories, 8 May 
 Patrick Bond, Joburg Wolpe Lecture at Wits Univ, 7 May 
 Patrick Bond at Cosatu electricity workshop, Joburg, 6 May 
 Joan Canela and Helena OlcinaCCS Seminar: Social movements in Bolivia and Catalan, 5 May 
 William Gumede Wolpe Lecture: SA’s “Democracy Gap”, 30 April  
 Three representatives of the Tamil liberation movement youthCCS Seminar: The Tamil people under seige, 21 April  
 Leading eco-social spokespersons from political parties and civil society Seminar: Environmental confrontations - Political parties meet civil society, POSTPONED 
 Rehana Dada at York Univ climate ecojustice conference, Toronto, 16-17 April 
 Dennis Brutus celebrations, honorary doctorates conferred at both Rhodes Univ and Mandela Univ, 16-17 April 
 John Minto CCS Seminar: The Legacy of Anti-apartheid Sports Boycotts, 16 April 
 Nelson Muhirwa & Jean Chrisostome Kanamugire CCS Seminar: The Rwandan Genocide 15 Years On, 8 April 
 Oliver Meth Seminar: Wentworth Crime, Gangs and Civil Society, 7 April  
 Dennis Brutus on Reconciliation and Memory in Post-Apartheid SA, Nelson Mandela Foundation, Johannesburg, 2-3 April 
 Ida Susser booklaunch, 'AIDS, Sex and Culture', with Quarraisha Abdool Karim, at Ike's Books, 2 April 
 Sofie Hellberg CCS Seminar: Governing lives through hydropolitics in eThekwini , 1 April 2009 
 Claudia Wegener & Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu Digital Soiree Durban Sings Internet Radio project, 24 March  
 Simone Claar Seminar: Post-Apartheid Political Economy and State Policy, 19 March 
 Oliver Meth presents at the HSRC Violent Crime and Democratization in the Global South Conference, 18-20 March 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza CCS Seminar: African Development Bank water projects, 12 March 
 Deniz Kellecioglu CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe Civil Society confronts Mugabe's Economy, 11 March 
  Patrick Bond debates ANC economic policy, 9 March, Durban 
 Kalinca Copello Seminar: ICTs and social movements: From Chiapas to Brazil to South Africa, 6 March 
 Lisa Ramsay & Schwarzanne Leafe Seminar & Film: Climate Change and Eco-Social Resistance in South Durban, 27 February 
 Patrick Bond presents to ActionAid/Nepad conference on global financial crisis, 24 February, Midrand 
 Molefi Ndlovu Johannesburg: Market Photo Workshop, 22-28 February  
 Orlean Naidoo & Patrick Bond seminar on Free Basic Water, and screening of Flow, 18 February 
 Ida Susser Seminar: AIDS, Sex, Culture and Civil Society, 11 February 
 Dennis Brutus and Moya Atkinson film/seminar on US anti-war movement, 9 February 
 Patrick Bond seminar on the ongoing global financial crisis, University of Johannesburg, 6 February 
 Durban Sings internet audio and community radio with Molefi Ndlovu and Claudia Wegener, 2-6 February 
 Patrick Bond in dialogue with Jeremy Cronin on financial crisis, Johannesburg, 28 January 
 Dennis Brutus, Lubna Nadvi, Monica Rorvik and Salim Vally Seminar: Should Israel be boycotted? If so, how?, 27 January 
 Giyani Dube, Lubna Nadvi, Kate Griffiths and Timothy Rukombo Wolpe Lecture: Civil Society Internationalism - from Lindela to Gaza to Washington, 22 January 
 Pamela Ngwenya, Molefi Ndlovu, Claudia Wegener Seminar: Participatory community audio/video as a tool for social research, 21 January  
 Dale McKinley, Orlean Naidoo, Dudu Khumalo, Bryan Ashe Seminar on the World Water Forum, 19 January 
 Mavuso Dingani film/seminar on the Zimbabwean exile in Durban, 6 January 



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