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THE BRICS BANK EMERGES IN RUSSIA





BRICS bankers will undergird – not undermine – Western financial decadence



By Patrick Bond July 10, 2015 -- originally published by teleSUR English

The main point of the summit of leaders from Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa this week was host Vladimir Putin’s demonstration of economic autonomy, given how much Western sanctions and low oil prices keep biting Russia. In part this sense of autonomy comes from nominal progress made on finally launching the bloc’s two new financial institutions.

But can these new banks address the extraordinary challenges in world finance? For example, more than 60% of Greeks voting in last Sunday’s referendum opposed the neoliberal dictates of Brussels-Berlin-Washington, thus raising hopes across Southern Europe and among victims of “odious debt” everywhere.

Meanwhile, bubbly Shanghai and Shenzhen stock markets were crashing by $3 trillion from peak levels in just 17 days, a world-historic meltdown, at a time Chinese housing prices were also down 20% over the prior year. Beijing’s emergency bail-out measures represent vast subsidies to financiers, just like those used in Washington, London, Brussels and Tokyo since 2007.

Change is urgently needed yet the BRICS’ finance bureaucrats – especially two leading appointees from South Africa – won’t deviate from orthodoxy. Ongoing financial turbulence should offer a gap for the $100 billion Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA), which is anticipated to open its doors next month. However, it carries not only a strange name that even many insider experts often get wrong, but is dollar-denominated and structurally hard-wired to support the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

To illustrate, according to CRA rules agreed at last year’s BRICS Fortaleza summit, after 30% of a country’s quota is borrowed – based on double the amount of its own contributions (China at $41 billion, and Brazil, Russia and India at $18 billion each, and South Africa at $5 billion) – then the borrower must next sign a neoliberal IMF agreement.

For South Africa this could prove painful in the period ahead, after Pretoria finds itself borrowing from the CRA to repay the country’s soaring foreign debt. Inheriting $25 billion in apartheid odious debt in 1994, Nelson Mandela’s government worked diligently to repay. But over the past decade, outflows of profits, dividends and interest soared as the largest Johannesburg-based firms (Anglo American, DeBeers, etc) shifted their financial headquarters to London.

The foreign debt ballooned to its present $145 billion, the same level compared to the size of the economy that was hit thirty years ago when PW Botha’s apartheid regime declared a default. To repay short-term debt in a crisis would soon exhaust the $3 billion Pretoria is permitted to immediately access from the CRA, and then the IMF will march in.

New Development Bank to take over World Bank’s nastiest projects
Sadly, even with Greece’s new mandate, there appears no hope for bucking the IMF and European bankers on debt repayment by finding a new bail-out partner in Russia this week. Early rumours that Moscow would invite Athens to join the BRICS New Development Bank (NDB) proved cruelly deceptive.

Once launched next April, the NDB could well fund specific projects in other non-BRICS countries, even Greece if profits there ensure repayment – such as its controversial Chinese port privatisation. However, these are likely to be the sorts of pro-corporate infrastructure deals that even the World Bank finds increasingly difficult to support due to sustained protest against community displacement and climate change, e.g. land grabs, mega-dams and coal-fired power plants.

At the “BRICS-Civil” conference in Moscow last week, the Delhi-based Vasudha Foundation’s Srinivas Krishnaswamy told the BRICS Post that the NDB should be considered “in the light of a new World Bank Energy Strategy which restricted funding of coal projects for developing economies. This was opposed by India, South Africa and other countries dependent on coal to satisfy their energy requirement.”

The BRICS banks will thus ‘complement’ the Bretton Woods Institutions, thanks to a self-mandate dating to early 2014. As Brazil’s finance ministry reminded last week, the CRA “will contribute to promoting international financial stability, as it will complement the current global network of financial protection. It will also reinforce the world’s economic and financial agents’ trust.”

But shouldn’t we question trust in the world’s top financial "agents"? Two examples from South Africa, appointed to the top tier of the NDB last Tuesday, remind us why.

Karl Marx prefaced Das Kapital with a concern that “Individuals are dealt with here only in so far as they are the personifications of economic categories, the bearers of particular class-relations and interest.” Biographies sometimes perform a useful exercise, if we want to understand why an institution in the making will not in any way "threaten" the hegemony of Washington’s financial agents.

Pretoria’s neoliberal appointees
Relegitimisation of world financial imperialism is explicitly reflected in Pretoria’s two new appointees to NDB leadership:

* NDB vice president Leslie Maasdorp was the main privatiser of South Africa’s state assets and also worked in the local leadership of Bank of America and Barclays – both charged in recent weeks with currency manipulation worth billions of dollars.

* NDB board director Tito Mboweni, who in 2001 was Euromoney’s "Central Bank Governor of the Year", regularly bragged of learning from the US Federal Reserve’s notorious free-marketeer and financial-liberaliser, Alan Greenspan. From 1999-2009, Mboweni was the most conservative central banker in modern South African history. He not only loosened exchange controls dozens of times, but as a result then had to push interest rates to painful highs while local bank profits soared to among the world’s highest rates.

The two South Africans deployed to the NDB have long enjoyed leadership and key advisory roles at the Johannesburg office of Goldman Sachs, the New York investment bank partly responsible for the 2007-09 global financial meltdown thanks to rampantly illegal lending practices. Its managers first got bail-outs and then faced multi-billion dollar fines but were spared criminal prosecution thanks to carefully cultivated revolving-door relationships in Washington, Pretoria and many other capitals.

Goldman’s lead strategist Jim O’Neill even coined the "BRIC" meme in 2001 to argue that imperialism in the form of the G7 should incorporate the emerging powers. In South Africa, Goldman’s local chief executive Colin Coleman regularly articulates a cringe-worthy pro-government stance, for example, writing in the Financial Times last year, “As one of the five BRICS, South Africa will play a decisive role in global economic development in the coming decades.”

According to Maasdorp in an interview with Independent Online this week, ‘decisive’ is actually ameliorative: “When it comes to the design, engineering and financial packaging of new projects I suspect we will work very closely with the Development Bank of Southern Africa, African Development Bank, the World Bank and others. We will and should benefit from the long years and decades of experience of these institutions.”

He added, “As international adviser of Goldman Sachs from 2002, I played a leading role in expanding the reach of the firm into new market segments including the public sector and the rest of the continent.” As translated by Rolling Stone’s Matt Taibi, “The world’s most powerful investment bank is a great vampire squid wrapped around the face of humanity, relentlessly jamming its blood funnel into anything that smells like money.”

Maasdorp also witnessed the highest-profile corruption in African infrastructure finance, not only because his South African big business allies are considered to be the "world champs" of money-laundering, bribery and corruption, procurement fraud, asset misappropriation and cybercrime. “I served for example as chairman of TransCaledon Tunnel Authority (TCTA), which is a state-owned enterprise with a mandate to finance and implement bulk raw water infrastructure projects in South Africa, and played an oversight role from a governance perspective for seven years of large infrastructure projects.”

TCTA pipes run from Africa’s highest dams in Lesotho to Johannesburg, which led to what was the world’s most infamous case of construction company bribery in World Bank lending history. More than $2 million flowed from a "dirty dozen" multinational corporations to the Swiss accounts of the leading Lesotho dam official, Masupha Sole, who served 9 years in jail but was then, to everyone’s astonishment, reinstated thanks to his political influence.

Although the World Bank debarred some of the most corrupt companies, thus catalysing the bankruptcy of Canada’s once formidable civil engineering firm Acres International, nothing was done to punish the firms by Pretoria officials, including Maasdorp at the TCTA. Several then reappeared in a construction collusion case involving white-elephant World Cup 2010 stadiums and other mega-projects in which billions of dollars were ripped off.

BRICS has been rife with mega-project corruption, and as just one example, the World Bank last year debarred the China Three Gorges Corporation’s subsidiary building dams in Africa. The World Bank "Vice President – Integrity" (sic) responsible, Leonard McCarthy, was himself declared by the finest South African newspaper editor, Ferial Haffajee, to have “ruined our criminal justice system” because of his own political corruption when serving as lead prosecutor of current South Africa's President Jacob Zuma. In this cesspool, international infrastructure financing is bound up with cronyism; South Africans are well placed to help the money flow.

Mboweni had a central role in the IMF’s 1993 financing deal, one of South Africa’s historic capitulations to neoliberalism. As Mboweni explained in a 2004 speech, he knew that “the apartheid government was trying to lock us into an IMF structural adjustment programme via the back door, thereby tying the hands of the future democratic government… We did not sell out!”

He did indeed: the $850 million loan came with severe economic policy and even personnel conditions attached. Former ANC minister of intelligence Ronnie Kasrils in 2013 termed this deal “the fatal turning point. I will call it our Faustian moment when we became entrapped – some today crying out that we ‘sold our people down the river’.”

As South African Reserve Bank governor, Mboweni braved similar controversy to the IMF’s repeated applause, especially with extreme interest rate increases. As he left, the only major economy with higher rates was Russia’s, and shortly after that, the only one among South Africa’s trading partners where capital cost more was Greece.

Keeping inflation low – since banks hate the devaluation of their main asset, money – was the main reason for Mboweni’s sado-monetarism. Yet self-interestedly, on the eve of the 2008 world financial meltdown he rewarded himself a 28% personal pay raise at a time his institution had declared a 6% maximum inflation target.

Remarked business ezine Moneyweb (normally fans of neoliberalism), “The high-living governor already has a reputation for excessive ego, after attempting to censor what pictures of him are released into the public domain.” The reference is to Mboweni banning photographers from the Reserve Bank because they were “taking pictures when I was wiping off my sweat.”

Is another BRICS possible?
Ironically, at the time Durban hosted the BRICS summit in early 2013, Mboweni used a speech to regional business elites to attack the NDB as “very costly. I would rather take that money and build the Coega Petro SA oil refinery here in Port Elizabeth.” Mboweni also chairs a local oil company.

Will men like Maasdorp and Mboweni fight the poverty, ecological destruction and climate change, privatisation and corruption, illicit financial flows and Resource Cursing associated with current global lending, or will they amplify these features?

A genuine alternative to imperialist finance would be based upon
  • The sort of default on unpayable, unjustifiable debt that Argentina managed to accomplish in 2002;

  • Exchange controls that countries like Malaysia (in 1998) and Venezuela (in 2003) imposed on their elites (as did Greece last week);

  • New regional currency arrangements such Ecuador’s proposed sucre; and

  • Socially and ecologically conscious financing strategies tied to compatible trade (like ALBA) such as were once proposed and seed-funded by the late Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez in the stillborn Bank of the South.


  • Given NDB and CRA positioning and personnel, it is foolish and perhaps dangerous to invest hope in the BRICS’ fake alternative.



    “This book is a uniquely valuable resource for development scholars, students and activists. It includes outstanding contributions written by a stellar group of authors. They pierce through every aspect of the discourse around the BRICS, showing the reality beneath the politically engineered triumphalism.” – Alfredo Saad-Filho, Professor of Political Economy, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

    BRICS An Anti-Capitalist Critique

    Edited by Patrick Bond and Ana Garcia

    THIS BOOK AIMS TO FILL a gap in studies of the BRICS grouping of countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). It provides a critical analysis of their economies, societies and geopolitical strategies within the framework of a global capitalism that is increasingly predatory, unequal and ecologically self-destructive – no more so than in the BRICS countries themselves.

    In unprecedented detail and with great innovation, the contributors consider theoretical traditions in political economy as applied to the BRICS, including ‘sub-imperialism’, the World System perspective and dynamics of territorial expansion. Only such an approach can interpret the potential for a ‘brics-from-below’ uprising that appears likely to accompany the rise of the BRICS.

    Patrick Bond directs the University of KwaZulu-Natal’s Centre for Civil Society in Durban and is senior professor of development studies; he is also professor of political economy at Wits University in Johannesburg. His books include South Africa: The Present as History (with John Saul), Elite Transition, and Politics of Climate Justice.
    Ana Garcia teaches history and international relations at the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro and is an associate of the Institute of Alternative Policies in the Southern Cone of Latin America.

    Contributors: Elmar Altvater, Baruti Amisi, Patrick Bond, Omar Bonilla, Einar Braathen, Pedro Henrique Campos, Ruslan Dzarasov, Virginia Fontes, Ana Garcia, Ho-fung Hung, Richard Kamidza, Karina Kato, Claudio Katz, Mathias Luce, Farai Maguwu, Judith Marshall, Gilmar Mascarenhas, Sam Moyo, Leo Panitch, Bobby Peek, Gonzalo Pozo, Vijay Prashad, Niall Reddy, William Robinson, Susanne Soederberg, Celina Sørbøe, Achin Vanaik, Immanuel Wallerstein and Paris Yeros.

  • South Africa/Jacana: http://www.jacana.co.za/new-releases/new-releases-6593/brics-an-anti-capitalist-critique-detail

  • India/Aakar: http://aakarbooks.com/"http://aakarbooks.com

  • UK/Pluto:http://www.plutobooks.com/downloads/catalogues/PlutoNewBooksAW2015.pdf

  • US/Haymarket:http://www.haymarketbooks.org/pb/BRICS




  • Neoliberals dominate. How will this affect Brics' bank?
    Patrick Bond (The Star, Johannesburg) 15 July 2015

    The RussiaToday tv interview by President Jacob Zuma and the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (Brics) summit’s Ufa declaration last week together left no doubt about the New Development Bank (NDB) mandate, with $50 billion in capital, of which South Africa’s immediate $5 billion (R62.5 bn) contribution will strain the budget not inconsiderably. “The NDB shall serve as a powerful instrument for financing infrastructure investment and sustainable development projects.”

    This excellent-sounding phrase motivates much more open critiques of Washington’s two ‘Bretton Woods Institutions,’ founded in 1944 to reboot a world economy in desperate need of order. In Ufa, as IOL’s Shannon Ebrahim put it, “the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) got a clear message from the world’s most important emerging economies: don’t use your economic power to threaten us or dictate the terms of our development any longer.”

    Zuma was even more blunt about the two Washington institutions, which “want to dictate what you should do. You can’t utilize that kind of assistance the way you want. So, in a sense, it has conditions that will keep you dependent all the time. That’s what we’re trying to take ourselves out of.”

    Perhaps unwittingly, is Zuma reiterating his nemesis Ronnie Kasrils’ criticism of the IMF’s $850 million loan to South Africa six months before democracy dawned? The former ANC Minister of Intelligence in 2013 termed this deal “the fatal turning point. I will call it our Faustian moment when we became entrapped – some today crying out that we ‘sold our people down the river’.” Economic policy overly influenced by Washington has failed South Africa, ever since.

    Pretoria’s new non-executive director to the NDB, Tito Mboweni, had a central role in the IMF deal and subsequent neoliberal strategies such as record-high interest rates and exchange control liberalisation. As Mboweni explained in a 2004 speech, he knew that “the apartheid government was trying to lock us into an IMF structural adjustment programme via the back door, thereby tying the hands of the future democratic government.” But, he claims, “We did not sell out!”

    Greek prime minister Alex Tsipras is trying to explain exactly the same circumstances to the Greek people this week. Though 21 years apart, both countries witnessed 61% votes against neoliberalism (the ANC’s alternative was the Reconstruction and Development Programme). Yet by invoking power far greater than mere democratic elections, the IMF imposed severe policy conditions in both countries: budget cuts, higher Value Added Tax on poor people’s consumption, privatisation, labour casualisation and deregulation.

    Tsipras’ Monday morning agreement with the IMF and European Union authorities will worsen Greek austerity, just as Pretoria’s budget cuts of 3% for poor people’s grants this year prove that locally, neoliberals remain dominant. Higher inequality, unemployment and social unrest will logically follow, in both countries.

    In South Africa’s case, even personnel conditions were attached to the initial deal: Mboweni had to wait an extra five years to become central bank governor because IMF head Michel Camdessus insisted informally in a January 1994 meeting with Nelson Mandela that apartheid-era neoliberals Chris Stals at the Reserve Bank and finance minister Derek Keys be reappointed to their jobs.

    Will the BRICS’ NDB and its $100 billion ‘Contingent Reserve Arrangement’ (CRA) fund for stabilisation during financial crisis prove any different? Probably not, for as Peter Fabricius points out (‘Brics bank not entirely free of IMF’), “According to its own articles, the CRA will barely be able to function without IMF backing.” Once Pretoria needs just $3 billion to service a foreign debt which now exceeds $140 billion, the CRA orders that it take on an IMF agreement before more credit is granted.

    Indeed the CRA is – like the NDB – initially denominated in US dollars, and repayment of those can be a wicked challenge, as the Passenger Rail Agency of SA learned this week, what with its failure to contemplate the 50% rand devaluation since 2011 and hence a 40% price mark-up on imported locomotives. The BRICS have a great potential for non-$-denominated lending and it would be ideal to break reliance on the US Federal Reserve’s unreasonable power of world money creation, to be sure.

    However, asks Fabricius about the NDB and CRA, “Whether they are also politically skewed in their funding, by imposing pro-Western conditionalities, is less clear.” This is indeed the critical question, especially on foreign policy matters where anti-imperialist rhetoric comes easy. You can hear the ‘talk left’ but are you watching the ‘walk right’?

    Unfortunately, Pretoria’s neoliberal agenda becomes most visible when considering the personnel deployed to lead the NDB. Mboweni and NDB vice president Leslie Maasdorp are senior advisors to international financier Goldman Sachs and have a long history of endorsing Washington bankers’ logic. Maasdorp was in charge of privatising South Africa’s state assets and chaired a parastatal – the TransCaledon Tunnel Authority – notorious for turning a blind eye to extreme Lesotho mega-dams corruption.

    Mboweni joined an elite group of IMF reform advisors in 2006, men like former US Federal Reserve chief Alan Greenspan, who simply shifted some of the deck chairs. China thus got more voting power and African countries less. By 2012 when the BRICS put $75 billion into bailing out the IMF when it needed more money, the only conditionality I found discussed in public was SA finance minister Pravin Gordhan’s Moneyweb interview when he advocated that the IMF be more ‘nasty’ to Europeans (like Tsipras) in need of emergency loans.

    In other words, if Pretoria’s neoliberal bloc remains in control, the NDB’s allegedly ‘sustainable’ infrastructure could include items from Eskom chair Brian Molefe’s Brics Business Council project wish-list: new coal-fired generators, Operation Phakisa off-shore oil drilling, and Durban’s $25 billion new port. Even worse, Mboweni last week told Bloomberg, the proposed R1 trillion nuclear deal “falls squarely within the mandate of the NDB”.

    Since the same corrupt construction companies will be building NDB-financed infrastructure given our ongoing lack of state building capacity, and since we are still paying off white elephant soccer stadiums that were an unintended adverse consequence of the bribe-laden 2010 World Cup bid, it is time to ask harder questions about ‘sustainable’ Brics infrastructure. We may find that the worst tendencies of the World Bank and IMF are actually amplified in the allegedly alternative financial institutions.

    Bond, a joint professor of political economy at UKZN and Wits, is co-editor with Ana Garcia of a new Jacana book, BRICS.



    BRICS Establishes A Development Bank


    Patrick Bond is the director of the Center for Civil Society and a professor at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. Bond is the author of the books, South Africa - The Present as History (with John Saul) and the 3rd edition of Elite Transition.

    BRICS Establishes a Development Bank

    SHARMINI PERIES, EXEC. PRODUCER, TRNN: Welcome to the Bond Report on the Real News Network. I'm Sharmini Peries coming to you from Baltimore.

    BRICS, the economic bloc made up of Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa, met in Ufa, Russia this week. One of its key objectives is to form a New Development Bank considered an alternative to the World Bank and the IMF. The bank will be located in Shanghai and chaired by Indian banker K V Kamath for the first six years. Then Brazil and Russia will take their respective turns. Each country is expected to contribute its lion's share to the bank. The upper house of Russia just allocated $100 billion in foreign reserves for the bank. The pool is intended to protect national currencies from the volatility of global markets. The idea is that in the event of a financial emergency like that of Greece at the moment, the BRICS countries would no longer have to depend on the likes of a Troika.

    But will the BRICS development bank be any different? Will this new formation be able to address the issues faced by struggling and ailing economies of China and Russia, India, Brazil, and South Africa? Here to discuss all of this with me is Patrick Bond. He is joining us from Durban, South Africa. He has recently edited a book on BRICS with Ana Garcia titled BRICS: An Anti-Capitalist Critique.

    Patrick, thank you so much for joining us today.

    PATRICK BOND, DIRECTOR, CENTER FOR CIVIL SOCIETY: Thank you very much. Great to be back with you, Sharmini.

    PERIES: So Patrick, in the past two years the Russian economy has tanked. The stock market in China was in a freefall on the eve of this meeting. Are these large economies now looking to BRICS alliance to reinvigorate their economies?

    BOND: Well, that would be a mistake. Because in fact, all the BRICS, especially now with China's $3 trillion crash of the main stock markets from the peak just about three weeks ago to today, and the 20 percent crash over the last year of its property market, the sort of horrible potential of a hard landing that would send the world economy into a tailspin, that now is certainly possible. And certainly the Brazilian economy's very, very weak at about 1 percent. South Africa will grow 1 percent or go into recession. India has not been as strong as past years. And the currencies of all of the BRICS is also under great threat. Because as the United States begins to move towards higher interest rates, that'll take liquid capital out.

    So I think the broader, macroeconomic perspective for BRICS as a potential backstop for world economic growth that we had seen the last 15, 20 years, that potentially is now over. That would be very sad, because certainly Europe's in a deep depression and the U.S. economy's not doing very well, either.

    However, the merits of a slower growth might be more balancing, because we've seen such extraordinary, uneven development. Extreme differentiation, inequality, and ecological destruction. So whether the period ahead can be managed now is a question. Maybe the BRICS financial institutions will be part of that management.

    PERIES: Which reminds me of, the main purpose of the meeting itself was to form a development bank. What of any significance came out of it?

    BOND: Yes. Well, you're right. The 2015 BRICS summit in Ufa had as its centerpiece the actual naming of the directors of the bank and more of the details, and promised that by April 2016 the BRICS New Development Bank, the NDB, will be up and running and making project loans.

    That's different than the other function, the continent reserve arrangement, CRA. The CRA, a strange name for what is in effect a short-term financial monetary emergency fund, $100 billion. That's probably going to be important for at least one of the BRICS, South Africa, as we move into potential debt crisis. Our debt is 40 percent of GDP level, our foreign debt, and that is the same level in 1985, about 30 years ago where we suffered a default, and a run that even put enough pressure on the white minority government, the apartheid regime, that forced it to make concessions and nine years later to agree to democracy.

    So these financial moments in a country's political life can be important, as we're certainly seeing with Greece. But the other four countries have enough reserves that I don't think the continent reserve arrangement is going to be used anytime soon. It's really a notional reserve. And if it were to take the currency that China is now spending on buying U.S. Treasury bills, that would be a terribly important step. However, all the indications are that China is continuing to buy T bills and maintains a record holding. That's very unfortunate. It basically locks China into a buying relationship with the U.S. in terms of T bills, the Treasury bills, at which point the U.S. has enough debt that it can allow its consumers to borrow and then to buy Chinese goods. And that's the sort of death grip of the world economy that locks in these extreme imbalances that we've been having.

    PERIES: Now, Patrick, you just edited a book with a number of your colleagues on the BRICS. And what are some of the pros and cons you saw coming forth?

    BOND: Well, we've really heard from progressive analysts a mixed message. And there is a, especially third world-ist, if I may say, a sort of pro-South position that is welcoming the BRICS. And you see it on a number of the easings and some important writers have been welcoming BRICS as a potential alternative to the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and maybe a geopolitical power relationship.

    However, our careful study shows a couple of things that I think the book, which is being published in the U.S. by Haymarket and Britain by Pluto, here in South Africa by Jacana, and in India by Aakar. The book, with about 25 key authors from many of the BRICS countries and international experts, does a couple of things.

    One is to show that internally the BRICS are extremely uneven and the balance of forces largely favors neoliberal or market-oriented pro-corporate figures. And that is very much shown today by the new BRICS directors of the New Development Bank from South Africa, who are two of the most extreme neoliberals we've had in economic policy. The new vice president of the BRICS, Leslie Maasdors, previously in charge of the privatization of South Africa's state assets and the former central bank governor is now a director of the New Development Bank, is named Tito Mboweni, and he's really known as one of the most austerity-oriented governors that the central bank here's ever had.

    And that means the second part of what we're arguing, which is that there's a tendency to fit in rather than oppose the world financial elites. That is to say it's not going to be against world finance, but accompanying world finance that the New Development Bank lends project loans. It will be picking up some of the worst loans that even the World Bank won't do. Dirty energy loans, megadams, maybe land grabbing, especially here in Africa. That's one concern.

    And especially a concern, secondly, that the International Monetary Fund will be actually empowered by the contingent reserve arrangement. And the reason is that the CRA is set up that after you borrow 30 percent of what you can legitimately borrow from that CRA, 30 percent of your quota, before you get the next 70 percent you have to go to the IMF to get a standby agreement, a structural adjustment austerity policy.

    So one of the great hopes we've had in this, Sharmini, is that the Greeks would say we don't like the IMF, we're going to default. We might exit the Euro so that we aren't under the same sort of pressure from European Union and the European Central Bank to basically be part of a German bank-centric model. And then we're going to borrow from a foreign power. Maybe Russia, there was some talk, and maybe China with all the money they have, and be able to keep afloat while we default and arrange a default. Much like Argentina did, and therefore not go into complete panic, crisis, bank closures and all the rest of it.

    Now, that probably isn't going to happen. That was our big hope, that the BRICS would be an alternative geopolitical arrangement. But I think it would be wishful thinking for progressive analysts, now that they know much more about the details of the BRICS New Development Bank, to actually argue that Greece has any hope there. Greece is going to have to take this very strong, courageous stand that's so overdue to introduce its own currency and not hope that it can just borrow from the BRICS bank and therefore pay off the IMF. And the reason is that the BRICS bank will make project loans in April 2016, only. It's not ready to do anything yet.

    And that would mean the kinds of loans that, what would be bankable in Greece, something like port privatization of the Chinese. That's strongly opposed by the dock workers in Greece, and I don't think then there's any scope for the contingent reserve arrangement to fund Greece, because you have to be a member of BRICS. And they really have limited membership to just the five main countries.

    So all of those together, Sharmini, mean if you're still arguing and hoping that the BRICS will be some kind of anti-imperialist answer, you should look more closely. Our sense, using Ruy Mauro Marini, the great Brazilian dependency theorist's argument, is that instead of anti-imperialist we are looking at sub-imperialist relationships.

    PERIES: Patrick Bond, thank you so much for your take on BRICS. And we look forward to having you back on and perhaps debating somebody that is pro-BRICS.

    http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=14224

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     Patrick Bond gives political economy lecture to Durban Chamber of Commerce and Industry's Women in Business Forum, 26 April 2016 
     CCS hosts mining critics for press conference, 7 April 
     Assassination in Xolobeni: Film screening and memorial meeting for Sikhosiphi Bazooka Rhadebe, 6 April 
     Patrick Bond & Ana Garcia launch BRICS in Toronto, 31 March 
     Akin Akikboye CCS Seminar: KZN's Internally Displaced People, 31 March 
     Patrick Bond & Ana Garcia present critique of world ports, New York, 30 March 
     Dieter Lünse CCS Seminar: Strength of nonviolent action, 22 March 
     Hafsa Kanjwal CCS Seminar: India in Turmoil, 23 March 
     Patrick Bond testifies at public hearing on Transnet's South Durban plans, 21 March 
     Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS and Pan-Africanism, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 15 March 
     Yaa Ashantewaa K. Archer-Ngidi CCS Seminar: The role of Black women in liberation, 10 March 
     Patrick Bond reports on research into urban economic and ecological violence, IDRC & UKAID conference, Johannesburg, 8 March 
     Patrick Bond addresses Women in Mining (Womin) conference on movement building, Johannesburg, 7 March 
     Allen & Barbara Isaacman CCS Seminar: Dams, displacement, and the delusion of development, 4 March  
     Patrick Bond presents South Durban paper in Merebank, 2 March 
     Andrew Lawrence CCS Seminar: Why nuclear energy is bad for South Africa, bad for the world—and how it can be opposed, 29 February 2016  
     China Ngubane , Chumile Sali & Dalli Weyers CCS Seminar: Social Justice Coalition Citizen Oversight of Policing in Khayelitsha Court Case Presentation, 26 February 
     CCS hosts groundWork, SDCEA and FrackFreeSA for climate and energy workshop, 25 February 
     Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Can the SA budget afford #FeesMustFall demands and other social spending? 23 February  
     Patrick Bond joins Mondli Hlatshwayo & Aziz Choudry to launch Just Work, Ike's Books, 22 February 
     Peter Cole CCS Seminar: A History of Dockers, Social Movements and Transnational Solidarity in Durban and San Francisco, 17 February 
     Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS at Univ of the Western Cape, Cape Town, 15 February 
     Delwyn Pillay, Jorim Gerrad, Madaline George & Nozipho Mkhabela CCS Seminar: A return to MUTOKO, Zimbabwe, 10 February  
     Nick Turse CCS Seminar: AFRICOM’s New Math and “Scarier” Times Ahead in Africa, 5 February 
     Menzi Maseko & Mandla Mbuyisa CCS Seminar: Black Consciousness, Fees Must Fall and Lessons from the Life of Ongkopotse Tiro, 1 February  
     Gabriel Hertis, China Ngubane & Daniel Dunia CCS Seminar: Central African and Zimbabwean geopolitics and their implications for Durban civil society II, 27 January  
     Patrick Bond keynote at Tata Institute Development Studies conference, 23 January 
     Patrick Bond, Thando Manzi, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane present urban analysis at Tata Institute, Mumbai, 19-22 January 
     Patrick Bond, Achin Vanaik, Ajay Patnaik & Alka Acharya launch BRICS book, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 18 January 
     Gabriel Hertis, China Ngubane, Daniel Dumia & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: African geopolitics and their implications for Durban civil society I, 11 January 
     Events Index 2015 
     CCS students Boaventura Monjane, Mithika Mwenda, Tabitha Spence & Celia Alario at the COP21 climate summit, Paris, 1-12 December 
     Jorim Gerrard & Paul Steffen CCS Seminar: Influencing society's views of refugees, 9 December  
     Workshop on Climate Change and Environmental Justice with the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, 7-10 December  
     Ashwin Desai, Betty Govinden, Crispin Hemson & Andile Mngxitama CCS Seminar: The Gandhi debate, 27 November 
     Stefano Battain & Daniela Biocca CCS Seminar: Alternative development or alternative to development? 27 November 
     CCS Seminar: Remembering Sam Moyo, 25 November  
     Patrick Bond debates Sihle Zikalala & Vasu Gounden on the state of South Africa, eThekwini Progressive Professionals Forum, 25 November 
     Christelle Terreblanche debates Ubuntu at the University of Pretoria, 23 November 
     Patrick Bond & Toendepi Shonhe CCS Seminar: BRICS crumble, commodities crash and Africa's climate changes, 20 November 
     Patrick Bond seminar on BRICS banking at University of Cape Town School of Economics, 16 November 
     Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: KZN civil society responses to the Paris Climate Change Conference, 9 November 
     Patrick Bond with Numsa and BRICS climate critique at Historical Materialism conference, London, 5-6 November 
     Andile Mngxitama CCS Seminar: Black First! but what is Black? 4 November 
     Patrick Bond seminar on BRICS as sub-imperialism at Open University, 4 November 
     Patrick Bond debates BRICS and climate change at Sussex University, 3 November 
     Mondli Hlatshwayo CCS Seminar: Numsa, technological change and politics at ArcelorMittal's Vanderbijlpark plant, 22 October 
     Tri Continental Film Festival Screenings at CCS 21-24 October 
     Patrick Bond launches BRICS book in New York 19 October 
     Patrick Bond delivers keynote at Cyprus conference on mining and sustainable development, 16 October 
     Brian Minga Anza, Mwamba Kalombo Thithi & Sinqobangaye Magestic Pro Sibisi CCS Seminar: Creative challenges to xenophobia, 15 October 2015 
     Patrick Bond, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Inequality, the criminalisation of protest and internecine social conflict, 9 October 
     Patrick Bond delivers sustainability keynote to SA Public Health Association conference, 8 October 
     Patrick Bond debates UN Sustainable Development Goals, ClassicFM, Johannesburg, 1 October 
     Patrick Bond talks on African uprisings at Mapungubwe Institute, Pretoria, 30 September 
     Patrick Bond debates Africa in the world economy, Channel Africa, Johannesburg, 29 September 
     Ana Garcia presents BRICS critique at Geopolitical Economy conference, Winnipeg, 26 September 
     Patrick Bond lectures on degrowth in Berlin, 16 September 
     CCS welcomes World Social Science Forum to Durban, with talks by Vuyiseka Dubula, Patrick Bond & others in CCS, 13 - 16 September  
     CCS welcomes Codesria and WSSF to Ike's Books, 12 September 
     CCS hosts the South-South Institute during the World Social Science Forum, 10-18 September 
     Patrick Bond lectures at Codesria/Osisa Economic Justice Institute, 8-9 September 
     Patrick Bond, Boaventura Monjane & Mithika Mwenda at Africa Climate Talks, Dar es Salaam, 3-5 September 
     Vladimir Slivyak What's wrong with Russia's nuclear energy deal-making? 4 September  
     John Devenish CCS Seminar: Mapping social unrest in South Africa, 1 September  
     Patrick Bond lectures on climate and deglobalisation alternatives at Attac University, Marseille, 26 August 
     Patrick Bond lecture on legacy of Rosa Luxemburg at New School for Social Research, New York, 21 August 
     China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Xenophobia as symptom, 20 August  
     Justine van Rooyen CCS Seminar: The Social Inclusion/Exclusion of Intersex South Africans, 12 August 
     Patrick Bond keynote speech at BRICS-in-Africa conference, Livingstone, 7-11 August 
     Patrick Bond and Sam Moyo speak at Trust Africa conference on Illicit Financial Flows, Harare, 3 August 
     Patrick Bond delivers paper on climate and the blue economy, Wits University, 2 August 
     Patrick Bond in economic debate at M&G Literary Festival, Johannesburg, 1 August 
     Yaa Ashantewaa Ngidi CCS Seminar: The state of the Pan Africanist movement, 30 July 
     Ryan Solomon CCS Seminar: Belonging, inclusion and South African civil society in the campaigns against AIDS and xenophobia, 29 July 
     Patrick Bond moderates UKZN College of Humanities debate on xenophobia and higher ed transformation, 28 July 
     Lloyd Sachikonye CCS Seminar: Social research and civil society in Zimbabwe, 28 July 
     Patrick Bond & Mithika Mwenda at Climate Futures symposium, Italy, 13-17 July 
     China Ngubane, Bandile Mdlalose & Nonhle Mbuthuma CCS Seminar: The state of social activism against xenophobia, human rights violations and mining exploitation - three case sites, 3 July 
     CCS co-hosts (with Chris Hani Institute) World Association for Political Economy, Johannesburg, 19-21 June 
     CCS workshop with ASONET, Action Support Centre and South African Liaison Office, on South Africa, Peace and Security in the post-2015 Development Agenda, 10-11 June 
     CCS/ASONET workshop on xenophobia, 5 June 
     Alf Nilsen launches his book We Make Our Own History, at Ike's Books, 4 June 
     Patrick Bond addresses civil society electricity crisis summit on load-shedding, Johannesburg, 2 June  
     Patrick Bond talks on extractivism, BRICS sub-imperialism and South Africa at Left Forum, New York, 30-31 May 
     China Ngubane, Gabriel Hertis, Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Persistent Durban xenophobia and Operation Fiela, 20 May 
     CCS hosts Colgate University students for social movement research, June 
     Nonhle Mbuthuma CCS Seminar: Xolobeni mining, unobtanium-titanium battle update, 14 May 
     Patrick Bond lecture on carbon markets and climate debt, Gyeongsang University, Jinju, Korea, 12 May 
     Patrick Bond speaks on South African political economy, Hong Kong Reader bookshop, 11 May 
     Gcina Makoba, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Rhodes' walls must fall! 30 April  
     CCS Film Screening: The GAMA Strike A victory for all workers, 24 April 
     Patrick Bond lectures on degrowth and the green economy, Berlin, 21 April 
     Faith ka Manzi & Bandile Mdlalose at Climate Justice strategy meeting, Maputo, April 21-23 
     Paul Kariuki, Bandile Mdlalose, China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Xenophobia in Durban, 14 April 
     CCS joins Greenpeace and R2K in solidarity meeting with Somkhele coal victims, northern KZN, 12 April 
     Patrick Bond lecture on water commodification and resistance at Zimbabwe Sustainable Economics Forum, Harare, 9 April 
     China Ngubane & Jean-Pierre Lukamba CCS Seminar: Xenophobia in Isipingo, 7 April 
     Alice Thomson, Desmond D’Sa & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Liberal and radical approaches to Environmental Justice campaigning, 1 April 
     Patrick Bond speaks on coalitions for national economic sovereignty, World Social Forum, University of Tunis el Manar, 25 March 
     Akin Akiboye & Jorim Gerrard CCS Seminar: Xenophobia and displacement, 17 March 
     Sofie Hellberg CCS Seminar: Water, life and politics in Durban, 10 March 
     Faith kaManzi, Nonhle Mbuthuma, Melissa Hansen & others International Women’s Day at the UKZN Centre for Civil Society: Resistance to Resource Cursing in KZN, the Eastern Cape and the DRC, 9th March 
     Israeli Apartheid Week Events 2 - 8 March 
     Baruti Amisi and Boaventura Monjane speak at US Power Africa conference, University of Illinois, 2-4 March 
     Baruti Amisi, Gerard Boyce & Patrick Bond CCS Workshop: 'False solutions' to climate and energy crises, 26 February 
     Carlos Cardoso CCS Seminar: Knowledge production and intellectual formation in Africa from Codesria's perspective, 20 February 
     Benny Wenda CCS Seminar: The campaign to free West Papua, 19 February 
     Gcina Makoba & Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Campaigning against coal in KZN, 18 February 
     Patrick Bond debates BRICS sherpa Anil Sooklal, UCT Centre for Conflict Resolution, 16 February 
     Desmond D'Sa, David Le Page, Bhavna Deonarain, Winnie Mdletshe & others: Launch of Fossil Free KZN, 13 February 
     Angus Joseph CCS Seminar: Climate justice and solidarity from Lima to Paris, 13 February 
     Nhamo Chikowore & China Ngubane Zimbabwe's new conjuncture and SA's new xenophobia, 6 February 
     Baruti Amisi, Brain Amza & and Jacky Kabidu DRC uprising, repression and solidarity, 5 February 
     Chris Coward CCS Seminar: New spaces of social activism, 28 January 
     Immanuel Ness CCS Seminar: Lessons from the labour movements of China and India, 27 January 
     Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Electricity crisis scenarios, 20 January 
     Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Oil spills, coal digs, resource cursing and resistance, 12 January 
     Events Index 2014 
     Gcina Makoba & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: United Front Preparatory Assembly assessment, 22 December 
     Thando Manzi, Au Loong Yu & John Devenish CCS Seminar: BRICS-from-below struggles for justice, 19 December 
     CCS hosts South Durban climate camp, 8-11 December 
     Patrick Bond, Bandile Mdlalose, Shauna Mottiar, Themba Mchunu & China Ngubane CCS press conference and workshop: Durban politics stressed to break-point, 5 December 
     Mondli Hlatshwayo CCS Seminar: Organised labour's losses since 1994, worker-community relations after 2014, 28 November 
     Patrick Bond critiques World Bank at UWC poverty conference, 27 November 
     CCS hosts launch of Fossil Free South Africa, 27 November 
     Faith ka-Manzi debates SA social protest at Gumede Lecture, Durban History Museum, 27 November 
     Melissa Hansen CCS Seminar: Struggles over conservation space in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, 24 November  
     Patrick Bond lectures on Africa's Resource Curse, Stellenbosch University, 20 November 
     Vuyiseka Dubula, Faith ka-Manzi & Mzamo Zondi CCS Seminar: Treatment Action Campaign reaches the knife-edge, 18 November, 2014 
     CCS hosts Durban environmental network, 15 November 
     Aziz Choudry CCS Seminar: Learning and research in social movements, 14 November 
     Aziz Choudry CCS Seminar: NGOization, 'civil society' and social change: Complicity, contradictions and prospects, 13 November 
     Gun Free South Africa workshop with CCS, 12 November 
     Creesen Naicker CCS Seminar: Sport for Development in South Africa, 11 November 
     Patrick Bond joins SA panel at Historical Materialism conference, London, 7 November 
     Patrick Bond lectures on neoliberalism and social policy at South-South Institute in Bangkok, 5 November 
     Patrick Bond keynote address on African IT, to the International Development Informatics Association, 3 November 
     Patrick Bond debates GDP with SA government, Pretoria, 31 October 
     Patrick Bond debates GDP reform at University of Pretoria, 28 October 
     China Ngubane and Patrick Bond at UKZN Geography workshop on community politics, 24 October 
     CCS hosts CT Social Justice Coalition training on sanitation advocacy, 22 October 
     CCS hosts Greenpeace film on climate and Arctic oil, Black Ice, 14 October 
     Diana Buttu CCS Seminar: The situation in Palestine, 8 October 
     Mithika Mwenda lecture on climate justice at Climate Change and Development Conference, Morocco, 7 October 
     Stefan Cramer CCS Seminar on Karoo fracking, 7 October 
     Omar Shaukat CCS Seminar: Thinking through ISIS, 1 October 
     Patrick Bond lecture on SA social policy at University of Burgundy, Dijon, 25 September 
     Patrick Bond debates Mark Weisbrot on BRICS at IPS, Washington, 23 September 
     Mithika Mwenda and Patrick Bond talk on climate justice, Converge for Climate at Graffiti Church, New York City, 20 September 
     Awethu! network meets at CCS, 20 September 
     Patrick Bond lecture on South Africa at City University of New York, 18 September 
     John Saul and Patrick Bond launch books at Cape Town Open Book Fair, 17 September 
     The UKZN Centre for Civil Society and Palestine Solidarity Forum host a Gaza Documentary Screening, 11 September  
     Gcina Makoba update on recyclables project in Inanda, 15 September 
     Patrick Bond debates the causes and implications of Marikana at the Durban Democracy and Development Programme, 10 September 
     Mnikeni Phakathi & Asha Moodley CCS Seminar (with the Right to Know Campaign): Student Protest at UKZN 2014, 5 September 
     Patrick Bond debates climate and energy at Univ of Leipzig 'Degrowth' conference, Germany, 5 September 
     Gcina Makoba & Patrick Bond Durban water and sanitation policies, projects and politics, 1 September 
     Patrick Bond input on BRICS at Centre for Conflict Resolution seminar, Pretoria, 31 August 
     Patrick Bond on Resource Curses and antidotes, at Institute for Social and Economic Studies, Maputo, 28 August 
     China Ngubane & Sizwe Shiba Southern African people's solidarity dynamics, 28 August 
     Patrick Bond lecture on South Durban strategy, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea, 22 August 
     Patrick Bond lecture on SA political economy at Chinese Academy of Marxism, Beijing, 20 August 
     Mithika Mwenda CCS Seminar: Climate change and global policy battles, 15 August 
     Niall Reddy CCS Seminar: BRICS after Fortaleza, 14 August 
     Ilan Pappé Dennis Brutus Memorial Lecture: Israel’s ethnic cleansing of Palestine, 5 August 
     UKZN CCS Masters Student Mithika Mwenda testifies on Climate Justice on Our Common Planet, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA, 4 August 
     Loraine Dongo & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Climate, oil and activism in South Africa, 31 July  
     Patrick Bond debates Intensive Energy User Group's Shaun Nel on energy, SAfm, 23 July 
     Patrick Bond debates SACP's Alex Mashilo on SA politics, SA Democratic Teachers Union KZN Province, Durban, 24 July 
     Susan Spronk Contesting Water Privatisation through an Efficiency Narrative, 23 July 
     Matt Meyer The State of the Art in Non-violent Civil Disobedience, 22 July 
     Patrick Bond discusses infrastructure finance, Fortaleza, 15 July 
     CCS-Brazilian collaboration at the 2014 BRICS Summit, 14-16 July in Fortaleza 
     Patrick Bond debates JP Landman on SA poli econ, Ike's Books, 9 July 
     Bhekinkosi Moyo CCS Seminar: Southern African civil society, 7 July 
     Jack Dyer CCS Seminar: The economic consequences of Durban's port expansion, 25 June 2014 
     Patrick Bond lecture on SA macroeconomic conditions, at UKZN SA Research Chair initiative workshop, 20 June 
     Patrick Bond debates SA soccer leader Danny Jordaan on the World Cup's legacy, BBC radio, 18 June 
     John Devenish CCS Seminar: Protests in India, South Africa & Brazil The issues participants & tactics, 17 June 2014 
     Patrick Bond debates the SA economy with MEC Mike Mabuyakhulu, UKZN Business School, 11 June 
     Patrick Bond debates sustainability at Governance Innovation conference, University of Pretoria, 5 June 
     CCS hosts mineworker solidarity event, 31 May 
     Patrick Bond lecture on South African water commodification, University of London, 30 May 
     Patrick Bond debates 'Africa Rising (or Uprising?)' in Maputo at Frelimo Political School, 29 May 2014 
     Patrick Bond speaks on global finance at the World Association for Political Economy, Hanoi, 24 May 
     Shauna Mottiar presents at 'Contentious Politics' seminar, University of Johannesburg, 22 May 
     Patrick Bond & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: BRICS from above, the middle and below: which directions for alliances and conflicts? 16 May 
     Patrick Bond debates BRICS civil society, SA Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg, 13 May 
     Patrick Bond presentation on climate justice governance via skype to Linkoping University, Sweden, 8 May 
     Gcina Makoba and Thuli Hlela host Miners Shot Down in Durban townships, 1 May 
     Admos Chimhowu CCS Seminar: Food Sovereignty Discourses, Land and Labour in Southern Africa, 30 April 
     Patrick Bond presents on BRICS geopolitics and BRICS banking, Rio de Janeiro, 28-29 April 
     Shauna Mottiar delivers paper on popular protest in South Africa, Oxford University, 26 April 
     Floyd Shivambu, Innocent Ndiki, Louise Colvin and Patrick Bond CCS Workshop: Which critiques of post-Apartheid malgovernance - and which counter strategies - come next?, 25 April 
     Bram Buscher CCS Seminar: ‘I Nature’: Web 2.0, Social Media and the Political Economy of Conservation, 25 April 
     Patrick Bond discusses DeSutcliffisation at Durban University of Technology Urban Futures Centre, 24 April 
     Patrick Bond talk on SA@20 in New York, 19 April 
     Patrick Bond keynote lecture on climate, health and risk, University of Washington, Seattle, 17 April 
     Ken Walibora Waliaula CCS Seminar: Remembering and Disremembering Africa, 16 April 
     Ben Turok School of Social Sciences & CCS Seminar: With my head above the parapet: An insider account of the ANC in power, 15 April 
     Thando Manzi CCS Seminar: Brazilian civil society contests the World Cup, economic injustice and BRICS, 10 April 
     Patrick Bond gives three talks at the Association of American Geographers, Tampa, 10 April 
     Patrick Bond on comparative solidarity with Palestine and South Africa, Johns Hopkins University, 7 April 
     Patrick Bond paper on Climate Change, Debt and Justice in Africa at University of North Carolina conference, 5 April 
     Zackie Achmat, Thando Manzi, Paul Routledge Dennis Brutus Memorial Debate: The state of our social movements, from SA to BRICS to the world 31 March  
     Paul Routledge CCS/Development Studies seminar on politics of climate change, 31 March 
     Zackie Achmat and Ndifuma Ukwazi offer activist Autumn School, 31 March - 2 April 
     Prince Mashele CCS Seminar: The fall of the ANC, 28 March 
     Patrick Bond seminar on a Redistributive Eco-Debt Payment system, University of Lund, 28 March 
     Waldemar Diener CCS Seminar: Identity formation amongst immigrant traditional healers, 27 March  
     Charles Mangongera & Toendepi Shonhe CCS Seminar: Who rules Zimbabwe - and what should civil society do now? , 25 March 
     Patrick Bond and Xolani Dube debate 20 years of liberation (plus booklaunch), Time of the Writer festival, 20 March 
     Lukhona Mnguni, Molaudi Sekake & Lesiba Seshoka (invited)CCS Seminar: UKZN student woes and freedom of expression, 20 March  
     Patrick Bond responds to Deputy Foreign Minister Ebrahim Ebrahim foreign policy presentation, 19 March 
     Vanessa Burger and Faith kaManzi support Durban harbour mobilisation, Dalton Hostel, 16 March 
     Israeli Apartheid Week talk by Miko Peled, CCS co-sponsorship with Palestine Solidarity movement, 14 March 
     Peter McKenzie CCS Seminar: Cato Manor Between hope and Possibility, 13 March 
     Patrick Bond testimony on water politics at SA Human Rights Commission, 11 March 
     Patrick Bond lecture at Rosa Luxemburg centenary of Accumulation of Capital, Berlin, 9 March 
     Patrick Bond seminar on SA's Resource Curse, Harare, 28 February 
     Sreeram Chaulia CCS Seminar on Brazil-Russia-India-China-SA, 25 February 
     Patrick Bond seminar on 'tokenistic' social policy at UKZN Development Studies, 19 February 
     Patrick Bond addresses PanAfrican Climate Justice Alliance challenges, Dakar, 10 February 
     China Ngubane addresses conference on Community Serving Humanity, UKZN, 12 February 
     Vishwas Satgar runs workshop on the United Front approach, 30 January 
     Patrick Bond addresses Numsa shopstewards on economic crises, Johannesburg, 25 January 
     Patrick Bond testifies to Parliament against mega-projects, 16 January 
     Shauna Mottiar Protest and participation in Cato Manor, Merebank and Wentworth, 15 January  
     Patrick Bond lecture on development and political economy and method, Birzeit University, Ramallah, Palestine, 6 January 
     Events Index 2013 
     China Ngubane and Patrick Bond speak at the People's Dialogue BRICS strategy session, Johannesburg, 10-12 December 
     Thando Manzi and Patrick Bond discuss Durban slum research at the Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, 10 December 
     Patrick Bond, Farai Maguwu and Khadija Sharife testify to African Union commission against corruption, Arusha, 7 December 
     Mithika Mwenda CCS Seminar: Report-back from Warsaw climate summit, 6 December 
     Patrick Bond debates natural capital and GDP at Wits University, Johannesburg, 5 December 
     CCS hosts Democracy from Below citizenship movement 30 November - 1 December 
     Giuliano Martinello CCS Seminar: Dispossession and resistance to SA agribusiness in the new scramble for Southern and Eastern African land, 28 November  
     Patrick Bond at South Durban BRICS-from-below campaign against port-petrochemical expansion, Wentworth, 27 November 
     Film Screenings: Non-Violence as a Strategy for Social Change: CCS Seminar room, 19 September, 17 October, 21 November 
     Patrick Bond debates climate and capitalism at COP19 in Warsaw, 17 November 
     CCS participates in South Durban People's Climate Camp, 14-17 November 
     Patrick Bond lectures on global finance in Brussels, 13-15 November 
     Patrick Bond presents on Commoning, Rights and Praxis at Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, 8 November 
     Patrick Bond public lecture on the New Africa Scramble in Berlin, 7 November 
     Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Financial crises and social resistance, from household to global scales, 6 November 
     Gcina Makoba & Muna Lakhani CCS Seminar: Mapping Waste From Cradle to Grave: the Inkanyezi Community Recyclers and Global Zero-Waste Movement, 31 October 
     CCS founder Adam Habib launches South Africa's Suspended Revolution, Ike's Books, 29 October 
     Brutus Memorial Debate: "From democracy to kleptocracy", 26 October 
     Faith Manzi CCS Seminar: The Anatomy of a Cato Manor 'Popcorn Protest', 24 October 
     Patrick Bond critiques financial markets at Unemployment Insurance Fund board meeting, 15 October 
     Waldemar Diener CCS Seminar: Cartooning race and class after Marikana, 10 October 
     Molaudi Sekake, Christelle Terreblanche & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Commoning as an antidote to uneven development in Southern Africa, 9 October 
     CCS PhD student Vuyiseka Dubula leads AIDS research workshop, Johannesburg, 4 October 
     CCS co-organises workshop on 'Beyond Uneven Development' in Maputo, 1-3 October 
     Patrick Bond on Durban's urban neoliberalism, Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, NYC, 29 September 
     Margherita di Paola Film Screening - On the Art of War, 20 September 
     Patrick Bond speaks on the World Economic Crisis and BRICS, at the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, 13 September 
     Patrick Bond speaks at 'Rising Powers' workshop, Fudan University, Shanghai, 12 September 
     Patrick Bond at Shanghai Academy of Social Science, 11 September  
     Patrick Bond lecture on geopolitics at Institute for International Relations, Prague, 9 September 
     Patrick Bond at G20 Post-Globalisation Initiative G20 counter-summit, St Petersburg/Moscow, 2-6 September 
     Geoff Harris & Sylvia Kaye CCS Seminar: Nonviolence in social-change strategy and tactics, 30 August 
     Patrick Bond on BRICS and 'natural capital' at Centre for Natural Resource Governance, Harare, 29 August 
     Khadija Sharife at 'No REDD in Africa Network,' Maputo, 27-29 August 
     China Ngubane helps launch Diakonia's KZN School of Activism, Albert Falls, 27 August 
     Patrick Bond at Durban Flatdwellers conference, 24 August 
     China Ngubane, Joy Mabenge & Tafadzwa Maguchu Regional and Zimbabwean civil society challenged, 22 August 
     Ed Harriman, Khadija Sharife & Sarah Bracking CCS Workshop: Corruption, corporate bribery, arms deals and social critique, 21 August 
     Simphiwe Nojiyeza & Richard Kamidza CCS Seminar: Neoliberal water, neoliberal trade, 19 August 
     Patrick Bond debates BRICS, UKZN Student Union, 14 August 
     Simphiwe Magwaza, Simangele Manzi, Thando Manzi, Niki Moore, Knut Nustad, Jabulile Wanda & Philani Zulu CCS seminar on Cato Manor politics, Thursday, 15 August 
     Patrick Bond discusses SA's economic crisis at National Union of Metalworkers, Johannesburg, 8 August 
     Christine Jeske CCS Seminar: Social conceptualizations of work, unemployment, and blame in KwaZulu-Natal, 6 August 
     Larry Swatuk CCS Seminar on water resource conflicts, 1 August 
     Lorenzo Fioramonti Centre for Civil Society Seminar: Gross Domestic Problem, 18 July 2013 
     CCS hosts Open Society's Sustainable Development course for Southern Africa, 15-27 July 
     Faith ka-Manzi, Anne-Marie Debbané & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar on Durban hotspots (Cato Manor service delivery and South Durban privatised wastewater and port/petrochem expansion), 10 July 
     Thamsanqa Mthembu & Hylton Alcock Video Screening: Participatory video as a tool for social transformation, 4 July 
     Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja CCS Seminar: Southern Africa and the Challenge of the Congo, 27 June 
     Patrick Bond debates Blade Nzimande on 21st Century Socialism, Chris Hani Institute, Johannesburg, 25 June 
     China Ngubane & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The state of eco-social justice campaigning in East Asia and the Americas, 18 June 
     Khadija Sharife and Shauna Mottiar Analysis of illicit flight presented at the UN Economic Commission on Africa conference on illicit capital flight, Lusaka, 18 June  
     Patrick Bond at Ecuador conference on eco/economic crises, Quito, 12 June 
     Patrick Bond at Left Forum,New York City, 7-9 June 
     Patrick Bond lecture on Enviro Impact Assessments at Savannah School of Law in Georgia, 6 June 
     Amanda Huron, Amanda Thomas & Victoria Habermehl CCS Seminar: Geographies of Justice: experiences from three continents, 3 June 
     China Ngubane speaks at the Tokyo International Conference on African Development counter-summit, 1 June 
     Nik Theodore & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Migration and the Struggle for Urban Space, from Chicago to Durban, 28 May 
     CCS hosts Antipode Institute for the Geographies of Justice, 27 May to 1 June 
     Abby Neely CCS Seminar: Local Biologies, and ART Protocols: A Political Ecology of Tuberculosis and the Body, 24 May 
     Silke Trommer CCS Seminar: Transformations in Trade Politics - Participatory Trade Politics in West Africa, 23 May 
     Patrick Bond at AIDC National Development Plan seminar, Cape Town 22 May 
     Thuli Hlela CCS Seminar: Mapping Water/Sanitation Services in KwaNyuswa, Valley of 1000 Hills, 21 May 
     China Ngubane participates in the Gumede Lecture Series 17 May 
     Maia Green CCS Seminar: Youth empowerment on South Africa's Wild Coast, 14 May 
     Patrick Bond talk on African poli-econ at OilWatch-Africa conference, Johannesburg, 13 May 
     China Ngubane, Joy Mabenge & Tafadzwa Maguchu CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe's Election Preparations and Civil Society Politics, 10 May 
     Blessing Karumbidza CCS Seminar: Government Clumsiness in Rural Entrepreneurial and Coop Support, 30 April 
     Khadija Sharife and Patrick Bond presentation on climate finance at SADC Basic Income Group strategic workshop, 25 April, Johannesburg 
     Sarah Bracking & Patrick Bond at SDCEA workshop, Clairwood, 20 April 
     Patrick Bond, Des D'Sa, Megan Lewis, China Ngubane and Bobby Peek CCS Seminar: Assessing BRICS, Friday 19 April  
     Patrick Bond paper on geopolitics at Univ of California-Riverside, 13 April 
     Patrick Bond presents on South Durban to Association of American Geographers, Los Angeles, 10 April 
     Patrick Bond on territorial alliances at International Studies Association, 6 April 
     Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: UMkhumbane (Cato Manor) ilokishi elithuthuka ngamandla kodwa elibhekene nezingqinamba ezahlukahlukene, 5 April 
     Patrick Bond on 'Making of Global Capitalism', International Studies Association, 4 April 
     Patrick Bond presentation on BRICS at International Studies Association, San Francisco, 3 April 
     Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS and the Dennis Brutus legacy, University of Pittsburgh, 2 April 
     Patrick Bond on skype to World Social Forum, 28 March 
     Ondøej Horký-Hlucháò CCS Seminar: The depoliticisation of civil society in post-communism, 28 March 
     Ashwin Desai & Kagiso Molope seminar on SA oppressions, 22 March 
     BRICS EVENTS 22 -27 MARCH 
     Patrick Bond at Ejolt workshop in Abuja, Nigeria, 20-21 March 
     Susan Abul Hawa workshop on Palestine liberation today, 20 March 
     Patrick Bond lectures on climate justice, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, 15 March 
     Candido Grzybowski BRICS seen from Rio, 13 March 2013 
     Patrick Bond at community BRICS briefing, Wentworth, 11 March 
     Choice Mahridzo, China Ngubane & Toendepi Shone CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe's future, from inside and out, Thursday 7 March 
     Patrick Bond gives UKZN Development Studies seminar on BRICS, 6 March 
     Patrick Bond debates Ebrahim Ebrahim on BRICS, ActionAid in Joburg, 28 February 
     Patrick Bond panel sessions on climate and BRICS at the Global Studies Conference, Univ of California-Santa Barbara, 23 February 
     Gcina Makoba & Thuli Hlela CCS Seminar: Mapping Inanda rubbish and Valley of 1000 Hills sanitation, 21 February 
     Patrick Bond talks about climate justice at Institute for Policy Studies in Washington on 19 February 
     Thandokuhle Manzi & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Mapping Cato Manor sewage, animals and protest; and an Umlazi update, 13 February 
     Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Mapping AIDS, from body to city, 11 February 
     Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: A recent spatial history of Durban student unrest, 7 February 
     Patrick Bond briefing on BRICS at AIDC, Cape Town, 1 February 
     Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: BRICS as Pretoria's next site to 'talk left, walk right' 31 January 
     Patrick Bond at crisis & inequality seminar at Focus on the Global South, Bangkok, 28-29 January 
     China Ngubane, Patrick Bond & the Brutus Community Scholars CCS Seminar on social conflict mapping in Durban, 22 January 
     Patrick Bond testimony to NERSA against Eskom price hikes, Durban, 17 January 
     Bill Carroll CCS Seminar: Global corporate power and a new transnational capitalist class? 17 January 
     Don Chen CCS Seminar: Smart growth, urban equality and environmental justice, 16 January 
     Bill Carroll CCS Seminar: Research institutes dedicated to social justice - a global survey, 15 January 
     Mfundo Mtshwelo CCS Seminar: New critiques of South Africa's ruling party post-Mangaung, 11 January (Cancelled) 
     Events Index 2012 
     Phillip Lühl & Guillermo Delgado CCS Seminar: Unitary urbanism, towards maximal difference, 8 January  
     Khadija Sharife, Min-Jung Kim, Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Doha's COP18 crash and climate justice (skypecast), 20 December 
     Patrick Bond lecture on BRICS in Moscow, 15 December 
     Patrick Bond lecture on Marikana and SA Resource Curse, Institute for African Studies, Moscow, 13 December 
     Patrick Bond lecture on environmental commodification, Manchester, 11 December 
     Khadija Sharife presentation on land-grabbed Africa at South South Forum 2, Chongqing China, 8 December 
     Patrick Bond lecture to African economic journalists on global economic governance, 6 December 
     Patrick Bond at IG Metall conference on inequality, 6 December 
     Patrick Bond on debt at Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, 30 November 
     Faith ka-Manzi delivers UKZN World AIDS Day Lecture, 29 November 
     Khadija Sharife Illicit flight and mining presentation at Economic Justice Network regional tax conference 27-29 November  
     Patrick Bond keynote address on Climate Justice to Norwegian Development Association, Oslo, 27 November 
     Pamela Ngwenya CCS Course: An introduction to video production 26-30 November 
     Patrick Bond on water rights and climate at Norwegian Development Studies panel, Oslo, 26 November 
     Primrose Sonti, Mbuso Ngubane, Mametlwe Sebei and Rudolph Dubula at Brutus Memorial Debate on Marikana, 22 November 
     Patrick Bond on SA's Resource Course at Amandla! colloquium, Gauteng. 16 November 
     Pamela Ngwenya & Ben Richardson CCS Seminar - Aid for trade and Southern African agriculture: the bittersweet case of Swazi sugar, 15 November 
     Patrick Bond on BRICS/G20 at SA Forum for International Solidarity, Johannesburg, 14 November 
     Ruth Castel-Branco CCS Seminar - Why unions still matter: the case of domestic worker organizing in Maputo, 8 November 
     CCS cohosts State of Zimbabwe Transition, Diakonia, 2 November 
     Liane Greeff CCS Seminar: ‘You can’t have your gas and drink your water!’ - the incompatibility of fracking to water rights, 29 October 
     Patrick Bond with Helmi Shawary at the Jozi Book Fair on Fanon in contemporary Africa, 28 October 
     Thami Mbatha, Faith ka-Manzi, China Ngubane & Percy Ngonyama Ukucwaswa kwabokufika (CCS seminar on xenophobia, in isiZulu) 26 October 
     Patrick Bond on Marikana narratives, at Leeds University School of Politics and African Studies, 26 October 
     Patrick Bond on South Africa resource cursed, at Manchester University Development Studies, 26 October 
     Patrick Bond skype lecture to ClimateMediaFactory, Berlin, 25 October 
     Patrick Bond on the Politics of HIV/AIDS in South Africa, at Limerick University, 24 October 
     Ewok's 'Letters to Dennis' at Poetry Africa, 19 October 
     Allan Kolski Horwitz Kebbleism, politics and art, 19 October 
     Philo Ikonya Centre for Civil Society and Centre for Creative Arts Seminar: Are there limits to the freedom of expression? 16 October 
     Patrick Bond debates Brazilians on the World Cup and human rights, Sao Paolo, 15 October 
     Maia Green CCS Seminar: Love and Power on the Wild Coast, 15 October 
     David van Wyk & Chris Molebatsi CCS Seminar: Marikana: Why? What next? 9 October 
     Peace Workshop, 4 October  
     Muhammed Desai seminar on Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions against Israel, 2 October 
     Patrick Bond plenary address to Muslim Youth Movement 40th conference, 30 September 
     Patrick Bond on MDGs, Redi Tlabi Radio 702 show, 25 September 
     Patrick Bond debates KZN provincial planner, 25 September 
     GreenSquad Alliance sponsors Nonviolence training, 21 September 
      Patrick Bond speaks on Resource-Cursed Southern Africa in Harare, 18 September 
     CCS film screening about 'post'-shopping, 18 September 
     Milford Bateman CCS Seminar: Civil society's microfinance mistakes, 13 September 
     Patrick Bond on detoxing South Durban at Umbilo community meeting, 12 September 
     Patrick Bond briefs OECD-Watch on Marikana and the SA Resource Curse, 11 September, Johannesburg 
     Melanie Müller CCS Seminar: What did COP17 do to SA environmentalism? 7 September 
     Patrick Bond at the Lost in Transformation book launch seminar, 6 September 
     Patrick Bond at Cosatu/AIDC seminar on employment, Port Elizabeth, 6 September 
     Muhammed Shabat & Asad Asad CCS Seminar: Israeli apartheid's challenge for academics in Gaza, 6 September 
     Adrian Nel CCS Seminar: Ugandan carbon forestry, community resistance and environmental management, 4 September 
     Jonathan Nkala CCS anti-xenophobia drama: The Crossing, 1 September 
     Patrick Bond debates Pravin Gordhan on South Durban's port expansion, Clairwood, 1 September 
     Youngsu Kim Trade union politics in South Africa and South Korea, 31 August 
     Patrick Bond on SA transition at Arab Spring conference, Pretoria, 30 August 
     Patrick Bond paper on environmental and social rights at Christian Michelsen Institute workshop, Norway, 27 August 
     Molefi Ndlovu on Qwasha! Durban street narratives about COP17, Christian Michelsen Institute, Norway, 26 August  
     Environmental Teach-In, 25 August  
     Delwyn Pillay, Dimple Deonath & Vanessa Black South Durban civil society confronts Back of Port planning, 23 August 
     Sarah Bracking CCS Seminar: Contesting the frontiers of value in society, nature and capitalism, RESCHEDULED FOR EARLY SEPTEMBER FROM 22 August 
     Nonhle Mbuthuma, John Clarke & Luc Hoebeke CCS Seminar: Avatar on the Wild Coast - lessons from Xolobeni against national and global commodification, 21 August 
     Patrick Bond lecture on White Elephants to S.Durban Community Environmental Alliance at Austerville Community Centre, 21 August 
     CCS brainstorm on Marikana Massacre, 21 August 
     Michael Dorsey CCS Seminar: Can the Green Climate Fund provide appropriate finance to Africa? 20 August 
     Percy Nhau CCS Seminar: Implications of the Secrecy Bill for Academic Research, 16 August 2012 
     Farai Maguwu & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Democratic Transitions from Top Down and Bottom Up: Prospects in Zimbabwe, 15 August 
     Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Izingqinamba ngezemvelo zaseThekwini, 8 August 
     Neima Adamo, Sergio Brito, Ester Uamba, Patrick Bond & Dimple Deonath CCS Seminar: Climate, water and destructive development from Maputo to South Durban, 3 August 
     CCS celebrates Brutus legacy at From Roots to Fruits non-violence conference, Durban Univ of Technology, 1 August 
     Matt Meyer & Elavie Ndura CCS Seminar: Nonviolent pedagogies of Africa's oppressed, from South Africa to the Great Lakes, 31 July 2012  
     Ravindra Kumar CCS Seminar: Gandhi, Democracy and Fundamental Rights, 30 July  
     Patrick Bond lecture on African political economy to Institute for the Advancement of Journalism, Johannesburg, 26 July 
     Ewok does Durban (with a French connection) UKZN Jazz Centre, 6pm, 25 July 
     Peter Muzambwe & Dean Chahim CCS Seminar: Solidarities of international urban residents and 'development' students, 25 July 2012 
     Terri Barnes CCS Seminar: Gender, autobiography and social justice, 24 July 
     Jim Kilgore meets Zimbabweans in central Durban, 23 July 
     Jim Kilgore CCS Seminar: Freedom never rests, when it comes to water commodification and service delivery protests, 23 July 
     Shalini Sharma CCS Seminar: Bhopal's catastrophe and representations of social mobilisation, 20 July 
     Jane Duncan CCS Seminar: Voice, political mobilisation and repression under Jacob Zuma, 19 July 
     Patrick Bond at Rio+20 reportback, 17 July, Diakonia Centre 
     Khadija Sharife & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The Decommissioning of Durban's Emissions Trade Pilot, 11 July 
     Bheki Buthelezi & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Interpreting Umlazi's Unrest, Repression and Occupy Resistance, 9 July 
     Farai Maguwu CCS Seminar - Resource-cursed Zimbabwe's Marange blood diamonds, 6 July 
     Patrick Bond on climate justice at Johannesburg Workshop in Theory and Criticism, Goethe Institute, Johannesburg, 5 July 
     Eric Baldwin CCS Seminar: Housing Policy and Liberal Philosophy in Post-Apartheid South Africa, 5 July 
     Patrick Bond course lectures on political economy, ecology and social policy, 2-13 July 
     Khadija Sharife & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar - Rio+20 report-back, 2 July  
     Monica Fagioli CCS Seminar - State-building in practice: the Somali diaspora and processes of reconstruction in Somaliland, 28 June  
     Fidelis Allen at African politics conference, Dakar, 26 - 28 June 
     Patrick Bond on SA subimperialism and resistance, Rio+20 Intercoll.net seminar, 21 June 
     Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu, Niall McNulty & Lwazi Gwijane CCS Seminar: QWASHA! An online archive of community digital content, 21 June 2012 
     Patrick Bond on social and environmental justice strategies, Rio+20 Cupula dos Povos plenary, 18 June 
     Patrick Bond, Khadija Sharife & Baruti Amisi on African CDMs at the International Society for Ecological Economics, Rio de Janeiro, 17 June 
     Patrick Bond and Eddie Cottle discuss SA World Cup lessons for Brazil, 13 June, Rio 
     Kim Min-Jung speaks on climate activism and the COP17 at Gyeongsang Univ Institute of Social Studies, Korea, 15 June 
     Fidelis Allen & Khadija Sharife CCS Seminar: CDM cannot deliver: Lessons from Nigeria, 11 June 
     Patrick Bond at the Building and Wood Workers International debate on Green Economy and Sustainable Development, 11 June, Rio de Janeiro 
     Michela Gallo CCS Seminar: Zimbabwean civil society in South Africa, 7 June  
     Patrick Bond speaks at faculty strike support committee, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 6 June 
     Patrick Bond lecture on carbon trading at the Brazilian Society of Political Economy, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, 5 June 
     Patrick Bond on debt crises at Queens University, Canada, 30 May 
     Dennis Brutus Memorial Debate: Durban's Corruptions & Disruptions, 24 May 
     Maria Schuld CCS Seminar: Small wars ‑ A micro‑level analysis of violence in KwaZulu‑Natal, 17 May 
     Iain Ewok Robinson MCs the Brutus Sessions, 16 May 
     Patrick Bond on 'Imperial and subimperial interests in neoliberalised nature', keynote address at Sussex Univ SouthGovNet conference, Brighton, 16-17 May 
     Patrick Bond booklaunch on climate justice at Bookmarks, London, 14 May 
     Film & discussion on Genetic Engineering hosted by Green Squad Alliance, 11 May  
     Sasha Kramer & Anthony Kilbride CCS Seminar: Improving access to sanitation on a global scale, 10 May 
     Khadija Sharife talks on Tax Justice to the Economic Justice Network, Cape Town, 9 May 
     Patrick Bond skype lecture on media and climate policy, Bergen, Norway, 7 May 
     China Ngubane & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The Africa People's Charter, Zimbabwe People's Convention Charter and South African Reconstruction and Development Programme, 7 May  
     Patrick Bond unpacks eco-imperialism at People's Dialogue 'Green Economy' seminar, Johannesburg, 5 May 
     Patrick Bond at Comrade Babble play on Kebbleism, Johannesburg, 5 May 
     Durban can 'connect‑the‑dots' to climate change with 350.org, 5 May 
     Nosipho Mngoma, Percy Nhau and Murray Hunter CCS seminar on Right2Know for researchers and journalists, 4 May 
     Patrick Bond skype lecture on Green Capitalism to Rhodes Univ, 3 May 
     Ransom Lekunze CCS Seminar: Implications of global economic crisis for Africa, 25 April 
     Patrick Bond talks to Hospice AGM on 'From Caring about Stuff to Caring about Caring' , 25 April  
     CCS participates in the Global Teach - In 25 April 
     Michele Maynard CCS Seminar: African climate change and carbon trading politics, 23 April  
     Fidelis Allen at the Social Theory Forum at Univ.Massachusetts/Boston, 19 April 
     Baruti Amisi CCS Seminar: Will the Inga Hydropower Project meet Africa’s electricity needs?, 20 April  
     Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar: Ideology, agency and protest politics, 18 April 
     Fidelis Allen & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The World Bank presidential race - African interests and personality profiles, 11 April 
     CCS Seminar: Dennis Brutus' life and times - film documentaries and discussion, 10 April 
     Molefi Ndlovu at Young Adult Review workshop of COP 17, South Durban Community and Environmental Alliance, 4 April 
     CCS Seminar: 'Occupy': what kind of social movement is it?, 3 April 
     Jens Andvig, Tiberius Barasa, Stein Sundstøl Eriksen, Sanjay Kumar, Faith Manzi & Knut Nustad CCS Seminar: Slums, states and citizens in Durban, Nairobi Delhi, 29 March 
     Henrik Ernstson CCS/DevStudies seminar on urban ecology, 28 March 
     Ronnie Kasrils CCS Seminar: Corruption, authoritarianism and the challenge for civil society, 23 March 
     Bahaa Taher CCS Seminar: Post-Arab Spring: Literary freedom of expression in Egypt, 22 March  
     Zero Fossil Fuels meeting, 20 March 
     Felix Platz CCS Seminar: Climate Change narratives – experiences from the COP 17, 20 March 
     Molefi Ndlovu presents at the Foundation for Human Rights event on 19 March 
     Trevor Ngwane at Rosa Luxemburg anti-xenophobia panel, Johannesburg, 16 March 
     Patrick Bond reviews RDP for Zim opposition leaders, Nyanga, 16 March 2012 
     David Hallowes and Tristen Taylor CCS Seminar: A hostile climate - civil society impact on the COP17, 15 March 
     Leigh Collingwood CCS Seminar: Presentation of book: “Deforestation: Why YOU need to stop it NOW”, 13 March  
     Lubna Nadvi & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Why boycotting Israeli apartheid follows South Africa’s liberation strategy, 6 March  
     Simphiwe Nojiyeza CCS Seminar: Durban’s state-sponsored climate change chaos, 1 March 
     Comrade Fatso CCS Seminar: Zim spoken-word liberation struggles, 29 February  
     Patrick Bond on service delivery protests, Nadel AGM, Mthatha, 25 February 
     Patrick Bond on climate justice at Santa Barbara Global Studies Conference, 25 February 
     Lushendrie Naidu CCS Seminar: The state of South Durban's industrial basin, 23 February  
     Alex Comninos CCS Seminar: Twitter revolutions and cyber-crackdowns, 22 February 
     Patrick Bond debates WWF's Saliem Fakier at AIDC, Cape Town, 17 February 
     Fumhiko Saito CCS Seminar: Shifting to local governance?, 16 February 
     Patrick Bond delivers New Zimbabwe Lecture, Harare, 15 February 
     Patrick Bond banned from delivering New Zimbabwe Lecture, Harare, 8 February 
     Said Ferjani CCS Seminar: The Tunisian democratic revolution, Islam and the left, 1 February 
     Tom Heinemann, Patrick Bond & Khadija Sharife CCS Seminar/film: Politics of microfinance, 25 January  
     Patrick Bond booksigning climate justice titles at Sandton Square Exclusives Books, Johannesburg, 24 January  
     Bobby Peek CCS Seminar: What went right and what went wrong at the COP17?, 19 January 
     Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: What’s going on in China? Boom, bust and battles from below, 10 January  
     Keyvan Kashkooli CCS Seminar: Governing markets from below? From e-commerce to emissions trading, 6 January 
     Events Index 2011 
     Faith Manzi & Oliver Meth CCS Seminar: AIDS, rape and climate, 13 December 
     Patrick Bond lecture on world financial crisis at Lingnan Univ, Hong Kong, 12 December 
     Patrick Bond on CJ at TransNational Institute meeting, 10 December 
     Patrick Bond & Baruti Amisi on climate induced migration at People's Assembly, 7 December  
     Patrick Bond on ecological debt, World Council of Churches, 6 December 
     Patrick Bond & Nnimmo Bassey Book Launch, Ike's Books, Durban: 6 December 
     Patrick Bond on culture and climate at Durban City Hall, 5 December 
     Pablo Solón Wolpe lecture: “Rights of Nature and Climate Politics”, 2 December 
     Patrick Bond presentation on labour-community-eco solidarity at International Transport Federation, People's Space, 1 December* 
     Patrick Bond on puppet statehood and climate, Unctad conference (via video), Geneva, 1 December 
     CCS Teach‑In on Climate Justice, evenings from 29 Nov‑8 Dec 
     Everyone's Downstream 25-26 November 
     Patrick Bond, Lars Gausdal, Molefi Ndlovu & Khadija Sharife on climate politics and narratives, South Durban, November 25-26 
     Patrick Bond at Rosa Luxemburg Political Cafe on climate/energy, Johannesburg, 21 November 
     Molefi Ndlovu & Michael Dorsey lead youth/climate workshop, 21 November  
     Janis Rosheuvel CCS Seminar: U.S. 'Migrant Management' & Grassroots Resistance to Criminalization of Immigrant Life, 18 November 
     Patrick Bond skype lecture on climate politics to Lahore Cafe Bol series, Pakistan, 16 November 
     Patrick Bond keynote speech to Cornell Univ development conference, 12 November 
     Michele Maynard CCS Seminar: The African Peoples Petition: What Durban COP17 must deliver!, 11 November 
     Emanuele Leonardi CCS seminar: The Environmental Side of the Current Economic Crisis: Toward an Ecological Critique of Neoliberalism, 10 November 2011 
     Patrick Bond at City Univ of NY on climate justice strategy, 9 November 
     Patrick Bond on COP17 politics at Institute for Policy Studies, Washington, 8 November 
     Rehana Dada CCS Seminar: The One Million Climate Jobs Campaign, 4 November 
     Lars Gausdal CCS Seminar: Bolivia at the Crossroads, 3 November 2011  
     Patrick Bond talk on population and climate, Pretoria, 1 November 
     Patrick Bond, Dudu Khumalo, Orlean Naidoo, Thando Manzi, Molefi Ndlovu & Noah Zimba Wolpe Lecture: Community Climate Summit, 28 October  
     Patrick Bond on water politics, the IMF and climate in Dublin, 25‑26 October 
     Patrick Bond on energy as a public good in Rome, 24 October 
     Patrick Bond talks on climate justice in Stockholm, 22 October 
     Patrick Bond on climate, land and Africa's exploitation, at Uppsala University, Sweden, 20-21 October 
     Shailja Patel CCS Seminar: Seen And Unseen: Windows On The ICC-Kenya Trials, 18 October 
     Patrick Bond on COP17 mobilisations at PanAfrican Climate Justice conference in Addis Ababa, 15‑16 October 
     Fidelis Allen CCS Seminar: Climate Change, Poverty and Public Policy in Nigeria's Niger Delta, 11 October 2011  
     Patrick Bond on electricity and climate crises, Newlands and Meerbank, 10-11 October 
     Marie Kennedy & Chris TillyCCS Seminar: Latin America’s third left: Autonomy and participation in the new political landscape, 6 October  
     Peter Waterman Emancipatory Global Labour Studies and Social Movements, 5 October  
     Patrick Bond on climate and capitalism at the International Labour Rights Information Group Globalization School, Cape Town, 3 October 
     Trevor Ngwane CCS seminar on protest ideology, 30 September 
     John Saul & Trevor Ngwane Wolpe lecture on South Africa's transition, 29 September 
     CCS hosts Democratic Left Front climate conference, 23-25 September 
     Climate Justice Now! South Africa meets at CCS, 22-23 September 
     Patrick Bond on Electricity Prices and Climate Crisis at SDCEA, 21 September 
     Patrick Bond at People's Dialogue on climate politics, 21 September 
     Solani Ngobeni CCS Seminar: Challenges facing scholarly publishers in South Africa: Towards a turnaround strategy or tilting at windmills, cancelled 
     Anton Harber & Ruth Teer-Tomaselli Amnesty International seminar on the Secrecy Bill, 15 September 
     Sarah Bracking CCS Seminar: How do investors value the environment? Why a pile of stones is not a house, 13 September 
     Climate Justice Protest US, Consulate, 9 September 
     Ashwin Desai & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The World Conference Against Racism and 9/11 ten years after, 8 September 
     Patrick Bond on climate injustice and the World Bank, London, 5 September 
     Tehmina Brohi CCS Seminar: Contention in response to neoliberal policies in post-apartheid South Africa: The case of basic services delivery in Durban, 1 September 
     Climate Justice Protest at the US Consulate, 31 August 
     Otieno, Wamuchiru, Todd, Lorimer CCS Seminar: In Hot Water ‑ Climate change and water adaptation in Nairobi and Durban, 26 August 
     Wolpe lecture by Mustafa Barghouti on how to free Palestine, 25 August 
     Patrick Bond on climate finance to SADC parliamentarians, Johannesburg, 25 August 
     Shauna Mottiar at the ISTR African Civil Society Research Network conference, 24 August  
     Kate Skinner seminar on media democracy, 22 August 
     Patrick Bond addresses metalworker shopstewards, Durban, 22 August 
     Patrick Bond on climate at the Johannesburg Book Fair, 8 August 
     Paul Routledge CCS Seminar: Translocal Climate Justice Solidarities, 5 August  
     Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Lessons for Durban from Ecuador's 'leave the oil in the soil' eco/indigenous movement, 2 August  
     Patrick Bond on the 'green economy' at New Global Hegemonies conference, Quito, 21‑22 July 
     Franco Barchiesi CCS Seminar: Labour and Precarious Liberation, 20 July 
     Patrick Bond on climate and Just Transition at National Union of Metalworkers of SA in Johannesburg, 18 July 
     Sarah Ives CCS Seminar: “Rooibos land is high sentiment, low potential: Preliminary Reflections on a Year in Rooibos Country, 18 July 
     Danny Schechter CCS Seminar: Citizen Media Advocacy, 15 July  
     Chene Redwood CCS Seminar: Voices of the Subaltern: Music within community struggles against environmental degradation in South Durban, 14 July 2011 
     Patrick Bond on SA political economy at Renmin Univ (China) conference via skype, 11 July 
     Patrick Bond on climate and justice at UKZN Peace Studies conference, 9 July 
     Philip Rizk CCS Seminar: Critiquing the Nation State: The Gaza Strip, 8 July  
     Philip Rizk CCS Seminar: Multi-media presentation: “The hard hit is still to come”- An Intifada Imaginary, 7 July 2011  
     Ida Susser CCS Seminar: Organic intellectuals and AIDS social movements: jumping scales, postponed 
     Patrick Bond on neoliberal climate policy at Nature, Inc conference (via skype), The Hague, 30 June 
     Patrick Bond input on African economies to International Labour Organisation industrial relations conference at UCT Business School (via skype), 28 June 
     Peter McKenzie & Doung Jahangeer CCS Seminar: People in Spaces Make Places, 28 June 2011 
     Immanuel Wallerstein Wolpe Lecture on the Arab revolt, the US and Africa, 23 June 
     Patrick Bond on SA climate policy at UKZN Business School, 23 June 
     Patrick Bond CCS Seminar on the global climate justice movement, 21 June 
     Simphiwe Nojiyeza & Mary Galvin on sanitation politics, 20 June 
     Simphiwe Nojiyeza and Geasphere debate water and climate at Alliance Francaise, 9 June 
     Mvuselelo Ngcoya & Shauna Mottiar Seminar: Understanding horizontal philanthropy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 2 June 
     Patrick Bond at Univ of Georgia Antipode Institute for Geographies of Justice, Athens, 30‑31 May 
     Orlean Naidoo, Ma Dudu Khumalo, Thandiwe Zondi, Sam Moodley, Mrs Perumal, Lubna Nadvi, Shauna Mottiar Discussion: Women in Social Movements and Community Organizing 30 May  
     Patrick Bond on climate politics at Korean conference, Jinju, 27 May 
     Florian Kunert, Phillip Hol & Justin Davy Wolpe Lecture: Shack Theatre, 26 May  
     CCS and Zimbabweans celebrate Africa Day, 25 May 
     Patrick Bond on dangers of a neoliberal Palestine, at TIDA-Gaza, Gaza City, 19 May 
     Chris Morris CCS Seminar: Notes on Pharmaceutical Patent Lawfare: The Umckaloabo Case, 19 May 2011  
     Durban Community Video Collective workshop, 14 May 
     Patrick Bond at City Univ of NY conference on precarious labour and socialism, 13 May 
     Patrick Bond on environmental justice at Autonomous University of Barcelona, 28 April 
     Mazibuko Jara, Alan Murphy & Orlean Naidoo Wolpe Lecture Panel on the Local Government Elections, 21 April 2011 
     Patrick Bond at Univ of San Francisco sustainability symposium, 19 April 
     Patrick Bond in Montreal for Cochabamba+1 climate justice conference, 15‑17 April 
     Ron Carver Reflections on organising US labour and community campaigns, 13 April 
     Patrick Bond on Palestine & Durban at American Association of Geographers conference, Seattle, 12‑14 April 
     Shauna Mottiar at the International Research Society for Public Management Conference, Dublin, 11- 13 April 
     Wiebe Nauta CCS Seminar: Civic Engagement and Democratic Consolidation in South Korea ‑ Lessons for South Africa, 5 April 
     Patrick Bond on climate politics with Polaris Institute/Ontario Public Interest Research Group at Univ of Toronto, 31 March 
     Patrick Bond climate lecture at Carleton Univ, Ottawa, 29 March 
     Adekeye Adebajo CCS/SDS Seminar: The Curse of Berlin: Africa after the Cold War, 23 March 
     Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu at Keleketla Library Johannesburg, 21-31 March 2011  
     John Devenish Seminar CCS research on protests in South Africa 2009 - 2011, 17 March 
     Nancy Lindisfarne & Jonathan Neale Seminar: Climate Justice, Global Alliance-Building and Climate Jobs, 22 March 
     Patrick Bond seminar on Palestine, water and the University of Johannesburg, 16 March 
     Seminar: Documentary Screening of 'Zimbabwe's Blood Diamonds, 10 March 
     Patrick Bond gives lectures in Michigan and California, 8-14 March 
     Patrick Bond on climate justice, Northern overconsumption & African resistance at '6 Billion Ways' conference in London, 5 March 
     Wolpe Lecture by Hein Marais: Song & Dance: Power, Consent and the ANC, 3 March  
     China Ngubane hosts Zimbabwe monitoring discussion, 1 March 
     Patrick Bond, Rehana Dada, Blessing Karumbidza & Molefi Ndlovu Seminar on the 2011 World Social Forum, 25 February 
     Patrick Bond delivers Brutus Memorial Lecture, Nelson Mandela Metro Univ, 23 February 
     Danielle Carter CCS Seminar on Sources of State Legitimacy in Contemporary SA, 22 February 
     Blessing Karumbidza, Siziwe Khanyile, Bongani Mthembu, Bobby Peek in Wolpe Lecture 'Climate Teach-In', 19 February 
     Niall Bond Seminar: The history of 'civil society', 14 February 
     Molefi Ndlovu, Rehana Dada & Patrick Bond CCS seminars at the WSF, Dakar, 6-11 February 
     Teppo Eskelinen Seminar: Global justice - some emerging topics and responses 25 January 2011 
     Patrick Bond at Zuma's Own Goal booklaunch, Bluestockings, NYC, 24 January 
     Patrick Bond on climate justice in Sacramento, CA, 20 January 
     Patrick Bond at Resource Rights conference and Eskom protest, Washington, 13-14 January 
     Events Index 2010 
     Patrick Bond radio debate on climate justice politics, 22 December 
     Film screening: The Uprising of Hangberg, 14 December  
     Patrick Bond at global climate summit, 6‑11 December, Cancun 
     Pumla Gqola, Andile Mngxitama, Baruti Amisi & others Seminar on Xenophobia and Racism in SA, 10 December 
     Patrick Bond lecture on uneven development, migration and xenophobia to Univ.Delhi conference, 25 November 
     Patrick Bond, Horace Campbell, Patricia Daley and Eunice Sahle panel at African Studies Association, SF, 21 November 
     CCS Wolpe film screenings with Pamela Ngwenya and community videomakers 20 November 
     Cesia Kearns Seminar: Sierra Club's Beyond Coal Campaign: Transforming the US Electric Sector, 19 November 2010 
     Patrick Bond on oil and financial crises with Attac-Norway in Oslo, 18-19 November 
     Baruti Amisi skype seminar on xenophobia to Roskilde University, 17 November 
     Patrick Bond at Race, Class & Developmental State conference in PE, via Skype, 16 November 
     Ashwin Desai and Goolam Vahed Wolpe Lecture in Honour of Fatima Meer, 16  
     Patrick Bond seminar on ecosocialism at Inst of Social Studies, The Hague, 16 November 
      Patrick Bond at Historical Materialism conference, London, 12-14 November 
     John Harvey Seminar: US Philanthropy and the Global South: Trends, Opportunities and Challenges, 8 November 
     Patrick Bond at The ‘Progress’ in Zimbabwe Conference, 4-6 November 
     Nicholas Smith Seminar: Lynch Violence and the Governance of Evil, 26 October 
     Ela Gandhi & Dilip Menon Wolpe Lecture: Indians in South Africa: 150 Years, 21 October 2010 
     Patrick Bond seminar on climate justice at Univ of California-Davis, 18 October 
     Mariem el Bourhimi and Peter McKenzie Seminar: Saharawi liberation struggle status, 15 October 
     Rolf Schwermer CCS Seminar: pro-poor technology, 14 October 
     Patrick Bond seminar on climate politics at Trinity College Dublin, 1 October 
     Baruti Amisi lecture on xenophobia for National Association of Democratic Lawyers, KwaZulu‑Natal Law Society, Pietermaritzburg, 30 September 
      Patrick Bond on transition-neoliberalism at Birzeit Univ conference, Palestine, 28 September 
     Patrick Bond in Ramallah on Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions, 26 September 
     Patrick Bond and Lungisile Ntsebeza launch Zuma's Own Goal at African Studies Association-UK conference, Oxford University, 19 September 
      Hayley Leck Seminar: Rising to the Adaptation Challenge? Responding to Global Environmental Change in the Durban metropolitan and Ugu district regions, South Africa, 17 September 
      Dudu Khumalo, Baruti Amisi, Molefi Ndlovu, Daniel Ribeiro, Terri Hathaway, Lori Pottinger Seminar: Civil society v Southern African dams, 10 September 
     Patrick Bond and Rick Rowden on the IMF and public health, San Francicso, 7 & 14 September 
     Brij Maharaj, Ashwin Desai, Patrick Bond launch new book Zuma's Own Goal, Elangeni Hotel, Durban, 5pm on 3 September 
     Patrick Bond speaks on rights/commons debate at the International Commission of Jurists Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Camp, 31 August, Johannesburg 
     Margaret Gärding Donor power in the international aid industry, 27 August  
     Makhosi Khoza, Fikile Moya, Patrick Mkhize, Tony Carnie, Pritz Dullay and Brij Maharaj on the Wolpe Lecture Panel: Media Information & Freedom, 26 August 2010 
     Ralph Borland Seminar: Radical Plumbers and PlayPumps - Objects in development, 25 August  
     Patrick Bond speaks at Jubilee South Africa conference on ecological debt, 21 August, Johannesburg 
     Dudu Khumalo and Simphiwe Nojiyeza presentation on sanitation at Umphilo waManzi seminar, 13 August, Durban 
     Patrick Bond at South Africa‑Norway climate research seminar, Christian Michelsen Institute, Bergen, 12 August 2010 
     Patrick Bond at Southeast Asia climate justice seminar, Focus on the Global South, Chulalungkorn University, Bangkok, 10 August 
     Trevor Ngwane at Solidarity Peace Trust report on Zimbabwe, 30 July, Johannesburg 
     Wolpe Lecture: Social justice ideas in Civil society politics, global & local: A Colloquium of scholar activists, 29 July 
     Press Conference on Xenophobia, 28 July  
     Padraig Carmody Seminar: Chinese Geogovernance in Africa: Evidence from Zambia, 20 July  
     CCS and Gyeongsang University Institute for Social Science (Korea) joint seminar on political economy of social movements, 14 July 
     Giuliano MartinielloCCS Seminar on Inanda's socio-spatial change, 9 July 
     Pamela Ngwenya Seminar on Video as a tool for outreach, communication, advocacy and community expression, 8 July 
     Anti Xenophobia Rally City Hall 3 July 
     Renee Horne CCS Seminar on Black Economic Empowerment, 2 July 
     Roithmayr, Adonis, Galvin, Bond, Khumalo CCS Colloquium on Water, Rights, Prices, 28 June (skypecast)  
     Blessing Karumbidza CCS Seminar on climate change and carbon trading controversies in Tanzania, 24 June 
     Trevor Ngwane and Rehana Dada at workshop on climate advocacy at the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, 22 June 
     Wolpe Lecture: Durban Social Forum members, 'World Cup for All!', Durban City Hall, 16 June 
     David J. RobertsCCS Seminar: Re-branding Durban through the 2010 World Cup, 14 June 
     Patrick Bond (with Briggs Bomba and Dave Zirin) on the World Cup, Washington, 9 June 
     Patrick Bond on global justice movements, at Grantmakers without Borders conference, SF, 8 June 
     Patrick Bond presents on climate justice at conference, Alter-globalization movements and the alternative ideas of Korea, Seoul, 28 May 
     Patrick Bond lecture on National Health Insurance with Oxfam, 26 May 
     Patrick Bond on 'Poli Econ of the World Cup' in Seoul, 27 May 
     Jessie Lazar KnottCCS Seminar: Identity/Spatial Relations: scholar‑activism in the greater Kei region of the Eastern Cape, 25 May 
     Patrick Bond at Osisa conference on climate and development in Africa, Pretoria, 21 May 
     Patrick Bond on energy policy and the World Bank, at Democracy and Development Programme, Durban, 20 May 
     Eunice N. Sahle Wolpe Lecture: World orders, Ike's Books, 5pm, 20 May 
      Barak Hoffman & Orlean Naidoo Seminar: Chatsworth politics and municipal advocacy, 17 May 
     Patrick Bond on SA climate policy on TEDxUKZN, 14 May 
     Khadija Sharife & Eunice SahleCCS Seminar: Oil, minerals and maldevelopment in Africa, 13 May 
     Patrick Bond speaks on climate debt to the Economic Justice Network, Johannesburg, 5 May 
     Erin McCandless & Shepherd Zvavanhu CCS Seminar on Zimbabwe Civil Society, 3 May  
      Patrick Bond and Khadija Sharife address African tax authorities, 29 April 2010 
     Nathan Geffen (with Faith ka Manzi) CCS Seminar: Debunking Delusions: The inside Story of The Treatment Action Campaign, 29 April  
     Alan Freeman & Radhika Desai CCS Seminar on The world capitalist crisis, 23 April  
     Memorial Tribute to Professor Fatima Meer, 23 April 
     Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu facilitates Krogerup College and Durban Sings, 18‑20 April 
     Patrick Bond on carbon trading at Manchester conference on environment and finance, 15‑16 April 
     Patrick Bond in Boston v WB-Eskom loan, 9 April 
     Patrick Bond at Clark University, 8 April 
     World Bank protest, 7 April, Washington 
     Patrick Bond seminar on climate politics, City Univ of NY, 6 April 
     Patrick Bond at NYU on South African political economy, 5 April 
     Trevor Ngwane at Marxism 2010 conference, Melbourne, 1-4 April 
     Patrick Bond in SF Bay Area on World Bank loan to Eskom, 4 April 
     Patrick Bond on water commons, Syracuse University, 29-30 March 
     Trevor Ngwane seminar on activism and global campaigns, Univ of Helsinki, 26 March 
     CCS/VANSA KZN Panel discussion: 'What is Art and what is not?', March 25 
     Patrick Bond on 'Organising for Climate Justice', Left Forum, NYC, 21 March  
     Workers, Zama Hlatshwayo, Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar on UKZN labour outsourcing crisis 19 March 
     Carol ThompsonCCS Seminar on resisting agro‑industry, 18 March 
     David Zirin Seminar on Fifa's Looting of SA, 13 March  
     Dennis Brutus memorial, 11 March 
     Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar on SA's social protest wave, 9 March 
     Molefi Ndlovu and Claudia Wegener seminar at the Centre for Critical Research on Race and Identity, 2 March 
     Patrick Bond testifies to parliament on economic policy, 2 March 
     CCS anti‑xenophobia research workshop, 27 February 
     Patrick Bond speaks on The ebb and flow of water rights, Univ of Cape Town Department of Public Law, 25 February 
      Patrick Bond at Power Indaba privatisation conference, 22 February 
     Press Conference: Keep our South African Coal in the Hole! 22 February 2010 
     CCS Economic Justice course, with Trevor Ngwane, Samson Zondi and Patrick Bond, from 20 Feb‑29 May 
     Climate Justice Now! SA‑KZN chapter hosted at CCS, 13 February 
     Hallowes, D'Sa, Ngwane, Bond , Dada: Seminar on proposed World Bank coal loan to Eskom, Friday, 12 February* 
     Durban renewable energy site visits by Minnesh Bipath, SA National Energy Research Institute with Muna Lakhani and Patrick Bond 10 February 2010 
     Susan Galleymore CCS Seminar: A Dearth of Imagination Leads to Wasting Perfectly Good Waste, 5 February 
     Patrick Bond paper for Socialist Register workshop, 6 February 
     Durban Sings Follow-up and planning session with 8 Editorial Collectives, 4 February  
     Patrick Bond on climate change & Dennis Brutus Memorial at World Social Forum, Porto Alegre, 28 January 
     Rehana Dada & Patrick Bond Seminar: Copenhagen Climate and Eskom Energy Conflicts, 26 January 
     Dennis Brutus tribute, with Social Movements Indaba and Durban community groups, 23 January 
      Peter McKenzie & Doung Jahangeer Seminar: The Saharawi,Warwick Junction and Footsak Politics, 20 January 
     Patrick Bond debates NHI at Idasa, CT, 19 January 
     CCS cohosts Climate Justice Now! on electricity hearings strategy, 15 January 
     Events Index 2009 
     Patrick Bond at SF protest against Danish repression of civil society and Copenhagen climate 'deal', and radio interview, 18 December 
     Patrick Bond addresses climate seminar at Univ of Lund Business School, 15 December 
     Kristine Wasrud Participation and Influence in Water Policy in Durban, South Africa, 11 December  
     Climate Justice Film Festival, 10 December  
     Umesh de Silva Seminar: Traditional farming in Umzinyathi, 9 December 
     Oliver Meth at the CCS Workshop on women & child abuse Cato Crest Library, 8 December  
     Patrick Bond at Roskilde Univ Civil Society Centre, 7 December 
     Patrick Bond keynotes Leeds 'Democratisation in Africa' conference, 4 December 
     Sinegugu Zukulu & John Clarke CCS Seminar: Resilience, Resolarisation and Relocalisation, 30 November  
     Nick Smith CCS Seminar Politics of protection/crime/policing, 26 November 
     Patrick Bond speaks at Mandela Foundation about SA economic disasters, 26 November 
     Seminar on outsourced and contract workers at UKZN, 24 November 
     3rd Climate Justice Now! KZN meeting, 20 November 
     CCS and Durban Sings! at the Global Crisis and Africa: Struggles for Alternatives hosted by the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation; Randburg, Johannesburg 19-21 November 
     MAKE SOME NOISE! Concert 6 November  
     Immanuel Wallerstein Wolpe Lecture: Crisis of the Capitalist System Where to from Here?, 5 November 
     The Crises and the Commons: Durban debates on politics, economics and environment 4-7 November  
     Solidarity with Durban's oppressed: Bottom-up resistance strategies of shackdwellers, pollution victims and labour-brokered workers, 4 November 
     Faith Manzi & Oliver Meth at the Gender Based Violence Workshop, Durban 27 & 28 October 
     Seminar on Problems faced by UKZN workers, Westville campus, 28 October 
     Bengt Brülde & Stellan Vinthagenand Seminar: Ethics, Resistance and Global Justice, 26 October  
     Baruti Amisi, Trevor Ngwane & Patrick Bond Anti-Xenophobia research project with Strategy&Tactics 19- 20 October 
     Durban Sings (Molefi Ndlovu & Claudia Wegener) at National Oral History Conference, 13-16 October 
     Tri-Continental Film Festival Durban community screenings – (hosted by Oliver Meth) at Inanda, Chatsworth, Wentworth, CBD, & Folweni, 1-12 October 
     Patrick Bond lectures at Suffolk Univ, Boston, 29 Sept-2 Oct 
     Helen McCueCCS Seminar: Grassroots Mobilising within Refugee Communities: Perspectives on Palestine and Australia, 18 September 
     Dennis Brutus honored by War Resisters League, 18 September 
     Patrick Bond Booklaunch: Climate Change, Carbon Trading & Civil Society, 18 September 
     Patrick Bond skypecast on climate and ecological debt to Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke, Copenhagen, 16 September 
     Oliver Meth People to People International Documentary Conference, 10-12 September  
     Dick Forslund & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: South Africa's capitalist crisis and civil society, 7 September 
     Dudu Khumalo on the Durban public transport crisis, 1 September  
     John Berg CCS Seminar: Barack Obama's presidency and civil society reactions, 24 August  
     Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: National Health Insurance: Can SA afford it?, 24 August  
     Norman Finkelstein Wolpe Lecture: Resolving the Israel-Palestine Conflict: What we can learn from Gandhi, 20 August  
     CCS Seminar with outsourced workers at UKZN, 12 August  
     Patrick Bond debates Sampie Terreblanche (Stellenbosch), 6 August, UCT 
     Dr Essop Pahad CCS Seminar: Thinking about the Legacy of Mbeki's Politics, 4 August 
     Patrick Bond addresses Ecuador eco-finance conference (videolink), 4 August 
     Patrick Bond at the South African Civil Society Energy Caucus Meeting, 29-30 July  
     Barak Hoffman CCS Seminar: Democracy and Civil Society Research in Ghana and SA, 27 July 
     CCS hosts free screenings of Durban International Film Festival, 25 July - 1 August  
     Sean Flynn & Maj Fiil CCS Seminar on water rights, ( SKYPECAST ) 24 July 
     Patrick Bond lecture at carbon trading conference, Johannesburg, 22 July 
     Sein Win Seminar by Burmese prime minister (exiled) on solidarity (SKYPECAST), 21 July 
     Tunde Adegbola A Pan-African Harold Wolpe Lecture & cultural events, 16 July 
     Patrick Bond lecture on SA Political Economy, San Francisco socialist conference, 4 July  
     Orlean Naidoo on participation at DDP seminar, 30 June 
     Patrick Bond speaks on 'World Slump: Financial Crisis and Emerging Class Struggles in the Global South', 28 June, Toronto 
     Patrick Bond on African social resistance to economic crisis, 26 June, Moscow 
     Oliver Meth and Orlean Naidoo facilitate Diakonia Council of Churches Democracy Course, 24 -26 June 
     Alex Callinicos Wolpe Lecture: Economic crisis and prospects for social revolution, 18 June*  
     Blair Rutherford CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe farm labour, social justice and citizenship, 17 June 
     Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar: Community resistance to energy privatisation and ecological degradation, 11 June 
     DURBAN SINGS central editorial workshops, 8 & 22 June 
     Gaby Bikombo, Judy Mulqueeny, Harry Ramlal, Caroline Skinner CCS Seminar: War of Warwick Junction, 9 June 
     Patrick Bond, Abedian, Dumisa, Maharaj et al on 'Zumanomics', UKZN Biz School, 3 June 
     Rehana Dada keynote address to Southern African Faith Communities' Environment Institute AGM, 2 June 
     Patrick Bond on African underdevelopment at Sussex IDS conference (via skypecast), 1 June 
     Trevor Ngwane presents at the International Conference on Ideas and Strategies in the Alterglobalisation Movement, Seoul, 29 May 
     Peter McKenzie cultural seminar on 'Footsak: On the Ball for 2010', 28 May 
     Björn SurborgCCS Seminar: Contesting Johannesburg's extractive industries, 25 May  
     Paul Verryn, Methodist Bishop of Johannesburg: Wolpe Lecture: Poverty and xenophobia, 21 May 
     Robert Jensen, Univ of Texas: CCS Seminar: Whiteness and social change in the US, 21 May 
     Tony Clarke, Polaris Institute: CCS Seminar: The state of the world water wars, 15 May 
     Molefi Ndlovu CCS Seminar: Azania Rising: The demise of the 1652 class project, 13 May 
     Patrick Bond debates 'The G20 Global Deal' at Wits/Osisa, Johannesburg, 12 May 
     Rehana Dada,CCS Seminar: Climate mitigation case studies, 11 May 
     CCS/DYFS - Anti-xenophobia film screening facilitators workshop, 9 May 
     Orlean Naidoo CCS Seminar: Chatsworth upgrading struggles and victories, 8 May 
     Patrick Bond, Joburg Wolpe Lecture at Wits Univ, 7 May 
     Patrick Bond at Cosatu electricity workshop, Joburg, 6 May 
     Joan Canela and Helena OlcinaCCS Seminar: Social movements in Bolivia and Catalan, 5 May 
     William Gumede Wolpe Lecture: SA’s “Democracy Gap”, 30 April  
     Three representatives of the Tamil liberation movement youthCCS Seminar: The Tamil people under seige, 21 April  
     Leading eco-social spokespersons from political parties and civil society Seminar: Environmental confrontations - Political parties meet civil society, POSTPONED 
     Rehana Dada at York Univ climate ecojustice conference, Toronto, 16-17 April 
     John Minto CCS Seminar: The Legacy of Anti-apartheid Sports Boycotts, 16 April 
     Dennis Brutus celebrations, honorary doctorates conferred at both Rhodes Univ and Mandela Univ, 16-17 April 
     Nelson Muhirwa & Jean Chrisostome Kanamugire CCS Seminar: The Rwandan Genocide 15 Years On, 8 April 
     Oliver Meth Seminar: Wentworth Crime, Gangs and Civil Society, 7 April  
     Dennis Brutus on Reconciliation and Memory in Post-Apartheid SA, Nelson Mandela Foundation, Johannesburg, 2-3 April 
     Ida Susser booklaunch, 'AIDS, Sex and Culture', with Quarraisha Abdool Karim, at Ike's Books, 2 April 
     Sofie Hellberg CCS Seminar: Governing lives through hydropolitics in eThekwini , 1 April 2009 
     Claudia Wegener & Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu Digital Soiree Durban Sings Internet Radio project, 24 March  
     Simone Claar Seminar: Post-Apartheid Political Economy and State Policy, 19 March 
     Oliver Meth presents at the HSRC Violent Crime and Democratization in the Global South Conference, 18-20 March 
     Simphiwe Nojiyeza CCS Seminar: African Development Bank water projects, 12 March 
     Deniz Kellecioglu CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe Civil Society confronts Mugabe's Economy, 11 March 
      Patrick Bond debates ANC economic policy, 9 March, Durban 
     Kalinca Copello Seminar: ICTs and social movements: From Chiapas to Brazil to South Africa, 6 March 
     Lisa Ramsay & Schwarzanne Leafe Seminar & Film: Climate Change and Eco-Social Resistance in South Durban, 27 February 
     Patrick Bond presents to ActionAid/Nepad conference on global financial crisis, 24 February, Midrand 
     Molefi Ndlovu Johannesburg: Market Photo Workshop, 22-28 February  
     Orlean Naidoo & Patrick Bond seminar on Free Basic Water, and screening of Flow, 18 February 
     Ida Susser Seminar: AIDS, Sex, Culture and Civil Society, 11 February 
     Dennis Brutus and Moya Atkinson film/seminar on US anti-war movement, 9 February 
     Patrick Bond seminar on the ongoing global financial crisis, University of Johannesburg, 6 February 
     Durban Sings internet audio and community radio with Molefi Ndlovu and Claudia Wegener, 2-6 February 
     Patrick Bond in dialogue with Jeremy Cronin on financial crisis, Johannesburg, 28 January 
     Dennis Brutus, Lubna Nadvi, Monica Rorvik and Salim Vally Seminar: Should Israel be boycotted? If so, how?, 27 January 
     Giyani Dube, Lubna Nadvi, Kate Griffiths and Timothy Rukombo Wolpe Lecture: Civil Society Internationalism - from Lindela to Gaza to Washington, 22 January 
     Pamela Ngwenya, Molefi Ndlovu, Claudia Wegener Seminar: Participatory community audio/video as a tool for social research, 21 January  
     Dale McKinley, Orlean Naidoo, Dudu Khumalo, Bryan Ashe Seminar on the World Water Forum, 19 January 
     Mavuso Dingani film/seminar on the Zimbabwean exile in Durban, 6 January 



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