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CHIMUSORO SAM MOYO 1954-2015





The University of KwaZulu-Natal offers profound condolences to the family, loved ones and colleagues of Sam Moyo, a UKZN Centre for Civil Society Honorary Professor who died in New Delhi, India early on Sunday, November 22. Moyo, 61, was at the peak of his career, having recently presided over the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (2008-11). He had built up the Harare-based African Institute for Agrarian Studies as a leading site for research and teaching.

Moyo was co-supervisor of two UKZN doctoral students studying Zimbabwe’s land reform, and was a regular participant in intellectual events in Durban. With CCS co-hosting, he was awarded for his contributions at the World Association for Political Economy in June, and was named a vice-chairperson of that association. Amongst his major innovations was deploying the most sophisticated Marxist analysis to what he termed rural Africa’s ‘trimodal’ agrarian structure.

Moyo passed away following a car accident on 20 November, when he was driven back to his hotel after a conference at Jawaharlal Nehru University. He was in his element at that conference, entitled Labour in the South, with his closest collaborators nearby, and had just delivered papers on “Labour Questions in the African Periphery” and “Capitalism and Labour Reserves.”

Moyo earned his PhD in Rural Development and Environmental Management from the University of Northumbria, having received earlier degrees in geography from the Universities of Western Ontario and Sierra Leone. During the early 1980s he taught in Nigeria at the Universities of Port Harcourt and Calabar. He returned to Zimbabwe in 1983 and established a career focus on land and natural resources management, civil society organisations, capacity building and institutional development. His publications included 10 authored or co-authored books, 11 co-edited books and nearly 100 other chapters or academic articles, and he founded the academic journal Agrarian South. His most recent book, co-edited with Walter Chambati, was Land and Agrarian Reform in Zimbabwe (Codesria, 2013), and with Paris Yeros he co-authored a book chapter about African geopolitics for a collection co-edited by CCS Director Patrick Bond, BRICS (Jacana Press 2015), entitled ‘Scramble, resistance and a new non-alignment strategy.’

During the 1980s-90s he held leadership positions at the Southern Africa Regional Institute for Policy Studies and the University of Zimbabwe’s Institute of Development Studies and Department of Agriculture and Rural Development. He was also a land consultant to the Government of Zimbabwe, and celebrated the post-2000 land reform while offering mixed reviews of implementation given its circumstances. He also consulted to the governments of Sierra Leone and South Africa. And he founded the Harare NGO ZERO: A Regional Environment Organisation, which he also chaired.

As University of Dar es Salaam Professor Emeritus Issa Shivji put it, “We have lost one of our great comrades: utterly committed, a most unassuming scholar and an absolutely decent human being.” Indeed Moyo captured the spirit of his times in Zimbabwe and ours in Durban: intellectual hunger, an insistence on theorising not just describing social relations, progressive aspirations for transformed power relations in a profoundly unequal rural landscape, a critical spirit that meant he was often on the wrong side of political elites, and an infinite generosity. His professional networks were also the sites for conviviality and nurturing of the next generation of progressive scholars. He worked with civil society and helped build social organisation wherever he could.

Admired by rural scholars across the world, Moyo was academically inspirational, as Zimbabwe’s most cited organic-turned-professional intellectual, and as a genuine Pan-African scholar. His memory will demand from his admirers a renewed commitment to combining intellectual rigour and the passion for social justice that he personified, all with the sense of humour and love of life that kept him surviving and thriving in Zimbabwe’s stressed conditions.



Sam Moyo: A Scholar for the Oppressed (1954-2015)
Arindam Banerjee

The tragic and untimely departure of Sam Moyo from amidst us creates a void that can be filled only through an uncompromising commitment towards the poor and an unflinching solidarity with struggles of historically oppressed people. Passionate as he was about correcting the past injustices faced by the ‘South’ through long and variegated histories of imperialism, Sam made his arguments based on crisp logic and hard evidence. Till his last day, he was an inspiring and untiring soldier against injustices and inequality, both historical and of contemporary origin.

The enormous span of Sam’s scholarship covering issues like the land question, agrarian development, food sovereignty and rural development, to name a few, comes across as an integrated and comprehensive critique of imperialism, in its evolving forms, including neo-liberalism as the recent most form. The deep engagement with the exploitative processes of imperialism, often transgressing the boundaries of traditional disciplines in his treatment of the subject, has been an inseparable part of Sam’s academic writings. He has also been truly exceptional in recognizing the necessity of creating indigenous knowledge and understanding from the ‘South’ and devoting his energies to building solidarity between scholars and activists from various ex-colonies.

Through his numerous papers, monographs and books, Sam Moyo has developed and presented a colossal understanding of the land question in his own country, Zimbabwe, and in the larger landscape of Southern Africa. As part of the Lancaster House Agreement which assisted Zimbabwe’s transition to independence, the land question was attempted to be addressed within the neo-classical, market-based ‘willing buyer-willing seller model', focussing on questions of efficiency and bereft of any recognition of past land alienation faced by the “natives”. In contrast, Sam’s analysis of the land question was always anchored on the long, historical land expropriation from the native black population, through territorial and legal segregation policies, under white-settler colonialism in Zimbabwe, like in other parts of Southern Africa.

He pointed out that such sustained land expropriations meant that at the time of Zimbabwean independence in 1980, 6000 farmers from the white, agrarian bourgeoisie controlled 15.5 million hectares or nearly 50 per cent of agricultural land in the country, while one million black households were confined to the rest of the land. The typical mode of production that such settler-colonialism produced made possible the super-exploitation of a land-short, semi-proletarian black labour, whether in the settler-farms or in the mines, heavily inter-twined with race, gender and ethnic relations. In Sam's own words:

'…white-settler capitalism, organised the labour process such that white capital exercised both 'direct' and 'indirect' power over the indigenous black population…The labour process in colonial Zimbabwe came to be characterised by an enduring contradiction between proletarianisation and a politically-engineered functional dualism, by which petty-commodity production in the communal areas, and especially unwaged female labour, would subsidise the social reproduction of male labour-power on mines and farms. This contradiction would produce neither a settled industrial proletariat nor a viable peasantry, but a workforce in motion, straddling communal lands, white farms, mines, and industrial workplaces. (‘The Land and Agrarian Question in Zimbabwe’, Sam Moyo, 2004)[1]

Armed with a Marxian Political Economy framework and a careful analysis of history, Sam was at a distinct advantage to give superior insights when the radicalization of the land reforms agenda in Zimbabwe occurred in the late nineties leading to the introduction of the Fast Track land Reforms Programme (FTLRP) in 2000. As the head of the Land Reform Technical Advisory Team of the Government of Zimbabwe, he remained a close observer of the FTLRP.

Amidst the political furore over FTLRP, mainly from the 'North', which also led to an economic isolation of Zimbabwe, a considerable academic literature (mostly from the North) put forward the argument that the Zimbabwean land reforms was nothing but ‘land grabbing’ by the black elites and the ruling ZANU-PF cronies; and that such cronyism led to a culture of violence, chaos and disorder, and destroyed the productivity of Zimbabwean agriculture leading to a food crisis.

Questioning this narrative, Sam pointed out the dangers of dubbing the FTLRP as mere 'land grabbing' by the local elites. In an international context, from the nineties, one witnessed a renewed scramble for land in Africa (and other parts of the developing world) by international agri-business capital in the name of raising agricultural productivity and producing 'clean' agro-fuels. Under the pressure of neo-liberalism, most African governments reformed their National Land Policies to allow privatisation and the appropriation of extensive land tracts by foreign capital. According to him, to equate the Zimbabwean FTLRP to a similar ‘chaotic land grab’ was to obfuscate the critique of neo-liberalism and to ignore the question of agency. With exceptional clarity about the politics of this discourse, he wrote in 2011:

'The language of 'land grabbing' creates a moral and political equivalence between the restitutive appropriation of colonially dispossessed lands for state-led land redistribution and the recent externally inspired land grabs in Africa, despite the latter’s neoliberal roots. Preoccupation with a 'chaos' perspective conceals the structure and agency that evolved during the FTLRP…' ('Land Concentration and Accumulation after Redistributive Reform in Post-Settler Zimbabwe, Sam Moyo, Review of African Political Economy, 2011)

Backed by extensive field-work, Sam argued that though a few black elites captured land with the help of government agents, the majority (70 per cent) of 1,65,000 beneficiary households were settled in the small-scale farming sector, with new access to pieces of farmland crucial for their survival. In fact, he underscores that in terms of scale, agency and discourse, the FTLRP was a radical land reform, benefitting people who have been historically evicted from land; and this redistributive reform stood directly pitted against the contemporary and hegemonic neo-liberal logic of capitalist accumulation by dispossession for purposes of export-oriented large-scale food and agro-fuel production.

Despite his strong defence of the FTLRP at a time when his country and government was internationally isolated, it would still be difficult for those who disagreed with Sam to place him in the camp of the Zimbabwean ruling establishment. Even as he reiterated the radical nature of the Zimbabwean land reforms, in the same breath, he criticized his government for making neo-liberal concessions due to pressure from the ‘West’. In a cautionary spirit, he drew attention to the fact that the radical land struggle had still not led to the social democracy that it promised. He observed that most of the farm workers did not benefit from the FTLRP and practices of ‘compound farm labour tenancy’ and low wages continued to reproduce cheap labour as in the past, even when the land monopoly had been broken. Sam’s discourse never abandoned the exploited.

In more recent years, Sam had devoted his scholarship to bringing back the ‘national question’ within the development discourse. Along with his comrades and colleagues from the South, Praveen Jha and Paris Yeros, he explains how the ‘emancipation of peasantries’ from colonial oppression was a central question of the national liberation struggles of colonies and why the peasant question continues to remain relevant under neo-liberal globalization. He saw the latter as a process of re-colonization of the Third World peasantries and natural resources, and peasant resistance to these neo-liberal processes as the ‘primary component’ of the agrarian question in the South presently.

Inspired by the views of Franz Fanon and Amilcar Cabral, Sam argued that the peasantry in colonies emerged as a truly revolutionary force under colonialism, channelizing their energies towards the national liberation struggles, and that the latter was a ‘process of self-becoming of a people denied of history by colonial rule and racial doctrine’ (quoted from ‘The Classical Agrarian Question: Myth, Reality and Relevance Today, Sam Moyo et.al., Agrarian South: Journal of Political Economy, 2013). According to him, under contemporary globalization, the new agrarian question is defined by the resistance that the peasantry builds up, in defence of its gains from national liberation, against the neo-colonial systems of domination that have emerged under the aegis of international finance capital.

For Sam, neither the peasantry is ‘dead’, nor is the agrarian question irrelevant. Rather the peasantry was the ‘wretched of the earth’ (to use the term he borrowed from Fanon) carrying all the hopes of resistance to injustice and progressive transformations, both in the colonial period and under imperialist globalization currently.

Along with his comrades, Sam tirelessly gave leadership to the project of developing the conception of the agrarian question from the ‘South’, including the publishing of the Agrarian South: Journal of Political Economy. He was, however, not satisfied merely by making his own point convincingly but placed equal importance in creating future generations of scholars who would engage with the peasant question and imperialism. As head of the African Institute of Agrarian Studies (AIAS), he ensured that scores of young scholars from various countries of the South would interact with each other in the annual training workshops in Harare.

On the few occasions that I had the privilege of interacting with him, I always found him inspiring in his own warm and exceptional way. Of these interactions, two need mention. Once when I met him at the South-South Forum for Sustainability, at Lingnan University, Hong Kong, upon knowing that I teach a course on colonialism, he inquired whether I have included African colonial history in the syllabus. Later in the evening, when the sessions were over, he caught hold of me in the corridor and over tea, started a conversation on the colonial past of Africa. By the end of the fairly long conversation, I found myself greatly enriched in my knowledge. I also realized that bringing Africa into the discourse on colonialism, no matter in which corner of the world such a discourse may be developing, was extremely important for Sam!

On the other occasion, when he visited the Ambedkar University in Delhi for a lecture to research students and faculty members on agrarian development, he asked the organizers (who were a bit intrigued by the request) to project a map of Africa on the screens. Using the map, he spoke to the audience for more than an hour, delineating the geography and history of agrarian relations in colonial Africa. During Sam’s lecture, the map came to life as he traversed through the various facets of colonial history and the struggles of the African peasantry. Truly, Africa, its people and the history of their subjugation cannot be comprehended without recognizing the contributions of Sam Moyo. Needless to say, struggles to change that history of exploitation, not only in Africa but in the larger developing world, for a better future where the oppressed are emancipated, will be the noblest tribute to his memory.

Arindam Banerjee is at the Department of Economics of the Ambedkar University, Delhi.

[1] Quoted from the draft of this paper presented at the Conference on ‘The Agrarian Constraint and Poverty Reduction: Macroeconomic lessons for Africa’, Addis Ababa, 17-18 December, 2004/




An Ode in Memory of Chimusoro Sam Moyo
By Bella Matambanadzo

An unimaginable loss has happened. Our phenomenal intellectual pan African giant on land issues, Professor Sam Moyo, has died following injuries sustained during a terrible car accident in New Delhi, India. We are in disbelief. We are waiting for him to come home. We feel ripped apart with pain.

We grew up following you in our townships. We nicknamed you Sekuru 'Chimusoro', the one with the very big head. All our parents wanted us to be exactly like you. At the end of every school term, you would come home with a report card full of number ones. Your arms would be laden with trophies and certificates for best student in this subject; outstanding record in that.

Your mother, Gogo Mavis Moyo's face would beam with enough joy to light up the whole continent. She was a woman of her own accolades, a pioneer black female broadcaster at a time when radio was segregated by racism. But somehow your achievements made her glow in the way that only a mother can do.

We always marveled at the shiny silver cups with your name on them. Playfully, you would fill them with cherry plum juice and serve us to drink along with candy cakes. The pink icing would crease between our fingers. Domestic chores, serving those around you, never bothered you. You had such a deep sense of the hospitality of food, and the power of sharing drinks with those you loved, that we always felt welcome to your side. Our great tree that bore so much fruit. Yes we would laugh, but you would steer us to talk about the thing that mattered most to you; and even if we did not know it then, to us. How to fully reclaim the land that was stolen by the colonial forces.

Throughout your life, you carried your intellectual smarts with so much ease. In your later years, when your trophies had turned to degrees, you would seek us out so we could sit in your seminars. At that time I think you were at the Zimbabwe Institute of Development Studies (ZIDS). Later on you moved to SAPES and taught the SARIPS Masters Programme with radical feminists like Dr Patricia Macfadden you made our brains sweat. In the beginning we would all look at each other unable to write down some of the big words and theories you used. And yet you persisted. Sharing your knowledge with us, crafting an epistemology around land and agrarian rights. Together you showed us why land was a critical resource for women to have ownership and control over.

When we tried to call you Prof, you would smile and say, 'vafana vangu, ndinonzi Sam - my youngsters, I am just Sam.' It didn't matter that you had 'eaten many books' as the saying used to go. You would listen to our elementary theories, nurture us with love and suggest, 'let's write a policy brief on this subject. That's how we will change the world'.

You lent your brilliance to the environmental think tank Zero, pulled us into the Senegal based Codesria and introduced us to people who wore Dashiki shirts as a form of political expression. People whose papers you had photocopied for us to read. This was before computers. It was the time of type-writers. Your scrawl was impossible to decipher, but we knew that if we didn't figure out your handwriting, there would be trouble. You could not abide intellectual laziness.

On Boodle Road, in Harare's Eastlea suburb you set up the African Institute of Agrarian Studies (AIAS). It was nothing short of a bold move. This was Zimbabwe in the early 2000s when land invasions were at their apex. Nothing could deter you. Not physical threats, nor slurs to your name. And who can forget the raid of your home office in Borrowdale. You put your ubiquitous cigarette to your mouth and shock your head. ' why did they have to mess my papers up? I had order here'. I would look at the piles and piles of papers you had and wonder what kind of order you meant. Your office was a project for a neat freak.

Last year, we danced until dawn in your front garden. Your lawn groaned underfoot of our stampede. It was your 60th birthday party. Food, music, friends and land politics. The delicious chocolate cake was a creative meme of your desk. Cellphone, books on land with the spine carrying your name. And of course your friends from all over the world filled your yard. Or skype feed.

By your side was your sweetheart and partner, the top human rights lawyer Beatrice Mtetwa. We marveled at how possible it was for two wonderful, strong and brilliant human beings to love each other so much. It made us feel good to see you dancing. It was as if no one else was around as you smiled at each other and twirled each other to Hugh Masekela's trumpet. Power couples that publicly show each other affection and validation are so very rare in our activist civil society worlds. We were hoping for a huge international African wedding and had decided we were going to be in the bridal party. I don't know how we will comfort you Beatrice. I don't know how we will comfort Gogo Moyo. What will we do for Sibongile and her sisters?

On the days I forgot to call to check on you, you would ring. And demand our company. 'Is Nancy (Kachingwe) around? Where is Saru? Let me make you Oxtail. Bring your friends over'. You always offered your home to us, wether you were there or not.

Thank you for giving us so much of you Sekuru Chimusoro. Siyabonga Moyondizvo. We will forever carry you in our hearts. Broken as they are by your untimely and devastatingly painful death. Alone, so far away from the homeland you fought so hard for.



A tribute to Sam Moyo – a giant of agrarian studies
Ian Scoones 23 November 2015

Professor Sam Moyo, director of the African Institute of Agrarian Studies, and a giant of agrarian studies has died tragically as a result of a car accident in New Delhi. This is a terrible loss for Zimbabwe, Africa and the world. Sam had a massive intellect and a deep knowledge of agrarian issues, especially in Zimbabwe. He argued strongly for land reform throughout his career and was always an advocate for radical alternatives that challenged oppression and exploitation in whatever form.

I first got to know Sam in the 1980s, when he was working at the Zimbabwe Institute for Development Studies, then a think tank linked to the President’s office. As a PhD student interested in similar themes, he was always welcoming and encouraging, as he has been to so many others since (see this from Alex Magaisa posted over the weekend). Over the years we have had many, many conversations: always challenging, always inspiring. We did not always agree, but I have always massively respected his commitment, integrity and intellectual depth.

Certainly in the last 15 years, as the debate around Zimbabwe’s controversial land reform has continued, Sam’s contributions – and those of his colleagues at AIAS – have been essential. Their district level study published in 2009 preceded our book, and set the stage for a more mature, empirically-informed debate that (sometimes) has followed. Sam has often been inaccurately pigeon-holed as being on one ‘side’ or another. But his scholarship is far more sophisticated than this. In Zimbabwe’s land debate nearly everyone at different times disagreed with him, but they all listened.

Whether inside the state and party, among opposition groups or with the World Bank and other donors, no one could ignore what Sam had to say. And his influence in seeking a more sensible line has been enormous.

But Sam’s scholar activism was not just focused on Zimbabwe. He was frequently invited by governments, social movements and others around the world, and particularly in southern Africa. His experiences in Nigeria, teaching at Calabar and Port Harcourt universities, were influential too, giving him a wider perspective than many. His on-going contributions to South Africa’s land debates have been important also, as he shared Zimbabwe’s lessons. More broadly still, he was central to a wider engagement with agrarian studies from the global South, offering a challenge to those who argued that the classical agrarian question is dead. From the perspective of peasants, social movements and struggles across the global South, it certainly is not. Together with Paris Yeros in Brazil and Praveen Jha in India, and as part of a wider collective of Southern scholars linked to the journal Agrarian South, he has made the case for a revived agrarian studies, in the context of land grabs and intensifying capitalist exploitation across rural areas.

Sam’s intellectual leadership has inspired many. He was recently president of Codesria, the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, and was a director of the Southern African Regional Institute for Policy Studies (SARIPS) for a period. Since being established in 2002, AIAS in Harare has become a centre for training and research, with the annual summer schools attracting researchers, activists and others from across Africa. Earlier he was involved with ZERO, the Harare-based regional environment organisation, together with Yemi Katerere; another organisation that attracted young researchers who established their careers under Sam’s guidance. Like all the organisations he has been involved with, ZERO was ahead of the game, set up when few were thinking about the connections between environment and development. And, as with AIAS, Codesria, SARIPS and ZIDS, it mixed solid research, with a deep political commitment to social justice and equality.

With the passing of Sam we have lost a giant. I will miss our intense conversations on his veranda in Borrowdale, as we tested out our ideas and findings on each other, and he smoked furiously. I was always a few steps behind Sam, and it took me days to digest the content of our lengthy exchanges. But they have always been important and formative, even when we disagreed. This is a terribly sad moment and this tribute has been difficult to write. Professor Issa Shivji summed up many people’s feelings well in a post on Sunday: “We have lost one of our great comrades: utterly committed, a most unassuming scholar and an absolutely decent human being”. So thanks Sam for your friendship, inspiration and commitment. You will be very sorely missed.

This post was written by Ian Scoones and first appeared on Zimbabweland



Professor Sam Moyo has moved on

CODESRIA regrets to announce the extremely sad news of the passing on of its former President, Professor Sam Moyo. Sam was in New Delhi, India to participate in a conference on “Labour Questions in the Global South”. The vehicle in which he was travelling got involved in a crash in the evening of Thursday, 19 November, and Sam died in the early hours of Sunday 22 November 2015.

Professor Moyo has been an active member of CODESRIA since the 1970s. He was elected Vice-President of CODESRIA in 1998, and during the 12th General Assembly held in Yaounde, Cameron in December 2008, was elected President of CODESRIA, a position he held until December 2011.

The Executive and Scientific Committees, and the staff of CODESRIA present our sincere condolences to the family of Professor Moyo, to the staff of the Harare based Africa Institute of Agrarian Studies that he founded and led for many years, and to the entire CODESRIA community, which was his extended family.

Ending his short but extremely productive journey in this world in India speaks volumes of Sam’s commitment to scholarship and to the cause of the peoples of the Global South.

Funeral arrangements (in Harare) will be announced in the next few days. Those whiling to send condolence messages or write tributes could send them by email to the following address: executive.secretary@codesria.sn
May his soul rest in peace.




INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS ASSOCIATES (IDEAS), NEW DELHI
Sam Moyo 23 September 1954- 22 November 2015

In deep sorrow we mourn the sudden and untimely death of Sam Moyo, profound scholar and progressive activist, beloved comrade, Member of the Executive Committee of IDEAs. Sam was in New Delhi, India to participate in a conference on “Labour Questions in the Global South” when a car he was travelling in was involved in a terrible accident. Two other friends and colleagues (Marcelo Rosa and Paris Yeros) were injured but Sam was very critically hurt. After a valiant struggle for survival, he passed away in the early hours of 22 November 2015.

Sam was much more than a guiding spirit in many of our activities. He illuminated our lives and work with his sharp intellect, passionate commitment, exemplary integrity and extraordinary energy. His strong sense of Pan African consciousness and wider South solidarity enriched his and our academic endeavour and public dissemination. His analytical insights always provided a fresh and penetrating perspective that enabled us to better understand the complexities of agrarian change and economic realities in Africa and elsewhere.

His death leaves a void that is impossible to fill. We will miss his warmth, affection, generosity and humour and of course his irresistible charm that could disarm the keenest adversary. In particular we will always cherish his ability to live life to the fullest, even in adverse circumstances. Our hearts go out to his family and his innumerable friends in Zimbabwe and across the world. For many of us, this cannot be farewell. A bit of Sam has enriched us forever and will live on inside us.

We hope to have more on Sam Moyo in the days ahead, to honour him and celebrate his extraordinary life. Please send your tributes, memories and other contributions to webmaster@networkideas.org and jayatijnu@gmail.com.
IDEAs Team



The Sam that I knew Gone too Soon!
Tendai Murisa
AIAS Research Fellow-Policy Dialogues & Training (2005-2009)

On Saturday night at approximately 11:45pm Beijing time I received a call from an old friend informing me that Prof Sam Moyo had been involved in a high impact accident in New Delhi and we should pray. I didn’t. For some reason I just felt powerless and all I could do was sing songs of praise but could not sleep, then within the same hour the message came- Sam is no more. Shattered! I did not want to believe it. My or rather our world had just turned upside down. For we have always considered ourselves a privileged lot- the students of Prof Sam Moyo. Zvoradza!

I met Prof Sam Moyo first through his work in the late 1990s and then face to face way back in 2005 when I had just returned home having completed an MA in Development Studies in the UK. I had been asked by Ray Bush to pass greetings to him and the conversation that followed led to me joining the Africa Institute for Agrarian Studies (AIAS) initially on a three months contract which was eventually extended until 2009. From the first day I realized that Prof Sam -sorry most of us at the institute at that time and even now I supposed were never able to refer to him just as Sam- was a special breed- an international traveller sought after by many others- he was just not our Professor but he literally belonged to the Global South and he took it in his stride and never once complained about travel no matter how difficult or hectic a schedule.
Many others have reflected about the man they knew as Sam and in this piece I will reflect in an eclectic manner on what he meant to me and the manner in which he influenced not only me but hopefully our generation of scholars/activists and practitioners. Let me just start off by stating the fact that he was an extra-ordinary scholar who had a larger than life presence who could not be restricted to a single subject or nation but was a global figure with local relevance. He was a giant of extra-ordinary energy and intellect that we all admired and wished to be like him at some point in our lives.

Prof Sam’s Contribution- beyond Just Land Reform
He was way ahead of his time in almost all his writings but let me state from the beginning that Prof’s lifetime of work cannot be adequately treated in these few paragraphs- all I am doing is providing highlights of what still stands out for me in his work (without referring to the texts). He did not see events or phenomena in isolation but instead saw connections with both the immediate past and also what other regions were experiencing. He recognised that the developing South was shaped mostly by policies and programs designed elsewhere and also continuation of the different forms of subjugation from land alienation to slave like labour regimes on commercial farms. As such he always remarked that Zimbabwe is mostly analysed in isolation from what has happening in other countries even her neighbours.

He made an important connection between economic policy and land reform. In his 2000 book Land Reform under Structural Adjustment he argued that ESAP in Zimbabwe had created incentives for large scale commercial farmers and also for diversification into other commercial land use patterns such as wildlife ranching, new export crops but had not adequately brought smallholders into these circuits of production and accumulation instead it had led to growing inequality. ESAP had also created a disincentive for land reform under the willing buyer willing seller model- given the fact that this was probably a period of boom for large scale agriculture thus there was no need to consider giving up land.

Whilst others were busy dismissing the land invasions as an isolated politically driven process he was the first to argue that there was a connection between the invasions of the 2000s and what we had experienced soon after independence all the way to the late 1990s- land invasions of differing intensity and he did not stop there he went to argue that there is a bigger connection between Zimbabwe’s land occupations with what was already happening in the Global South- it was indeed a moment of land occupations in places such as Brazil, India and even South Africa (see his Millennium 2001 article). His collaboration with Paris Yeros (2005) was seminal in many respects especially in bringing these connections to the fore. They also went a step further to demonstrate how the failure of the Structural Adjustment Project across the entire global South had yielded land occupations as the response of the marginalized peasantry. In fact their book on land occupations across the global South published in 2005 and the work of other peasant based movements such as the MST (Brazil), the LPM (South Africa) and war veterans + peasants (Zimbabwe) dramatically brought peasant politics back to the policy agenda. In the process Sam became one of the most sought after scholars in Global South capitals such as New Delhi, Sao Paulo, Mexico etc. and sadly he never received adequate attention in his own country- his work (and indeed that of the AIAS) only began to gain currency after Scoones et al had debunked the myths of collapse because of land reform- which Sam had raised earlier but no one had paid attention preferring instead to tag him as partisan. So sad.

Prof Sam was also very careful to avoid notions of silver bullet prescriptions- with regards to land he argued (in a paper co-authored with Prosper Matondi) that land was a necessary but not sufficient condition for effective rural development- instead there is need for broader agrarian reforms. Land reform (entailing redistribution, tenure reforms and improved utilisation) was only the first set of policy actions to be embarked upon. One of my favourite readings of Prof Sam Moyo is a small monograph published by Sapes Trust back in the 1990s entitled ‘Land and Democracy’. The purpose of land reform had mostly been reduced to addressing livelihoods and in this article he demonstrated how the resolution of the land question would on the one hand break the monopoly power of large scale commercial agriculture, broaden participation in the agrarian economy and in it allow for bottom-up participation within the rural political spaces.

Beyond an analysis of the distribution of land he also devoted significant energy towards an understanding of rural mobilization, power relations and also the social relations of production. He tracked mobilizations for land in terms of the material demands, the class category of those making those demands and contrary to what others have argued he did not seek to romanticize the peasantry but rather engaged critically in an effort to understand their agency so much so that when the 2000 land occupations happened Sam was the only one who could say I saw this coming.

Furthermore Prof Sam (at times working with others) contributed significantly towards our understanding of civil society broadly and NGOs in particular in Zimbabwe. He was very critical of NGOs especially when it came to the manner in which they engaged with land reform policy- which he thought was at the centre of the national question. But to his credit he did not give up on these formations. He volunteered his time to engage in presentations, training and being part of NGO based networks in order to help them improve their positioning and contribution towards land reform.

Sam did not shy away from controversy- he took on many of the so called agrarian experts from the Global North especially when they had made the error of declaring that the Agrarian Question had been resolved. This project was to take up most of his time and led to the establishment of the Journal of the Agrarian South and also was a recurring theme in what has perhaps become the flagship of the AIAS- the Agrarian Summer Institute. I take pride in the fact that Prof entrusted me with the responsibility of organising the very first of these way back in 2009 and I am glad to note it has grown in stature and has become an important platform for agrarian scholars.

On Effectiveness

Initial Observations- The Diary/Calendar

One of the finest aspects (among many others) about Prof Sam Moyo was his availability to everyone who sought his opinion, journalists, students, peers, government officials and the like but it had to be in his diary. Each morning the diary for the day would be prepared and sent and circulated to the managers within AIAS. You did not want to keep Prof waiting. It was Chinese like efficiency and fidelity to a system that has worked for him for years. If you were not on the diary- no matter who you are- forget it- no chance of meeting. By just looking at his diary you would understand the man’s mission on earth-it was great just to watch him work.

From 0 draft to 9th draft
Prof Sam was rigor personified. In my five years at the Institute I do not remember a document that did not go from 0 draft up to the 9th draft with him involved at every stage. I was initially infuriated at the pace at which we were producing our writings but eventually I also caught on. Many of us who were doing our PhD under his guidance (at times he would just volunteer to go through your thesis) benefitted a lot from this approach and he also used that time to reflect more on his work and some of the debates that were coming out.
His presentations were another matter altogether- there were days when we could literally leave the office very late preparing his slides only for him to change the order or the entire presentation! His was a quick mind and you had to learn to follow as a student. He believed in over preparation there was no small platform for him.

Not only a Leader but a Developer of Leaders
There was no funding partner too big or too small for Prof and we all had to follow his example of professional courtesy, precise reporting, over delivery and also continuous engagement. Within the institute we were all students I observed Prof Moyo teach experts such as Finance Managers and Accountants how to do their jobs. He understood figures and made it easy even for us non-finance people to follow. I quickly came to the realization that working under Sam is an apprenticeship for bigger assignments to come. On his CV he stated that his mission was to train the next generation of scholars. There are many of us who passed through Sam’s hands that are now leading institutions and I am sure my colleagues at TrustAfrica are tired of me always making reference to how I was taught this and that by Prof Moyo. I was taught by the best.

A Man of Integrity and Selfless at all Times
Prof lived by his word. He went beyond the call of duty. I remember at the height of inflation when we were losing several thousands of dollars because we were using the official rate of exchange Prof insisted that we had to abide by the law even if it hurts. Some of us had already devised a number of schemes to beat the system but Prof would have none of it. Whenever we had challenges with financial resources Prof was always the first to volunteer that we do not pay his salary which was already too low compared to his peers working elsewhere. To him it was not about money- if it was he would have secured another job just like that but this was deeper- it was a calling.

On His Independence
Prof Sam was a thinker and even without him saying it he cherished the freedom to write as he liked without the constraints of pleasing any form of authority. He was not anyone’s man. Many will recollect that he spurned the government’s offer of a cabinet position and even the offer of a farm at the height of land reform -although some of us tried to convince him to take it as part of the sustainability plans of AIAS- he would not budge. The famous statement was my ‘I am a scholar and not a politician or even a farmer’. When he left SARIPS he received many offers to lead regional offices of donor institutions but again he insisted on his being a scholar preferring instead to pour his savings into establishing the AIAS. His writings were non-partisan but instead driven by a deep sense of nationalism which was not subordinated to any political party. Although there were moments where his views seemed to agree with those of a political party he remained critical and carefully watching out for elite capture- he was his own man.

On Industry
Prof Sam worked like he knew that his life on earth will be cut short. In terms of research outputs I do not know of anyone who can match his productivity. When we were preparing our individual annual reports Prof’s one always looked like a little booklets- listing his publications, conference papers he prepared and presented, students he mentored, interviews he gave. He always insisted that we all produce these individual annual reports to make sense of the rush of the previous year and plan better for the next year but we always ended up a bit embarrassed when we presented our 2-3 pagers compared to his 15-20 page reports. He never shied away from assignments and was always prepared to put in more hours than all of us. Anyone who worked with him knows fully well that hitting the midnight oil was part of the routine and not the exception.

Ambassador
Prof Sam Moyo was one of Zimbabwe’s greatest ambassadors. I have had the privilege of travelling with Prof countless times into different cities and sharing platforms with him and he was never intimidated or retreated from his line on the need to understand Zimbabwe in a better way- i.e. the need to understand colonial redress, the need to guard against hyperbole when describing the crisis and stay focused on the real data and yes- he called out the sanctions as harming the economy. But he was realistic enough to note even earlier than others that Zimbabwe needed to normalize her relations with the international community. He was not as others claim an apologetic for the state – he was nationalist at heart and was more objective in analysing Zimbabwe (even the violence) but within a framework that was embedded in understanding the evolution of colonialism to neo-colonialism, the impact of centre-periphery relations and also the role of international economic development policies on developing countries such as Zimbabwe.

He did not only represent Zimbabwe- he also represented Africa (especially the community of scholars) and excelled at this on the international global stage. A sure ticket of being treated well in places like CLASCO, Third World Forum etc. was to name drop that you worked with Prof Sam!

On Family
Working at AIAS was fun! We were a small family of committed and upcoming scholars- I am sure nothing has changed there. Hardly two months would pass without Prof Sam finding a reason for all of us to gather together with his immediate family for a celebration of sorts. Oh he loved life! His favourite dish was pepper soup and most of the times he would prepare it and insist that everyone at least taste it.

More importantly for me Prof adored his daughters. I personally saw how his two young girls Qondi and Zandi were the only ones who could easily interrupt his schedule. On a recent trip where we travelled together (and sadly the last one) I asked about the girls he was proud that Sibongile is doing very well in the banking sector but maybe because he knew that I started working with him when Qondi and Zandi where in High School- he started telling me about their academic exploits and I had never seen him so proud. He asked about my 23 month old daughter and insisted that I visit No.96b so that he could see her – it was not to be because I procrastinated. Another instruction he gave me which I realize now were his parting words ‘…try to buy a house now’ so typical of a father.

On Generosity
Prof Sam’s generosity knew no boundaries. Ever smiling- in that mischievous but also very disarming way. I can’t remember a time when he ever said no when we asked him for a consultation, to help us complete a task or when others came requesting technical support even without a budget for it. One of his assets which had taken a lifetime to accumulate has always been his friends from all over the world. They were not just people who he had met at a conference but these were his friends. He had a way of connecting and keeping in touch for life. Some of us got the opportunity to meet some of Prof’s close friends - Fred Hendricks, Lungisile, Issa Shivji, Adebayo Olukoshi, Dzodzi Tsikata, Mercia Adrews and the list goes on. He also had his own heroes and you could only beam with admiration as he spoke so glowingly of Archie Mafeje, Thandika Mkandawire, Issa Shivji and I suspect his best friend Praveen Jha. When I heard that he had been involved in an accident it struck me that his best protégé to date- Paris Yeros- would be with him and for sure- the two had become like brothers –in one light moment I called them Marx and Engels. Prof and Paris’ collaboration led to a number of important interventions which have significantly shaped the broad discourse on land and agrarian reform in the global South.

Prof enriched our lives in an immeasurable way. We have lost a caring father, a leader, a mentor, a friend and above all a fine human being.

Prof Sam Moyo- Gone Too Soon- Kamba Hahle. Lala ngoxolo.



Prof Wen Tiejun (Rural Reconstruction Movement, Beijing), in memory of Sam, in English and Chinese:

The first heavy snow in the winter of Beijing,
With the heartbreaking chill,
Came the message of the sudden death of my old friend, Sam Moyo.
He seemed to be quietly leaving amidst the fleeting snowflakes…

Beijing, Chongqing, Hong Kong -- his traces were everywhere,
Conference halls, villages, classrooms -- his voices echoed around,
In my mind, I see his image active in different places in China,
In my heart, I cherish his warm smiles and sharp views.

Sam Moyo has departed. Yet, he is still among us.






Phil O’Keefe

I knew Sam before Independence. I worked with him on land, energy and forestry issues. My abiding memory of him is his open, radical, good natured approach to life. He was a true geographer, driven by the empirical evidence that landscape meant lifescape and that lifescape was built by bias in race, class and gender. Not my judgement, but one of his doctoral examiners left the room after questioning Sam about his doctoral thesis, obviously on land in Zimbabwe. “It was like asking Bismark about his foreign policy” was the judgement. What a loss felt around the world.
Phil O’Keefe. Newcastle, UK.



Mahmood Mamdani remembers his friend and comrade Sam Moyo

I no longer recall when exactly I met Sam. Maybe it was in the late 1970s at CODESRIA, or in the early 1980s at the Zimbabwe Institute of Development Studies. The late 1990s, though, was the time we truly got to work together, closely and intensely. The two of us were at the helm of CODESRIA’s leadership, as President and Vice President. The next two years were a time of deep and sharp differences in policy, and it often seemed as if there was no end in sight.

I remember a particularly difficult episode a year down the line. We had an emergency meeting in Dakar but Sam said he could not be there because he was to have a delicate operation in a few days. I explained what was at stake and asked if he could postpone the operation by a week. He warned me that he would not be able to sit for long in his current state. But the next day, he was in Dakar. During the meeting, he kept on shifting the weight of his body from one side to the other, now leaning on one buttock, then on another. He was obviously in great pain, but it never showed on his smiling face.

That was Sam, selfless, committed to a fault, totally reliable. He was the person you would want by your side if you expected hard times ahead. But no matter how difficult the times, as during those years, I never saw him turn vindictive against anyone. Later, we would look back on that period as something of a crossroads in the history of CODESRIA. Then, however, it was hard and painful. It was the kind of ordeal that can forge enduring friendships. Sam was that kind of a friend.

In those years, I also learnt that Sam was a mathematical genius. As soon as we would land in Dakar, he would head for the Accounts office, take charge of all the books, and go through them meticulously. No matter how long it took, 12 or 24 hours, Sam would work until he would have a report ready for discussion between the two of us. Soon, word went around that it would be foolhardy for anyone to try and pull a fast one on Sam.

Students and scholars came to CODESRIA for different reasons, some for the thrill of travel, others to be part of a Pan-African conversation on issues of the day, and yet others to access otherwise scarce resources for research. Sam shared all those motives but, above all, he was among the few who unfailingly gave more than he received. When it came to facing temptation or intimidation, his was a towering presence. Sam stood for integrity and steadfastness, a calm intelligence and a cool deliberation, a level head in a crisis situation, and a free spirit in a party that was sure to follow every difficult episode.

Sam was one of the few who presented a seamless blend of this capacity for sobriety, integrity and joy that marked the CODESRIA crowd – all with a cigarette in one hand no matter the time of day, and a glass of beer at the end of the day. The ground on which this companionship was nurtured was the city of Dakar. We came to it from different corners of the continent, all marginal in one way or another, all looking for freedom, most of all the freedom of expression, as if gasping for oxygen. Out of that common endeavor were born close associations and lasting comradries.

Sam’s major scholarship was in the field of agrarian studies. Always unassuming, he seldom talked of his own scholarly work unless someone raised it first. For me that occasion came in 2008 when the London Review of Books invited me to write a piece on Zimbabwe. The land reform was the big issue at the time. I pulled together whatever studies on the subject I could lay my hands on. Three sources stood above all others as original and reliable: one from the Institute of Development Studies at Sussex, another from the University of Western Cape and then Sam’s work at the African Institute of Agrarian Studies in Harare. As I read these sources, and the press reports on their findings, I learnt something about the politics of knowledge production and its recognition in the public sphere. Two facts were crystal clear to me: one, that Sam had been several steps ahead of the others; and, two, that his work was the last to be recognized. It was almost as if the press went by a rule of thumb: when it came to ideas, the chain had to originate in a Western university, and the link go through a South African institution, before it came to an African researcher.

I discussed this with Sam. He smiled, as if to say, what’s new? At home, his critics were at pains to paint him as partisan. If he showed that the land reform had improved the lot of a large number of the landless, those in the opposition discounted it as the claim of someone with the regime. But if he refused to give blanket support to the regime, those with it said he must have hidden links to the opposition. When it came to public policy, Sam took the cue from his research, always fearless, unafraid, and hopeful. He was a voice listened to by all, especially when he was the target of criticism. Whatever their disagreement, all knew that Sam was not susceptible to corruption, and that he would not offer an opinion unless it was informed by deep research.

The last time I saw Sam was at the CODESRIA General Assembly in Dakar in June. Only two months before, we had been together in the city of Hangzhou in China at a conference organized by the Inter-Asia School to celebrate the 60th anniversary of Bandung. The hospitality was overwhelming. Every meal was like a banquet; every plate on the table was renewed before it could be empty; wine and drinks flowed. Sam was relaxed, as he reminisced of our efforts to build CODESRIA over the past decades, and reflected about future plans for the African Institute of Agrarian Studies. I recall this as if it was yesterday: Sam, smiling, trusting, reassuring, strong, purposeful, and thoughtful, yet again doing what he was best at, charting a road none had travelled before, but at the same time taking you along.

This is one journey, dear Sam, that you take alone. You leave this world as you came into it, alone, but this world is a better place, and we are better off, because we had the privilege of being part of your world. The loss is great and the heart is heavy, and it is hard and painful to say good-bye. As we grieve for our loss, we also celebrate your life.

Farewell, dear friend, brother, and comrade.



A sip, a laugh, a legacy: Prof Sam Moyo
Masego Madzwamuse

We sat down for a drink and to catch-up on work. We argued and discussed different projects Sam was busy with at the time. I ordered my usual gin and tonic and he asked for a savanna light; then as if to make it lighter, went on to dilute it with water. We looked at him perplexed and asked why on earth anyone would add water to savanna and his response was: ‘I am trying to watch my drink’. Without much debate this was understood by all who sat at the table that night. The subject was closed and we moved on to other pressing and exciting matters. The land question, agrarian reform in Zimbabwe, political transition and the land grabs dogging the continent.

What is but a small blot to a man’s image, especially one whose ideas had shaped your thinking for as far you could remember? Studying sociology I had become curious about the land question in Africa. In a conversation with my father, I had asked him about this. We are told the San are the oldest inhabitants of Southern Africa and yet in Gantsi my mother’s home area most of the San settlements were to be found on the outskirts of the budding town, on the fringes of national parks, the biggest cattle ranches in the country and so forth. And my father had said the San villages encircle the Gantsi Town, they are observing the movements of the new occupants of their land and one day they will reclaim what is theirs. There a curiosity was born; I wanted to understand how dispossession of this magnitude takes place and what leads to a state where injustice is really a normalisation of the abnormal. Under the guidance of my mentor and supervisor Dr Onalenna Selowane, I went about reading what I could get my hands on to learn about land, rights, politics, identity and social justice - and right up there were the works of Prof Sam Moyo.

You see Sam was a great thinker and fearless scholar. A political economist of note. At the height of the political crisis in Zimbabwe and the Fast Track Land Reform Programme or invasions if you wish, Sam was amongst the few scholars who acknowledged that land reform in Zimbabwe had benefitted small scale farmers, the rural poor. In his various writings he argued that the popular assumption about failed land reform in Zimbabwe was wrong. Instead, land reform programmes despite benefiting the elite had been redistributive. The poor had gained more than others and the extent of such benefit had been wide enough to trigger significant progressive changes in the agrarian structure.

To quote Prof Moyo writing about the land reform discourse in the early 2000s this is what he had to say;

“the debate has focused on the immediate political motives of the FTLRP, selectively highlighting its aspects of ‘violence’, ‘disorder’, and ‘chaos’, claiming that the ruling Zanu PF elite and the state instrumentalised the FTLRP for electoral support and that only Zanu PF cronies benefited. By neglecting to examine the character and scale of redistribution of the FTLRP, and not looking at it from a longer historical perspective, the literature on Zimbabwe’s agrarian reform is deprived of a crucial viewpoint”[1].

Prof Moyo drawing over three decades of research went about to set the record straight. This was a highly unpopular view but he stuck to it. Sadly enough it is the work of Ian Scoones that is often cited to tell the story of the success of the land reform in Zimbabwe and its impact on the lives of small-scale farmers. The New York Times even ran a story back in 2012 about the new black tobacco farmers, beneficiaries of the fast track land reform process – the title was ‘In Zimbabwe Land Takeover, a Golden Lining’[2] Sam Moyo did not glorify the fast track land programme though he also critiqued the land reform process and pointed out its flaws, acknowledging the uneven distribution of land among beneficiaries of the land reform programme. He acknowledged that some especially the political elite had received larger allocations than others. This in turn influenced skewed access to farming services and infrastructure. But that said, the bottom line was the peasants had benefitted. While the article in the NYT was celebrated, Scoones widely quoted, Prof Moyo received wide criticism for the same views. We don’t acknowledge and celebrate African scholarship enough. We second guess our own and often we are quick to label and discredit them.

The Agrarian Institute was born and Prof Sam Moyo’s legacy lives on

But that was Sam’s work on Zimbabwe. He dedicated his scholarship to other parts of the continent too. He was a Pan-Africanist of note. He served as the President of the Council for the Development of Social Research in Africa (CODESRIA) from 2009–2011). He was a research professor at the Zimbabwe Institute of Development Studies, and taught at the Universities of Calabar in Nigeria as well as Zimbabwe and served on the boards of many organisations.

With most of his achievements what stood out for me was the African Institute of Agrarian Studies. Prof Moyo set up the Institute in late 2002. The main objective of taking on such a bold step was to influence land and agrarian reform policies through multidisciplinary social science research, policy dialogues, training and information. Sam never lost sight of one thing he was passionate about. This would not be an institute that would do research for the sake of it. He ultimately wanted to mobilise scholars to provide advice and mediate in the policy making processes so as to improve rural livelihoods. He often lamented the limited relevant knowledge and training programmes to tackle the contemporary agrarian crisis that is emerging in the continent. The low agricultural productivity, food insecurity, unemployment, poverty, and unsustainable natural resources utilisation, while redressing the growing loss of rights to land, food and a clean environment. To respond to this challenge, Prof Moyo argued that a critical mass of analysts and civil society advocates needs to be built to influence shifts in the policy environment. This should also promote civil society organisations to better support the advocacy of those whose rights are infringed upon. His argument was the current knowledge production and policy analysis institutions have, due to their limited disciplinary curricula failed to fill this gap. They serve too few potential agrarian analysts and focus on limited market and business models. Their learning processes cater for a narrow range of views and exclude the perspectives of those who use political economy and rights-based approaches to policy making and advocacy.

Out of this critique, the Agrarian Institute was born and its flagship programme the Agrarian Summer School was launched. The Summer School contributes to filling this gap by providing training to postgraduate students and civil society activists in Africa, and promoting research relevant to understanding and addressing agrarian justice and inequitable resource rights on the continent. This programme was a reflection of Sam’s commitment to building skills for critical thinking and mentoring young scholars. He drew on his social capital to bring together some of the best brains in the field who spent days of their time teaching young scholars and providing them with feedback on their research. Guest lecturers have included the likes of Prof Paris Yeros University Federal do ABC Brazil, Prof Dzodzi Tsikaka University of Ghana and current President of Codesria, Praveen Jha and Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi among others. Partners in the Agrarian Consortium that emerged out of these efforts include the Rhodes University, Haki Ardhi, University of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Civil Society Organizations, HAKIARDHI The Land Rights Research & Resources Institute (Tanzania), and Trust for Community Outreach and Education (South Africa) and other in research and training of postgraduate students, with the support of key research institutions in Brasil (Federal Universities of ABC and Brasilia) and in India (Jahwaral Nehru University Centre for Economic Studies and Planning). The Agrarian Summer School is widely recognised in the region and internationally, there is growing demand within the Global South for participation in it. Many who have been through his hands have gone off to do great things.

The last time I saw Sam was in August and over a glass of wine, lots of laughter and this time nothing was diluted, we plunged straight into another heated debate over a highly political and controversial issue. That of Cecil the lion. That evening many questions were asked, whose narrative is it? What was the impact of the international campaign on the livelihoods of rural communities who rely on tourism and sustainable use of wildlife resources for their local economies? Where was the voice of the African scholars and practitioners in the conservation field? What do communities have to say, where is the platform? The questions went on and on. That was Sam; there was laughter, sipping and critical thinking.

Sam you are one of whom it can be said that “ akekho ofana nawe” (there is none like you). Rest in eternal peace dear brother, colleague, mentor and comrade!!! You planted many ideas and these will live on!

[1] See Moyo, S. Three decades of agrarian reform in Zimbabwe. 2011. In Journal of Peasant Studies. Vol. 38, No. 3, July 2011, 493–531

[2] See Lydia Polgreen, 2012. In Zimbabwe Land Take Over, a Golden Lining. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/21/world/africa/in-zimbabwe-land-takeover...




Sam Moyo: I Owe It To You, Great Mentor
Prosper Matondi

The passing on of Professor Sam Moyo of the African Institute for Agrarian Studies (AIAS) touched me wholeheartedly because he plucked me from a navy undergraduate class of the Geography Department at the University of Zimbabwe in 1993. I was to work with him until July 2003, when I left for Brown University on a fellowship on environment and development. Over the years, I have touched base with his work, and in 2014 we started working on a land project, until the time of his death in a freak accident in India. This was just after we had a meeting two weeks ago. I would say that I was perhaps the longest serving student and research assistant of Professor Sam Moyo, and many who know me, associates me with the family for good reasons as I literary had my foundational career at his house during weekdays and over weekends throughout the important peak years of his career with a growing family of Sibo, Sam, Zandi and Qondi. They became like sisters to me and I am glad to have been part of his journey.

I first wrote my undergraduate project in 1993 supervised by Sam titled “Environmental Quality of Residential Areas: the Case of Chikonohono High Density Area in Chinhoyi”. As a young honours student, I did not even have a modicum of an idea that the man supervising my project was actually a land and agrarian reform “guru” then. I came up with a flying and an exemplary project in the Department of Geography. At that time, Sam had been involved with environmental related issues having coauthored several books: with Peter Robinson, Yemi Katerere, Stevenson and Davison Gumbo, “Zimbabwe’s Environmental Dilemma: Balancing Resources Inequities”, Published by ZERO, 1991; with Neil Middleton and Phil O’Keefe, “Tears of the Crocodile: from Rio to Reality in the developing World” (1993), followed by Moyo S, O’Keefe P, and Sill M, The Southern African Environment: Profiles of SADC Countries, London: Earthscan, 1993. These books shaped my decision to undertake my MSc research on land degradation in Zimbabwe through unearthing the dilemma of population pressure in Chiweshe communal areas in Mashonaland central, titled “The Active Policy Support Role of NonGovernmental Organisations in addressing Land Degradation” (Apparently Sam was also writing furiously on the role of NGOs in development with a book published with John Makumbe and others. The basic argument he proffered being that NGOs are weak, do patch work and afraid to advocate addressing fundamental development questions that were colonially constructed through unequal land ownership). Little did I know that in my conceptualisation and dictionary the language of Sam and the writing with his peers began to dominate my own work. Yet, underneath the topics I chose, rhymed with Sam’s own work and deep intellectual engagement with the land question in Zimbabwe.

Sam was pushy academically and highly demanding of his students, and worse for his research assistant. On completion of my MSc in 1995, I became a fulltime research assistant, and was thrust to colead a project on the impact of the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) on agriculture. The environmental related issues that I was passionate about became secondary to land and agrarian studies. Yet, in reality Sam had been carefully nurturing me towards a subject that was the passion of his heart. After raising resources from the Ford Foundation for the project, he then left IDS for the former Southern Africa Regional Institute for Policy Studies (SARIPS) of the Southern Africa Political Economy Series (SAPES) Trust in 1995. By then, he had become an associate Professor in 1994, yet had not completed his Doctor of Philosophy. As a research assistant, I was given a huge file to read, and little did I know that this was the ground breaking work of Sam, as it was his draft PhD thesis which he later submitted to the University of Northumbria, in New Castle Upon Tyne. I remember literary doing a cut and paste job using glue and scissors at the back library/office at No. 96 A, Borrowdale Road, which had become my home. It is upon this thesis, that the ground breaking “Zimbabwe’s land Question” was published by Sapes Trust in 1995, at the same time he obtained his PhD and moved to the SARIPS. He left his work happy that he had his research assistant to lead the ESAP research work in Shamva district in Mashonaland Central. I took responsibility for the project until 1997, when I then moved to join SARIPS as his research assistant.

By then I was the longest serving research assistant. For many years, colleagues of his, at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Zimbabwe, jokingly used to make fun of me, by saying “when I grow up, I want to be Sam Moyo’s Research Assistant”. Yet in leading a major project with eminent scholars at IDS, showed the depth in which Sam trusted me by thrusting me among his colleagues. I believe, I equally delivered for the ESAP project was outstanding in terms of its depth as I spent 3 years on the ground in Shamva with many students who came in, as I sought additional research assistance. Some of these are today outstanding academics in their own right including Dr Petronella Chaminuka at the Agricultural Research Council in South Africa, Prof. Edward Mabaya at Cornell, Dr Nelson Marongwe a good friend of mine who then was seconded by Sam to ZERO where Sam was the Chairperson of the board. I badly wanted a permanent job then, and thought Sam would second me there as well. Apparently, he had already made up his mind that I had to join him at SARIPS as a research assistant. When I did in 1997, Sam’s eldest daughter, Sibo and friends had just completed at Africa University in Mutare. Sam badly wanted Sibo to follow his path, but she had other ideas and did not, which meant I remained as the research assistant.

Yet, Sam also felt sympathetic towards me and encouraged that I develop further my education based on topics of my choice and not his own areas of work. Sam had outstanding individual books by then, and Nelson Marongwe, Edward Mabaya and myself contributed immensely to the book on “Land Reform and Structural Adjustment”, published in 2000. This was a master class, and I am pleased to have contributed to the collection of the data at his guidance, as an addition to the data collected during my three years at IDS. I began to slowly pick areas of my interest surrounding water resources (horticulture) in relation to land reform, of which I wrote several proposals that Sam tore apart and said “At PhD level, this is not worth my time to read”. I was never deterred, because with the condemned proposals, I was able to secure PhD places at New Castle University and University of West Virginia. The breakthrough came when I was selected as candidate to join the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) in Uppsala, Sweden.

In between, there were life-changing experiences for me, a rural boy when for the first time, Sam recommended me for a three months visit to the United States of America (USA) in 1996. I flew the beloved Air Zimbabwe for the first time, through Cyprus, to Washington, Chicago and Salt Lake City taking close to 2 days in planes. This opened me to new people, cultures, environments, when visiting the Indian reservations in Arizona, bureaucrats in Utah, the boat ride in Lake Powell, engagements on agriculture and environment issues in Kentucky in USA, and visiting small farms, coal mining areas, and a visit to the citadel of federal policy making in Washington DC. The visit that I contextualised in my Zimbabwe environment was personally defining and brought me to terms with policy making, land planning, environmental issues and why to me the land question was fundamental in Zimbabwe’s context. I felt more strongly that inequities in land ownership shaped by race were something that needed to be extinguished, and these were also Sam’s beliefs. But more importantly, he believed that this could be achieved through peaceful means, but also underpinned by radicalism in civil society and in Zimbabwean politics. In the Indian reservations, I got to understand better that the rights to land from a cultural and developmental standpoint was sacrosanct. I realised that the world over land was a defining resource for ordinary people, and therefore Zimbabwe was no different. Of course, Sam’s idea was not just talking by allowing me as a research assistant to see and talk to others. Yes, I did see and for sure this shaped my PhD training, after Sam had connected me to one of his best friends, Professor Kjell Havnevik who was to become my primary supervisor.

The mentorship I received from Sam made me a different person, the education also attributed to Kjell, who became a friend for almost 15 years has shaped who I am, how I relate to others at my work place, nationally and internationally. My decision to establish Ruzivo Trust in 2009, was clearly marked by a variety of events and processes, as well as my never die attitude in wanting to have good knowledge and “science with sensibility” with rigor. In addition, the foundation that Sam created in me, was to continue with a new agrarian and now development Professor and activist (Mandivamba Rukuni) who came into my life in 2005. I must admit, I was deeply stretched to levels never expected. It is almost 10 years of working on land related matters, which means that I have had a combined 35 years of deep mentorship that has created who I am, but has made me an “icon” in the minds of others in understanding the Zimbabwe land, livelihoods and general rural development issues. I have had the in’s at outside’s, from a local, national and international perspective on these questions thanks to Sam.

I missed the land donor conference in 1998, as I was in Sweden for my PhD and Sam would regularly bounce reports for me to review as he was central to the land reform programme. When the Land Reform and Resettlement Programme Phase II, was successfully produced amidst the land occupations in the Svosve area, with government controlling them I had hope. Sam then joined a team commissioned by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) to draft a land policy for Zimbabwe. Professor Issa Shivji, Professor Welshman Ncube and Dr Dereck Gunby were central in producing an outstanding report. Based on this report, I joined the team on my return for my PhD field work, and was involved under Sam’s leadership in the drafting of the Inception Phase Framework Plan (IPFP) that we widely consulted on in 1999. The constitution making exercise, the political pressure from Civil Society Organisations led by the National Constitutional Assembly (NCA) that yielded the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) was a breaking point. Sam ran around across the interest groups, and hardly did we sleep. He wrote a paper for War Veterans who had organised their own conference, which he titled “Over promise and under delivery” which showed what government and Zimbabwe had not adequately done for them. At the same time, the constitutional dialogue series commenced at the Cresta Jameson Hotel, and Sam was one of the first presenters on the “land question” to which Dr Pearson Nherera at the Law School, University of Zimbabwe asked “Is there a land question or questions? And what is the land question answer!”, which pointed out that land issues were no longer just land issues but needed to be examined in a multifaceted way and in political terms.

Sam’s methods were methodological I must admit. While I always refer my students to the classical work of, “Zimbabwe’s land question” (1995), there are other attributes of his style that made me want to work with him. His ability to take data and analyse was the finest I experienced. If I may trace back: the Fast Track is historical, no doubt. Yet, when the Land Acquisition Act was enacted in the early 1990s, and gazetting of farms introduced, Sam took the list and analysed in different dimensions (what land was gazetted, where it was located, how it was used, what were the production trends etc); again with the allocations and noise of the Commercial Farm Settlement Scheme (CFSS), we also had the list and analysed methodologically. Such was Sam that when the list of 1471 farms was published in 1997 for gazetting in the press, we got busy at work and Sam wrote an outstanding monograph “The Land Acquisition Process in Zimbabwe 1997/8: SocioEconomic and Political Impacts’. This became his style of analysis that went beyond emotions to show the trends and implications of the actions of government. I inherited this trait in the subsequent books that I have written and published, and was defining in my PhD thesis he cosupervised “The Struggle for Access to Land and Water Resources in Zimbabwe: The Case of Shamva District”, Doctoral Thesis, Department of Rural Development Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Land reform negotiations at SARIPS were a spectacle for me, because I was the note taker for the Fast Track internal negotiations. For the first time, I came into contact with the ‘who is who’ of land issues. Ranging from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Resettlement, principally then Permanent Secretary, Dr Vincent Hungwe, and the Agricultural Rural Development firebrand then, Dr Joseph Made, negotiating with a team of the Commercial Farmers Union (CFU) led by Dr David Hasluck, while several ministerial officials were part of the several meetings in 2000. While I was struggling with my PhD data collection, I had to be involved in these negotiations according to Sam for historical record. Yet, Dr Hungwe seeing me, just as a youngman, would at times take me for lunch at the Portugal Restaurant, the Pointe, to get away from the shouting and singing during the negotiations on the Fast Track Land Reform Programme. However, a decision to break ranks of the chiefs negotiators was clear to me, despite spirited attempts by Sam to get the parties to negotiate and allow for consideration of the interests of all parties. We wrote a summary of the outcomes in a paper, that over years we called between ourselves “the Mbeki paper on land reform” that summarised the differences between the executive, large scale farmers and views of black farmers (as represented by their unions). The trips to London led by the Foreign Affairs Minister Mudenge then and with the late John Landa Nkomo, to me was a lost cause, because on the ground Fast Track was spreading like veld fire, while politics was juggled much to the disappointment of Sam. When I left for Sweden, my last assignment was to help formulate the Zimbabwe Joint Resettlement Initiative (ZIJIRI), as the last chance that Sam saw as a necessity to get concessions from the CFU and government, but it was too late as Fast Track became a reality.

When I go back again to my history with Sam, I clearly am left speechless, because at SARIPS I had to endure in and out, and I had to witness friends (Sam and Ibbo) working together and fighting friendship battles. This disappointed me, yet I remained committed to my work, with SARIPS of Sapes Trust (one in two) being uniquely outstanding institutions in southern Africa, with Sam producing outstanding policy analysts. Throughout my PhD training Sweden, I was connected to Sam’s work at SARIPS and I was heart broken when Sam left after acrimonious circumstances that were vague to me. I graduated on 26 November 2001, and packed my bags for Harare the same week. In announcing my presence, I met Sam at his house and could see a sparkle, new energy and drive. The first task, now as a Doctor, was to arrange Sam’s papers and books that were all over in his house. This was my professor and mentor, and who was I but just a child that Sam still saw in me to refuse! I reorganised all the books and papers in the “office” (One bedroom turned to a library, we facilitated the hiring of a carpenter to do shelving, and we got old desks from Blessing Musariri, daughter to famous Musariri farmer of Chegutu district), cabin and garage. In January of 2002, we were to start serious work, and of course I had no job then and knew I had reverted back to my research assistant job again, now as a PhD holder.

Yet, Sam now gave me more responsibilities to reorganise his professional life, while he continued writing. We appealed to friends in Zimbabwe and beyond for work to do for them, at a payment of course – what you may read as consultancies! It worked, because the National Economic Consultative Forum (NECF) through the core chairs, Drs Robbie Mupawose and Misheck Sibanda now Chief Secretary to Cabinet asked us to work on an expert database. Later, we had the Ford Foundation once again coming on board with small grants, as well as the National Land Committee of South Africa when land reforms in South Africa were almost taking up the Zimbabwe style. Sam wanted to form an institution that would be responsive, and on many occasions we had different names. He had his mind on a “Global Land Reform Institute”, and in 2002, I went to a seminar in Washington DC under this name. When I came back, I said it does not work best for us, and we had to rethink. Our good friend at Ford Foundation, Dr James Murombedzi concurred, and we then had to Africanise the institution we were to form. Yet, we were not in a hurry because the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) consumed our time, and I had to organise a parallel land reform workshop that was highly successful, least because Zimbabwe’s land reform and its international dimension was at its peak then. We had scored our first success, and all was due to Sam’s foresight, and my humble actioning of that foresight through practical delivery.

When we returned to Harare, we had made up our minds that we were to call the new outfit, the African Institute for Agrarian Studies (AIAS). I had to tinker around the making of the logos to truly reflect our thinking then, and the colors that rhymed with Sam and me, of simplicity and modesty. Yet, at that stage we were very ambitious, because we still wanted to reach to all of Africa. We sat down together to think about how best to run and institutionalise the project in Africa. Naturally we registered under the Companies Act in South Africa. We identified focal

persons in West Africa (Kojo Amanor at the University of Ghana) and in Kenya (Michael Odhiambo who was involved with the land alliance). We created a database of African scholars (Dr Karuti Kanyinga in Kenya, Issa Shivji, Adebayo Olukoshi, Paris Yeros, Thandika Mkandawire, and so many others). I lived in a world of Sam’s marxist scholarship, that I searched furiously for his Master’s thesis which was agricultural innovation and adaptation. Yet the man breathed Marxism through and through. I was accustomed to scholarship of class and agrarian accumulation, labour, etc. yet, when I listened to a deep exchange between Archie Mafeje and Sam, I was left confused. Archie disagreed with Sam's views on generic agrari-an questions in parts of Africa. An example bring that countries such as South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe as former settler colonies had 'a land question' than 'agrarian' one. Yet others such as Zambia had more of agrarian question because Archie claimed they had enough land, but suffered lack of agricultural support.

In 2002, Sam and myself helped in the technical work of the “Buka audit”, which was not published. This was followed by the Utete Committee, and we were asked to provide technical backup. This we did with utmost responsibility for our country, and also Sam still believing that land negotiations were still possible. I also believed the same, and we did put our minds on any task that we felt strongly was essential for our country. Still I could read Sam when he wrote in 2005 “…..the political signals for outright reengagement have not been issued by either the ‘west’ or the Zimbabwe state, given that the challenge of resolving the outstanding differences over ‘governance’ issues remains. Recent economic lapses, inflation and shortages of key goods also heightened a dirigiste intervention by the GoZ to establish economic order and state authority over social and economic actors, leading to negative social effects. This undermines normalisation” (Sam Moyo, Zimbabwe’s crisis and normalization, AIAS, unpublished paper, 2005). Yet Sam truly believed that there must be a congregation of thinking on land and agrarian reform issues and its global understanding. To this effect, Sam was adept in his networking, and I marvelled at how it was easy for him to make friends in the academic community

Sam knew that he was destined to build the “SAM MOYO” global brand, by reaching out to Latin America with CLACSO, Institute of Social Studies (ISS) in the Hague, North America, and Asia. Hardly did he talk of the Middle East in our conversations, and I am sure he had friends there too. What was remarkable was his ability to also forge African and Africanist scholars towards a subject dear to him. When he became President of CODESRIA, I was not surprised, because he had wide continental support in the academic community. At the same time, Sam had charisma and style to persuade, and command audiences with such a powerful voice backed by well argued papers.

The work of AIAS had taken roots, and funding partners such as the WK Kellogg Foundation, the Norwegians, Canadians were all coming on board. I recruited the first staff members of AIAS, assisted ably by Mrs Sithembile Chiromo who had left Sapes then. My first recruit was Lydia Nyagura as secretary supported by late David Chibanda, who was Sam’s and the children’s driver for many years. Mai Meyi was outstanding in the kitchen with preparations of Ghananian food that she had learnt from Dede. Many more staff members came in, such as Godfrey Mandinde in Finance, Blessing Musariri as an assistant, and students such as Nyasha Tirivayi, Ndabezihle Nyoni, Walter Chambati. I saw Dr Tendai Murisa now and here, who was to join later the AIAS and now heads TrustAfrica in Senegal. This was in addition to technical backstopping provided by external experts such as Dr Chrispen Sukume, Dr Innocent Matshe, Ishmael Sunga, Elizabeth Gwata, Langton Mukwereza, Dr Emmanuel Manzungu, Reneth Mano, Dr Lovemore Rugube, Dr Johannes M. Makadho and Walter Chambati.

I even had forgotten that in 2002, when we started, Sam could not pay me and my wife laughed when after six months of no pay, Sam paid me with his Landrover Discovery. We cried at home with joy at how Sam was modest to part away with a car he loved, yet to him material things mattered very little. Nonetheless, I had to pay back and one day he asked me to replace the car! With his own money of course, but I was to undertake a journey to Johannesburg to buy a Landcruiser for him. Mrs Chiromo drove me to Beitbridge, and I hitchhiked to Polokwane and was picked by Sam’s cousin Themba Maluleke. The first question he asked “But I told Sam to wait, and why would he make you hitchhike?”. We drove to Johannesburg and a new friendship was created. What I did not realise, which Sam did not know was that Themba had not done much in looking for his car. I stayed for two weeks, and I brought the car home to Sam. I was happy to do this for my mentor, without prejudice.

With all this history on the 31st of July 2003, I made a painful decision borne on the realisation that I had done much for Sam. The AIAS had acquired a rented office, that Patricia Kasiyamhuru had helped search and I decided that I would not be in that office. I said goodbye to Sam in a painful way to him and myself. I knew that at the bottom of my heart AIAS was now standing with a home and good salaries for staff. Yet to me, I was not going to occupy the office, because I had decided on personal development individually. I didn’t have a job to go to, and I went under the knife, surgery at West End clinic for removal of tonsils on the 31th of July after submitting, rather cowardly writing a 15page letter than directly telling him. I left the 15page resignation letter on Sam’s other favourite dining room table because I knew I could not stand up to say so in his face, I feared him. I had the surgery, and who showed up first as a visitor? Of course Sam. This shocked me because I thought what I had done was improper, for I did not even tell my wife. The question in my warped mind was that “ooh! Perhaps I will not wake up, but I was gone away from Sam”. We tried to negotiate over some months, and I explained my decision that all my life had been with him and I needed to test my capabilities alone in the world. I got a fellowship of 6 months at Brown University, in Rhode Island, which gave me a fresh impetus to restart a new life and completed outstanding reports for Sam.

I then disengaged, because I could not proceed coherently in my new life while engaging with Sam and his work. Each time I saw him, there was understandable disappointment. Yet, from 2004 I picked the pieces, worked on land reform from home, joined Dr Mabel Hungwe to form the Centre for Rural Development (CRD) at the University of Zimbabwe in 2005, and broadened my rural development work. I was an able academic in many ways, attracting new networks, people, friends and communities. I started enjoying working in rural communities, in communal areas, resettlement areas across the country and showing leadership to other young people. While I continued my land research work, I put more effort in knowing Zimbabwean people and their vision of a country, and explored different models of rural development until 2008. The CRD closed, and I formed Ruzivo Trust, and I thank Sam for giving me the confidence to be a founder of an organisation. When I reflect, its formation was long overdue because we got the confidence of society (donors, government, young and old scholars) and local communities accepted us on the ground where we work. I then met Sam in 2009, as part of a team constituted to help the Ministry of Lands and Rural Resettlement for a retreat. This was a nice reengagement and the retreat of the officials led by former Minister Herbert Murerwa and Permanent Secretary, Sohpia Tsvakwi was frank in Kariba. The retreat shaped my continued involvement with government and interest groups. Yet, my inclination towards livelihoods work continued.

Coming back to his writing style, Sam never used “I” or used “we” selectively. He did not personalise issues that he wrote on, and remained focused on making academic sense and for readers to have comfort in what he wrote. This was no mean task, because the urge to say “I” on land issues that draws emotions was very high. This to me reflected Sam’s humility. Just a couple of months ago, I gatecrashed Sam’s AIAS workshop at the Crown Plaza organised jountly with the Archie Mafeje Institute at UNISA. Thanks to Sabelo NdlovuNgatsheni for alerting me. As a serial workshop gatecrusher, I was asked to present a key note address because one of the key note presenters was not there. I recited my relationship with Sam and Archie Mafeje in brief, a history that many of the participants were not aware of. Later that week, I went to the office verandah at 96B Borrowdale to meet Sam and ask pertinent questions on Zimbabwe’s future and what we could do to make this great nation a better place. An expected one hour interview ended up taking four hours, because it became more of retracing our history. Sam felt that he was not acknowledged enough and I knew this personal view for many years. Yes indeed, I agreed with him, given that he had perhaps played a significant role than anyone else in pushing for the land agenda in Zimbabwe, tried to facilitate negotiation for its resolution. I know that we perhaps underestimated his contributions and he died disappointed that land should have delivered more joy and happiness than fracturing society. He always consistently said that we have to move beyond the acrimonious history and find each other without emotions of victims and victors. At the AIAS Crown Plaza workshop during tea time, I told young academics that we have to write to honour our great academics, my thinking then was on Sam and Mandivamba Rukuni. These are great minds that have contributed to academia, to Zimbabwe’s agrarian development and where global scholars of the highest order.

Now, we have to reflect without one of them – Sam. It hurts. Nevertheless, we still have a job to do, and I for one am going to fight for a book in his honour. Other books must follow of living legends Mandi, Yemi Katerere, Ibbo Mandaza, and others who may not be recognised easily in the public domain. I enjoyed my research assistant work although it was not an easy job, given Sam’s high academic expectations. However, through it, Sam taught me hard work, discipline and persistence. Today I conduct myself and strive to practice at the highest level of academic engagement, as Sam would have expected from me. To me Sam was a professional at heart, by experience, dedication, and commitment to land and agrarian issues. You were a fountain of knowledge and a man of academic brilliance who contributed immensely to Zimbabwe’s land question. The Zimbabwean academic community, especially those he interacted with and the many he mentored, particularly myself, feel robbed and saddened by the death of a man who contributed so much to the academic world. I feel for Sam’s daughters, DedeEsi AmanorWilks, Beatrice Mutetwa and other family members who have lost a most loved one. They not only have lost a father and a friend, but also a social builder with easy and simplicity. His passing has left a deep vacuum on the Zimbabwean and international community. Professor Moyo may have physically departed but his legacy shall live on.

Prosper B. Matondi
Harare, Zimbabwe
26 November, 2015



Oliver Mtapuri

Thank you for putting together today’s seminar in remembrance of Prof Sam Moyo, which I hope will culminate in a series of seminars in his memory going forward.

From the time I joined Government in 1990 to the time I resigned in 2003, as Deputy Chief Research Officer in the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare responsible for Labour Surveys and Statistics and Social Dialogue, we used to consult Prof Sam Moyo from the inception of the Land Reform Programme. I spearheaded the first Farmworkers Survey whose results were presented at the first Donors’ Conference on Land Reform in Zimbabwe. My Department was a creation of Prof Ibbo Mandaza when he joined Government at Independence. I think Prof Lloyd Sachikonye was part of this pioneering group in the Department until he joined the Zimbabwe Institute of Development Studies (ZIDS) at the University of Zimbabwe. I joined when they all had already left the Department. During the Economic Structural Adjustment Pogramme we consulted extensively these scholars as Government. I was a member of the Secretariat of the Tripartite Negotiating Forum (an interface between Government, Labour and the Private Sector). For two years, as a member of the Secretariat I used to commute between my office and SAPES consulting these scholars in my official capacity. When the Southern Africa Regional Institute for Policy Studies was formed, we gave them a good number of civil servants to train supported by the Government of Zimbabwe. I could have had been one of Prof Sam Moyo’s students had I opted for a Masters in Policy Studies. I instead opted for an MBA which I undertook also with the support of the Government of Zimbabwe at the University of Zimbabwe. I once had an informal chat with Prof Sam Moyo during those days about his prognosis about Land and Agrarian Reform in Zimbabwe and the rest of the continent. He showed me a 250 page draft manuscript on Land and Agrarian Reform which did not have any citations or references – this was him writing in his own words how he felt Land and Agrarian Reform show unfold. By not citing others, this showed his ‘scholarly arrogance’ and a reflection of his passion in the subject area, untainted, pure in his own way. (I am not sure whether that piece was ever published or not). That is how I remember Prof Sam Moyo, a very humble scholar, who inspired hope in his scholars, unassuming, thought-provoking, a critical thinker and most of all, a humble servant of the peasantry whose struggle was one of his major foci. All I can say, ‘I could have been one of your scholars Prof’.

May his soul rest in peace.



‘Moyo’s contribution to agrarian policy deserves serious study’
Thabo Mbeki Foundation


The Thabo Mbeki Foundation extended its “heartfelt condolences” following the death Professor Sam Moyo‚ who “resisted the temptation to serve as a mouthpiece and propagandist for established and dominant social groups”.Moyo‚ who “is credited for his sustained research on land and agrarian reform in Zimbabwe”‚ died in a vehicle accident on Sunday in New Delhi.

“Those who have had the privilege to work with Moyo attest to his deep intellectual insight‚ his generosity of spirit and loyalty to the cause of the emancipation of the ordinary African masses‚” the foundation said.

“In addition to his humility‚ Moyo commanded respect because of the quality of his work and the honesty and integrity of the output. He resisted the temptation to serve as a mouthpiece and propagandist for established and dominant social groups.”

“The academic community on the continent is challenged to reflect on the obligation it has to produce more and more Professor Moyos‚” the foundation said.



The unforgettable Sam ‘Mudzanga’
Conway Tutani 27 November 2015

Professor Sam Moyo reached the pinnacle of academia and stayed true to his vocation to the end.

As teenagers, we used to good-humouredly call him Sam ‘Mudzanga’ (because of his new-found love for smoking, “mudzanga” being the Shona word for cigarette) or Sam Kanhunzi (because of the dark mole by his nose which stood out in contrast to his very light complexion, “kanhunzi” being a small housefly or domestic fly). He was born with more than enough charisma, but he remained down-to-earth as he rose higher and higher.

Moyo was neither an Afro-pessimist with a colonial mentality hankering after servitude like a house nigger nor a hopeless optimist as to blind himself to the post-independence failings and evils like oppression and corruption. Moyo’s colleague Professor Ian Scoones encapsulated this in an obituary he wrote this week: “Sam has often been inaccurately pigeonholed as being on ‘one’ side or another . . . Whether inside the State and the party (Zanu PF), among opposition groups or with the World Bank and other donors, no one could ignore what Sam had to say.”

His free academic spirit could not be shackled by ideology and this made him “challenge oppression and exploitation in whatever form”.

Moyo did not erect barriers, but built bridges. He interacted with all sides — from the ruling party to various opposition formations.

Moyo, true to academia, adhered to highest standards of scientific analysis, earning himself a global reputation as an eminent scholar bringing real value to humankind.

What more can I really add except that a whole library has gone?

Rest in peace, Sam Mudzanga.
https://www.newsday.co.zw/2015/11/27/the-unforgettable-sam-mudzanga/

Conway Nkumbuzo Tutani is a Harare-based columnist. Email: nkumbuzo@gmail.com



PDP mourns Professor Sam Moyo
Jacob Mafume, PDP National Spokesperson

The People's Democratic Party (PDP) has learnt with shock and sadness the untimely death of Professor Sam Moyo, the director of African Institute of Agrarian Studies (AIAS), a leading academic, researcher and a giant in agrarian studies.

Professor Moyo died tragically last week when he was involved in a motor vehicle accident in India where he was attending a conference. Like a dedicated fighter in his profession, he died in the battlefield advancing the frontiers of knowledge.

The late Professor Moyo was a passionate pan-Africanist whose goal was for the people of Zimbabwe to achieve social and economic justice; and that there was fair and equitable distribution of land in the country.

He was widely respected academic in Zimbabwe, Africa and globally; and became a world acclaimed authoritative voice on agrarian issues. Professor Moyo is the founder member and director of AIAS whose aim is to provide objective policy analysis on agrarian issues backed by solid research. The centre has been able to train researchers, graduate students, policy analysts and activists in agrarian issues.

He was an academic who was totally against the primitive accumulation of land by the Zanu PF regime and his vision was to see that the land distribution exercise totally benefitted the country's citizens through its productive use.

It is regrettable that he died when some of his goals such as the equitable distribution of land were yet to be meant. The much awaited government land audit exercise is still to be undertaken while the government continues to compulsorily acquire land from productive farmers thereby disrupting agricultural production in some areas.

The land issue was the core of the liberation struggle and it is unfortunate that Professor Moyo died when there is yet to be closure on the issue through a democratic and participatory process aimed at equitable, transparent, just, lawful and economically efficient distribution and use of land.

The PDP we want to ensure the following; the setting up of an independent Land Commission, as provided for in the Constitution, restoration of collateral security in land, to facilitate sustainable funding of the agricultural sector, granting title to existing farmers, deracialising land ownership and the elimination of multiple land ownership through a land audit.

As the PDP, we console the Moyo family, Professor Moyo colleagues, his students, the people of Zimbabwe and the international community as we say goodbye to Professor Moyo.

May his soul rest in peace!!!



BLF PAYS TRIBUTE TO PROFESSOR SAM MOYO: HAMBA KAHLE SON OF THE SOIL!

The Black First Land First (BLF) movement shares the grief of the Zimbabwean people on the loss of their beloved son and African revolutionary, Professor Sam Moyo. We learn with heavy hearts from our occupied country, South Africa, that Prof Moyo has passed on from this world.

We share the pain of the world peasants, landless and anti-imperialist community. This loss comes at a time when our world is again in the grip of imperial and colonial aggression and mendacity. In a world saturated with lies, revolutionary intellectual work becomes part of the most important arsenal of the battle for liberation of the oppressed.

We shall forever remember how Prof Moyo stood as a beacon of truth and principle in a sea of sponsored condemnation of the Zimbabwean land struggle. Imperialist propaganda went into overdrive trying to soil the heroic acts of the Zimbabwean people and their government to return the stolen land.

Prof Moyo rejected acclaim and acknowledgement that comes from colonial and imperial scholarship that implores Africans to take the side of Empire against its people. We watched with great admiration how, from every conference, from pages of rarefied academic journals and in books, Prof Moyo again and again defended the Zimbabwean land reclamation struggle.

We will always remember that there was a time when Prof Moyo stood alone with the revolutionary people of Zimbabwe. In international academic platforms he refused the seductive embrace of colonisers which comes with a litany of personal rewards.

We learned from Prof Moyo’s example that the greatest reward is service to the African masses and the oppressed of the world.

We learned from Prof Moyo that the land and agrarian struggles are foundational to the liberation of the African continent. We learned from Prof Moyo’s principled defence of the African revolution that the revolutionary process is served best by rigorous scholarship. From Prof Moyo’s agitation and scholarship we learned the truth of the Zimbabwean land revolution and were able to counter the imperialist lies better.

The avalanche of lies and condemnation from imperialism and its agents never stopped, but in the face of the tireless revolutionary scholarship of Prof Moyo these mountains of lies paled into insignificance. We learned from Prof Moyo that without committed intellectuals the people perish. Africa must grow her own intellectuals, driven by the singular desire to serve this blighted continent.

Today, we march with less certainty because one who could see further than most of us, is no longer amongst us. We however, take solace in the knowledge that Prof Moyo left us foundations strong enough to take the process of building the African revolution further.

We South Africans remain a people shackled by colonial and neo-colonial bondage. We as South Africans remain landless after twenty-one years of pseudo-independence.

We have learned from Prof Moyo how to do battle against the intellectual deceit of the West. On our part, we commit to honor his memory through tirelessly working for the return of our land and attainment of self-reliance because we know only through returning our land first can we be on our way to putting blacks first in a world that puts blacks last.

To the people of Zimbabwe, his friends and colleagues and the entire anti-imperialist world, we say may the black gods strengthen you at this time. To his family, we thank you for sharing with us this brilliant gift from the Black Gods.

Hamba kahle son of the soil!

ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL COORDINATING COMMITTEE OF THE BLACK FIRST LAND FIRST MOVEMENT
23 November 2015
Contact Details
Black First Land First Mail: blackfirstlandfirst@¬gmail.com
Zanele Lwana
(National Spokesperson)
Cell: +27 79 486 9087 Mail: zanelelwana@gmail.co¬m
Lindsay Maasdorp
(National Spokesperson)
Cell: +27 79 915 2957
Mail: lgmaasdorp@hotmail.c¬om



Buscher, Bram

I was shocked to hear this news - Sam was a giant of African studies, Agrarian Studies and critical geography, and he will be sorely missed. I feel incredibly fortunate for having been able to benefit from his insights, warm personality and mentorship. I remember him as always being interested in others’ work, especially that of junior scholars. As you say: his legacy will live on and we owe it to him to continue the struggles he was so pivotal in.




Queridos amigos y amigas

Recibimos la triste noticia de la prematura muerte de Sam Moyo, miembro del Comité Ejecutivo de IDEAs y ex presidente del Consejo para el Desarrollo de la Investigación en Ciencias Sociales (CODESRIA), la institución hermana de CLACSO en África.

Sam fue un destacado estudioso de la economía política en Zimbabwe. Se encontraba en Nueva Delhi, India, para participar en una conferencia sobre "Cuestiones laborales en el Sur global", cuando el auto en el que viajaba sufrió un grave accidente. Luchó hasta ultimo momento por la vida, pero falleció ayer, 22 de noviembre de 2015.
Sus temas de estudio fueron la ecología política, las nuevas ruralidades, las organizaciones no gubernamentales y los movimientos sociales. Publicó varios artículos, capítulos de libros y los siguientes libros (como autor, co-autor o co-editor): La cuestión agraria en Zimbabwe; El proceso de adquisición de tierras en Zimbabwe 1997/8: impactos Socio-Económicos y Políticos; La Reforma Agraria bajo el ajuste estructural en Zimbabwe; Las ONG, el Estado y la política en Zimbabwe; Política Energética y Planificación en el Sur de África; Seguridad Ambiental en el Sur de África; Organizaciones campesinas y democratización en África;
La recuperación de la Nación: El retorno de la cuestión nacional en África, Asia y América; entre otros.

Sam fue un activo colaborador del Programa Sur-Sur de CLACSO y CODESRIA. Su obra: Recuperando la tierra. El resurgimiento de movimientos rurales en África, Asia y América Latina fue publicada por nuestras instituciones y está disponible para descargar completa en nuestra Librería Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales.

(http://www.clacso.org.ar/libreria-latinoamericana/buscar_libro_detalle.php?id_libro=69&campo=autor&texto=moyo)

Su fuerte sentido del panafricanismo y su solidaridad con los pueblos del Sur nos ha nenriquecido permanentemente y nos acompañarán siempre.

CLACSO despide a nuestro querido y admirado Sam Moyo, sabiendo que esté donde esté, nos acompañará siempre en las luchas por un mundo más justo, humano e igualitario.

Pablo Gentili
CLACSO / Secretario Ejecutivo
(+5411) 4304-9145 / 4304-9505
pgentili@clacso.edu.ar
Twitter: @pablogentili
Facebook: www.facebook.com/contrapuntos.elpais.pablogentili



A Profound Encounter: Remembering Sam Moyo
Chambi Chachage

Sam Moyo is gone. A terrible car accident in India has robbed Africa of one of its finest sons. From Dakar to Dar es Salaam we are mourning the loss of such a profound professor and personality.

As tributes pour from Cape to Cairo, I am moved to share my brief, albeit, profound encounter with someone whose being combined a great sense of African brotherhood/sisterhood and intellectual rigor.

His name must have crossed my mind prior to our first meeting at the Julius Nyerere Intellectual Festival Week at the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM). As a colleague of the later Professor Seithy Chachage at the Council for the Development of Social Science Research (CODESRIA), his name had to be familiar. It was splashed across publications and papers in our home's library.

To Chachage, Moyo was such an important voice. When the land crisis began to unravel in Zimbabwe, I was still an undergraduate student at the University of Cape Town (UCT). The situation was so mind-boggling especially when I got the chance to debate it with my schoolmates who hailed from there. My decision to travel by bus from South Africa to Tanzania via Zimbabwe did not help me much to make sense of what was happening especially when I was almost left at the border because of being asked for a bribe.

Hence one of the papers that I tried to skim through to make sense of what was going on in what Mwalimu Nyerere once referred to as the 'Jewel of Africa' was Chachage's 'Zimbabwe's Current Land Crisis: Some Reflections on Its History'. Unknown to the skimmer in me then was that it drew heavily from Sam's work on the ground. He wrote it 2000 way before many scholars started to acknowledge, even if reluctantly, Sam's profound insights on 'land matters'.

Citing Sam Moyo's (1995) seminal book on 'The Land Question in Zimbabwe', Chachage concluded his paper in a 'prophetic tone':

"One thing that is clear, as far as the Zimbabwe crisis is concerned, is the fact that land reform is necessary. Even the opposition party that campaigned against the constitutional change proposals concedes to this fact. More important, as the history outlined above demonstrates, is the fact that a government that abandons the policies of social provisioning and land reforms as a means to redress the historical imbalances is bound to land in the same problems that Zimbabwe is currently facing. Productivist positions and the Darwinist cynicism of the cult of the winner are dangerous in the face of naked inequalities. These forget that even broader economic perspectives suggest that land reform, as it happened in South Korea, Taiwan, Japan, for example, 'lead to an income distribution structure and rural employment benefits conducive for a growing industrial sector.' It is clear that without the resolution of the land question (which includes the national question in the case of Zimbabwe), the crisis will continue."

But it was only after I came to know Sam personally later on that I really got to appreciate his vast knowledge and willingness to share with those who thirst for it. If there is someone who has shaped my understanding of 'land problems' in Southern Africa then it is him.

Even though we both knew that we are not entirely in the same 'school of thought', he was patient, 'tolerant' and 'open-minded' enough to interact with me without necessarily imposing his 'old Marxist' perspective on me. As I go through our exchanges I can almost sense the dilemma and zeal to uphold the principle of academic 'freedom' while maintaining the urge for 'recruiting'.

When I asked 'Why are Marxists/Leftists obsessed with Class Analysis at the expense of Cultural Analysis?' he thus responded:

"As a self-proclaimed Marxist too, I have no problems with analysing culture; but I would think that one has to examine the dynamic structural and social conditions under which culture (which is not static) is produced or evolves. Moreover, many aspects of culture have an ideological value or purpose, and they can become commodified, and these tendencies make 'culture' amenable to various hegemonic projects, including the dominance of neoliberal imperialist agendas. But I admit many Marxists understudy culture, and even ignore its existence and purpose, when dealing with class analysis!"

Little wonder when I had to choose between two universities in the US to pursue my PhD studies in 2011, he tried to convince me to go to the one where a couple of his 'lifelong Marxist' colleagues were teaching. In a humorous way, he pointed out that the other one is simply basking in its old glory like those folks who invoke their successful past as a cover-up for their present fall from grace. Yet after I had made a decision to go there anyway, he wished me luck after asking: "When do you go to the fountain of knowledge?"

Nevertheless that fountain did not really quench the thirst for the knowledge that Sam was busily disseminating in the 'Global South.' No wonder we were both so glad when I took a short course on 'The Political Economy of Natural Resources' in June 2015 at the Nyerere Resource Center (NRC/KAVAZI) in Dar. Little did I know that will be the last time I see him face-to-face and hear him give a lecture 'live'. Taken by his take on the 'Theory of Rent', I jotted the following comments on top of my head in an online public debate:

Someone - I think, Sam Moyo - has attempted to define financial outflows in terms of the rent theory's dichotomy of 'ground' and 'differential' rents. By doing so, one realises that there is thin line between the 'licit' and the 'illicit' or the 'legal' and the 'illegal'. To put it simply, in the context of the debate below, the TNCs/FDIs are 'licitly/legally authorised' to even collect (large) part/share of the (absolute) 'ground' rent from the land and natural resources that belong to the people/places they are 'investing' their 'capital' in. In this regard, I agree that this is not simply semantics. Preoccupation with the 'illicit' masks the 'licit'. Both are draining Africa(ns).

After his 'heavy' lecturers all I wanted was to rush home to cool my brain. But he insisted that I join them for a drink and snack. It was our 'last supper'. Afterwards, I forwarded to all an article that we only passingly discussed in the course but which was not in the reader. His response to my email was brief but now so memorable:

"Thanks comrade Chambi. It was good to see you after so long!"

Ever reading and learning, Sam asked me to email him copies of some of the articles in the course reader that he did not have in his collections. I promised to do so. But the procrastinator in me kept getting on my way. Feeling guilty, I sent him a quick email to let him know I will do so asap. Alas, his "Thanks" was the last email I got from him. For five months I travelled across three continents with the scrap paper below that I had jotted down names of the authors of those articles. While I was finally feeling like fulfilling the promise I had made, unknowingly to me, he was laying in a hospital bed fighting for the life yet in him and breathing his last.

Mahmood Mamdani's tribute to his friend Sam, like that by Dzodzi Tsikata and Ebrima Sall, on behalf of CODESRIA, and Ian Scoones', have touched a sensitive nerve about "the politics of knowledge production and its recognition" on and in Africa(ns). No matter how modest one may be, it hurts the intellect to experience it firsthand. After all, even the bravest of firebrands are humans too. Yes, they think but they also feel. So was the Sam who penned these touching words after I forwarded to Wanazuoni's listserv in 2009 an article entitled The second scramble for Africa starts:

"Now that all these people are saying what your dad and I wrote about since the 1990s on land alienation, I feel sad that they are the ones being credited for the discovery, simply because they have the audience and new 'facts'. The green book was about this, synthesizing the ensuing events. What is our knowledge management process?"

Yet he was generous enough to give credit where it was due while maintaining both a critical eye and empirical stance without being clouded by scholarly jealousy as evidenced in these comments about Legitimating common property in Africa and the Nobel Prize:

"Yes its a good article and the prize is well deserved. But this perspective is not new in the literature on land in Africa, although the point needs to be repeated until many more people recognize it. You might be interested to know that I used Ostrom's perspective in my 1995 book on Zim land, and that it has been an important influence on some aspects of my subsequent writings. We ordinary scholars have long accepted this perpective, it is the rightwing scholars, various elites and their donors who have refused to acknowledge this view for long. Incidentally I was the sole author of the ECA booklet referenced by the writer of the posted article, and am one of the 7 co-authors of the recently published AU guidelines, which the writer wrongly claims were done under the guidance of Okoth Ogendo."

Under such a skewed political economy of knowledge production and recognition, it is high time that we acknowledge our African scholars and their groundbreaking works. It is so refreshing to read, among others, the tributes that Bella Matambanadzo, Alex Magaisa and Godfrey Massay have written to their mentor and friend, Sam. It is a testament to his profound intellectual nurturing and sharing.

Deservingly, in memory of his role the African Institute of Agrarian Studies (AIAS) that he co-founded is now considering renaming the annual summer school that it holds in collaboration with institutions like the Land Rights Research and Resources Institute (LARRRI/HAKIARDHI), the Sam Moyo Annual Agrarian Summer School. May his fiery Pan-African legacy live on and on.

Farewell Comrade Sam. We will keep the torch burning. Amen.



 Events Index 2017
 Bandile Mdlalose, Daniel Dunia and Nisha Naidoo, The Peoples Economic Forum Responds to the World Economic Forum, 1 June 2017 
 Mvu Ngcoya, Rozena Maart, Shaun Ruggunan, Mershen Pillay Centre for Civil Society Seminar: Decolonising Curricula, 25 May 2017 
 Peter Sutoris, Environmental Activism and Environmental Education: (De) Politicising Struggles in India and South Africa, 18 May 2017 
 Lubna Nadvi, Lukhona Mnguni, Shauna Mottiar, The April 7th Protests, 20 April 2017 
 John Devenish, CCS Seminar: The use of interactive maps and scatter graphs to study protest in the BRICS countries, 13 April 2017  
 Shauna Mottiar, Mvuselelo Ngcoya BOOK LAUNCH: Philanthropy in South Africa - Horizontality, ubuntu and social justice, 22 March 2017 
 Peter McKenzie Photo Exhibition - Durbanity, 09 March 2017 
 Elisabet Van Wymeersch On change, conflicts and planning theory: the transformative potential of disruptive contestation, 2 March 2017 
 Daniel Byamungu Dunia, Africa Solidarity Network (ASONET) Community Building Workshop: CRIMINALISATION OF HATE CRIMES AND HATE SPEECH, 24 February 2017 
 Jasper Finkeldey, Centre for Civil Society Seminar: (No) Limits to extraction? Popular Mobilization and the Impacts of the Extractive Industries in KZN, 9 February 2017 
 Bandile Mdlalose, New Urban Agenda’ – Report Back from Habitat III, United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development Ecuador, 28 November 
 Patrick Bond, From Trump to BRICS, where is civil society headed? 18 November 
 Gerard Boyce, Arguments in favour of putting the South African government's nuclear plans to a popular referendum, 28 October  
 Duduzile Khumalo, Sibongile Buthelezi, Cathy Sutherland, Vicky Sim, Social constructions of environmental services in a rapidly densifying peri-urban area under dual governance in eThekwini Municipality, 26 October  
 Alex Hotz CCS Seminar: Challenging Secrecy and Surveillance: Building Anti-Surveillance Activism, 19 August 
 Itai Kagwere, Daniel Byamungu Dunia and Gabriel Hertis CCS Seminar: Challenges of Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Migrants in South Africa, 26 August 
 Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: Sight on the target: Tackling destructive fishing, 12 August 
 Carolijn van Noort CCS Seminar: “Strategic narratives of infrastructural development: is BRICS modernizing the tale?”, 26 July 
 CCS Co-Hosts: The Governance and Politics of HIV AIDS, 19 July 
 Moises Arce CCS Seminar: The Political Consequences of Mobilizations against Resource Extraction, 12 July 
 Zimbabwe's Despondent Political Economy - a Durban workshop to honour Sam Moyo 13-14 June 2016 
 Patrick Bond gives political economy lecture to Durban Chamber of Commerce and Industry's Women in Business Forum, 26 April 2016 
 CCS hosts mining critics for press conference, 7 April 
 Assassination in Xolobeni: Film screening and memorial meeting for Sikhosiphi Bazooka Rhadebe, 6 April 
 Patrick Bond & Ana Garcia launch BRICS in Toronto, 31 March 
 Akin Akikboye CCS Seminar: KZN's Internally Displaced People, 31 March 
 Patrick Bond & Ana Garcia present critique of world ports, New York, 30 March 
 Dieter Lünse CCS Seminar: Strength of nonviolent action, 22 March 
 Hafsa Kanjwal CCS Seminar: India in Turmoil, 23 March 
 Patrick Bond testifies at public hearing on Transnet's South Durban plans, 21 March 
 Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS and Pan-Africanism, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 15 March 
 Yaa Ashantewaa K. Archer-Ngidi CCS Seminar: The role of Black women in liberation, 10 March 
 Patrick Bond reports on research into urban economic and ecological violence, IDRC & UKAID conference, Johannesburg, 8 March 
 Patrick Bond addresses Women in Mining (Womin) conference on movement building, Johannesburg, 7 March 
 Allen & Barbara Isaacman CCS Seminar: Dams, displacement, and the delusion of development, 4 March  
 Patrick Bond presents South Durban paper in Merebank, 2 March 
 Andrew Lawrence CCS Seminar: Why nuclear energy is bad for South Africa, bad for the world—and how it can be opposed, 29 February 2016  
 China Ngubane , Chumile Sali & Dalli Weyers CCS Seminar: Social Justice Coalition Citizen Oversight of Policing in Khayelitsha Court Case Presentation, 26 February 
 CCS hosts groundWork, SDCEA and FrackFreeSA for climate and energy workshop, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Can the SA budget afford #FeesMustFall demands and other social spending? 23 February  
 Patrick Bond joins Mondli Hlatshwayo & Aziz Choudry to launch Just Work, Ike's Books, 22 February 
 Peter Cole CCS Seminar: A History of Dockers, Social Movements and Transnational Solidarity in Durban and San Francisco, 17 February 
 Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS at Univ of the Western Cape, Cape Town, 15 February 
 Delwyn Pillay, Jorim Gerrad, Madaline George & Nozipho Mkhabela CCS Seminar: A return to MUTOKO, Zimbabwe, 10 February  
 Nick Turse CCS Seminar: AFRICOM’s New Math and “Scarier” Times Ahead in Africa, 5 February 
 Menzi Maseko & Mandla Mbuyisa CCS Seminar: Black Consciousness, Fees Must Fall and Lessons from the Life of Ongkopotse Tiro, 1 February  
 Gabriel Hertis, China Ngubane & Daniel Dunia CCS Seminar: Central African and Zimbabwean geopolitics and their implications for Durban civil society II, 27 January  
 Patrick Bond keynote at Tata Institute Development Studies conference, 23 January 
 Patrick Bond, Thando Manzi, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane present urban analysis at Tata Institute, Mumbai, 19-22 January 
 Patrick Bond, Achin Vanaik, Ajay Patnaik & Alka Acharya launch BRICS book, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 18 January 
 Gabriel Hertis, China Ngubane, Daniel Dumia & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: African geopolitics and their implications for Durban civil society I, 11 January 
 Events Index 2015 
 CCS students Boaventura Monjane, Mithika Mwenda, Tabitha Spence & Celia Alario at the COP21 climate summit, Paris, 1-12 December 
 Jorim Gerrard & Paul Steffen CCS Seminar: Influencing society's views of refugees, 9 December  
 Workshop on Climate Change and Environmental Justice with the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, 7-10 December  
 Ashwin Desai, Betty Govinden, Crispin Hemson & Andile Mngxitama CCS Seminar: The Gandhi debate, 27 November 
 Stefano Battain & Daniela Biocca CCS Seminar: Alternative development or alternative to development? 27 November 
 CCS Seminar: Remembering Sam Moyo, 25 November  
 Patrick Bond debates Sihle Zikalala & Vasu Gounden on the state of South Africa, eThekwini Progressive Professionals Forum, 25 November 
 Christelle Terreblanche debates Ubuntu at the University of Pretoria, 23 November 
 Patrick Bond & Toendepi Shonhe CCS Seminar: BRICS crumble, commodities crash and Africa's climate changes, 20 November 
 Patrick Bond seminar on BRICS banking at University of Cape Town School of Economics, 16 November 
 Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: KZN civil society responses to the Paris Climate Change Conference, 9 November 
 Patrick Bond with Numsa and BRICS climate critique at Historical Materialism conference, London, 5-6 November 
 Andile Mngxitama CCS Seminar: Black First! but what is Black? 4 November 
 Patrick Bond seminar on BRICS as sub-imperialism at Open University, 4 November 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS and climate change at Sussex University, 3 November 
 Mondli Hlatshwayo CCS Seminar: Numsa, technological change and politics at ArcelorMittal's Vanderbijlpark plant, 22 October 
 Tri Continental Film Festival Screenings at CCS 21-24 October 
 Patrick Bond launches BRICS book in New York 19 October 
 Patrick Bond delivers keynote at Cyprus conference on mining and sustainable development, 16 October 
 Brian Minga Anza, Mwamba Kalombo Thithi & Sinqobangaye Magestic Pro Sibisi CCS Seminar: Creative challenges to xenophobia, 15 October 2015 
 Patrick Bond, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Inequality, the criminalisation of protest and internecine social conflict, 9 October 
 Patrick Bond delivers sustainability keynote to SA Public Health Association conference, 8 October 
 Patrick Bond debates UN Sustainable Development Goals, ClassicFM, Johannesburg, 1 October 
 Patrick Bond talks on African uprisings at Mapungubwe Institute, Pretoria, 30 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Africa in the world economy, Channel Africa, Johannesburg, 29 September 
 Ana Garcia presents BRICS critique at Geopolitical Economy conference, Winnipeg, 26 September 
 Patrick Bond lectures on degrowth in Berlin, 16 September 
 CCS welcomes World Social Science Forum to Durban, with talks by Vuyiseka Dubula, Patrick Bond & others in CCS, 13 - 16 September  
 CCS welcomes Codesria and WSSF to Ike's Books, 12 September 
 CCS hosts the South-South Institute during the World Social Science Forum, 10-18 September 
 Patrick Bond lectures at Codesria/Osisa Economic Justice Institute, 8-9 September 
 Patrick Bond, Boaventura Monjane & Mithika Mwenda at Africa Climate Talks, Dar es Salaam, 3-5 September 
 Vladimir Slivyak What's wrong with Russia's nuclear energy deal-making? 4 September  
 John Devenish CCS Seminar: Mapping social unrest in South Africa, 1 September  
 Patrick Bond lectures on climate and deglobalisation alternatives at Attac University, Marseille, 26 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on legacy of Rosa Luxemburg at New School for Social Research, New York, 21 August 
 China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Xenophobia as symptom, 20 August  
 Justine van Rooyen CCS Seminar: The Social Inclusion/Exclusion of Intersex South Africans, 12 August 
 Patrick Bond keynote speech at BRICS-in-Africa conference, Livingstone, 7-11 August 
 Patrick Bond and Sam Moyo speak at Trust Africa conference on Illicit Financial Flows, Harare, 3 August 
 Patrick Bond delivers paper on climate and the blue economy, Wits University, 2 August 
 Patrick Bond in economic debate at M&G Literary Festival, Johannesburg, 1 August 
 Yaa Ashantewaa Ngidi CCS Seminar: The state of the Pan Africanist movement, 30 July 
 Ryan Solomon CCS Seminar: Belonging, inclusion and South African civil society in the campaigns against AIDS and xenophobia, 29 July 
 Patrick Bond moderates UKZN College of Humanities debate on xenophobia and higher ed transformation, 28 July 
 Lloyd Sachikonye CCS Seminar: Social research and civil society in Zimbabwe, 28 July 
 Patrick Bond & Mithika Mwenda at Climate Futures symposium, Italy, 13-17 July 
 China Ngubane, Bandile Mdlalose & Nonhle Mbuthuma CCS Seminar: The state of social activism against xenophobia, human rights violations and mining exploitation - three case sites, 3 July 
 CCS co-hosts (with Chris Hani Institute) World Association for Political Economy, Johannesburg, 19-21 June 
 CCS workshop with ASONET, Action Support Centre and South African Liaison Office, on South Africa, Peace and Security in the post-2015 Development Agenda, 10-11 June 
 CCS/ASONET workshop on xenophobia, 5 June 
 Alf Nilsen launches his book We Make Our Own History, at Ike's Books, 4 June 
 Patrick Bond addresses civil society electricity crisis summit on load-shedding, Johannesburg, 2 June  
 Patrick Bond talks on extractivism, BRICS sub-imperialism and South Africa at Left Forum, New York, 30-31 May 
 China Ngubane, Gabriel Hertis, Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Persistent Durban xenophobia and Operation Fiela, 20 May 
 CCS hosts Colgate University students for social movement research, June 
 Nonhle Mbuthuma CCS Seminar: Xolobeni mining, unobtanium-titanium battle update, 14 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on carbon markets and climate debt, Gyeongsang University, Jinju, Korea, 12 May 
 Patrick Bond speaks on South African political economy, Hong Kong Reader bookshop, 11 May 
 Gcina Makoba, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Rhodes' walls must fall! 30 April  
 CCS Film Screening: The GAMA Strike A victory for all workers, 24 April 
 Patrick Bond lectures on degrowth and the green economy, Berlin, 21 April 
 Faith ka Manzi & Bandile Mdlalose at Climate Justice strategy meeting, Maputo, April 21-23 
 Paul Kariuki, Bandile Mdlalose, China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Xenophobia in Durban, 14 April 
 CCS joins Greenpeace and R2K in solidarity meeting with Somkhele coal victims, northern KZN, 12 April 
 Patrick Bond lecture on water commodification and resistance at Zimbabwe Sustainable Economics Forum, Harare, 9 April 
 China Ngubane & Jean-Pierre Lukamba CCS Seminar: Xenophobia in Isipingo, 7 April 
 Alice Thomson, Desmond D’Sa & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Liberal and radical approaches to Environmental Justice campaigning, 1 April 
 Patrick Bond speaks on coalitions for national economic sovereignty, World Social Forum, University of Tunis el Manar, 25 March 
 Akin Akiboye & Jorim Gerrard CCS Seminar: Xenophobia and displacement, 17 March 
 Sofie Hellberg CCS Seminar: Water, life and politics in Durban, 10 March 
 Faith kaManzi, Nonhle Mbuthuma, Melissa Hansen & others International Women’s Day at the UKZN Centre for Civil Society: Resistance to Resource Cursing in KZN, the Eastern Cape and the DRC, 9th March 
 Israeli Apartheid Week Events 2 - 8 March 
 Baruti Amisi and Boaventura Monjane speak at US Power Africa conference, University of Illinois, 2-4 March 
 Baruti Amisi, Gerard Boyce & Patrick Bond CCS Workshop: 'False solutions' to climate and energy crises, 26 February 
 Carlos Cardoso CCS Seminar: Knowledge production and intellectual formation in Africa from Codesria's perspective, 20 February 
 Benny Wenda CCS Seminar: The campaign to free West Papua, 19 February 
 Gcina Makoba & Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Campaigning against coal in KZN, 18 February 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS sherpa Anil Sooklal, UCT Centre for Conflict Resolution, 16 February 
 Desmond D'Sa, David Le Page, Bhavna Deonarain, Winnie Mdletshe & others: Launch of Fossil Free KZN, 13 February 
 Angus Joseph CCS Seminar: Climate justice and solidarity from Lima to Paris, 13 February 
 Nhamo Chikowore & China Ngubane Zimbabwe's new conjuncture and SA's new xenophobia, 6 February 
 Baruti Amisi, Brain Amza & and Jacky Kabidu DRC uprising, repression and solidarity, 5 February 
 Chris Coward CCS Seminar: New spaces of social activism, 28 January 
 Immanuel Ness CCS Seminar: Lessons from the labour movements of China and India, 27 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Electricity crisis scenarios, 20 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Oil spills, coal digs, resource cursing and resistance, 12 January 
 Events Index 2014 
 Gcina Makoba & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: United Front Preparatory Assembly assessment, 22 December 
 Thando Manzi, Au Loong Yu & John Devenish CCS Seminar: BRICS-from-below struggles for justice, 19 December 
 CCS hosts South Durban climate camp, 8-11 December 
 Patrick Bond, Bandile Mdlalose, Shauna Mottiar, Themba Mchunu & China Ngubane CCS press conference and workshop: Durban politics stressed to break-point, 5 December 
 Mondli Hlatshwayo CCS Seminar: Organised labour's losses since 1994, worker-community relations after 2014, 28 November 
 Patrick Bond critiques World Bank at UWC poverty conference, 27 November 
 CCS hosts launch of Fossil Free South Africa, 27 November 
 Faith ka-Manzi debates SA social protest at Gumede Lecture, Durban History Museum, 27 November 
 Melissa Hansen CCS Seminar: Struggles over conservation space in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, 24 November  
 Patrick Bond lectures on Africa's Resource Curse, Stellenbosch University, 20 November 
 Vuyiseka Dubula, Faith ka-Manzi & Mzamo Zondi CCS Seminar: Treatment Action Campaign reaches the knife-edge, 18 November, 2014 
 CCS hosts Durban environmental network, 15 November 
 Aziz Choudry CCS Seminar: Learning and research in social movements, 14 November 
 Aziz Choudry CCS Seminar: NGOization, 'civil society' and social change: Complicity, contradictions and prospects, 13 November 
 Gun Free South Africa workshop with CCS, 12 November 
 Creesen Naicker CCS Seminar: Sport for Development in South Africa, 11 November 
 Patrick Bond joins SA panel at Historical Materialism conference, London, 7 November 
 Patrick Bond lectures on neoliberalism and social policy at South-South Institute in Bangkok, 5 November 
 Patrick Bond keynote address on African IT, to the International Development Informatics Association, 3 November 
 Patrick Bond debates GDP with SA government, Pretoria, 31 October 
 Patrick Bond debates GDP reform at University of Pretoria, 28 October 
 China Ngubane and Patrick Bond at UKZN Geography workshop on community politics, 24 October 
 CCS hosts CT Social Justice Coalition training on sanitation advocacy, 22 October 
 CCS hosts Greenpeace film on climate and Arctic oil, Black Ice, 14 October 
 Diana Buttu CCS Seminar: The situation in Palestine, 8 October 
 Mithika Mwenda lecture on climate justice at Climate Change and Development Conference, Morocco, 7 October 
 Stefan Cramer CCS Seminar on Karoo fracking, 7 October 
 Omar Shaukat CCS Seminar: Thinking through ISIS, 1 October 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA social policy at University of Burgundy, Dijon, 25 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Mark Weisbrot on BRICS at IPS, Washington, 23 September 
 Mithika Mwenda and Patrick Bond talk on climate justice, Converge for Climate at Graffiti Church, New York City, 20 September 
 Awethu! network meets at CCS, 20 September 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South Africa at City University of New York, 18 September 
 John Saul and Patrick Bond launch books at Cape Town Open Book Fair, 17 September 
 The UKZN Centre for Civil Society and Palestine Solidarity Forum host a Gaza Documentary Screening, 11 September  
 Gcina Makoba update on recyclables project in Inanda, 15 September 
 Patrick Bond debates the causes and implications of Marikana at the Durban Democracy and Development Programme, 10 September 
 Mnikeni Phakathi & Asha Moodley CCS Seminar (with the Right to Know Campaign): Student Protest at UKZN 2014, 5 September 
 Patrick Bond debates climate and energy at Univ of Leipzig 'Degrowth' conference, Germany, 5 September 
 Gcina Makoba & Patrick Bond Durban water and sanitation policies, projects and politics, 1 September 
 Patrick Bond input on BRICS at Centre for Conflict Resolution seminar, Pretoria, 31 August 
 Patrick Bond on Resource Curses and antidotes, at Institute for Social and Economic Studies, Maputo, 28 August 
 China Ngubane & Sizwe Shiba Southern African people's solidarity dynamics, 28 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South Durban strategy, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea, 22 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA political economy at Chinese Academy of Marxism, Beijing, 20 August 
 Mithika Mwenda CCS Seminar: Climate change and global policy battles, 15 August 
 Niall Reddy CCS Seminar: BRICS after Fortaleza, 14 August 
 Ilan Pappé Dennis Brutus Memorial Lecture: Israel’s ethnic cleansing of Palestine, 5 August 
 UKZN CCS Masters Student Mithika Mwenda testifies on Climate Justice on Our Common Planet, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA, 4 August 
 Loraine Dongo & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Climate, oil and activism in South Africa, 31 July  
 Patrick Bond debates Intensive Energy User Group's Shaun Nel on energy, SAfm, 23 July 
 Patrick Bond debates SACP's Alex Mashilo on SA politics, SA Democratic Teachers Union KZN Province, Durban, 24 July 
 Susan Spronk Contesting Water Privatisation through an Efficiency Narrative, 23 July 
 Matt Meyer The State of the Art in Non-violent Civil Disobedience, 22 July 
 Patrick Bond discusses infrastructure finance, Fortaleza, 15 July 
 CCS-Brazilian collaboration at the 2014 BRICS Summit, 14-16 July in Fortaleza 
 Patrick Bond debates JP Landman on SA poli econ, Ike's Books, 9 July 
 Bhekinkosi Moyo CCS Seminar: Southern African civil society, 7 July 
 Jack Dyer CCS Seminar: The economic consequences of Durban's port expansion, 25 June 2014 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA macroeconomic conditions, at UKZN SA Research Chair initiative workshop, 20 June 
 Patrick Bond debates SA soccer leader Danny Jordaan on the World Cup's legacy, BBC radio, 18 June 
 John Devenish CCS Seminar: Protests in India, South Africa & Brazil The issues participants & tactics, 17 June 2014 
 Patrick Bond debates the SA economy with MEC Mike Mabuyakhulu, UKZN Business School, 11 June 
 Patrick Bond debates sustainability at Governance Innovation conference, University of Pretoria, 5 June 
 CCS hosts mineworker solidarity event, 31 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South African water commodification, University of London, 30 May 
 Patrick Bond debates 'Africa Rising (or Uprising?)' in Maputo at Frelimo Political School, 29 May 2014 
 Patrick Bond speaks on global finance at the World Association for Political Economy, Hanoi, 24 May 
 Shauna Mottiar presents at 'Contentious Politics' seminar, University of Johannesburg, 22 May 
 Patrick Bond & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: BRICS from above, the middle and below: which directions for alliances and conflicts? 16 May 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS civil society, SA Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond presentation on climate justice governance via skype to Linkoping University, Sweden, 8 May 
 Gcina Makoba and Thuli Hlela host Miners Shot Down in Durban townships, 1 May 
 Admos Chimhowu CCS Seminar: Food Sovereignty Discourses, Land and Labour in Southern Africa, 30 April 
 Patrick Bond presents on BRICS geopolitics and BRICS banking, Rio de Janeiro, 28-29 April 
 Shauna Mottiar delivers paper on popular protest in South Africa, Oxford University, 26 April 
 Floyd Shivambu, Innocent Ndiki, Louise Colvin and Patrick Bond CCS Workshop: Which critiques of post-Apartheid malgovernance - and which counter strategies - come next?, 25 April 
 Bram Buscher CCS Seminar: ‘I Nature’: Web 2.0, Social Media and the Political Economy of Conservation, 25 April 
 Patrick Bond discusses DeSutcliffisation at Durban University of Technology Urban Futures Centre, 24 April 
 Patrick Bond talk on SA@20 in New York, 19 April 
 Patrick Bond keynote lecture on climate, health and risk, University of Washington, Seattle, 17 April 
 Ken Walibora Waliaula CCS Seminar: Remembering and Disremembering Africa, 16 April 
 Ben Turok School of Social Sciences & CCS Seminar: With my head above the parapet: An insider account of the ANC in power, 15 April 
 Thando Manzi CCS Seminar: Brazilian civil society contests the World Cup, economic injustice and BRICS, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond gives three talks at the Association of American Geographers, Tampa, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond on comparative solidarity with Palestine and South Africa, Johns Hopkins University, 7 April 
 Patrick Bond paper on Climate Change, Debt and Justice in Africa at University of North Carolina conference, 5 April 
 Zackie Achmat, Thando Manzi, Paul Routledge Dennis Brutus Memorial Debate: The state of our social movements, from SA to BRICS to the world 31 March  
 Paul Routledge CCS/Development Studies seminar on politics of climate change, 31 March 
 Zackie Achmat and Ndifuma Ukwazi offer activist Autumn School, 31 March - 2 April 
 Prince Mashele CCS Seminar: The fall of the ANC, 28 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on a Redistributive Eco-Debt Payment system, University of Lund, 28 March 
 Waldemar Diener CCS Seminar: Identity formation amongst immigrant traditional healers, 27 March  
 Charles Mangongera & Toendepi Shonhe CCS Seminar: Who rules Zimbabwe - and what should civil society do now? , 25 March 
 Patrick Bond and Xolani Dube debate 20 years of liberation (plus booklaunch), Time of the Writer festival, 20 March 
 Lukhona Mnguni, Molaudi Sekake & Lesiba Seshoka (invited)CCS Seminar: UKZN student woes and freedom of expression, 20 March  
 Patrick Bond responds to Deputy Foreign Minister Ebrahim Ebrahim foreign policy presentation, 19 March 
 Vanessa Burger and Faith kaManzi support Durban harbour mobilisation, Dalton Hostel, 16 March 
 Israeli Apartheid Week talk by Miko Peled, CCS co-sponsorship with Palestine Solidarity movement, 14 March 
 Peter McKenzie CCS Seminar: Cato Manor Between hope and Possibility, 13 March 
 Patrick Bond testimony on water politics at SA Human Rights Commission, 11 March 
 Patrick Bond lecture at Rosa Luxemburg centenary of Accumulation of Capital, Berlin, 9 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on SA's Resource Curse, Harare, 28 February 
 Sreeram Chaulia CCS Seminar on Brazil-Russia-India-China-SA, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond seminar on 'tokenistic' social policy at UKZN Development Studies, 19 February 
 Patrick Bond addresses PanAfrican Climate Justice Alliance challenges, Dakar, 10 February 
 China Ngubane addresses conference on Community Serving Humanity, UKZN, 12 February 
 Vishwas Satgar runs workshop on the United Front approach, 30 January 
 Patrick Bond addresses Numsa shopstewards on economic crises, Johannesburg, 25 January 
 Patrick Bond testifies to Parliament against mega-projects, 16 January 
 Shauna Mottiar Protest and participation in Cato Manor, Merebank and Wentworth, 15 January  
 Patrick Bond lecture on development and political economy and method, Birzeit University, Ramallah, Palestine, 6 January 
 Events Index 2013 
 China Ngubane and Patrick Bond speak at the People's Dialogue BRICS strategy session, Johannesburg, 10-12 December 
 Thando Manzi and Patrick Bond discuss Durban slum research at the Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, 10 December 
 Patrick Bond, Farai Maguwu and Khadija Sharife testify to African Union commission against corruption, Arusha, 7 December 
 Mithika Mwenda CCS Seminar: Report-back from Warsaw climate summit, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond debates natural capital and GDP at Wits University, Johannesburg, 5 December 
 CCS hosts Democracy from Below citizenship movement 30 November - 1 December 
 Giuliano Martinello CCS Seminar: Dispossession and resistance to SA agribusiness in the new scramble for Southern and Eastern African land, 28 November  
 Patrick Bond at South Durban BRICS-from-below campaign against port-petrochemical expansion, Wentworth, 27 November 
 Film Screenings: Non-Violence as a Strategy for Social Change: CCS Seminar room, 19 September, 17 October, 21 November 
 Patrick Bond debates climate and capitalism at COP19 in Warsaw, 17 November 
 CCS participates in South Durban People's Climate Camp, 14-17 November 
 Patrick Bond lectures on global finance in Brussels, 13-15 November 
 Patrick Bond presents on Commoning, Rights and Praxis at Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, 8 November 
 Patrick Bond public lecture on the New Africa Scramble in Berlin, 7 November 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Financial crises and social resistance, from household to global scales, 6 November 
 Gcina Makoba & Muna Lakhani CCS Seminar: Mapping Waste From Cradle to Grave: the Inkanyezi Community Recyclers and Global Zero-Waste Movement, 31 October 
 CCS founder Adam Habib launches South Africa's Suspended Revolution, Ike's Books, 29 October 
 Brutus Memorial Debate: "From democracy to kleptocracy", 26 October 
 Faith Manzi CCS Seminar: The Anatomy of a Cato Manor 'Popcorn Protest', 24 October 
 Patrick Bond critiques financial markets at Unemployment Insurance Fund board meeting, 15 October 
 Waldemar Diener CCS Seminar: Cartooning race and class after Marikana, 10 October 
 Molaudi Sekake, Christelle Terreblanche & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Commoning as an antidote to uneven development in Southern Africa, 9 October 
 CCS PhD student Vuyiseka Dubula leads AIDS research workshop, Johannesburg, 4 October 
 CCS co-organises workshop on 'Beyond Uneven Development' in Maputo, 1-3 October 
 Patrick Bond on Durban's urban neoliberalism, Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, NYC, 29 September 
 Margherita di Paola Film Screening - On the Art of War, 20 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks on the World Economic Crisis and BRICS, at the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, 13 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks at 'Rising Powers' workshop, Fudan University, Shanghai, 12 September 
 Patrick Bond at Shanghai Academy of Social Science, 11 September  
 Patrick Bond lecture on geopolitics at Institute for International Relations, Prague, 9 September 
 Patrick Bond at G20 Post-Globalisation Initiative G20 counter-summit, St Petersburg/Moscow, 2-6 September 
 Geoff Harris & Sylvia Kaye CCS Seminar: Nonviolence in social-change strategy and tactics, 30 August 
 Patrick Bond on BRICS and 'natural capital' at Centre for Natural Resource Governance, Harare, 29 August 
 Khadija Sharife at 'No REDD in Africa Network,' Maputo, 27-29 August 
 China Ngubane helps launch Diakonia's KZN School of Activism, Albert Falls, 27 August 
 Patrick Bond at Durban Flatdwellers conference, 24 August 
 China Ngubane, Joy Mabenge & Tafadzwa Maguchu Regional and Zimbabwean civil society challenged, 22 August 
 Ed Harriman, Khadija Sharife & Sarah Bracking CCS Workshop: Corruption, corporate bribery, arms deals and social critique, 21 August 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza & Richard Kamidza CCS Seminar: Neoliberal water, neoliberal trade, 19 August 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS, UKZN Student Union, 14 August 
 Simphiwe Magwaza, Simangele Manzi, Thando Manzi, Niki Moore, Knut Nustad, Jabulile Wanda & Philani Zulu CCS seminar on Cato Manor politics, Thursday, 15 August 
 Patrick Bond discusses SA's economic crisis at National Union of Metalworkers, Johannesburg, 8 August 
 Christine Jeske CCS Seminar: Social conceptualizations of work, unemployment, and blame in KwaZulu-Natal, 6 August 
 Larry Swatuk CCS Seminar on water resource conflicts, 1 August 
 Lorenzo Fioramonti Centre for Civil Society Seminar: Gross Domestic Problem, 18 July 2013 
 CCS hosts Open Society's Sustainable Development course for Southern Africa, 15-27 July 
 Faith ka-Manzi, Anne-Marie Debbané & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar on Durban hotspots (Cato Manor service delivery and South Durban privatised wastewater and port/petrochem expansion), 10 July 
 Thamsanqa Mthembu & Hylton Alcock Video Screening: Participatory video as a tool for social transformation, 4 July 
 Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja CCS Seminar: Southern Africa and the Challenge of the Congo, 27 June 
 Patrick Bond debates Blade Nzimande on 21st Century Socialism, Chris Hani Institute, Johannesburg, 25 June 
 China Ngubane & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The state of eco-social justice campaigning in East Asia and the Americas, 18 June 
 Khadija Sharife and Shauna Mottiar Analysis of illicit flight presented at the UN Economic Commission on Africa conference on illicit capital flight, Lusaka, 18 June  
 Patrick Bond at Ecuador conference on eco/economic crises, Quito, 12 June 
 Patrick Bond at Left Forum,New York City, 7-9 June 
 Patrick Bond lecture on Enviro Impact Assessments at Savannah School of Law in Georgia, 6 June 
 Amanda Huron, Amanda Thomas & Victoria Habermehl CCS Seminar: Geographies of Justice: experiences from three continents, 3 June 
 China Ngubane speaks at the Tokyo International Conference on African Development counter-summit, 1 June 
 Nik Theodore & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Migration and the Struggle for Urban Space, from Chicago to Durban, 28 May 
 CCS hosts Antipode Institute for the Geographies of Justice, 27 May to 1 June 
 Abby Neely CCS Seminar: Local Biologies, and ART Protocols: A Political Ecology of Tuberculosis and the Body, 24 May 
 Silke Trommer CCS Seminar: Transformations in Trade Politics - Participatory Trade Politics in West Africa, 23 May 
 Patrick Bond at AIDC National Development Plan seminar, Cape Town 22 May 
 Thuli Hlela CCS Seminar: Mapping Water/Sanitation Services in KwaNyuswa, Valley of 1000 Hills, 21 May 
 China Ngubane participates in the Gumede Lecture Series 17 May 
 Maia Green CCS Seminar: Youth empowerment on South Africa's Wild Coast, 14 May 
 Patrick Bond talk on African poli-econ at OilWatch-Africa conference, Johannesburg, 13 May 
 China Ngubane, Joy Mabenge & Tafadzwa Maguchu CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe's Election Preparations and Civil Society Politics, 10 May 
 Blessing Karumbidza CCS Seminar: Government Clumsiness in Rural Entrepreneurial and Coop Support, 30 April 
 Khadija Sharife and Patrick Bond presentation on climate finance at SADC Basic Income Group strategic workshop, 25 April, Johannesburg 
 Sarah Bracking & Patrick Bond at SDCEA workshop, Clairwood, 20 April 
 Patrick Bond, Des D'Sa, Megan Lewis, China Ngubane and Bobby Peek CCS Seminar: Assessing BRICS, Friday 19 April  
 Patrick Bond paper on geopolitics at Univ of California-Riverside, 13 April 
 Patrick Bond presents on South Durban to Association of American Geographers, Los Angeles, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond on territorial alliances at International Studies Association, 6 April 
 Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: UMkhumbane (Cato Manor) ilokishi elithuthuka ngamandla kodwa elibhekene nezingqinamba ezahlukahlukene, 5 April 
 Patrick Bond on 'Making of Global Capitalism', International Studies Association, 4 April 
 Patrick Bond presentation on BRICS at International Studies Association, San Francisco, 3 April 
 Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS and the Dennis Brutus legacy, University of Pittsburgh, 2 April 
 Patrick Bond on skype to World Social Forum, 28 March 
 Ondøej Horký-Hlucháò CCS Seminar: The depoliticisation of civil society in post-communism, 28 March 
 Ashwin Desai & Kagiso Molope seminar on SA oppressions, 22 March 
 BRICS EVENTS 22 -27 MARCH 
 Patrick Bond at Ejolt workshop in Abuja, Nigeria, 20-21 March 
 Susan Abul Hawa workshop on Palestine liberation today, 20 March 
 Patrick Bond lectures on climate justice, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, 15 March 
 Candido Grzybowski BRICS seen from Rio, 13 March 2013 
 Patrick Bond at community BRICS briefing, Wentworth, 11 March 
 Choice Mahridzo, China Ngubane & Toendepi Shone CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe's future, from inside and out, Thursday 7 March 
 Patrick Bond gives UKZN Development Studies seminar on BRICS, 6 March 
 Patrick Bond debates Ebrahim Ebrahim on BRICS, ActionAid in Joburg, 28 February 
 Patrick Bond panel sessions on climate and BRICS at the Global Studies Conference, Univ of California-Santa Barbara, 23 February 
 Gcina Makoba & Thuli Hlela CCS Seminar: Mapping Inanda rubbish and Valley of 1000 Hills sanitation, 21 February 
 Patrick Bond talks about climate justice at Institute for Policy Studies in Washington on 19 February 
 Thandokuhle Manzi & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Mapping Cato Manor sewage, animals and protest; and an Umlazi update, 13 February 
 Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Mapping AIDS, from body to city, 11 February 
 Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: A recent spatial history of Durban student unrest, 7 February 
 Patrick Bond briefing on BRICS at AIDC, Cape Town, 1 February 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: BRICS as Pretoria's next site to 'talk left, walk right' 31 January 
 Patrick Bond at crisis & inequality seminar at Focus on the Global South, Bangkok, 28-29 January 
 China Ngubane, Patrick Bond & the Brutus Community Scholars CCS Seminar on social conflict mapping in Durban, 22 January 
 Patrick Bond testimony to NERSA against Eskom price hikes, Durban, 17 January 
 Bill Carroll CCS Seminar: Global corporate power and a new transnational capitalist class? 17 January 
 Don Chen CCS Seminar: Smart growth, urban equality and environmental justice, 16 January 
 Bill Carroll CCS Seminar: Research institutes dedicated to social justice - a global survey, 15 January 
 Mfundo Mtshwelo CCS Seminar: New critiques of South Africa's ruling party post-Mangaung, 11 January (Cancelled) 
 Events Index 2012 
 Phillip Lühl & Guillermo Delgado CCS Seminar: Unitary urbanism, towards maximal difference, 8 January  
 Khadija Sharife, Min-Jung Kim, Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Doha's COP18 crash and climate justice (skypecast), 20 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on BRICS in Moscow, 15 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on Marikana and SA Resource Curse, Institute for African Studies, Moscow, 13 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on environmental commodification, Manchester, 11 December 
 Khadija Sharife presentation on land-grabbed Africa at South South Forum 2, Chongqing China, 8 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture to African economic journalists on global economic governance, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond at IG Metall conference on inequality, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond on debt at Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, 30 November 
 Faith ka-Manzi delivers UKZN World AIDS Day Lecture, 29 November 
 Khadija Sharife Illicit flight and mining presentation at Economic Justice Network regional tax conference 27-29 November  
 Patrick Bond keynote address on Climate Justice to Norwegian Development Association, Oslo, 27 November 
 Pamela Ngwenya CCS Course: An introduction to video production 26-30 November 
 Patrick Bond on water rights and climate at Norwegian Development Studies panel, Oslo, 26 November 
 Primrose Sonti, Mbuso Ngubane, Mametlwe Sebei and Rudolph Dubula at Brutus Memorial Debate on Marikana, 22 November 
 Patrick Bond on SA's Resource Course at Amandla! colloquium, Gauteng. 16 November 
 Pamela Ngwenya & Ben Richardson CCS Seminar - Aid for trade and Southern African agriculture: the bittersweet case of Swazi sugar, 15 November 
 Patrick Bond on BRICS/G20 at SA Forum for International Solidarity, Johannesburg, 14 November 
 Ruth Castel-Branco CCS Seminar - Why unions still matter: the case of domestic worker organizing in Maputo, 8 November 
 CCS cohosts State of Zimbabwe Transition, Diakonia, 2 November 
 Liane Greeff CCS Seminar: ‘You can’t have your gas and drink your water!’ - the incompatibility of fracking to water rights, 29 October 
 Patrick Bond with Helmi Shawary at the Jozi Book Fair on Fanon in contemporary Africa, 28 October 
 Thami Mbatha, Faith ka-Manzi, China Ngubane & Percy Ngonyama Ukucwaswa kwabokufika (CCS seminar on xenophobia, in isiZulu) 26 October 
 Patrick Bond on Marikana narratives, at Leeds University School of Politics and African Studies, 26 October 
 Patrick Bond on South Africa resource cursed, at Manchester University Development Studies, 26 October 
 Patrick Bond skype lecture to ClimateMediaFactory, Berlin, 25 October 
 Patrick Bond on the Politics of HIV/AIDS in South Africa, at Limerick University, 24 October 
 Ewok's 'Letters to Dennis' at Poetry Africa, 19 October 
 Allan Kolski Horwitz Kebbleism, politics and art, 19 October 
 Philo Ikonya Centre for Civil Society and Centre for Creative Arts Seminar: Are there limits to the freedom of expression? 16 October 
 Patrick Bond debates Brazilians on the World Cup and human rights, Sao Paolo, 15 October 
 Maia Green CCS Seminar: Love and Power on the Wild Coast, 15 October 
 David van Wyk & Chris Molebatsi CCS Seminar: Marikana: Why? What next? 9 October 
 Peace Workshop, 4 October  
 Muhammed Desai seminar on Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions against Israel, 2 October 
 Patrick Bond plenary address to Muslim Youth Movement 40th conference, 30 September 
 Patrick Bond on MDGs, Redi Tlabi Radio 702 show, 25 September 
 Patrick Bond debates KZN provincial planner, 25 September 
 GreenSquad Alliance sponsors Nonviolence training, 21 September 
  Patrick Bond speaks on Resource-Cursed Southern Africa in Harare, 18 September 
 CCS film screening about 'post'-shopping, 18 September 
 Milford Bateman CCS Seminar: Civil society's microfinance mistakes, 13 September 
 Patrick Bond on detoxing South Durban at Umbilo community meeting, 12 September 
 Patrick Bond briefs OECD-Watch on Marikana and the SA Resource Curse, 11 September, Johannesburg 
 Melanie Müller CCS Seminar: What did COP17 do to SA environmentalism? 7 September 
 Patrick Bond at the Lost in Transformation book launch seminar, 6 September 
 Patrick Bond at Cosatu/AIDC seminar on employment, Port Elizabeth, 6 September 
 Muhammed Shabat & Asad Asad CCS Seminar: Israeli apartheid's challenge for academics in Gaza, 6 September 
 Adrian Nel CCS Seminar: Ugandan carbon forestry, community resistance and environmental management, 4 September 
 Jonathan Nkala CCS anti-xenophobia drama: The Crossing, 1 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Pravin Gordhan on South Durban's port expansion, Clairwood, 1 September 
 Youngsu Kim Trade union politics in South Africa and South Korea, 31 August 
 Patrick Bond on SA transition at Arab Spring conference, Pretoria, 30 August 
 Patrick Bond paper on environmental and social rights at Christian Michelsen Institute workshop, Norway, 27 August 
 Molefi Ndlovu on Qwasha! Durban street narratives about COP17, Christian Michelsen Institute, Norway, 26 August  
 Environmental Teach-In, 25 August  
 Delwyn Pillay, Dimple Deonath & Vanessa Black South Durban civil society confronts Back of Port planning, 23 August 
 Sarah Bracking CCS Seminar: Contesting the frontiers of value in society, nature and capitalism, RESCHEDULED FOR EARLY SEPTEMBER FROM 22 August 
 Nonhle Mbuthuma, John Clarke & Luc Hoebeke CCS Seminar: Avatar on the Wild Coast - lessons from Xolobeni against national and global commodification, 21 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on White Elephants to S.Durban Community Environmental Alliance at Austerville Community Centre, 21 August 
 CCS brainstorm on Marikana Massacre, 21 August 
 Michael Dorsey CCS Seminar: Can the Green Climate Fund provide appropriate finance to Africa? 20 August 
 Percy Nhau CCS Seminar: Implications of the Secrecy Bill for Academic Research, 16 August 2012 
 Farai Maguwu & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Democratic Transitions from Top Down and Bottom Up: Prospects in Zimbabwe, 15 August 
 Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Izingqinamba ngezemvelo zaseThekwini, 8 August 
 Neima Adamo, Sergio Brito, Ester Uamba, Patrick Bond & Dimple Deonath CCS Seminar: Climate, water and destructive development from Maputo to South Durban, 3 August 
 CCS celebrates Brutus legacy at From Roots to Fruits non-violence conference, Durban Univ of Technology, 1 August 
 Matt Meyer & Elavie Ndura CCS Seminar: Nonviolent pedagogies of Africa's oppressed, from South Africa to the Great Lakes, 31 July 2012  
 Ravindra Kumar CCS Seminar: Gandhi, Democracy and Fundamental Rights, 30 July  
 Patrick Bond lecture on African political economy to Institute for the Advancement of Journalism, Johannesburg, 26 July 
 Ewok does Durban (with a French connection) UKZN Jazz Centre, 6pm, 25 July 
 Peter Muzambwe & Dean Chahim CCS Seminar: Solidarities of international urban residents and 'development' students, 25 July 2012 
 Terri Barnes CCS Seminar: Gender, autobiography and social justice, 24 July 
 Jim Kilgore meets Zimbabweans in central Durban, 23 July 
 Jim Kilgore CCS Seminar: Freedom never rests, when it comes to water commodification and service delivery protests, 23 July 
 Shalini Sharma CCS Seminar: Bhopal's catastrophe and representations of social mobilisation, 20 July 
 Jane Duncan CCS Seminar: Voice, political mobilisation and repression under Jacob Zuma, 19 July 
 Patrick Bond at Rio+20 reportback, 17 July, Diakonia Centre 
 Khadija Sharife & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The Decommissioning of Durban's Emissions Trade Pilot, 11 July 
 Bheki Buthelezi & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Interpreting Umlazi's Unrest, Repression and Occupy Resistance, 9 July 
 Farai Maguwu CCS Seminar - Resource-cursed Zimbabwe's Marange blood diamonds, 6 July 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice at Johannesburg Workshop in Theory and Criticism, Goethe Institute, Johannesburg, 5 July 
 Eric Baldwin CCS Seminar: Housing Policy and Liberal Philosophy in Post-Apartheid South Africa, 5 July 
 Patrick Bond course lectures on political economy, ecology and social policy, 2-13 July 
 Khadija Sharife & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar - Rio+20 report-back, 2 July  
 Monica Fagioli CCS Seminar - State-building in practice: the Somali diaspora and processes of reconstruction in Somaliland, 28 June  
 Fidelis Allen at African politics conference, Dakar, 26 - 28 June 
 Patrick Bond on SA subimperialism and resistance, Rio+20 Intercoll.net seminar, 21 June 
 Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu, Niall McNulty & Lwazi Gwijane CCS Seminar: QWASHA! An online archive of community digital content, 21 June 2012 
 Patrick Bond on social and environmental justice strategies, Rio+20 Cupula dos Povos plenary, 18 June 
 Patrick Bond, Khadija Sharife & Baruti Amisi on African CDMs at the International Society for Ecological Economics, Rio de Janeiro, 17 June 
 Patrick Bond and Eddie Cottle discuss SA World Cup lessons for Brazil, 13 June, Rio 
 Kim Min-Jung speaks on climate activism and the COP17 at Gyeongsang Univ Institute of Social Studies, Korea, 15 June 
 Fidelis Allen & Khadija Sharife CCS Seminar: CDM cannot deliver: Lessons from Nigeria, 11 June 
 Patrick Bond at the Building and Wood Workers International debate on Green Economy and Sustainable Development, 11 June, Rio de Janeiro 
 Michela Gallo CCS Seminar: Zimbabwean civil society in South Africa, 7 June  
 Patrick Bond speaks at faculty strike support committee, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 6 June 
 Patrick Bond lecture on carbon trading at the Brazilian Society of Political Economy, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, 5 June 
 Patrick Bond on debt crises at Queens University, Canada, 30 May 
 Dennis Brutus Memorial Debate: Durban's Corruptions & Disruptions, 24 May 
 Maria Schuld CCS Seminar: Small wars ‑ A micro‑level analysis of violence in KwaZulu‑Natal, 17 May 
 Iain Ewok Robinson MCs the Brutus Sessions, 16 May 
 Patrick Bond on 'Imperial and subimperial interests in neoliberalised nature', keynote address at Sussex Univ SouthGovNet conference, Brighton, 16-17 May 
 Patrick Bond booklaunch on climate justice at Bookmarks, London, 14 May 
 Film & discussion on Genetic Engineering hosted by Green Squad Alliance, 11 May  
 Sasha Kramer & Anthony Kilbride CCS Seminar: Improving access to sanitation on a global scale, 10 May 
 Khadija Sharife talks on Tax Justice to the Economic Justice Network, Cape Town, 9 May 
 Patrick Bond skype lecture on media and climate policy, Bergen, Norway, 7 May 
 China Ngubane & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The Africa People's Charter, Zimbabwe People's Convention Charter and South African Reconstruction and Development Programme, 7 May  
 Patrick Bond unpacks eco-imperialism at People's Dialogue 'Green Economy' seminar, Johannesburg, 5 May 
 Patrick Bond at Comrade Babble play on Kebbleism, Johannesburg, 5 May 
 Durban can 'connect‑the‑dots' to climate change with 350.org, 5 May 
 Nosipho Mngoma, Percy Nhau and Murray Hunter CCS seminar on Right2Know for researchers and journalists, 4 May 
 Patrick Bond skype lecture on Green Capitalism to Rhodes Univ, 3 May 
 Ransom Lekunze CCS Seminar: Implications of global economic crisis for Africa, 25 April 
 Patrick Bond talks to Hospice AGM on 'From Caring about Stuff to Caring about Caring' , 25 April  
 CCS participates in the Global Teach - In 25 April 
 Michele Maynard CCS Seminar: African climate change and carbon trading politics, 23 April  
 Fidelis Allen at the Social Theory Forum at Univ.Massachusetts/Boston, 19 April 
 Baruti Amisi CCS Seminar: Will the Inga Hydropower Project meet Africa’s electricity needs?, 20 April  
 Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar: Ideology, agency and protest politics, 18 April 
 Fidelis Allen & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The World Bank presidential race - African interests and personality profiles, 11 April 
 CCS Seminar: Dennis Brutus' life and times - film documentaries and discussion, 10 April 
 Molefi Ndlovu at Young Adult Review workshop of COP 17, South Durban Community and Environmental Alliance, 4 April 
 CCS Seminar: 'Occupy': what kind of social movement is it?, 3 April 
 Jens Andvig, Tiberius Barasa, Stein Sundstøl Eriksen, Sanjay Kumar, Faith Manzi & Knut Nustad CCS Seminar: Slums, states and citizens in Durban, Nairobi Delhi, 29 March 
 Henrik Ernstson CCS/DevStudies seminar on urban ecology, 28 March 
 Ronnie Kasrils CCS Seminar: Corruption, authoritarianism and the challenge for civil society, 23 March 
 Bahaa Taher CCS Seminar: Post-Arab Spring: Literary freedom of expression in Egypt, 22 March  
 Zero Fossil Fuels meeting, 20 March 
 Felix Platz CCS Seminar: Climate Change narratives – experiences from the COP 17, 20 March 
 Molefi Ndlovu presents at the Foundation for Human Rights event on 19 March 
 Trevor Ngwane at Rosa Luxemburg anti-xenophobia panel, Johannesburg, 16 March 
 Patrick Bond reviews RDP for Zim opposition leaders, Nyanga, 16 March 2012 
 David Hallowes and Tristen Taylor CCS Seminar: A hostile climate - civil society impact on the COP17, 15 March 
 Leigh Collingwood CCS Seminar: Presentation of book: “Deforestation: Why YOU need to stop it NOW”, 13 March  
 Lubna Nadvi & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Why boycotting Israeli apartheid follows South Africa’s liberation strategy, 6 March  
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza CCS Seminar: Durban’s state-sponsored climate change chaos, 1 March 
 Comrade Fatso CCS Seminar: Zim spoken-word liberation struggles, 29 February  
 Patrick Bond on service delivery protests, Nadel AGM, Mthatha, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice at Santa Barbara Global Studies Conference, 25 February 
 Lushendrie Naidu CCS Seminar: The state of South Durban's industrial basin, 23 February  
 Alex Comninos CCS Seminar: Twitter revolutions and cyber-crackdowns, 22 February 
 Patrick Bond debates WWF's Saliem Fakier at AIDC, Cape Town, 17 February 
 Fumhiko Saito CCS Seminar: Shifting to local governance?, 16 February 
 Patrick Bond delivers New Zimbabwe Lecture, Harare, 15 February 
 Patrick Bond banned from delivering New Zimbabwe Lecture, Harare, 8 February 
 Said Ferjani CCS Seminar: The Tunisian democratic revolution, Islam and the left, 1 February 
 Tom Heinemann, Patrick Bond & Khadija Sharife CCS Seminar/film: Politics of microfinance, 25 January  
 Patrick Bond booksigning climate justice titles at Sandton Square Exclusives Books, Johannesburg, 24 January  
 Bobby Peek CCS Seminar: What went right and what went wrong at the COP17?, 19 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: What’s going on in China? Boom, bust and battles from below, 10 January  
 Keyvan Kashkooli CCS Seminar: Governing markets from below? From e-commerce to emissions trading, 6 January 
 Events Index 2011 
 Faith Manzi & Oliver Meth CCS Seminar: AIDS, rape and climate, 13 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on world financial crisis at Lingnan Univ, Hong Kong, 12 December 
 Patrick Bond on CJ at TransNational Institute meeting, 10 December 
 Patrick Bond & Baruti Amisi on climate induced migration at People's Assembly, 7 December  
 Patrick Bond on ecological debt, World Council of Churches, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond & Nnimmo Bassey Book Launch, Ike's Books, Durban: 6 December 
 Patrick Bond on culture and climate at Durban City Hall, 5 December 
 Pablo Solón Wolpe lecture: “Rights of Nature and Climate Politics”, 2 December 
 Patrick Bond presentation on labour-community-eco solidarity at International Transport Federation, People's Space, 1 December* 
 Patrick Bond on puppet statehood and climate, Unctad conference (via video), Geneva, 1 December 
 CCS Teach‑In on Climate Justice, evenings from 29 Nov‑8 Dec 
 Everyone's Downstream 25-26 November 
 Patrick Bond, Lars Gausdal, Molefi Ndlovu & Khadija Sharife on climate politics and narratives, South Durban, November 25-26 
 Patrick Bond at Rosa Luxemburg Political Cafe on climate/energy, Johannesburg, 21 November 
 Molefi Ndlovu & Michael Dorsey lead youth/climate workshop, 21 November  
 Janis Rosheuvel CCS Seminar: U.S. 'Migrant Management' & Grassroots Resistance to Criminalization of Immigrant Life, 18 November 
 Patrick Bond skype lecture on climate politics to Lahore Cafe Bol series, Pakistan, 16 November 
 Patrick Bond keynote speech to Cornell Univ development conference, 12 November 
 Michele Maynard CCS Seminar: The African Peoples Petition: What Durban COP17 must deliver!, 11 November 
 Emanuele Leonardi CCS seminar: The Environmental Side of the Current Economic Crisis: Toward an Ecological Critique of Neoliberalism, 10 November 2011 
 Patrick Bond at City Univ of NY on climate justice strategy, 9 November 
 Patrick Bond on COP17 politics at Institute for Policy Studies, Washington, 8 November 
 Rehana Dada CCS Seminar: The One Million Climate Jobs Campaign, 4 November 
 Lars Gausdal CCS Seminar: Bolivia at the Crossroads, 3 November 2011  
 Patrick Bond talk on population and climate, Pretoria, 1 November 
 Patrick Bond, Dudu Khumalo, Orlean Naidoo, Thando Manzi, Molefi Ndlovu & Noah Zimba Wolpe Lecture: Community Climate Summit, 28 October  
 Patrick Bond on water politics, the IMF and climate in Dublin, 25‑26 October 
 Patrick Bond on energy as a public good in Rome, 24 October 
 Patrick Bond talks on climate justice in Stockholm, 22 October 
 Patrick Bond on climate, land and Africa's exploitation, at Uppsala University, Sweden, 20-21 October 
 Shailja Patel CCS Seminar: Seen And Unseen: Windows On The ICC-Kenya Trials, 18 October 
 Patrick Bond on COP17 mobilisations at PanAfrican Climate Justice conference in Addis Ababa, 15‑16 October 
 Fidelis Allen CCS Seminar: Climate Change, Poverty and Public Policy in Nigeria's Niger Delta, 11 October 2011  
 Patrick Bond on electricity and climate crises, Newlands and Meerbank, 10-11 October 
 Marie Kennedy & Chris TillyCCS Seminar: Latin America’s third left: Autonomy and participation in the new political landscape, 6 October  
 Peter Waterman Emancipatory Global Labour Studies and Social Movements, 5 October  
 Patrick Bond on climate and capitalism at the International Labour Rights Information Group Globalization School, Cape Town, 3 October 
 Trevor Ngwane CCS seminar on protest ideology, 30 September 
 John Saul & Trevor Ngwane Wolpe lecture on South Africa's transition, 29 September 
 CCS hosts Democratic Left Front climate conference, 23-25 September 
 Climate Justice Now! South Africa meets at CCS, 22-23 September 
 Patrick Bond on Electricity Prices and Climate Crisis at SDCEA, 21 September 
 Patrick Bond at People's Dialogue on climate politics, 21 September 
 Solani Ngobeni CCS Seminar: Challenges facing scholarly publishers in South Africa: Towards a turnaround strategy or tilting at windmills, cancelled 
 Anton Harber & Ruth Teer-Tomaselli Amnesty International seminar on the Secrecy Bill, 15 September 
 Sarah Bracking CCS Seminar: How do investors value the environment? Why a pile of stones is not a house, 13 September 
 Climate Justice Protest US, Consulate, 9 September 
 Ashwin Desai & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The World Conference Against Racism and 9/11 ten years after, 8 September 
 Patrick Bond on climate injustice and the World Bank, London, 5 September 
 Tehmina Brohi CCS Seminar: Contention in response to neoliberal policies in post-apartheid South Africa: The case of basic services delivery in Durban, 1 September 
 Climate Justice Protest at the US Consulate, 31 August 
 Otieno, Wamuchiru, Todd, Lorimer CCS Seminar: In Hot Water ‑ Climate change and water adaptation in Nairobi and Durban, 26 August 
 Wolpe lecture by Mustafa Barghouti on how to free Palestine, 25 August 
 Patrick Bond on climate finance to SADC parliamentarians, Johannesburg, 25 August 
 Shauna Mottiar at the ISTR African Civil Society Research Network conference, 24 August  
 Kate Skinner seminar on media democracy, 22 August 
 Patrick Bond addresses metalworker shopstewards, Durban, 22 August 
 Patrick Bond on climate at the Johannesburg Book Fair, 8 August 
 Paul Routledge CCS Seminar: Translocal Climate Justice Solidarities, 5 August  
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Lessons for Durban from Ecuador's 'leave the oil in the soil' eco/indigenous movement, 2 August  
 Patrick Bond on the 'green economy' at New Global Hegemonies conference, Quito, 21‑22 July 
 Franco Barchiesi CCS Seminar: Labour and Precarious Liberation, 20 July 
 Patrick Bond on climate and Just Transition at National Union of Metalworkers of SA in Johannesburg, 18 July 
 Sarah Ives CCS Seminar: “Rooibos land is high sentiment, low potential: Preliminary Reflections on a Year in Rooibos Country, 18 July 
 Danny Schechter CCS Seminar: Citizen Media Advocacy, 15 July  
 Chene Redwood CCS Seminar: Voices of the Subaltern: Music within community struggles against environmental degradation in South Durban, 14 July 2011 
 Patrick Bond on SA political economy at Renmin Univ (China) conference via skype, 11 July 
 Patrick Bond on climate and justice at UKZN Peace Studies conference, 9 July 
 Philip Rizk CCS Seminar: Critiquing the Nation State: The Gaza Strip, 8 July  
 Philip Rizk CCS Seminar: Multi-media presentation: “The hard hit is still to come”- An Intifada Imaginary, 7 July 2011  
 Ida Susser CCS Seminar: Organic intellectuals and AIDS social movements: jumping scales, postponed 
 Patrick Bond on neoliberal climate policy at Nature, Inc conference (via skype), The Hague, 30 June 
 Patrick Bond input on African economies to International Labour Organisation industrial relations conference at UCT Business School (via skype), 28 June 
 Peter McKenzie & Doung Jahangeer CCS Seminar: People in Spaces Make Places, 28 June 2011 
 Immanuel Wallerstein Wolpe Lecture on the Arab revolt, the US and Africa, 23 June 
 Patrick Bond on SA climate policy at UKZN Business School, 23 June 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar on the global climate justice movement, 21 June 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza & Mary Galvin on sanitation politics, 20 June 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza and Geasphere debate water and climate at Alliance Francaise, 9 June 
 Mvuselelo Ngcoya & Shauna Mottiar Seminar: Understanding horizontal philanthropy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 2 June 
 Patrick Bond at Univ of Georgia Antipode Institute for Geographies of Justice, Athens, 30‑31 May 
 Orlean Naidoo, Ma Dudu Khumalo, Thandiwe Zondi, Sam Moodley, Mrs Perumal, Lubna Nadvi, Shauna Mottiar Discussion: Women in Social Movements and Community Organizing 30 May  
 Patrick Bond on climate politics at Korean conference, Jinju, 27 May 
 Florian Kunert, Phillip Hol & Justin Davy Wolpe Lecture: Shack Theatre, 26 May  
 CCS and Zimbabweans celebrate Africa Day, 25 May 
 Patrick Bond on dangers of a neoliberal Palestine, at TIDA-Gaza, Gaza City, 19 May 
 Chris Morris CCS Seminar: Notes on Pharmaceutical Patent Lawfare: The Umckaloabo Case, 19 May 2011  
 Durban Community Video Collective workshop, 14 May 
 Patrick Bond at City Univ of NY conference on precarious labour and socialism, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond on environmental justice at Autonomous University of Barcelona, 28 April 
 Mazibuko Jara, Alan Murphy & Orlean Naidoo Wolpe Lecture Panel on the Local Government Elections, 21 April 2011 
 Patrick Bond at Univ of San Francisco sustainability symposium, 19 April 
 Patrick Bond in Montreal for Cochabamba+1 climate justice conference, 15‑17 April 
 Ron Carver Reflections on organising US labour and community campaigns, 13 April 
 Patrick Bond on Palestine & Durban at American Association of Geographers conference, Seattle, 12‑14 April 
 Shauna Mottiar at the International Research Society for Public Management Conference, Dublin, 11- 13 April 
 Wiebe Nauta CCS Seminar: Civic Engagement and Democratic Consolidation in South Korea ‑ Lessons for South Africa, 5 April 
 Patrick Bond on climate politics with Polaris Institute/Ontario Public Interest Research Group at Univ of Toronto, 31 March 
 Patrick Bond climate lecture at Carleton Univ, Ottawa, 29 March 
 Adekeye Adebajo CCS/SDS Seminar: The Curse of Berlin: Africa after the Cold War, 23 March 
 Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu at Keleketla Library Johannesburg, 21-31 March 2011  
 John Devenish Seminar CCS research on protests in South Africa 2009 - 2011, 17 March 
 Nancy Lindisfarne & Jonathan Neale Seminar: Climate Justice, Global Alliance-Building and Climate Jobs, 22 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on Palestine, water and the University of Johannesburg, 16 March 
 Seminar: Documentary Screening of 'Zimbabwe's Blood Diamonds, 10 March 
 Patrick Bond gives lectures in Michigan and California, 8-14 March 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice, Northern overconsumption & African resistance at '6 Billion Ways' conference in London, 5 March 
 Wolpe Lecture by Hein Marais: Song & Dance: Power, Consent and the ANC, 3 March  
 China Ngubane hosts Zimbabwe monitoring discussion, 1 March 
 Patrick Bond, Rehana Dada, Blessing Karumbidza & Molefi Ndlovu Seminar on the 2011 World Social Forum, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond delivers Brutus Memorial Lecture, Nelson Mandela Metro Univ, 23 February 
 Danielle Carter CCS Seminar on Sources of State Legitimacy in Contemporary SA, 22 February 
 Blessing Karumbidza, Siziwe Khanyile, Bongani Mthembu, Bobby Peek in Wolpe Lecture 'Climate Teach-In', 19 February 
 Niall Bond Seminar: The history of 'civil society', 14 February 
 Molefi Ndlovu, Rehana Dada & Patrick Bond CCS seminars at the WSF, Dakar, 6-11 February 
 Teppo Eskelinen Seminar: Global justice - some emerging topics and responses 25 January 2011 
 Patrick Bond at Zuma's Own Goal booklaunch, Bluestockings, NYC, 24 January 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice in Sacramento, CA, 20 January 
 Patrick Bond at Resource Rights conference and Eskom protest, Washington, 13-14 January 
 Events Index 2010 
 Patrick Bond radio debate on climate justice politics, 22 December 
 Film screening: The Uprising of Hangberg, 14 December  
 Patrick Bond at global climate summit, 6‑11 December, Cancun 
 Pumla Gqola, Andile Mngxitama, Baruti Amisi & others Seminar on Xenophobia and Racism in SA, 10 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on uneven development, migration and xenophobia to Univ.Delhi conference, 25 November 
 Patrick Bond, Horace Campbell, Patricia Daley and Eunice Sahle panel at African Studies Association, SF, 21 November 
 CCS Wolpe film screenings with Pamela Ngwenya and community videomakers 20 November 
 Cesia Kearns Seminar: Sierra Club's Beyond Coal Campaign: Transforming the US Electric Sector, 19 November 2010 
 Patrick Bond on oil and financial crises with Attac-Norway in Oslo, 18-19 November 
 Baruti Amisi skype seminar on xenophobia to Roskilde University, 17 November 
 Patrick Bond at Race, Class & Developmental State conference in PE, via Skype, 16 November 
 Ashwin Desai and Goolam Vahed Wolpe Lecture in Honour of Fatima Meer, 16  
 Patrick Bond seminar on ecosocialism at Inst of Social Studies, The Hague, 16 November 
  Patrick Bond at Historical Materialism conference, London, 12-14 November 
 John Harvey Seminar: US Philanthropy and the Global South: Trends, Opportunities and Challenges, 8 November 
 Patrick Bond at The ‘Progress’ in Zimbabwe Conference, 4-6 November 
 Nicholas Smith Seminar: Lynch Violence and the Governance of Evil, 26 October 
 Ela Gandhi & Dilip Menon Wolpe Lecture: Indians in South Africa: 150 Years, 21 October 2010 
 Patrick Bond seminar on climate justice at Univ of California-Davis, 18 October 
 Mariem el Bourhimi and Peter McKenzie Seminar: Saharawi liberation struggle status, 15 October 
 Rolf Schwermer CCS Seminar: pro-poor technology, 14 October 
 Patrick Bond seminar on climate politics at Trinity College Dublin, 1 October 
 Baruti Amisi lecture on xenophobia for National Association of Democratic Lawyers, KwaZulu‑Natal Law Society, Pietermaritzburg, 30 September 
  Patrick Bond on transition-neoliberalism at Birzeit Univ conference, Palestine, 28 September 
 Patrick Bond in Ramallah on Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions, 26 September 
 Patrick Bond and Lungisile Ntsebeza launch Zuma's Own Goal at African Studies Association-UK conference, Oxford University, 19 September 
  Hayley Leck Seminar: Rising to the Adaptation Challenge? Responding to Global Environmental Change in the Durban metropolitan and Ugu district regions, South Africa, 17 September 
  Dudu Khumalo, Baruti Amisi, Molefi Ndlovu, Daniel Ribeiro, Terri Hathaway, Lori Pottinger Seminar: Civil society v Southern African dams, 10 September 
 Patrick Bond and Rick Rowden on the IMF and public health, San Francicso, 7 & 14 September 
 Brij Maharaj, Ashwin Desai, Patrick Bond launch new book Zuma's Own Goal, Elangeni Hotel, Durban, 5pm on 3 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks on rights/commons debate at the International Commission of Jurists Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Camp, 31 August, Johannesburg 
 Margaret Gärding Donor power in the international aid industry, 27 August  
 Makhosi Khoza, Fikile Moya, Patrick Mkhize, Tony Carnie, Pritz Dullay and Brij Maharaj on the Wolpe Lecture Panel: Media Information & Freedom, 26 August 2010 
 Ralph Borland Seminar: Radical Plumbers and PlayPumps - Objects in development, 25 August  
 Patrick Bond speaks at Jubilee South Africa conference on ecological debt, 21 August, Johannesburg 
 Dudu Khumalo and Simphiwe Nojiyeza presentation on sanitation at Umphilo waManzi seminar, 13 August, Durban 
 Patrick Bond at South Africa‑Norway climate research seminar, Christian Michelsen Institute, Bergen, 12 August 2010 
 Patrick Bond at Southeast Asia climate justice seminar, Focus on the Global South, Chulalungkorn University, Bangkok, 10 August 
 Trevor Ngwane at Solidarity Peace Trust report on Zimbabwe, 30 July, Johannesburg 
 Wolpe Lecture: Social justice ideas in Civil society politics, global & local: A Colloquium of scholar activists, 29 July 
 Press Conference on Xenophobia, 28 July  
 Padraig Carmody Seminar: Chinese Geogovernance in Africa: Evidence from Zambia, 20 July  
 CCS and Gyeongsang University Institute for Social Science (Korea) joint seminar on political economy of social movements, 14 July 
 Giuliano MartinielloCCS Seminar on Inanda's socio-spatial change, 9 July 
 Pamela Ngwenya Seminar on Video as a tool for outreach, communication, advocacy and community expression, 8 July 
 Anti Xenophobia Rally City Hall 3 July 
 Renee Horne CCS Seminar on Black Economic Empowerment, 2 July 
 Roithmayr, Adonis, Galvin, Bond, Khumalo CCS Colloquium on Water, Rights, Prices, 28 June (skypecast)  
 Blessing Karumbidza CCS Seminar on climate change and carbon trading controversies in Tanzania, 24 June 
 Trevor Ngwane and Rehana Dada at workshop on climate advocacy at the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, 22 June 
 Wolpe Lecture: Durban Social Forum members, 'World Cup for All!', Durban City Hall, 16 June 
 David J. RobertsCCS Seminar: Re-branding Durban through the 2010 World Cup, 14 June 
 Patrick Bond (with Briggs Bomba and Dave Zirin) on the World Cup, Washington, 9 June 
 Patrick Bond on global justice movements, at Grantmakers without Borders conference, SF, 8 June 
 Patrick Bond presents on climate justice at conference, Alter-globalization movements and the alternative ideas of Korea, Seoul, 28 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on National Health Insurance with Oxfam, 26 May 
 Patrick Bond on 'Poli Econ of the World Cup' in Seoul, 27 May 
 Jessie Lazar KnottCCS Seminar: Identity/Spatial Relations: scholar‑activism in the greater Kei region of the Eastern Cape, 25 May 
 Patrick Bond at Osisa conference on climate and development in Africa, Pretoria, 21 May 
 Patrick Bond on energy policy and the World Bank, at Democracy and Development Programme, Durban, 20 May 
 Eunice N. Sahle Wolpe Lecture: World orders, Ike's Books, 5pm, 20 May 
  Barak Hoffman & Orlean Naidoo Seminar: Chatsworth politics and municipal advocacy, 17 May 
 Patrick Bond on SA climate policy on TEDxUKZN, 14 May 
 Khadija Sharife & Eunice SahleCCS Seminar: Oil, minerals and maldevelopment in Africa, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond speaks on climate debt to the Economic Justice Network, Johannesburg, 5 May 
 Erin McCandless & Shepherd Zvavanhu CCS Seminar on Zimbabwe Civil Society, 3 May  
  Patrick Bond and Khadija Sharife address African tax authorities, 29 April 2010 
 Nathan Geffen (with Faith ka Manzi) CCS Seminar: Debunking Delusions: The inside Story of The Treatment Action Campaign, 29 April  
 Alan Freeman & Radhika Desai CCS Seminar on The world capitalist crisis, 23 April  
 Memorial Tribute to Professor Fatima Meer, 23 April 
 Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu facilitates Krogerup College and Durban Sings, 18‑20 April 
 Patrick Bond on carbon trading at Manchester conference on environment and finance, 15‑16 April 
 Patrick Bond in Boston v WB-Eskom loan, 9 April 
 Patrick Bond at Clark University, 8 April 
 World Bank protest, 7 April, Washington 
 Patrick Bond seminar on climate politics, City Univ of NY, 6 April 
 Patrick Bond at NYU on South African political economy, 5 April 
 Trevor Ngwane at Marxism 2010 conference, Melbourne, 1-4 April 
 Patrick Bond in SF Bay Area on World Bank loan to Eskom, 4 April 
 Patrick Bond on water commons, Syracuse University, 29-30 March 
 Trevor Ngwane seminar on activism and global campaigns, Univ of Helsinki, 26 March 
 CCS/VANSA KZN Panel discussion: 'What is Art and what is not?', March 25 
 Patrick Bond on 'Organising for Climate Justice', Left Forum, NYC, 21 March  
 Workers, Zama Hlatshwayo, Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar on UKZN labour outsourcing crisis 19 March 
 Carol ThompsonCCS Seminar on resisting agro‑industry, 18 March 
 David Zirin Seminar on Fifa's Looting of SA, 13 March  
 Dennis Brutus memorial, 11 March 
 Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar on SA's social protest wave, 9 March 
 Molefi Ndlovu and Claudia Wegener seminar at the Centre for Critical Research on Race and Identity, 2 March 
 Patrick Bond testifies to parliament on economic policy, 2 March 
 CCS anti‑xenophobia research workshop, 27 February 
 Patrick Bond speaks on The ebb and flow of water rights, Univ of Cape Town Department of Public Law, 25 February 
  Patrick Bond at Power Indaba privatisation conference, 22 February 
 Press Conference: Keep our South African Coal in the Hole! 22 February 2010 
 CCS Economic Justice course, with Trevor Ngwane, Samson Zondi and Patrick Bond, from 20 Feb‑29 May 
 Climate Justice Now! SA‑KZN chapter hosted at CCS, 13 February 
 Hallowes, D'Sa, Ngwane, Bond , Dada: Seminar on proposed World Bank coal loan to Eskom, Friday, 12 February* 
 Durban renewable energy site visits by Minnesh Bipath, SA National Energy Research Institute with Muna Lakhani and Patrick Bond 10 February 2010 
 Susan Galleymore CCS Seminar: A Dearth of Imagination Leads to Wasting Perfectly Good Waste, 5 February 
 Patrick Bond paper for Socialist Register workshop, 6 February 
 Durban Sings Follow-up and planning session with 8 Editorial Collectives, 4 February  
 Patrick Bond on climate change & Dennis Brutus Memorial at World Social Forum, Porto Alegre, 28 January 
 Rehana Dada & Patrick Bond Seminar: Copenhagen Climate and Eskom Energy Conflicts, 26 January 
 Dennis Brutus tribute, with Social Movements Indaba and Durban community groups, 23 January 
  Peter McKenzie & Doung Jahangeer Seminar: The Saharawi,Warwick Junction and Footsak Politics, 20 January 
 Patrick Bond debates NHI at Idasa, CT, 19 January 
 CCS cohosts Climate Justice Now! on electricity hearings strategy, 15 January 
 Events Index 2009 
 Patrick Bond at SF protest against Danish repression of civil society and Copenhagen climate 'deal', and radio interview, 18 December 
 Patrick Bond addresses climate seminar at Univ of Lund Business School, 15 December 
 Kristine Wasrud Participation and Influence in Water Policy in Durban, South Africa, 11 December  
 Climate Justice Film Festival, 10 December  
 Umesh de Silva Seminar: Traditional farming in Umzinyathi, 9 December 
 Oliver Meth at the CCS Workshop on women & child abuse Cato Crest Library, 8 December  
 Patrick Bond at Roskilde Univ Civil Society Centre, 7 December 
 Patrick Bond keynotes Leeds 'Democratisation in Africa' conference, 4 December 
 Sinegugu Zukulu & John Clarke CCS Seminar: Resilience, Resolarisation and Relocalisation, 30 November  
 Nick Smith CCS Seminar Politics of protection/crime/policing, 26 November 
 Patrick Bond speaks at Mandela Foundation about SA economic disasters, 26 November 
 Seminar on outsourced and contract workers at UKZN, 24 November 
 3rd Climate Justice Now! KZN meeting, 20 November 
 CCS and Durban Sings! at the Global Crisis and Africa: Struggles for Alternatives hosted by the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation; Randburg, Johannesburg 19-21 November 
 MAKE SOME NOISE! Concert 6 November  
 Immanuel Wallerstein Wolpe Lecture: Crisis of the Capitalist System Where to from Here?, 5 November 
 The Crises and the Commons: Durban debates on politics, economics and environment 4-7 November  
 Solidarity with Durban's oppressed: Bottom-up resistance strategies of shackdwellers, pollution victims and labour-brokered workers, 4 November 
 Faith Manzi & Oliver Meth at the Gender Based Violence Workshop, Durban 27 & 28 October 
 Seminar on Problems faced by UKZN workers, Westville campus, 28 October 
 Bengt Brülde & Stellan Vinthagenand Seminar: Ethics, Resistance and Global Justice, 26 October  
 Baruti Amisi, Trevor Ngwane & Patrick Bond Anti-Xenophobia research project with Strategy&Tactics 19- 20 October 
 Durban Sings (Molefi Ndlovu & Claudia Wegener) at National Oral History Conference, 13-16 October 
 Tri-Continental Film Festival Durban community screenings – (hosted by Oliver Meth) at Inanda, Chatsworth, Wentworth, CBD, & Folweni, 1-12 October 
 Patrick Bond lectures at Suffolk Univ, Boston, 29 Sept-2 Oct 
 Helen McCueCCS Seminar: Grassroots Mobilising within Refugee Communities: Perspectives on Palestine and Australia, 18 September 
 Dennis Brutus honored by War Resisters League, 18 September 
 Patrick Bond Booklaunch: Climate Change, Carbon Trading & Civil Society, 18 September 
 Patrick Bond skypecast on climate and ecological debt to Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke, Copenhagen, 16 September 
 Oliver Meth People to People International Documentary Conference, 10-12 September  
 Dick Forslund & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: South Africa's capitalist crisis and civil society, 7 September 
 Dudu Khumalo on the Durban public transport crisis, 1 September  
 John Berg CCS Seminar: Barack Obama's presidency and civil society reactions, 24 August  
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: National Health Insurance: Can SA afford it?, 24 August  
 Norman Finkelstein Wolpe Lecture: Resolving the Israel-Palestine Conflict: What we can learn from Gandhi, 20 August  
 CCS Seminar with outsourced workers at UKZN, 12 August  
 Patrick Bond debates Sampie Terreblanche (Stellenbosch), 6 August, UCT 
 Dr Essop Pahad CCS Seminar: Thinking about the Legacy of Mbeki's Politics, 4 August 
 Patrick Bond addresses Ecuador eco-finance conference (videolink), 4 August 
 Patrick Bond at the South African Civil Society Energy Caucus Meeting, 29-30 July  
 Barak Hoffman CCS Seminar: Democracy and Civil Society Research in Ghana and SA, 27 July 
 CCS hosts free screenings of Durban International Film Festival, 25 July - 1 August  
 Sean Flynn & Maj Fiil CCS Seminar on water rights, ( SKYPECAST ) 24 July 
 Patrick Bond lecture at carbon trading conference, Johannesburg, 22 July 
 Sein Win Seminar by Burmese prime minister (exiled) on solidarity (SKYPECAST), 21 July 
 Tunde Adegbola A Pan-African Harold Wolpe Lecture & cultural events, 16 July 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA Political Economy, San Francisco socialist conference, 4 July  
 Orlean Naidoo on participation at DDP seminar, 30 June 
 Patrick Bond speaks on 'World Slump: Financial Crisis and Emerging Class Struggles in the Global South', 28 June, Toronto 
 Patrick Bond on African social resistance to economic crisis, 26 June, Moscow 
 Oliver Meth and Orlean Naidoo facilitate Diakonia Council of Churches Democracy Course, 24 -26 June 
 Alex Callinicos Wolpe Lecture: Economic crisis and prospects for social revolution, 18 June*  
 Blair Rutherford CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe farm labour, social justice and citizenship, 17 June 
 Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar: Community resistance to energy privatisation and ecological degradation, 11 June 
 DURBAN SINGS central editorial workshops, 8 & 22 June 
 Gaby Bikombo, Judy Mulqueeny, Harry Ramlal, Caroline Skinner CCS Seminar: War of Warwick Junction, 9 June 
 Patrick Bond, Abedian, Dumisa, Maharaj et al on 'Zumanomics', UKZN Biz School, 3 June 
 Rehana Dada keynote address to Southern African Faith Communities' Environment Institute AGM, 2 June 
 Patrick Bond on African underdevelopment at Sussex IDS conference (via skypecast), 1 June 
 Trevor Ngwane presents at the International Conference on Ideas and Strategies in the Alterglobalisation Movement, Seoul, 29 May 
 Peter McKenzie cultural seminar on 'Footsak: On the Ball for 2010', 28 May 
 Björn SurborgCCS Seminar: Contesting Johannesburg's extractive industries, 25 May  
 Paul Verryn, Methodist Bishop of Johannesburg: Wolpe Lecture: Poverty and xenophobia, 21 May 
 Robert Jensen, Univ of Texas: CCS Seminar: Whiteness and social change in the US, 21 May 
 Tony Clarke, Polaris Institute: CCS Seminar: The state of the world water wars, 15 May 
 Molefi Ndlovu CCS Seminar: Azania Rising: The demise of the 1652 class project, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond debates 'The G20 Global Deal' at Wits/Osisa, Johannesburg, 12 May 
 Rehana Dada,CCS Seminar: Climate mitigation case studies, 11 May 
 CCS/DYFS - Anti-xenophobia film screening facilitators workshop, 9 May 
 Orlean Naidoo CCS Seminar: Chatsworth upgrading struggles and victories, 8 May 
 Patrick Bond, Joburg Wolpe Lecture at Wits Univ, 7 May 
 Patrick Bond at Cosatu electricity workshop, Joburg, 6 May 
 Joan Canela and Helena OlcinaCCS Seminar: Social movements in Bolivia and Catalan, 5 May 
 William Gumede Wolpe Lecture: SA’s “Democracy Gap”, 30 April  
 Three representatives of the Tamil liberation movement youthCCS Seminar: The Tamil people under seige, 21 April  
 Leading eco-social spokespersons from political parties and civil society Seminar: Environmental confrontations - Political parties meet civil society, POSTPONED 
 Rehana Dada at York Univ climate ecojustice conference, Toronto, 16-17 April 
 John Minto CCS Seminar: The Legacy of Anti-apartheid Sports Boycotts, 16 April 
 Dennis Brutus celebrations, honorary doctorates conferred at both Rhodes Univ and Mandela Univ, 16-17 April 
 Nelson Muhirwa & Jean Chrisostome Kanamugire CCS Seminar: The Rwandan Genocide 15 Years On, 8 April 
 Oliver Meth Seminar: Wentworth Crime, Gangs and Civil Society, 7 April  
 Dennis Brutus on Reconciliation and Memory in Post-Apartheid SA, Nelson Mandela Foundation, Johannesburg, 2-3 April 
 Ida Susser booklaunch, 'AIDS, Sex and Culture', with Quarraisha Abdool Karim, at Ike's Books, 2 April 
 Sofie Hellberg CCS Seminar: Governing lives through hydropolitics in eThekwini , 1 April 2009 
 Claudia Wegener & Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu Digital Soiree Durban Sings Internet Radio project, 24 March  
 Simone Claar Seminar: Post-Apartheid Political Economy and State Policy, 19 March 
 Oliver Meth presents at the HSRC Violent Crime and Democratization in the Global South Conference, 18-20 March 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza CCS Seminar: African Development Bank water projects, 12 March 
 Deniz Kellecioglu CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe Civil Society confronts Mugabe's Economy, 11 March 
  Patrick Bond debates ANC economic policy, 9 March, Durban 
 Kalinca Copello Seminar: ICTs and social movements: From Chiapas to Brazil to South Africa, 6 March 
 Lisa Ramsay & Schwarzanne Leafe Seminar & Film: Climate Change and Eco-Social Resistance in South Durban, 27 February 
 Patrick Bond presents to ActionAid/Nepad conference on global financial crisis, 24 February, Midrand 
 Molefi Ndlovu Johannesburg: Market Photo Workshop, 22-28 February  
 Orlean Naidoo & Patrick Bond seminar on Free Basic Water, and screening of Flow, 18 February 
 Ida Susser Seminar: AIDS, Sex, Culture and Civil Society, 11 February 
 Dennis Brutus and Moya Atkinson film/seminar on US anti-war movement, 9 February 
 Patrick Bond seminar on the ongoing global financial crisis, University of Johannesburg, 6 February 
 Durban Sings internet audio and community radio with Molefi Ndlovu and Claudia Wegener, 2-6 February 
 Patrick Bond in dialogue with Jeremy Cronin on financial crisis, Johannesburg, 28 January 
 Dennis Brutus, Lubna Nadvi, Monica Rorvik and Salim Vally Seminar: Should Israel be boycotted? If so, how?, 27 January 
 Giyani Dube, Lubna Nadvi, Kate Griffiths and Timothy Rukombo Wolpe Lecture: Civil Society Internationalism - from Lindela to Gaza to Washington, 22 January 
 Pamela Ngwenya, Molefi Ndlovu, Claudia Wegener Seminar: Participatory community audio/video as a tool for social research, 21 January  
 Dale McKinley, Orlean Naidoo, Dudu Khumalo, Bryan Ashe Seminar on the World Water Forum, 19 January 
 Mavuso Dingani film/seminar on the Zimbabwean exile in Durban, 6 January 



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