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World Bank again blindly endorses SA fiscal conservatism, ignoring civil society's more genuine anti-poverty activism



Harsh South African realities about which the World Bank dare not speak
Patrick Bond (SAST) 10 February 2016

Sometimes silences speak volumes.
In his seminal book The Anti-Politics Machine Stanford University anthropologist James Ferguson criticised the World Bank’s 1980s understanding of Lesotho as a “traditional subsistence peasant society.” Apartheid’s migrant labour system was explicitly ignored by the bank, yet remittances from Basotho workers toiling in mines, factories and farms across the Caledon River accounted for 60% of rural people’s income:

Acknowledging the extent of Lesotho’s long-standing involvement in the modern capitalist economy of South Africa would not provide a convincing justification for the “development” agencies to “introduce” roads, markets and credit.

Using Michel Foucault’s discourse theory, Ferguson showed why some things cannot be named. To do so would violate the bank’s foundational dogma, that the central problems of poverty can be solved by applying market logic. Yet the most important of Lesotho’s market relationships – exploited labour – was what caused so much misery.

Three decades on, not much has changed. Today, the bank’s main South Africa research team reveals a similar ‘Voldemort’ problem.

Like the wicked villain whose name Harry Potter dared not utter, some hard-to-hear facts evaporate into pregnant silences within the bank’s new South African Poverty and Inequality Assessment Discussion Note. Bank staff and consultants are resorting to extreme evasion tactics worthy of Harry, Ron and Hermione.

The bank’s point of view
South Africa spent more than other countries on its social programs, with this expenditure successfully lifting around 3.6 million individuals out of poverty (based on US$2.5 a day on a purchasing power parity basis) and reducing the Gini coefficient from 0.76 to 0.596 in 2011.
This is worth unpacking.

1) “Spent more than other countries”? Of the world’s 40 largest countries, only four - South Korea, China, Mexico and India - had lower social spending than South Africa, measured in 2011 as a share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

2) “Millions lifted out of poverty?” In fact many millions have been pushed down into poverty since 1994. Unmentioned is poverty that can be traced to neoliberal policies such as the failed 1996-2001 Growth, Employment and Distribution plan co-authored by two bank economists. This made South Africa far more vulnerable to global capitalist criss.

The bank’s South Africa poverty line is $2.5/day, which was R15.75/day (R473/month) in 2011, the date of the last poverty census. In contrast, StatsSA found that food plus survival essentials cost R779/month that year, and the percentage of South Africans below that line was 53%. University of Cape Town economists led by Josh Budlender argue that StatsSA was too conservative and the ratio of poor South Africans is actually 63%.

For a net 3.6 million people, more than 7% of South Africans, to have been “lifted out of poverty” is plausible only if the bank’s much lower R473/month line is used. But by local standards, the number of poor people has soared by around 10 million given the 15 million population rise since 1994.

3) The bank adjusts the Gini Coefficient (measuring income inequality on a 0-to-1 scale) “from 0.76 to 0.596” by including state social spending that benefits poor households. But here another silence screams out. The bank dare not calculate pro-corporate subsidies and other state spending that raise rich people’s effective income through capital gains.

Such wealth accruing through rising corporate share prices is enjoyed mainly by richer people when companies benefit from new, state-built infrastructure in their vicinity. Also ignored by the bank, radically lower corporate taxes mainly benefit the rich in the same way. South Africa’s after-tax profits have been among the world’s highest, according to the International Monetary Fund in 2013.

Indeed the Treasury’s single biggest fiscal policy choice has been to condone “illicit financial flows.” These escape through bogus invoicing and other tax avoidance strategies. The Washington NGO Global Financial Integrity estimates they cost South Africa an annual $21 billion from 2004-13, peaking in 2009 at $29 billion. The bank dare not mention these flows or the resulting capital gains enjoyed by South African shareholders.

4) The Bank was most impressed by government’s provision of free basic services (mainly water, sanitation, electricity, and refuse removal), and social protection mainly in the form of social grants, primary health care, education (specifically no-fee paying schools), enhancing access to productive assets by the poor (e.g. housing and land), as well as job creation through the Expanded Public Works Program.

But the bank evades vital details, such as how “free basic water” was piloted in Durban in 1999 before becoming national policy in 2001. After a tokenistic 6 free kiloliters (kl) per month, the price of the second block of the water within the tariff increased dramatically. Overall by 2004 the price had doubled. In response, the lowest-income third of households lowered monthly consumption from 22kl to 15kl, while the highest-income third cut back by just 3kl/month, from 35kl to 32kl.

5) Another unmentionable concerns the bank’s largest-ever project loan: $3.75 billion granted in 2010 for the corruption-riddled, oft-delayed Medupi coal-fired power plant. Eskom’s repayment of that loan plus other financing has hiked the price of electricity to poor people by more than 250% since 2007. But neither the loan, the borrower, the project nor the soaring price of electricity are mentioned. Nor are Eskom’s special pricing agreements with BHP Billiton and Anglo that lower electricity prices to a tenth as much as poor households pay.

6) The bank applauds a grant that now reaches 11.7 million children. Grant payments have risen from 2.9% of GDP and now amount to 3.1%.

But a meagre 0.2% of GDP suggests the amounts provided are tokenistic. The child grant of just R340/month is about a third of today’s StatsSA after-inflation poverty line.

The South Africans who cannot be named
The bank endorses government’s “apparently sound policy” on redistribution because its researchers cannot grapple with the core problem that best explains why South African capitalism causes poverty and inequality: extreme exploitation systems amplified after apartheid by neoliberal policies. The most cited scholarly research about post-apartheid exploitation is by local political economists like Sampie Terreblanche, Hein Marais, William Gumede and Gillian Hart – but the bank dare not reference these books.

To truly tackle poverty and inequality, only one force in society has unequivocally succeeded since 1994. That force is the social activist.

Their successes include raising life expectancy from 52 to 62 over the past decade, reversing municipal services privatisation, cutting pollution and raising apartheid wages. But the organisations responsible – such as the Treatment Action Campaign, Anti-Privatisation Forum, South Durban Community Environmental Alliance and trade unions – are also, from the bank’s viewpoint, South Africans who cannot be named.
https://theconversation.com/the-harsh-realities-about-south-africa-that-the-world-bank-dare-not-speak-54349

About the Author
Patrick Bond is a Professor of Political Economy, University of the Witwatersrand. Patrick Bond is affiliated with the National Union of Metalworkers Research and Policy Institute as a volunteer advisory board member. Through April 2016 he also directs the University of KwaZulu-Natal Centre for Civil Society.

Do government spending and taxation really reduce inequality, or do we need more thorough measurements?

A response to the World Bank researchers


Patrick Bond 10 February 2016

World Bank staff and consultants claim that South Africa’s progressive taxation and pro-poor social spending reduce the Gini inequality coefficient from 0.77 to 0.59. But their data and methodology are deficient: their research ignores large areas of government spending and taxation that may significantly increase inequality. Thus their conclusion that fiscal policy is redistributive is overhasty and unfounded – whilst it is prone to be used, or misused, to promote a budget-cutting political agenda.

Introduction
‘South Africa can claim to have one of the world’s most redistributive public purses,’ claims Business Day associate editor Hilary Joffe (2015), drawing upon World Bank research findings (Inchauste et al. 2014, Inchauste et al. 2015, World Bank 2014), which were recently reiterated by Woolard et al. (Econ 3x3, October 2015). In response to the question: ‘How much is inequality reduced by progressive taxation and government spending?,’ their answer is that, when they adjust household incomes ‘comprehensively’ for the impact of government revenue and expenditure, the Gini coefficient (which measures income inequality) is reduced from 0.77 to 0.59.[1] This claim is regularly repeated by economists and high-profile commentators, often in support of fiscal austerity (see Bond 2015).

Although I have no easy answer in rebuttal, there is a significant problem. The research ignores large areas of state spending that would probably raise the Gini if included. As a brief glance at the national budget shows, the types of expenditure that the World Bank researchers took into account ignore other categories of expenditure that also have strong distributional effects. Likewise, their selection of taxes omits important components of corporate taxation – including the plethora of tax allowances, credits, loopholes and incentives embedded therein, all of which increase capital gains to holders of company shares. There also are other problems, e.g. regarding the quality of services (see below).

The Bank’s research on this vital matter is not only deficient due to its incompleteness, but is politically biased in a way that largely supports the status quo’s perspective on inequality, namely that there is little fiscal space for further redistribution. Although a key member of the research team has acknowledged the validity of my critical questions and the limitations of the methodology (Lustig 2015), World Bank staff and consultants go on repeating their findings, as in the Econ3x3 article – and most recently in a draft document for a collaborative World Bank project (2016: 22) to assess poverty and inequality in SA.[2]
World Bank researchers acknowledge weaknesses, but . . .

The fiscal tools examined by the Bank researchers (i.e. Inchauste et al.) were only those related to household taxation, social spending, and municipal services – and even there they made assumptions that are dubious in the South African context. To be sure, while repeatedly claiming ‘comprehensive’ coverage, the Bank’s staff and consultants have felt compelled to admit the following data and methodological ‘limitations’:

• the analysis does not take into account the quality of services delivered by the government;

• the analysis excludes some important taxes and spending such as taxes (and tax expenditures/subsidies) on corporate income, international trade and property, and spending such as infrastructure investments, apparently due to the lack of an established methodology for assigning the impact of these outlays across households;

• it does not capture how asset accumulation and returns to capital affect income inequality; and

• there are questions about the lack of adequate information on the income of households at the top of the income distribution (World Bank, 2014: 26; Inchauste et al. 2015: 15).

However, if they fail to address the biases implicit in these shortcomings, it is impossible to conclude that ‘(n)ot only are South Africa’s main fiscal instruments progressive overall, the degree and structure of progressiveness is such that these instruments achieve significant reductions in income inequality’ (Woolard et al., Econ3x3, October 2015: 7). Consider some of these drawbacks (for more detail, see Bond, forthcoming).

Ignoring quality in state spending: the case of education
Education, the single largest budgetary commitment, illustrates how dubious the alleged social spending benefits for recipients can be. Most public schools produce extremely low-quality education, thus locking in inequality with regard to life chances.

The World Economic Forum’s (2015) Global Competitiveness Report 2015–16 rated South African education as the worst of 140 countries in terms of science and mathematics training, and 138th in overall quality. As Spaull (2013: 10) remarks after studying the 1994–2011 outcomes: ‘South Africa has the worst education system of all middle-income countries that participate in cross-national assessments of educational achievement.’ The OECD (2010: 248) notes that ‘in 2008, only 1.4% of working-age Africans held a [university] degree, compared to almost 20% of working-age Whites. This proportion for Africans has hardly increased since 1993, while the proportion for Whites has grown by 5.4%.’
Given these outcomes, it could just as easily be argued that inequality is amplified by the manner in which public education is provided to the low-income majority. This story is fairly typical of maldistributed state resources; similar concerns have been raised regarding the quality of health services to the poor.

As National Treasury senior official Andrew Donaldson acknowledges (in a 2014 Econ3x3 article): ‘In areas such as education, health care and urban transport, service provision tends to evolve in differentiated ways […] the result is a fragmented, unequal structure in which the allocation of resources and the quality of services diverge.’ Combined with semi-privatised systems, such public spending, he admits, ‘entrenches inequality between rich and poor.’

Spending ignored by the World Bank analysts
The social spending items taken into account by the World Bank researchers account for 43% of total government spending (for fiscal year 2010/11). The October 2015 medium-term budget statement anticipates R1.45 trillion in 2016–17 spending, of which R219 billion (15%) is allocated to basic public education subsidies and R170 billion (12%) to public health (with the quality variances across income groups a main caveat for both these types of spending, as discussed above).

But other major areas were not analysed by the Bank researchers, though they have vital distributional implications:

• R184 billion (13%) for ‘Defence, public order and safety,’ which is likely to have a strong bias towards protecting the lives and property of wealthier classes;

• R143 billion (10%) for debt servicing, for which wealthy financiers and other bondholders are the main beneficiaries, taking their gains in deferred income (although a fraction of the working class who are fortunate to have a retirement fund also invests indirectly in debt securities); and

• R129 billion (9%) for aspects of ‘Economic affairs’ – economic infrastructure at R76 billion, industrial development and trade at R32 billion, and science, technology innovation and the environment at R21 billion – items that, arguably, disproportionately benefit corporations and the higher-income groups that own their shares.

No one (myself included) has done the difficult work required to put numbers to the distributive effect of the biases within these spending categories. But, without having done so, Bank staff and consultants should not make expansive claims about a ‘post-fiscal’ Gini coefficient improvement.

Likely regressive state spending: a first look
Although the World Bank (2014: 21) claims to ‘comprehensively assess the distributional impact of government taxation and spending’ using a ‘comprehensive fiscal incidence analysis’ (Inchauste et al, 2015: 9), its researchers ignore major items that appear to subsidise the accumulation of capital gains to wealthier households. Consider the following:

1. State subsidies to capital/corporations/corporate shareholders (‘corporate welfare’):

• Indirect subsidies are enormous, because most of the economic infrastructure created through taxation and user fees – roads and other transport, industrial districts, the world’s cheapest electricity during most of the post-apartheid era, R&D subsidies – is likely to overwhelmingly benefit geographically-proximate corporations and their shareholders. (There may be some job creation, but mega-projects tend to have very low long-term employment multipliers).

• Direct subsidies occur in the form of overt grants or, more often, tax provisions that business can utilise, e.g. accelerated write-offs of capital expenditure, incentives for capital-intensive industry, intended or unintended tax benefits/loopholes (e.g. export processing zones), motor vehicle industry schemes and other industrial development incentives. The direct employment benefits of these schemes are quite limited (as Black showed on Econ3x3).

• To illustrate, the highly-subsidised Medupi and Kusile power plants provide benefits that mainly go to construction companies and subsequent corporate users (three dozen companies consume around 45% of national electricity, at much lower rates than those paid by ordinary firms and households). The same applies to the coal export line from Limpopo to Richards Bay and the Durban dig-out port. The hundreds of billions of rands going to these projects probably have a major distributional effect in favour of upper-income South Africans (and foreign shareholders).
As would be required in properly assessing the value of education and healthcare investment, the Bank and other researchers could estimate the distribution of the benefits from these investments across the income and wealth spectrum.

It is vital for researchers who investigate inequality to assess how much such state subsidies (corporate welfare) add to firms’ longer-term asset bases. This translates into capital gains on shares, a benefit accruing mainly to the rich.[3] Shares on the JSE represent a vast component of household wealth.

2. Other state spending (superficially) considered by the Bank’s researchers includes the provision of household water and electricity, whether by an Eskom or municipalities.

• First, these continue to exhibit serious problems of quality and under-provision, signified by widespread service delivery protests and high levels of disconnection. In 2003, some 275 000 of all households attributed the interruptions of the water supply to cut-offs for non-payment (Muller 2004); this extrapolates to more than 1.5 million people affected that year. Today, while a notional 95% of South Africans have ‘access’ to water, the state concedes that only 65% of households enjoy an actual supply in their taps (Kings 2014).

• Secondly, the 1998 national electricity policy called for the parastatal agency, Eskom, to apply ‘cost-reflective’ tariffs in order to make profits or at least break even. This led to much higher charges for poor people. By the early 2010s, households faced much higher prices and new technologies for disciplining non-paying people, notably the prepaid meter system (which prevents cross-subsidisation). These approaches went counter to the explicit redistributive intentions of the 1994 RDP’s pursuit of ‘lifeline’ electricity and water, based on the progressive principle of cross-subsidisation through block tariffs.[4]

3. Treasury regulations also have significant distributional effects. For example, its deregulatory attitude to transnational corporate profit expatriation has allowed a great deal of income to flow to firms’ overseas financial headquarters (thus supporting future capital gains for wealthy households). Global Financial Integrity estimates the average annual illicit outflows at $21 billion for 2004–2013 (Kar & Spanjers 2015). Such tax laxity towards ‘base erosion and profit shifting’ by multinational corporates is a most important negative-redistributive aspect of fiscal policy not measured by the Bank.

4. Whether fiscal policy favours the wealthy as opposed to the (long-term) interests of the poor also depends on ‘natural capital accounting’, i.e. putting a value on non-renewable resource depletion associated with corporate extraction of minerals. The World Bank (2011: 193) estimated the impact of natural capital shrinkage on South African gross national income in 2005 to be negative 9%. Not to tax mineral wealth is a distributional fiscal policy choice which allows the proceeds of the depletion of non-renewable resources to shift from society as a whole to wealthier shareholders (even though workers in mines, smelters, transport and other downstream beneficiation industries also benefit).[5]

Conclusion
The World Bank researchers have meticulously measured something. But what they have measured is not the whole picture. While selected elements of state taxation and spending have an inequality-reducing effect on a selected component of well-being (household income) – as measured using a selected quantitative measure, the Gini coefficient – this is not a satisfactory basis from which to draw overarching distributional conclusions.
Bank staff and researchers have ignored systemic state-induced inequalities that shape distributions of income and of wealth (including capital gains) and broad human welfare. Indeed, the so-called ‘market distribution’ or ‘pre-fiscal’ distribution of income is already the systemic outcome of an inequality-producing economy that is substantially shaped and supported by state action that has long favoured wealthier people and the corporations in which they invest.

As the influence of the World Bank researchers’ project grew in the past year, I queried the work and received a series of (ultimately bureaucratic) emails from its officials (Bond 2015). Fortunately, upon asking the main consultant, Nora Lustig of Tulane University, why more accurate assessments of the state’s pro-corporate fiscal benefits were not attempted so as to offset the bias from only considering social spending, she took up the challenge with honesty: ‘Your questions are very valid. Regretfully, we have yet to figure out a solid methodological approach to allocate the burden/benefit to households of the list of interventions you list’ (Lustig 2015).

The question is: should Bank staff and allied researchers have been so hasty to publish research findings that had major implications for fiscal and budgetary policy when the methodology is evidently too limited to thoroughly answer the question they have posed? This is especially important in 2016 when even more pressure has risen from financial markets and credit rating agencies to reduce social spending – following the 2015 Budget of Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene that cut the real value of welfare grants.

Beyond the critical flaws in measurement, the main risk of the World Bank research on ‘post-fiscal’ South African inequality is political bias: it promotes, or can be misused to promote, the budget-cutting agenda of the most regressive faction of corporate capital, i.e. financiers.
To mitigate this damage, the research task ahead for the World Bank and other inequality researchers is surely to attempt to properly measure the distributive impact of all government spending and all taxation (including allowances). That would make a real contribution to the battle against inequality and could inform appropriate tax and expenditure policies and projects (including planned ‘white-elephant’ mega-projects).

Until that research has been accomplished, would it not be better for economists, when asked about the distributional effect of fiscal policy in South Africa, to simply say: we do not yet know enough to answer that question?
http://econ3x3.org/article/do-government-spending-and-taxation-really-reduce-inequality-or-do-we-need-more-thorough#sthash.KeNSi2BK.dpuf

References
Bond P. 2015. Bretton Woods Institution narratives about inequality and economic vulnerability on the eve of South African austerity. International Journal of Health Services 45, 3: 415–42.

http://joh.sagepub.com/content/45/3/415.long
--------- forthcoming. South Africa’s pseudo social democracy: Tokenistic nuances within neoliberal nationalism. In: Globalizing Social Democracy: Expectations, Experiences and Alternatives, edited by Ingo Schmidt. London, Pluto Press.

Inchauste G, Lustig N, Maboshe M & Purfield C. & Woolard I. 2014. South Africa Economic Update: Fiscal Policy and Redistribution in an Unequal Society. Presentation, World Bank Group, Pretoria. 6 November.

Inchauste G, Lustig N, Maboshe M & Purfield C. & Woolard I. 2015. The Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in South Africa. Policy Research Working Paper 7194. World Bank Group.

Joffe H. 2015. Piketty’s wealth tax fails to solve SA’s inequality riddle. Business Day, 7 October.
Kar, D & J Spanjers 2015. Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: 2004–2013. Washington DC, Global Financial Integrity.

http://www.gfintegrity.org/report/illicit-financial-flows-from-developing-countries-2004-2013/
Kings S. 2014. Our water troubles still run deep. Mail & Guardian, 13 February.

Lustig N. 2015. Email correspondence with P. Bond. 20 January.

McDonald D & Pape J eds. 2002. Cost Recovery and the Crisis of Service Delivery in South Africa. London, Zed Books.

Muller M. 2004. Turning off the taps. Mail & Guardian, 26 June.

OECD 2010. Tackling Inequalities in Brazil, China, India and South Africa: The Role of Labour Market and Social Policies. Paris, OECD.
Spaull N. 2013. South Africa’s Education Crisis:

The quality of education in South Africa 1994–2011. Centre for Development and Enterprise Working Paper, October.

Van der Berg S. 2009. Fiscal incidence of social spending in South Africa. 2006. Working Paper 10/2009, Department of Economics, Stellenbosch University.

Woolard I, Metz R, Inchauste G, Lustig N, Maboshe M & Purfield C. 2015. How much is inequality reduced by progressive taxation and government spending? Econ3x3, 28 October.

World Bank 2011. The Changing Wealth of Nations. Washington, DC.

World Bank 2014. Fiscal policy and redistribution in an unequal society. South Africa Economic Update 6. Washington DC.

World Bank 2016. South African Poverty and Inequality Assessment. Draft discussion note, Pretoria, January.

World Economic Forum 2015. Global Competitiveness Report 2015–16. Davos.

[1] The estimate of Van der Berg (2009) for the fall in Gini is even larger: from 0.69 to 0.47.

[2] A World Bank Group consultation workshop to initiate this project is being held at the University of Johannesburg on 15 February, 2016.

[3] Capital gains are extremely important in raising the wealth levels of those who are already wealthy. For example, the United States Congressional Budget Office calculated that, in 2011, the share of total income from capital gains enjoyed by that country’s top 1% of earners was 36%; for the bottom 95% it was only 4%. Shares on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange constitute much of household wealth. For aggregate South African households in 2011, wealth was composed of an extremely high 77% in the form of financial assets and 23% non-financial assets (in contrast to India where the ratio was 12% financial to 88% non-financial assets).

[4] For example, even though minister Ronnie Kasrils decided to implement a free basic water policy in 2001, by that time the commercialisation instinct was thoroughly accepted by municipalities (based in part on World Bank recommendations inordinately hostile to cross-subsidisation). As a result, the right to water ended up being delivered in a tokenistic way, i.e. free for merely the first 6 kilolitres per household per month, with huge price increases beyond 6 kilolitres very common. In the Durban pilot, this led to a doubling of the real price from R2 to R4/kl and in turn, the lowest-income third of the metered customer base cut back their demand from 22 to 15 kl/hh/m from 1997–2004: i.e. a price elasticity of 0.55, compared to 0.11 for the wealthiest third of customers.

[5] It is the extractive-industry corporations which, by the end of the commodity price super-cycle, were the world’s most profitable firms, according to the UN Conference on Trade and Development. And the intergenerational distribution of mineral wealth – from future low-income South African citizens who no longer have access to such (now-depleted) natural capital – must also be considered, just as the damage from climate change is also now being calculated with more temporal sophistication.
Tags: Gini coefficient, Taxation, Government spending

Topics: Inequality and income distribution
- See more at: http://econ3x3.org/article/do-government-spending-and-taxation-really-reduce-inequality-or-do-we-need-more-thorough#sthash.KeNSi2BK.dpuf

Reducing poverty and inequality has been the cornerstone of development policy in South Africa since the advent of democracy. Such goals gave impetus to the Reconstruction and Development Program (RDP), guiding government’s policy framework in 1994; they are the inspiration behind the National Development Plan of 2012. The government’s commitment to eliminate poverty is also reflected in fiscal policy: the equitable share formula, which is used to determine transfers to the different spheres of government, contains a poverty component as a redistributive measure.

South Africa has made significant strides towards enhancing the wellbeing of its citizens by reversing the adverse effects of apartheid and broadening opportunities for all.
This has, however, been challenged by variable economic growth prospects which have specifically been quite modest in recent years. The relatively high and consistent growth experienced following the end of apartheid began to taper off when structural constraints and bottlenecks dampened growth; reaching a historical low in 2009 when the global financial crisis led to the country plunging into its first recession in 17 years. GDP growth rose to 3.6 percent in 2011. Persistent structural weaknesses and new vulnerabilities such as those observed in the mining sector over the past two years, compromised the economy’s ability to sustain such growth, so that the growth reading was a paltry 1.9 percent in 2013, 1.5 percent in 2014, and the economy was projected to grow by only 1.4 percent in 2015.

The economic gains made since the end of apartheid have enabled the government to use a variety of mechanisms through which it aims to reduce poverty and inequality.
These are reflected in what is broadly termed the social wage which basically refers to the redistributive elements of the government budget. Notable gains have been made as a result of these interventions: these measures have been argued to be the drivers of the observed reduction in poverty in South Africa, with recent statistics showing that the poverty headcount rate reduced significantly between 2006 and 2011. However and despite its upper middle income status, the country still faces persistent socio-economic challenges which the South African government describes as its triple challenge (poverty, unemployment and inequality), a triple epidemic (malnutrition, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis), and a triple burden of malnutrition (under-nutrition, hidden hunger and over-nutrition).

The persistence of these challenges, 22 years after the advent of democracy, calls for a comprehensive assessment of trends, dynamics, policy, impact and monitoring. This is especially pertinent given that the last comprehensive national poverty and inequality assessment was published in 1998 and commissioned by the Government of South Africa with assistance from the UK Department for International Development, UNDP, World Bank and the Dutch Government. The proposed Poverty and Inequality Assessment will document South Africa’s progress in reducing poverty from 1994 to 2015. It aims to contribute towards South Africa’s realization of its national targets of eliminating extreme poverty and reducing inequality. This is important given that although South Africa has achieved significant transformation in terms of improving access to services, education, health care and economic opportunities, the reduction of the prevalence and depth of poverty has met the aspirations of neither the government nor South Africans. This is despite the recognized success of fiscal policies for redistribution through a social wage of free basic services and access to facilities, expenditure on health and education that exceeds that of many similar countries, and the provision of comprehensive social protection. The co-existence of apparently sound policy, significant government expenditure but slender returns in terms of impact suggests the potential that greater efficiencies can be achieved.

The objectives of the proposed Poverty and Inequality Assessment are twofold:

First, the proposed report aims to contribute to an enhanced understanding of how the government can achieve greater efficiencies in its efforts to tackle the problem of
poverty and inequality.

This way, the report will contribute to policy dialogues towards the attainment of the NDP vision of eliminating poverty and reducing inequality. The Assessment will do this not only by providing poverty trends but also by examining the drivers of changes in poverty and inequality since the end of apartheid in 1994; investigating the extent to which economic growth has been pro-poor; and dissecting and proposing possible solutions to the challenges that South Africa faces in the fight against poverty and inequality. In addition, a forward looking forecasting exercise will be undertaken and is envisaged to inform policy discussions, formulation and planning.

Second, in April 2013, the World Bank set two goals to end extreme poverty and promote shared prosperity (World Bank, 2013). This implies a focus not only on the pace of economic growth but also on its pattern. Promotion of shared prosperity means working towards increasing the incomes and welfare of the poor. For the World Bank, monitoring progress made towards shared prosperity implies measuring and tracking the income or consumption growth amongst a country’s bottom 40 percent. It is an indicator of economic growth with equity and inclusion and can thus be used to measure the impact of policies targeted at reducing poverty and inequality. Growth is said to lack inclusiveness if the income or expenditure growth of the bottom 40 percent is consistently lower than the average income or consumption growth of the total population. The objective to “foster income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population” includes most of those categorized by two of the national poverty lines used in South Africa even though levels of extreme poverty as defined by the World Bank are comparatively low. The proposed Assessment will both guide the Bank’s future transformational engagement with South Africa and provide a peer reviewed and independent assessment of the policy/implementation nexus that can be used by the South African government and civil society.

Overall, the assessment will identify key knowledge and policy gaps and provide new analysis that addresses selected gaps or complements existing work on these topics.
It will build on substantial existing work and knowledge base that includes large sample surveys, panel data, detailed evaluations and impact assessments, as well as qualitative studies undertaken by South African universities. Data from the recently completed Living Conditions Survey 2015 by Statistics South Africa create an opportunity for providing an up to date picture on poverty and inequality in the country. Data from the four waves of the National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS) permit the analysis of poverty dynamics. The Assessment will feed into national planning and poverty monitoring activities. This discussion paper outlines the context for the Assessment, provides suggestions for the content of the report, the process to be followed in its preparation, and identifies existing key studies and possible data sources.
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 Yaa Ashantewaa K. Archer-Ngidi CCS Seminar: The role of Black women in liberation, 10 March 
 Patrick Bond reports on research into urban economic and ecological violence, IDRC & UKAID conference, Johannesburg, 8 March 
 Patrick Bond addresses Women in Mining (Womin) conference on movement building, Johannesburg, 7 March 
 Allen & Barbara Isaacman CCS Seminar: Dams, displacement, and the delusion of development, 4 March  
 Patrick Bond presents South Durban paper in Merebank, 2 March 
 Andrew Lawrence CCS Seminar: Why nuclear energy is bad for South Africa, bad for the world—and how it can be opposed, 29 February 2016  
 China Ngubane , Chumile Sali & Dalli Weyers CCS Seminar: Social Justice Coalition Citizen Oversight of Policing in Khayelitsha Court Case Presentation, 26 February 
 CCS hosts groundWork, SDCEA and FrackFreeSA for climate and energy workshop, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Can the SA budget afford #FeesMustFall demands and other social spending? 23 February  
 Patrick Bond joins Mondli Hlatshwayo & Aziz Choudry to launch Just Work, Ike's Books, 22 February 
 Peter Cole CCS Seminar: A History of Dockers, Social Movements and Transnational Solidarity in Durban and San Francisco, 17 February 
 Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS at Univ of the Western Cape, Cape Town, 15 February 
 Delwyn Pillay, Jorim Gerrad, Madaline George & Nozipho Mkhabela CCS Seminar: A return to MUTOKO, Zimbabwe, 10 February  
 Nick Turse CCS Seminar: AFRICOM’s New Math and “Scarier” Times Ahead in Africa, 5 February 
 Menzi Maseko & Mandla Mbuyisa CCS Seminar: Black Consciousness, Fees Must Fall and Lessons from the Life of Ongkopotse Tiro, 1 February  
 Gabriel Hertis, China Ngubane & Daniel Dunia CCS Seminar: Central African and Zimbabwean geopolitics and their implications for Durban civil society II, 27 January  
 Patrick Bond keynote at Tata Institute Development Studies conference, 23 January 
 Patrick Bond, Thando Manzi, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane present urban analysis at Tata Institute, Mumbai, 19-22 January 
 Patrick Bond, Achin Vanaik, Ajay Patnaik & Alka Acharya launch BRICS book, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 18 January 
 Gabriel Hertis, China Ngubane, Daniel Dumia & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: African geopolitics and their implications for Durban civil society I, 11 January 
 Events Index 2015 
 CCS students Boaventura Monjane, Mithika Mwenda, Tabitha Spence & Celia Alario at the COP21 climate summit, Paris, 1-12 December 
 Jorim Gerrard & Paul Steffen CCS Seminar: Influencing society's views of refugees, 9 December  
 Workshop on Climate Change and Environmental Justice with the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, 7-10 December  
 Ashwin Desai, Betty Govinden, Crispin Hemson & Andile Mngxitama CCS Seminar: The Gandhi debate, 27 November 
 Stefano Battain & Daniela Biocca CCS Seminar: Alternative development or alternative to development? 27 November 
 CCS Seminar: Remembering Sam Moyo, 25 November  
 Patrick Bond debates Sihle Zikalala & Vasu Gounden on the state of South Africa, eThekwini Progressive Professionals Forum, 25 November 
 Christelle Terreblanche debates Ubuntu at the University of Pretoria, 23 November 
 Patrick Bond & Toendepi Shonhe CCS Seminar: BRICS crumble, commodities crash and Africa's climate changes, 20 November 
 Patrick Bond seminar on BRICS banking at University of Cape Town School of Economics, 16 November 
 Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: KZN civil society responses to the Paris Climate Change Conference, 9 November 
 Patrick Bond with Numsa and BRICS climate critique at Historical Materialism conference, London, 5-6 November 
 Andile Mngxitama CCS Seminar: Black First! but what is Black? 4 November 
 Patrick Bond seminar on BRICS as sub-imperialism at Open University, 4 November 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS and climate change at Sussex University, 3 November 
 Mondli Hlatshwayo CCS Seminar: Numsa, technological change and politics at ArcelorMittal's Vanderbijlpark plant, 22 October 
 Tri Continental Film Festival Screenings at CCS 21-24 October 
 Patrick Bond launches BRICS book in New York 19 October 
 Patrick Bond delivers keynote at Cyprus conference on mining and sustainable development, 16 October 
 Brian Minga Anza, Mwamba Kalombo Thithi & Sinqobangaye Magestic Pro Sibisi CCS Seminar: Creative challenges to xenophobia, 15 October 2015 
 Patrick Bond, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Inequality, the criminalisation of protest and internecine social conflict, 9 October 
 Patrick Bond delivers sustainability keynote to SA Public Health Association conference, 8 October 
 Patrick Bond debates UN Sustainable Development Goals, ClassicFM, Johannesburg, 1 October 
 Patrick Bond talks on African uprisings at Mapungubwe Institute, Pretoria, 30 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Africa in the world economy, Channel Africa, Johannesburg, 29 September 
 Ana Garcia presents BRICS critique at Geopolitical Economy conference, Winnipeg, 26 September 
 Patrick Bond lectures on degrowth in Berlin, 16 September 
 CCS welcomes World Social Science Forum to Durban, with talks by Vuyiseka Dubula, Patrick Bond & others in CCS, 13 - 16 September  
 CCS welcomes Codesria and WSSF to Ike's Books, 12 September 
 CCS hosts the South-South Institute during the World Social Science Forum, 10-18 September 
 Patrick Bond lectures at Codesria/Osisa Economic Justice Institute, 8-9 September 
 Patrick Bond, Boaventura Monjane & Mithika Mwenda at Africa Climate Talks, Dar es Salaam, 3-5 September 
 Vladimir Slivyak What's wrong with Russia's nuclear energy deal-making? 4 September  
 John Devenish CCS Seminar: Mapping social unrest in South Africa, 1 September  
 Patrick Bond lectures on climate and deglobalisation alternatives at Attac University, Marseille, 26 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on legacy of Rosa Luxemburg at New School for Social Research, New York, 21 August 
 China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Xenophobia as symptom, 20 August  
 Justine van Rooyen CCS Seminar: The Social Inclusion/Exclusion of Intersex South Africans, 12 August 
 Patrick Bond keynote speech at BRICS-in-Africa conference, Livingstone, 7-11 August 
 Patrick Bond and Sam Moyo speak at Trust Africa conference on Illicit Financial Flows, Harare, 3 August 
 Patrick Bond delivers paper on climate and the blue economy, Wits University, 2 August 
 Patrick Bond in economic debate at M&G Literary Festival, Johannesburg, 1 August 
 Yaa Ashantewaa Ngidi CCS Seminar: The state of the Pan Africanist movement, 30 July 
 Ryan Solomon CCS Seminar: Belonging, inclusion and South African civil society in the campaigns against AIDS and xenophobia, 29 July 
 Lloyd Sachikonye CCS Seminar: Social research and civil society in Zimbabwe, 28 July 
 Patrick Bond moderates UKZN College of Humanities debate on xenophobia and higher ed transformation, 28 July 
 Patrick Bond & Mithika Mwenda at Climate Futures symposium, Italy, 13-17 July 
 China Ngubane, Bandile Mdlalose & Nonhle Mbuthuma CCS Seminar: The state of social activism against xenophobia, human rights violations and mining exploitation - three case sites, 3 July 
 CCS co-hosts (with Chris Hani Institute) World Association for Political Economy, Johannesburg, 19-21 June 
 CCS workshop with ASONET, Action Support Centre and South African Liaison Office, on South Africa, Peace and Security in the post-2015 Development Agenda, 10-11 June 
 CCS/ASONET workshop on xenophobia, 5 June 
 Alf Nilsen launches his book We Make Our Own History, at Ike's Books, 4 June 
 Patrick Bond addresses civil society electricity crisis summit on load-shedding, Johannesburg, 2 June  
 Patrick Bond talks on extractivism, BRICS sub-imperialism and South Africa at Left Forum, New York, 30-31 May 
 China Ngubane, Gabriel Hertis, Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Persistent Durban xenophobia and Operation Fiela, 20 May 
 CCS hosts Colgate University students for social movement research, June 
 Nonhle Mbuthuma CCS Seminar: Xolobeni mining, unobtanium-titanium battle update, 14 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on carbon markets and climate debt, Gyeongsang University, Jinju, Korea, 12 May 
 Patrick Bond speaks on South African political economy, Hong Kong Reader bookshop, 11 May 
 Gcina Makoba, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Rhodes' walls must fall! 30 April  
 CCS Film Screening: The GAMA Strike A victory for all workers, 24 April 
 Patrick Bond lectures on degrowth and the green economy, Berlin, 21 April 
 Faith ka Manzi & Bandile Mdlalose at Climate Justice strategy meeting, Maputo, April 21-23 
 Paul Kariuki, Bandile Mdlalose, China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Xenophobia in Durban, 14 April 
 CCS joins Greenpeace and R2K in solidarity meeting with Somkhele coal victims, northern KZN, 12 April 
 Patrick Bond lecture on water commodification and resistance at Zimbabwe Sustainable Economics Forum, Harare, 9 April 
 China Ngubane & Jean-Pierre Lukamba CCS Seminar: Xenophobia in Isipingo, 7 April 
 Alice Thomson, Desmond D’Sa & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Liberal and radical approaches to Environmental Justice campaigning, 1 April 
 Patrick Bond speaks on coalitions for national economic sovereignty, World Social Forum, University of Tunis el Manar, 25 March 
 Akin Akiboye & Jorim Gerrard CCS Seminar: Xenophobia and displacement, 17 March 
 Sofie Hellberg CCS Seminar: Water, life and politics in Durban, 10 March 
 Faith kaManzi, Nonhle Mbuthuma, Melissa Hansen & others International Women’s Day at the UKZN Centre for Civil Society: Resistance to Resource Cursing in KZN, the Eastern Cape and the DRC, 9th March 
 Israeli Apartheid Week Events 2 - 8 March 
 Baruti Amisi and Boaventura Monjane speak at US Power Africa conference, University of Illinois, 2-4 March 
 Baruti Amisi, Gerard Boyce & Patrick Bond CCS Workshop: 'False solutions' to climate and energy crises, 26 February 
 Carlos Cardoso CCS Seminar: Knowledge production and intellectual formation in Africa from Codesria's perspective, 20 February 
 Benny Wenda CCS Seminar: The campaign to free West Papua, 19 February 
 Gcina Makoba & Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Campaigning against coal in KZN, 18 February 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS sherpa Anil Sooklal, UCT Centre for Conflict Resolution, 16 February 
 Desmond D'Sa, David Le Page, Bhavna Deonarain, Winnie Mdletshe & others: Launch of Fossil Free KZN, 13 February 
 Angus Joseph CCS Seminar: Climate justice and solidarity from Lima to Paris, 13 February 
 Nhamo Chikowore & China Ngubane Zimbabwe's new conjuncture and SA's new xenophobia, 6 February 
 Baruti Amisi, Brain Amza & and Jacky Kabidu DRC uprising, repression and solidarity, 5 February 
 Chris Coward CCS Seminar: New spaces of social activism, 28 January 
 Immanuel Ness CCS Seminar: Lessons from the labour movements of China and India, 27 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Electricity crisis scenarios, 20 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Oil spills, coal digs, resource cursing and resistance, 12 January 
 Events Index 2014 
 Gcina Makoba & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: United Front Preparatory Assembly assessment, 22 December 
 Thando Manzi, Au Loong Yu & John Devenish CCS Seminar: BRICS-from-below struggles for justice, 19 December 
 CCS hosts South Durban climate camp, 8-11 December 
 Patrick Bond, Bandile Mdlalose, Shauna Mottiar, Themba Mchunu & China Ngubane CCS press conference and workshop: Durban politics stressed to break-point, 5 December 
 Mondli Hlatshwayo CCS Seminar: Organised labour's losses since 1994, worker-community relations after 2014, 28 November 
 Patrick Bond critiques World Bank at UWC poverty conference, 27 November 
 CCS hosts launch of Fossil Free South Africa, 27 November 
 Faith ka-Manzi debates SA social protest at Gumede Lecture, Durban History Museum, 27 November 
 Melissa Hansen CCS Seminar: Struggles over conservation space in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, 24 November  
 Patrick Bond lectures on Africa's Resource Curse, Stellenbosch University, 20 November 
 Vuyiseka Dubula, Faith ka-Manzi & Mzamo Zondi CCS Seminar: Treatment Action Campaign reaches the knife-edge, 18 November, 2014 
 CCS hosts Durban environmental network, 15 November 
 Aziz Choudry CCS Seminar: Learning and research in social movements, 14 November 
 Aziz Choudry CCS Seminar: NGOization, 'civil society' and social change: Complicity, contradictions and prospects, 13 November 
 Gun Free South Africa workshop with CCS, 12 November 
 Creesen Naicker CCS Seminar: Sport for Development in South Africa, 11 November 
 Patrick Bond joins SA panel at Historical Materialism conference, London, 7 November 
 Patrick Bond lectures on neoliberalism and social policy at South-South Institute in Bangkok, 5 November 
 Patrick Bond keynote address on African IT, to the International Development Informatics Association, 3 November 
 Patrick Bond debates GDP with SA government, Pretoria, 31 October 
 Patrick Bond debates GDP reform at University of Pretoria, 28 October 
 China Ngubane and Patrick Bond at UKZN Geography workshop on community politics, 24 October 
 CCS hosts CT Social Justice Coalition training on sanitation advocacy, 22 October 
 CCS hosts Greenpeace film on climate and Arctic oil, Black Ice, 14 October 
 Diana Buttu CCS Seminar: The situation in Palestine, 8 October 
 Mithika Mwenda lecture on climate justice at Climate Change and Development Conference, Morocco, 7 October 
 Stefan Cramer CCS Seminar on Karoo fracking, 7 October 
 Omar Shaukat CCS Seminar: Thinking through ISIS, 1 October 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA social policy at University of Burgundy, Dijon, 25 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Mark Weisbrot on BRICS at IPS, Washington, 23 September 
 Mithika Mwenda and Patrick Bond talk on climate justice, Converge for Climate at Graffiti Church, New York City, 20 September 
 Awethu! network meets at CCS, 20 September 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South Africa at City University of New York, 18 September 
 John Saul and Patrick Bond launch books at Cape Town Open Book Fair, 17 September 
 Gcina Makoba update on recyclables project in Inanda, 15 September 
 The UKZN Centre for Civil Society and Palestine Solidarity Forum host a Gaza Documentary Screening, 11 September  
 Patrick Bond debates the causes and implications of Marikana at the Durban Democracy and Development Programme, 10 September 
 Mnikeni Phakathi & Asha Moodley CCS Seminar (with the Right to Know Campaign): Student Protest at UKZN 2014, 5 September 
 Patrick Bond debates climate and energy at Univ of Leipzig 'Degrowth' conference, Germany, 5 September 
 Gcina Makoba & Patrick Bond Durban water and sanitation policies, projects and politics, 1 September 
 Patrick Bond input on BRICS at Centre for Conflict Resolution seminar, Pretoria, 31 August 
 Patrick Bond on Resource Curses and antidotes, at Institute for Social and Economic Studies, Maputo, 28 August 
 China Ngubane & Sizwe Shiba Southern African people's solidarity dynamics, 28 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South Durban strategy, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea, 22 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA political economy at Chinese Academy of Marxism, Beijing, 20 August 
 Mithika Mwenda CCS Seminar: Climate change and global policy battles, 15 August 
 Niall Reddy CCS Seminar: BRICS after Fortaleza, 14 August 
 Ilan Pappé Dennis Brutus Memorial Lecture: Israel’s ethnic cleansing of Palestine, 5 August 
 UKZN CCS Masters Student Mithika Mwenda testifies on Climate Justice on Our Common Planet, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA, 4 August 
 Loraine Dongo & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Climate, oil and activism in South Africa, 31 July  
 Patrick Bond debates Intensive Energy User Group's Shaun Nel on energy, SAfm, 23 July 
 Patrick Bond debates SACP's Alex Mashilo on SA politics, SA Democratic Teachers Union KZN Province, Durban, 24 July 
 Susan Spronk Contesting Water Privatisation through an Efficiency Narrative, 23 July 
 Matt Meyer The State of the Art in Non-violent Civil Disobedience, 22 July 
 Patrick Bond discusses infrastructure finance, Fortaleza, 15 July 
 CCS-Brazilian collaboration at the 2014 BRICS Summit, 14-16 July in Fortaleza 
 Patrick Bond debates JP Landman on SA poli econ, Ike's Books, 9 July 
 Bhekinkosi Moyo CCS Seminar: Southern African civil society, 7 July 
 Jack Dyer CCS Seminar: The economic consequences of Durban's port expansion, 25 June 2014 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA macroeconomic conditions, at UKZN SA Research Chair initiative workshop, 20 June 
 Patrick Bond debates SA soccer leader Danny Jordaan on the World Cup's legacy, BBC radio, 18 June 
 John Devenish CCS Seminar: Protests in India, South Africa & Brazil The issues participants & tactics, 17 June 2014 
 Patrick Bond debates the SA economy with MEC Mike Mabuyakhulu, UKZN Business School, 11 June 
 Patrick Bond debates sustainability at Governance Innovation conference, University of Pretoria, 5 June 
 CCS hosts mineworker solidarity event, 31 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South African water commodification, University of London, 30 May 
 Patrick Bond debates 'Africa Rising (or Uprising?)' in Maputo at Frelimo Political School, 29 May 2014 
 Patrick Bond speaks on global finance at the World Association for Political Economy, Hanoi, 24 May 
 Shauna Mottiar presents at 'Contentious Politics' seminar, University of Johannesburg, 22 May 
 Patrick Bond & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: BRICS from above, the middle and below: which directions for alliances and conflicts? 16 May 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS civil society, SA Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond presentation on climate justice governance via skype to Linkoping University, Sweden, 8 May 
 Gcina Makoba and Thuli Hlela host Miners Shot Down in Durban townships, 1 May 
 Admos Chimhowu CCS Seminar: Food Sovereignty Discourses, Land and Labour in Southern Africa, 30 April 
 Patrick Bond presents on BRICS geopolitics and BRICS banking, Rio de Janeiro, 28-29 April 
 Shauna Mottiar delivers paper on popular protest in South Africa, Oxford University, 26 April 
 Floyd Shivambu, Innocent Ndiki, Louise Colvin and Patrick Bond CCS Workshop: Which critiques of post-Apartheid malgovernance - and which counter strategies - come next?, 25 April 
 Bram Buscher CCS Seminar: ‘I Nature’: Web 2.0, Social Media and the Political Economy of Conservation, 25 April 
 Patrick Bond discusses DeSutcliffisation at Durban University of Technology Urban Futures Centre, 24 April 
 Patrick Bond talk on SA@20 in New York, 19 April 
 Patrick Bond keynote lecture on climate, health and risk, University of Washington, Seattle, 17 April 
 Ken Walibora Waliaula CCS Seminar: Remembering and Disremembering Africa, 16 April 
 Ben Turok School of Social Sciences & CCS Seminar: With my head above the parapet: An insider account of the ANC in power, 15 April 
 Thando Manzi CCS Seminar: Brazilian civil society contests the World Cup, economic injustice and BRICS, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond gives three talks at the Association of American Geographers, Tampa, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond on comparative solidarity with Palestine and South Africa, Johns Hopkins University, 7 April 
 Patrick Bond paper on Climate Change, Debt and Justice in Africa at University of North Carolina conference, 5 April 
 Zackie Achmat, Thando Manzi, Paul Routledge Dennis Brutus Memorial Debate: The state of our social movements, from SA to BRICS to the world 31 March  
 Paul Routledge CCS/Development Studies seminar on politics of climate change, 31 March 
 Zackie Achmat and Ndifuma Ukwazi offer activist Autumn School, 31 March - 2 April 
 Prince Mashele CCS Seminar: The fall of the ANC, 28 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on a Redistributive Eco-Debt Payment system, University of Lund, 28 March 
 Waldemar Diener CCS Seminar: Identity formation amongst immigrant traditional healers, 27 March  
 Charles Mangongera & Toendepi Shonhe CCS Seminar: Who rules Zimbabwe - and what should civil society do now? , 25 March 
 Patrick Bond and Xolani Dube debate 20 years of liberation (plus booklaunch), Time of the Writer festival, 20 March 
 Lukhona Mnguni, Molaudi Sekake & Lesiba Seshoka (invited)CCS Seminar: UKZN student woes and freedom of expression, 20 March  
 Patrick Bond responds to Deputy Foreign Minister Ebrahim Ebrahim foreign policy presentation, 19 March 
 Vanessa Burger and Faith kaManzi support Durban harbour mobilisation, Dalton Hostel, 16 March 
 Israeli Apartheid Week talk by Miko Peled, CCS co-sponsorship with Palestine Solidarity movement, 14 March 
 Peter McKenzie CCS Seminar: Cato Manor Between hope and Possibility, 13 March 
 Patrick Bond testimony on water politics at SA Human Rights Commission, 11 March 
 Patrick Bond lecture at Rosa Luxemburg centenary of Accumulation of Capital, Berlin, 9 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on SA's Resource Curse, Harare, 28 February 
 Sreeram Chaulia CCS Seminar on Brazil-Russia-India-China-SA, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond seminar on 'tokenistic' social policy at UKZN Development Studies, 19 February 
 China Ngubane addresses conference on Community Serving Humanity, UKZN, 12 February 
 Patrick Bond addresses PanAfrican Climate Justice Alliance challenges, Dakar, 10 February 
 Vishwas Satgar runs workshop on the United Front approach, 30 January 
 Patrick Bond addresses Numsa shopstewards on economic crises, Johannesburg, 25 January 
 Patrick Bond testifies to Parliament against mega-projects, 16 January 
 Shauna Mottiar Protest and participation in Cato Manor, Merebank and Wentworth, 15 January  
 Patrick Bond lecture on development and political economy and method, Birzeit University, Ramallah, Palestine, 6 January 
 Events Index 2013 
 China Ngubane and Patrick Bond speak at the People's Dialogue BRICS strategy session, Johannesburg, 10-12 December 
 Thando Manzi and Patrick Bond discuss Durban slum research at the Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, 10 December 
 Patrick Bond, Farai Maguwu and Khadija Sharife testify to African Union commission against corruption, Arusha, 7 December 
 Mithika Mwenda CCS Seminar: Report-back from Warsaw climate summit, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond debates natural capital and GDP at Wits University, Johannesburg, 5 December 
 CCS hosts Democracy from Below citizenship movement 30 November - 1 December 
 Giuliano Martinello CCS Seminar: Dispossession and resistance to SA agribusiness in the new scramble for Southern and Eastern African land, 28 November  
 Patrick Bond at South Durban BRICS-from-below campaign against port-petrochemical expansion, Wentworth, 27 November 
 Film Screenings: Non-Violence as a Strategy for Social Change: CCS Seminar room, 19 September, 17 October, 21 November 
 Patrick Bond debates climate and capitalism at COP19 in Warsaw, 17 November 
 CCS participates in South Durban People's Climate Camp, 14-17 November 
 Patrick Bond lectures on global finance in Brussels, 13-15 November 
 Patrick Bond presents on Commoning, Rights and Praxis at Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, 8 November 
 Patrick Bond public lecture on the New Africa Scramble in Berlin, 7 November 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Financial crises and social resistance, from household to global scales, 6 November 
 Gcina Makoba & Muna Lakhani CCS Seminar: Mapping Waste From Cradle to Grave: the Inkanyezi Community Recyclers and Global Zero-Waste Movement, 31 October 
 CCS founder Adam Habib launches South Africa's Suspended Revolution, Ike's Books, 29 October 
 Brutus Memorial Debate: "From democracy to kleptocracy", 26 October 
 Faith Manzi CCS Seminar: The Anatomy of a Cato Manor 'Popcorn Protest', 24 October 
 Patrick Bond critiques financial markets at Unemployment Insurance Fund board meeting, 15 October 
 Waldemar Diener CCS Seminar: Cartooning race and class after Marikana, 10 October 
 Molaudi Sekake, Christelle Terreblanche & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Commoning as an antidote to uneven development in Southern Africa, 9 October 
 CCS PhD student Vuyiseka Dubula leads AIDS research workshop, Johannesburg, 4 October 
 CCS co-organises workshop on 'Beyond Uneven Development' in Maputo, 1-3 October 
 Patrick Bond on Durban's urban neoliberalism, Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, NYC, 29 September 
 Margherita di Paola Film Screening - On the Art of War, 20 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks on the World Economic Crisis and BRICS, at the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, 13 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks at 'Rising Powers' workshop, Fudan University, Shanghai, 12 September 
 Patrick Bond at Shanghai Academy of Social Science, 11 September  
 Patrick Bond lecture on geopolitics at Institute for International Relations, Prague, 9 September 
 Patrick Bond at G20 Post-Globalisation Initiative G20 counter-summit, St Petersburg/Moscow, 2-6 September 
 Geoff Harris & Sylvia Kaye CCS Seminar: Nonviolence in social-change strategy and tactics, 30 August 
 Patrick Bond on BRICS and 'natural capital' at Centre for Natural Resource Governance, Harare, 29 August 
 Khadija Sharife at 'No REDD in Africa Network,' Maputo, 27-29 August 
 China Ngubane helps launch Diakonia's KZN School of Activism, Albert Falls, 27 August 
 Patrick Bond at Durban Flatdwellers conference, 24 August 
 China Ngubane, Joy Mabenge & Tafadzwa Maguchu Regional and Zimbabwean civil society challenged, 22 August 
 Ed Harriman, Khadija Sharife & Sarah Bracking CCS Workshop: Corruption, corporate bribery, arms deals and social critique, 21 August 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza & Richard Kamidza CCS Seminar: Neoliberal water, neoliberal trade, 19 August 
 Simphiwe Magwaza, Simangele Manzi, Thando Manzi, Niki Moore, Knut Nustad, Jabulile Wanda & Philani Zulu CCS seminar on Cato Manor politics, Thursday, 15 August 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS, UKZN Student Union, 14 August 
 Patrick Bond discusses SA's economic crisis at National Union of Metalworkers, Johannesburg, 8 August 
 Christine Jeske CCS Seminar: Social conceptualizations of work, unemployment, and blame in KwaZulu-Natal, 6 August 
 Larry Swatuk CCS Seminar on water resource conflicts, 1 August 
 Lorenzo Fioramonti Centre for Civil Society Seminar: Gross Domestic Problem, 18 July 2013 
 CCS hosts Open Society's Sustainable Development course for Southern Africa, 15-27 July 
 Faith ka-Manzi, Anne-Marie Debbané & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar on Durban hotspots (Cato Manor service delivery and South Durban privatised wastewater and port/petrochem expansion), 10 July 
 Thamsanqa Mthembu & Hylton Alcock Video Screening: Participatory video as a tool for social transformation, 4 July 
 Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja CCS Seminar: Southern Africa and the Challenge of the Congo, 27 June 
 Patrick Bond debates Blade Nzimande on 21st Century Socialism, Chris Hani Institute, Johannesburg, 25 June 
 China Ngubane & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The state of eco-social justice campaigning in East Asia and the Americas, 18 June 
 Khadija Sharife and Shauna Mottiar Analysis of illicit flight presented at the UN Economic Commission on Africa conference on illicit capital flight, Lusaka, 18 June  
 Patrick Bond at Ecuador conference on eco/economic crises, Quito, 12 June 
 Patrick Bond at Left Forum,New York City, 7-9 June 
 Patrick Bond lecture on Enviro Impact Assessments at Savannah School of Law in Georgia, 6 June 
 Amanda Huron, Amanda Thomas & Victoria Habermehl CCS Seminar: Geographies of Justice: experiences from three continents, 3 June 
 China Ngubane speaks at the Tokyo International Conference on African Development counter-summit, 1 June 
 Nik Theodore & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Migration and the Struggle for Urban Space, from Chicago to Durban, 28 May 
 CCS hosts Antipode Institute for the Geographies of Justice, 27 May to 1 June 
 Abby Neely CCS Seminar: Local Biologies, and ART Protocols: A Political Ecology of Tuberculosis and the Body, 24 May 
 Silke Trommer CCS Seminar: Transformations in Trade Politics - Participatory Trade Politics in West Africa, 23 May 
 Patrick Bond at AIDC National Development Plan seminar, Cape Town 22 May 
 Thuli Hlela CCS Seminar: Mapping Water/Sanitation Services in KwaNyuswa, Valley of 1000 Hills, 21 May 
 China Ngubane participates in the Gumede Lecture Series 17 May 
 Maia Green CCS Seminar: Youth empowerment on South Africa's Wild Coast, 14 May 
 Patrick Bond talk on African poli-econ at OilWatch-Africa conference, Johannesburg, 13 May 
 China Ngubane, Joy Mabenge & Tafadzwa Maguchu CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe's Election Preparations and Civil Society Politics, 10 May 
 Blessing Karumbidza CCS Seminar: Government Clumsiness in Rural Entrepreneurial and Coop Support, 30 April 
 Khadija Sharife and Patrick Bond presentation on climate finance at SADC Basic Income Group strategic workshop, 25 April, Johannesburg 
 Sarah Bracking & Patrick Bond at SDCEA workshop, Clairwood, 20 April 
 Patrick Bond, Des D'Sa, Megan Lewis, China Ngubane and Bobby Peek CCS Seminar: Assessing BRICS, Friday 19 April  
 Patrick Bond paper on geopolitics at Univ of California-Riverside, 13 April 
 Patrick Bond presents on South Durban to Association of American Geographers, Los Angeles, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond on territorial alliances at International Studies Association, 6 April 
 Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: UMkhumbane (Cato Manor) ilokishi elithuthuka ngamandla kodwa elibhekene nezingqinamba ezahlukahlukene, 5 April 
 Patrick Bond on 'Making of Global Capitalism', International Studies Association, 4 April 
 Patrick Bond presentation on BRICS at International Studies Association, San Francisco, 3 April 
 Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS and the Dennis Brutus legacy, University of Pittsburgh, 2 April 
 Patrick Bond on skype to World Social Forum, 28 March 
 Ondøej Horký-Hlucháò CCS Seminar: The depoliticisation of civil society in post-communism, 28 March 
 Ashwin Desai & Kagiso Molope seminar on SA oppressions, 22 March 
 BRICS EVENTS 22 -27 MARCH 
 Patrick Bond at Ejolt workshop in Abuja, Nigeria, 20-21 March 
 Susan Abul Hawa workshop on Palestine liberation today, 20 March 
 Patrick Bond lectures on climate justice, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, 15 March 
 Candido Grzybowski BRICS seen from Rio, 13 March 2013 
 Patrick Bond at community BRICS briefing, Wentworth, 11 March 
 Choice Mahridzo, China Ngubane & Toendepi Shone CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe's future, from inside and out, Thursday 7 March 
 Patrick Bond gives UKZN Development Studies seminar on BRICS, 6 March 
 Patrick Bond debates Ebrahim Ebrahim on BRICS, ActionAid in Joburg, 28 February 
 Patrick Bond panel sessions on climate and BRICS at the Global Studies Conference, Univ of California-Santa Barbara, 23 February 
 Gcina Makoba & Thuli Hlela CCS Seminar: Mapping Inanda rubbish and Valley of 1000 Hills sanitation, 21 February 
 Patrick Bond talks about climate justice at Institute for Policy Studies in Washington on 19 February 
 Thandokuhle Manzi & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Mapping Cato Manor sewage, animals and protest; and an Umlazi update, 13 February 
 Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Mapping AIDS, from body to city, 11 February 
 Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: A recent spatial history of Durban student unrest, 7 February 
 Patrick Bond briefing on BRICS at AIDC, Cape Town, 1 February 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: BRICS as Pretoria's next site to 'talk left, walk right' 31 January 
 Patrick Bond at crisis & inequality seminar at Focus on the Global South, Bangkok, 28-29 January 
 China Ngubane, Patrick Bond & the Brutus Community Scholars CCS Seminar on social conflict mapping in Durban, 22 January 
 Patrick Bond testimony to NERSA against Eskom price hikes, Durban, 17 January 
 Bill Carroll CCS Seminar: Global corporate power and a new transnational capitalist class? 17 January 
 Don Chen CCS Seminar: Smart growth, urban equality and environmental justice, 16 January 
 Bill Carroll CCS Seminar: Research institutes dedicated to social justice - a global survey, 15 January 
 Mfundo Mtshwelo CCS Seminar: New critiques of South Africa's ruling party post-Mangaung, 11 January (Cancelled) 
 Phillip Lühl & Guillermo Delgado CCS Seminar: Unitary urbanism, towards maximal difference, 8 January  
 Events Index 2012 
 Khadija Sharife, Min-Jung Kim, Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Doha's COP18 crash and climate justice (skypecast), 20 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on BRICS in Moscow, 15 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on Marikana and SA Resource Curse, Institute for African Studies, Moscow, 13 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on environmental commodification, Manchester, 11 December 
 Khadija Sharife presentation on land-grabbed Africa at South South Forum 2, Chongqing China, 8 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture to African economic journalists on global economic governance, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond at IG Metall conference on inequality, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond on debt at Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, 30 November 
 Faith ka-Manzi delivers UKZN World AIDS Day Lecture, 29 November 
 Khadija Sharife Illicit flight and mining presentation at Economic Justice Network regional tax conference 27-29 November  
 Patrick Bond keynote address on Climate Justice to Norwegian Development Association, Oslo, 27 November 
 Pamela Ngwenya CCS Course: An introduction to video production 26-30 November 
 Patrick Bond on water rights and climate at Norwegian Development Studies panel, Oslo, 26 November 
 Primrose Sonti, Mbuso Ngubane, Mametlwe Sebei and Rudolph Dubula at Brutus Memorial Debate on Marikana, 22 November 
 Patrick Bond on SA's Resource Course at Amandla! colloquium, Gauteng. 16 November 
 Pamela Ngwenya & Ben Richardson CCS Seminar - Aid for trade and Southern African agriculture: the bittersweet case of Swazi sugar, 15 November 
 Ruth Castel-Branco CCS Seminar - Why unions still matter: the case of domestic worker organizing in Maputo, 8 November 
 Patrick Bond on BRICS/G20 at SA Forum for International Solidarity, Johannesburg, 14 November 
 CCS cohosts State of Zimbabwe Transition, Diakonia, 2 November 
 Liane Greeff CCS Seminar: ‘You can’t have your gas and drink your water!’ - the incompatibility of fracking to water rights, 29 October 
 Patrick Bond with Helmi Shawary at the Jozi Book Fair on Fanon in contemporary Africa, 28 October 
 Patrick Bond on South Africa resource cursed, at Manchester University Development Studies, 26 October 
 Thami Mbatha, Faith ka-Manzi, China Ngubane & Percy Ngonyama Ukucwaswa kwabokufika (CCS seminar on xenophobia, in isiZulu) 26 October 
 Patrick Bond on Marikana narratives, at Leeds University School of Politics and African Studies, 26 October 
 Patrick Bond skype lecture to ClimateMediaFactory, Berlin, 25 October 
 Patrick Bond on the Politics of HIV/AIDS in South Africa, at Limerick University, 24 October 
 Ewok's 'Letters to Dennis' at Poetry Africa, 19 October 
 Allan Kolski Horwitz Kebbleism, politics and art, 19 October 
 Philo Ikonya Centre for Civil Society and Centre for Creative Arts Seminar: Are there limits to the freedom of expression? 16 October 
 Patrick Bond debates Brazilians on the World Cup and human rights, Sao Paolo, 15 October 
 Maia Green CCS Seminar: Love and Power on the Wild Coast, 15 October 
 David van Wyk & Chris Molebatsi CCS Seminar: Marikana: Why? What next? 9 October 
 Peace Workshop, 4 October  
 Muhammed Desai seminar on Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions against Israel, 2 October 
 Patrick Bond plenary address to Muslim Youth Movement 40th conference, 30 September 
 Patrick Bond on MDGs, Redi Tlabi Radio 702 show, 25 September 
 Patrick Bond debates KZN provincial planner, 25 September 
 GreenSquad Alliance sponsors Nonviolence training, 21 September 
  Patrick Bond speaks on Resource-Cursed Southern Africa in Harare, 18 September 
 CCS film screening about 'post'-shopping, 18 September 
 Milford Bateman CCS Seminar: Civil society's microfinance mistakes, 13 September 
 Patrick Bond on detoxing South Durban at Umbilo community meeting, 12 September 
 Patrick Bond briefs OECD-Watch on Marikana and the SA Resource Curse, 11 September, Johannesburg 
 Melanie Müller CCS Seminar: What did COP17 do to SA environmentalism? 7 September 
 Patrick Bond at the Lost in Transformation book launch seminar, 6 September 
 Patrick Bond at Cosatu/AIDC seminar on employment, Port Elizabeth, 6 September 
 Muhammed Shabat & Asad Asad CCS Seminar: Israeli apartheid's challenge for academics in Gaza, 6 September 
 Adrian Nel CCS Seminar: Ugandan carbon forestry, community resistance and environmental management, 4 September 
 Jonathan Nkala CCS anti-xenophobia drama: The Crossing, 1 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Pravin Gordhan on South Durban's port expansion, Clairwood, 1 September 
 Youngsu Kim Trade union politics in South Africa and South Korea, 31 August 
 Patrick Bond on SA transition at Arab Spring conference, Pretoria, 30 August 
 Patrick Bond paper on environmental and social rights at Christian Michelsen Institute workshop, Norway, 27 August 
 Molefi Ndlovu on Qwasha! Durban street narratives about COP17, Christian Michelsen Institute, Norway, 26 August  
 Environmental Teach-In, 25 August  
 Delwyn Pillay, Dimple Deonath & Vanessa Black South Durban civil society confronts Back of Port planning, 23 August 
 Sarah Bracking CCS Seminar: Contesting the frontiers of value in society, nature and capitalism, RESCHEDULED FOR EARLY SEPTEMBER FROM 22 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on White Elephants to S.Durban Community Environmental Alliance at Austerville Community Centre, 21 August 
 Nonhle Mbuthuma, John Clarke & Luc Hoebeke CCS Seminar: Avatar on the Wild Coast - lessons from Xolobeni against national and global commodification, 21 August 
 CCS brainstorm on Marikana Massacre, 21 August 
 Michael Dorsey CCS Seminar: Can the Green Climate Fund provide appropriate finance to Africa? 20 August 
 Percy Nhau CCS Seminar: Implications of the Secrecy Bill for Academic Research, 16 August 2012 
 Farai Maguwu & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Democratic Transitions from Top Down and Bottom Up: Prospects in Zimbabwe, 15 August 
 Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Izingqinamba ngezemvelo zaseThekwini, 8 August 
 Neima Adamo, Sergio Brito, Ester Uamba, Patrick Bond & Dimple Deonath CCS Seminar: Climate, water and destructive development from Maputo to South Durban, 3 August 
 CCS celebrates Brutus legacy at From Roots to Fruits non-violence conference, Durban Univ of Technology, 1 August 
 Matt Meyer & Elavie Ndura CCS Seminar: Nonviolent pedagogies of Africa's oppressed, from South Africa to the Great Lakes, 31 July 2012  
 Ravindra Kumar CCS Seminar: Gandhi, Democracy and Fundamental Rights, 30 July  
 Patrick Bond lecture on African political economy to Institute for the Advancement of Journalism, Johannesburg, 26 July 
 Ewok does Durban (with a French connection) UKZN Jazz Centre, 6pm, 25 July 
 Peter Muzambwe & Dean Chahim CCS Seminar: Solidarities of international urban residents and 'development' students, 25 July 2012 
 Terri Barnes CCS Seminar: Gender, autobiography and social justice, 24 July 
 Jim Kilgore meets Zimbabweans in central Durban, 23 July 
 Jim Kilgore CCS Seminar: Freedom never rests, when it comes to water commodification and service delivery protests, 23 July 
 Shalini Sharma CCS Seminar: Bhopal's catastrophe and representations of social mobilisation, 20 July 
 Jane Duncan CCS Seminar: Voice, political mobilisation and repression under Jacob Zuma, 19 July 
 Patrick Bond at Rio+20 reportback, 17 July, Diakonia Centre 
 Khadija Sharife & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The Decommissioning of Durban's Emissions Trade Pilot, 11 July 
 Bheki Buthelezi & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Interpreting Umlazi's Unrest, Repression and Occupy Resistance, 9 July 
 Farai Maguwu CCS Seminar - Resource-cursed Zimbabwe's Marange blood diamonds, 6 July 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice at Johannesburg Workshop in Theory and Criticism, Goethe Institute, Johannesburg, 5 July 
 Eric Baldwin CCS Seminar: Housing Policy and Liberal Philosophy in Post-Apartheid South Africa, 5 July 
 Khadija Sharife & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar - Rio+20 report-back, 2 July  
 Patrick Bond course lectures on political economy, ecology and social policy, 2-13 July 
 Monica Fagioli CCS Seminar - State-building in practice: the Somali diaspora and processes of reconstruction in Somaliland, 28 June  
 Fidelis Allen at African politics conference, Dakar, 26 - 28 June 
 Patrick Bond on SA subimperialism and resistance, Rio+20 Intercoll.net seminar, 21 June 
 Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu, Niall McNulty & Lwazi Gwijane CCS Seminar: QWASHA! An online archive of community digital content, 21 June 2012 
 Patrick Bond on social and environmental justice strategies, Rio+20 Cupula dos Povos plenary, 18 June 
 Patrick Bond, Khadija Sharife & Baruti Amisi on African CDMs at the International Society for Ecological Economics, Rio de Janeiro, 17 June 
 Patrick Bond and Eddie Cottle discuss SA World Cup lessons for Brazil, 13 June, Rio 
 Kim Min-Jung speaks on climate activism and the COP17 at Gyeongsang Univ Institute of Social Studies, Korea, 15 June 
 Fidelis Allen & Khadija Sharife CCS Seminar: CDM cannot deliver: Lessons from Nigeria, 11 June 
 Patrick Bond at the Building and Wood Workers International debate on Green Economy and Sustainable Development, 11 June, Rio de Janeiro 
 Michela Gallo CCS Seminar: Zimbabwean civil society in South Africa, 7 June  
 Patrick Bond speaks at faculty strike support committee, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 6 June 
 Patrick Bond lecture on carbon trading at the Brazilian Society of Political Economy, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, 5 June 
 Patrick Bond on debt crises at Queens University, Canada, 30 May 
 Dennis Brutus Memorial Debate: Durban's Corruptions & Disruptions, 24 May 
 Maria Schuld CCS Seminar: Small wars ‑ A micro‑level analysis of violence in KwaZulu‑Natal, 17 May 
 Patrick Bond on 'Imperial and subimperial interests in neoliberalised nature', keynote address at Sussex Univ SouthGovNet conference, Brighton, 16-17 May 
 Iain Ewok Robinson MCs the Brutus Sessions, 16 May 
 Patrick Bond booklaunch on climate justice at Bookmarks, London, 14 May 
 Film & discussion on Genetic Engineering hosted by Green Squad Alliance, 11 May  
 Sasha Kramer & Anthony Kilbride CCS Seminar: Improving access to sanitation on a global scale, 10 May 
 Khadija Sharife talks on Tax Justice to the Economic Justice Network, Cape Town, 9 May 
 China Ngubane & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The Africa People's Charter, Zimbabwe People's Convention Charter and South African Reconstruction and Development Programme, 7 May  
 Patrick Bond skype lecture on media and climate policy, Bergen, Norway, 7 May 
 Patrick Bond at Comrade Babble play on Kebbleism, Johannesburg, 5 May 
 Patrick Bond unpacks eco-imperialism at People's Dialogue 'Green Economy' seminar, Johannesburg, 5 May 
 Durban can 'connect‑the‑dots' to climate change with 350.org, 5 May 
 Nosipho Mngoma, Percy Nhau and Murray Hunter CCS seminar on Right2Know for researchers and journalists, 4 May 
 Patrick Bond skype lecture on Green Capitalism to Rhodes Univ, 3 May 
 Ransom Lekunze CCS Seminar: Implications of global economic crisis for Africa, 25 April 
 Patrick Bond talks to Hospice AGM on 'From Caring about Stuff to Caring about Caring' , 25 April  
 CCS participates in the Global Teach - In 25 April 
 Michele Maynard CCS Seminar: African climate change and carbon trading politics, 23 April  
 Fidelis Allen at the Social Theory Forum at Univ.Massachusetts/Boston, 19 April 
 Baruti Amisi CCS Seminar: Will the Inga Hydropower Project meet Africa’s electricity needs?, 20 April  
 Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar: Ideology, agency and protest politics, 18 April 
 Fidelis Allen & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The World Bank presidential race - African interests and personality profiles, 11 April 
 CCS Seminar: Dennis Brutus' life and times - film documentaries and discussion, 10 April 
 Molefi Ndlovu at Young Adult Review workshop of COP 17, South Durban Community and Environmental Alliance, 4 April 
 CCS Seminar: 'Occupy': what kind of social movement is it?, 3 April 
 Jens Andvig, Tiberius Barasa, Stein Sundstøl Eriksen, Sanjay Kumar, Faith Manzi & Knut Nustad CCS Seminar: Slums, states and citizens in Durban, Nairobi Delhi, 29 March 
 Henrik Ernstson CCS/DevStudies seminar on urban ecology, 28 March 
 Ronnie Kasrils CCS Seminar: Corruption, authoritarianism and the challenge for civil society, 23 March 
 Bahaa Taher CCS Seminar: Post-Arab Spring: Literary freedom of expression in Egypt, 22 March  
 Felix Platz CCS Seminar: Climate Change narratives – experiences from the COP 17, 20 March 
 Zero Fossil Fuels meeting, 20 March 
 Molefi Ndlovu presents at the Foundation for Human Rights event on 19 March 
 Trevor Ngwane at Rosa Luxemburg anti-xenophobia panel, Johannesburg, 16 March 
 Patrick Bond reviews RDP for Zim opposition leaders, Nyanga, 16 March 2012 
 David Hallowes and Tristen Taylor CCS Seminar: A hostile climate - civil society impact on the COP17, 15 March 
 Leigh Collingwood CCS Seminar: Presentation of book: “Deforestation: Why YOU need to stop it NOW”, 13 March  
 Lubna Nadvi & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Why boycotting Israeli apartheid follows South Africa’s liberation strategy, 6 March  
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza CCS Seminar: Durban’s state-sponsored climate change chaos, 1 March 
 Comrade Fatso CCS Seminar: Zim spoken-word liberation struggles, 29 February  
 Patrick Bond on service delivery protests, Nadel AGM, Mthatha, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice at Santa Barbara Global Studies Conference, 25 February 
 Lushendrie Naidu CCS Seminar: The state of South Durban's industrial basin, 23 February  
 Alex Comninos CCS Seminar: Twitter revolutions and cyber-crackdowns, 22 February 
 Patrick Bond debates WWF's Saliem Fakier at AIDC, Cape Town, 17 February 
 Fumhiko Saito CCS Seminar: Shifting to local governance?, 16 February 
 Patrick Bond delivers New Zimbabwe Lecture, Harare, 15 February 
 Patrick Bond banned from delivering New Zimbabwe Lecture, Harare, 8 February 
 Said Ferjani CCS Seminar: The Tunisian democratic revolution, Islam and the left, 1 February 
 Tom Heinemann, Patrick Bond & Khadija Sharife CCS Seminar/film: Politics of microfinance, 25 January  
 Patrick Bond booksigning climate justice titles at Sandton Square Exclusives Books, Johannesburg, 24 January  
 Bobby Peek CCS Seminar: What went right and what went wrong at the COP17?, 19 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: What’s going on in China? Boom, bust and battles from below, 10 January  
 Keyvan Kashkooli CCS Seminar: Governing markets from below? From e-commerce to emissions trading, 6 January 
 Events Index 2011 
 Faith Manzi & Oliver Meth CCS Seminar: AIDS, rape and climate, 13 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on world financial crisis at Lingnan Univ, Hong Kong, 12 December 
 Patrick Bond on CJ at TransNational Institute meeting, 10 December 
 Patrick Bond & Baruti Amisi on climate induced migration at People's Assembly, 7 December  
 Patrick Bond on ecological debt, World Council of Churches, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond & Nnimmo Bassey Book Launch, Ike's Books, Durban: 6 December 
 Patrick Bond on culture and climate at Durban City Hall, 5 December 
 Pablo Solón Wolpe lecture: “Rights of Nature and Climate Politics”, 2 December 
 Patrick Bond on puppet statehood and climate, Unctad conference (via video), Geneva, 1 December 
 Patrick Bond presentation on labour-community-eco solidarity at International Transport Federation, People's Space, 1 December* 
 CCS Teach‑In on Climate Justice, evenings from 29 Nov‑8 Dec 
 Everyone's Downstream 25-26 November 
 Patrick Bond, Lars Gausdal, Molefi Ndlovu & Khadija Sharife on climate politics and narratives, South Durban, November 25-26 
 Molefi Ndlovu & Michael Dorsey lead youth/climate workshop, 21 November  
 Patrick Bond at Rosa Luxemburg Political Cafe on climate/energy, Johannesburg, 21 November 
 Janis Rosheuvel CCS Seminar: U.S. 'Migrant Management' & Grassroots Resistance to Criminalization of Immigrant Life, 18 November 
 Patrick Bond skype lecture on climate politics to Lahore Cafe Bol series, Pakistan, 16 November 
 Patrick Bond keynote speech to Cornell Univ development conference, 12 November 
 Michele Maynard CCS Seminar: The African Peoples Petition: What Durban COP17 must deliver!, 11 November 
 Emanuele Leonardi CCS seminar: The Environmental Side of the Current Economic Crisis: Toward an Ecological Critique of Neoliberalism, 10 November 2011 
 Patrick Bond at City Univ of NY on climate justice strategy, 9 November 
 Patrick Bond on COP17 politics at Institute for Policy Studies, Washington, 8 November 
 Rehana Dada CCS Seminar: The One Million Climate Jobs Campaign, 4 November 
 Lars Gausdal CCS Seminar: Bolivia at the Crossroads, 3 November 2011  
 Patrick Bond talk on population and climate, Pretoria, 1 November 
 Patrick Bond, Dudu Khumalo, Orlean Naidoo, Thando Manzi, Molefi Ndlovu & Noah Zimba Wolpe Lecture: Community Climate Summit, 28 October  
 Patrick Bond on water politics, the IMF and climate in Dublin, 25‑26 October 
 Patrick Bond on energy as a public good in Rome, 24 October 
 Patrick Bond talks on climate justice in Stockholm, 22 October 
 Patrick Bond on climate, land and Africa's exploitation, at Uppsala University, Sweden, 20-21 October 
 Shailja Patel CCS Seminar: Seen And Unseen: Windows On The ICC-Kenya Trials, 18 October 
 Patrick Bond on COP17 mobilisations at PanAfrican Climate Justice conference in Addis Ababa, 15‑16 October 
 Fidelis Allen CCS Seminar: Climate Change, Poverty and Public Policy in Nigeria's Niger Delta, 11 October 2011  
 Patrick Bond on electricity and climate crises, Newlands and Meerbank, 10-11 October 
 Marie Kennedy & Chris TillyCCS Seminar: Latin America’s third left: Autonomy and participation in the new political landscape, 6 October  
 Peter Waterman Emancipatory Global Labour Studies and Social Movements, 5 October  
 Patrick Bond on climate and capitalism at the International Labour Rights Information Group Globalization School, Cape Town, 3 October 
 Trevor Ngwane CCS seminar on protest ideology, 30 September 
 John Saul & Trevor Ngwane Wolpe lecture on South Africa's transition, 29 September 
 CCS hosts Democratic Left Front climate conference, 23-25 September 
 Climate Justice Now! South Africa meets at CCS, 22-23 September 
 Patrick Bond at People's Dialogue on climate politics, 21 September 
 Patrick Bond on Electricity Prices and Climate Crisis at SDCEA, 21 September 
 Solani Ngobeni CCS Seminar: Challenges facing scholarly publishers in South Africa: Towards a turnaround strategy or tilting at windmills, cancelled 
 Anton Harber & Ruth Teer-Tomaselli Amnesty International seminar on the Secrecy Bill, 15 September 
 Sarah Bracking CCS Seminar: How do investors value the environment? Why a pile of stones is not a house, 13 September 
 Climate Justice Protest US, Consulate, 9 September 
 Ashwin Desai & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: The World Conference Against Racism and 9/11 ten years after, 8 September 
 Patrick Bond on climate injustice and the World Bank, London, 5 September 
 Tehmina Brohi CCS Seminar: Contention in response to neoliberal policies in post-apartheid South Africa: The case of basic services delivery in Durban, 1 September 
 Climate Justice Protest at the US Consulate, 31 August 
 Otieno, Wamuchiru, Todd, Lorimer CCS Seminar: In Hot Water ‑ Climate change and water adaptation in Nairobi and Durban, 26 August 
 Patrick Bond on climate finance to SADC parliamentarians, Johannesburg, 25 August 
 Wolpe lecture by Mustafa Barghouti on how to free Palestine, 25 August 
 Shauna Mottiar at the ISTR African Civil Society Research Network conference, 24 August  
 Patrick Bond addresses metalworker shopstewards, Durban, 22 August 
 Kate Skinner seminar on media democracy, 22 August 
 Patrick Bond on climate at the Johannesburg Book Fair, 8 August 
 Paul Routledge CCS Seminar: Translocal Climate Justice Solidarities, 5 August  
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Lessons for Durban from Ecuador's 'leave the oil in the soil' eco/indigenous movement, 2 August  
 Patrick Bond on the 'green economy' at New Global Hegemonies conference, Quito, 21‑22 July 
 Franco Barchiesi CCS Seminar: Labour and Precarious Liberation, 20 July 
 Sarah Ives CCS Seminar: “Rooibos land is high sentiment, low potential: Preliminary Reflections on a Year in Rooibos Country, 18 July 
 Patrick Bond on climate and Just Transition at National Union of Metalworkers of SA in Johannesburg, 18 July 
 Danny Schechter CCS Seminar: Citizen Media Advocacy, 15 July  
 Chene Redwood CCS Seminar: Voices of the Subaltern: Music within community struggles against environmental degradation in South Durban, 14 July 2011 
 Patrick Bond on SA political economy at Renmin Univ (China) conference via skype, 11 July 
 Patrick Bond on climate and justice at UKZN Peace Studies conference, 9 July 
 Philip Rizk CCS Seminar: Critiquing the Nation State: The Gaza Strip, 8 July  
 Philip Rizk CCS Seminar: Multi-media presentation: “The hard hit is still to come”- An Intifada Imaginary, 7 July 2011  
 Ida Susser CCS Seminar: Organic intellectuals and AIDS social movements: jumping scales, postponed 
 Patrick Bond on neoliberal climate policy at Nature, Inc conference (via skype), The Hague, 30 June 
 Patrick Bond input on African economies to International Labour Organisation industrial relations conference at UCT Business School (via skype), 28 June 
 Peter McKenzie & Doung Jahangeer CCS Seminar: People in Spaces Make Places, 28 June 2011 
 Immanuel Wallerstein Wolpe Lecture on the Arab revolt, the US and Africa, 23 June 
 Patrick Bond on SA climate policy at UKZN Business School, 23 June 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar on the global climate justice movement, 21 June 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza & Mary Galvin on sanitation politics, 20 June 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza and Geasphere debate water and climate at Alliance Francaise, 9 June 
 Mvuselelo Ngcoya & Shauna Mottiar Seminar: Understanding horizontal philanthropy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 2 June 
 Patrick Bond at Univ of Georgia Antipode Institute for Geographies of Justice, Athens, 30‑31 May 
 Orlean Naidoo, Ma Dudu Khumalo, Thandiwe Zondi, Sam Moodley, Mrs Perumal, Lubna Nadvi, Shauna Mottiar Discussion: Women in Social Movements and Community Organizing 30 May  
 Patrick Bond on climate politics at Korean conference, Jinju, 27 May 
 Florian Kunert, Phillip Hol & Justin Davy Wolpe Lecture: Shack Theatre, 26 May  
 CCS and Zimbabweans celebrate Africa Day, 25 May 
 Patrick Bond on dangers of a neoliberal Palestine, at TIDA-Gaza, Gaza City, 19 May 
 Chris Morris CCS Seminar: Notes on Pharmaceutical Patent Lawfare: The Umckaloabo Case, 19 May 2011  
 Durban Community Video Collective workshop, 14 May 
 Patrick Bond at City Univ of NY conference on precarious labour and socialism, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond on environmental justice at Autonomous University of Barcelona, 28 April 
 Mazibuko Jara, Alan Murphy & Orlean Naidoo Wolpe Lecture Panel on the Local Government Elections, 21 April 2011 
 Patrick Bond at Univ of San Francisco sustainability symposium, 19 April 
 Patrick Bond in Montreal for Cochabamba+1 climate justice conference, 15‑17 April 
 Ron Carver Reflections on organising US labour and community campaigns, 13 April 
 Patrick Bond on Palestine & Durban at American Association of Geographers conference, Seattle, 12‑14 April 
 Shauna Mottiar at the International Research Society for Public Management Conference, Dublin, 11- 13 April 
 Wiebe Nauta CCS Seminar: Civic Engagement and Democratic Consolidation in South Korea ‑ Lessons for South Africa, 5 April 
 Patrick Bond on climate politics with Polaris Institute/Ontario Public Interest Research Group at Univ of Toronto, 31 March 
 Patrick Bond climate lecture at Carleton Univ, Ottawa, 29 March 
 Adekeye Adebajo CCS/SDS Seminar: The Curse of Berlin: Africa after the Cold War, 23 March 
 Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu at Keleketla Library Johannesburg, 21-31 March 2011  
 Nancy Lindisfarne & Jonathan Neale Seminar: Climate Justice, Global Alliance-Building and Climate Jobs, 22 March 
 John Devenish Seminar CCS research on protests in South Africa 2009 - 2011, 17 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on Palestine, water and the University of Johannesburg, 16 March 
 Seminar: Documentary Screening of 'Zimbabwe's Blood Diamonds, 10 March 
 Patrick Bond gives lectures in Michigan and California, 8-14 March 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice, Northern overconsumption & African resistance at '6 Billion Ways' conference in London, 5 March 
 Wolpe Lecture by Hein Marais: Song & Dance: Power, Consent and the ANC, 3 March  
 China Ngubane hosts Zimbabwe monitoring discussion, 1 March 
 Patrick Bond, Rehana Dada, Blessing Karumbidza & Molefi Ndlovu Seminar on the 2011 World Social Forum, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond delivers Brutus Memorial Lecture, Nelson Mandela Metro Univ, 23 February 
 Danielle Carter CCS Seminar on Sources of State Legitimacy in Contemporary SA, 22 February 
 Blessing Karumbidza, Siziwe Khanyile, Bongani Mthembu, Bobby Peek in Wolpe Lecture 'Climate Teach-In', 19 February 
 Niall Bond Seminar: The history of 'civil society', 14 February 
 Molefi Ndlovu, Rehana Dada & Patrick Bond CCS seminars at the WSF, Dakar, 6-11 February 
 Teppo Eskelinen Seminar: Global justice - some emerging topics and responses 25 January 2011 
 Patrick Bond at Zuma's Own Goal booklaunch, Bluestockings, NYC, 24 January 
 Patrick Bond on climate justice in Sacramento, CA, 20 January 
 Patrick Bond at Resource Rights conference and Eskom protest, Washington, 13-14 January 
 Events Index 2010 
 Patrick Bond radio debate on climate justice politics, 22 December 
 Film screening: The Uprising of Hangberg, 14 December  
 Patrick Bond at global climate summit, 6‑11 December, Cancun 
 Pumla Gqola, Andile Mngxitama, Baruti Amisi & others Seminar on Xenophobia and Racism in SA, 10 December 
 Patrick Bond lecture on uneven development, migration and xenophobia to Univ.Delhi conference, 25 November 
 Patrick Bond, Horace Campbell, Patricia Daley and Eunice Sahle panel at African Studies Association, SF, 21 November 
 CCS Wolpe film screenings with Pamela Ngwenya and community videomakers 20 November 
 Cesia Kearns Seminar: Sierra Club's Beyond Coal Campaign: Transforming the US Electric Sector, 19 November 2010 
 Patrick Bond on oil and financial crises with Attac-Norway in Oslo, 18-19 November 
 Baruti Amisi skype seminar on xenophobia to Roskilde University, 17 November 
 Patrick Bond at Race, Class & Developmental State conference in PE, via Skype, 16 November 
 Ashwin Desai and Goolam Vahed Wolpe Lecture in Honour of Fatima Meer, 16  
 Patrick Bond seminar on ecosocialism at Inst of Social Studies, The Hague, 16 November 
  Patrick Bond at Historical Materialism conference, London, 12-14 November 
 John Harvey Seminar: US Philanthropy and the Global South: Trends, Opportunities and Challenges, 8 November 
 Patrick Bond at The ‘Progress’ in Zimbabwe Conference, 4-6 November 
 Nicholas Smith Seminar: Lynch Violence and the Governance of Evil, 26 October 
 Ela Gandhi & Dilip Menon Wolpe Lecture: Indians in South Africa: 150 Years, 21 October 2010 
 Patrick Bond seminar on climate justice at Univ of California-Davis, 18 October 
 Mariem el Bourhimi and Peter McKenzie Seminar: Saharawi liberation struggle status, 15 October 
 Rolf Schwermer CCS Seminar: pro-poor technology, 14 October 
 Patrick Bond seminar on climate politics at Trinity College Dublin, 1 October 
 Baruti Amisi lecture on xenophobia for National Association of Democratic Lawyers, KwaZulu‑Natal Law Society, Pietermaritzburg, 30 September 
  Patrick Bond on transition-neoliberalism at Birzeit Univ conference, Palestine, 28 September 
 Patrick Bond in Ramallah on Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions, 26 September 
 Patrick Bond and Lungisile Ntsebeza launch Zuma's Own Goal at African Studies Association-UK conference, Oxford University, 19 September 
  Hayley Leck Seminar: Rising to the Adaptation Challenge? Responding to Global Environmental Change in the Durban metropolitan and Ugu district regions, South Africa, 17 September 
  Dudu Khumalo, Baruti Amisi, Molefi Ndlovu, Daniel Ribeiro, Terri Hathaway, Lori Pottinger Seminar: Civil society v Southern African dams, 10 September 
 Patrick Bond and Rick Rowden on the IMF and public health, San Francicso, 7 & 14 September 
 Brij Maharaj, Ashwin Desai, Patrick Bond launch new book Zuma's Own Goal, Elangeni Hotel, Durban, 5pm on 3 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks on rights/commons debate at the International Commission of Jurists Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Camp, 31 August, Johannesburg 
 Margaret Gärding Donor power in the international aid industry, 27 August  
 Makhosi Khoza, Fikile Moya, Patrick Mkhize, Tony Carnie, Pritz Dullay and Brij Maharaj on the Wolpe Lecture Panel: Media Information & Freedom, 26 August 2010 
 Ralph Borland Seminar: Radical Plumbers and PlayPumps - Objects in development, 25 August  
 Patrick Bond speaks at Jubilee South Africa conference on ecological debt, 21 August, Johannesburg 
 Dudu Khumalo and Simphiwe Nojiyeza presentation on sanitation at Umphilo waManzi seminar, 13 August, Durban 
 Patrick Bond at South Africa‑Norway climate research seminar, Christian Michelsen Institute, Bergen, 12 August 2010 
 Patrick Bond at Southeast Asia climate justice seminar, Focus on the Global South, Chulalungkorn University, Bangkok, 10 August 
 Trevor Ngwane at Solidarity Peace Trust report on Zimbabwe, 30 July, Johannesburg 
 Wolpe Lecture: Social justice ideas in Civil society politics, global & local: A Colloquium of scholar activists, 29 July 
 Press Conference on Xenophobia, 28 July  
 Padraig Carmody Seminar: Chinese Geogovernance in Africa: Evidence from Zambia, 20 July  
 CCS and Gyeongsang University Institute for Social Science (Korea) joint seminar on political economy of social movements, 14 July 
 Giuliano MartinielloCCS Seminar on Inanda's socio-spatial change, 9 July 
 Pamela Ngwenya Seminar on Video as a tool for outreach, communication, advocacy and community expression, 8 July 
 Anti Xenophobia Rally City Hall 3 July 
 Renee Horne CCS Seminar on Black Economic Empowerment, 2 July 
 Roithmayr, Adonis, Galvin, Bond, Khumalo CCS Colloquium on Water, Rights, Prices, 28 June (skypecast)  
 Blessing Karumbidza CCS Seminar on climate change and carbon trading controversies in Tanzania, 24 June 
 Trevor Ngwane and Rehana Dada at workshop on climate advocacy at the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, 22 June 
 Wolpe Lecture: Durban Social Forum members, 'World Cup for All!', Durban City Hall, 16 June 
 David J. RobertsCCS Seminar: Re-branding Durban through the 2010 World Cup, 14 June 
 Patrick Bond (with Briggs Bomba and Dave Zirin) on the World Cup, Washington, 9 June 
 Patrick Bond on global justice movements, at Grantmakers without Borders conference, SF, 8 June 
 Patrick Bond presents on climate justice at conference, Alter-globalization movements and the alternative ideas of Korea, Seoul, 28 May 
 Patrick Bond on 'Poli Econ of the World Cup' in Seoul, 27 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on National Health Insurance with Oxfam, 26 May 
 Jessie Lazar KnottCCS Seminar: Identity/Spatial Relations: scholar‑activism in the greater Kei region of the Eastern Cape, 25 May 
 Patrick Bond at Osisa conference on climate and development in Africa, Pretoria, 21 May 
 Patrick Bond on energy policy and the World Bank, at Democracy and Development Programme, Durban, 20 May 
 Eunice N. Sahle Wolpe Lecture: World orders, Ike's Books, 5pm, 20 May 
  Barak Hoffman & Orlean Naidoo Seminar: Chatsworth politics and municipal advocacy, 17 May 
 Patrick Bond on SA climate policy on TEDxUKZN, 14 May 
 Khadija Sharife & Eunice SahleCCS Seminar: Oil, minerals and maldevelopment in Africa, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond speaks on climate debt to the Economic Justice Network, Johannesburg, 5 May 
 Erin McCandless & Shepherd Zvavanhu CCS Seminar on Zimbabwe Civil Society, 3 May  
 Nathan Geffen (with Faith ka Manzi) CCS Seminar: Debunking Delusions: The inside Story of The Treatment Action Campaign, 29 April  
  Patrick Bond and Khadija Sharife address African tax authorities, 29 April 2010 
 Memorial Tribute to Professor Fatima Meer, 23 April 
 Alan Freeman & Radhika Desai CCS Seminar on The world capitalist crisis, 23 April  
 Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu facilitates Krogerup College and Durban Sings, 18‑20 April 
 Patrick Bond on carbon trading at Manchester conference on environment and finance, 15‑16 April 
 Patrick Bond in Boston v WB-Eskom loan, 9 April 
 Patrick Bond at Clark University, 8 April 
 World Bank protest, 7 April, Washington 
 Patrick Bond seminar on climate politics, City Univ of NY, 6 April 
 Patrick Bond at NYU on South African political economy, 5 April 
 Trevor Ngwane at Marxism 2010 conference, Melbourne, 1-4 April 
 Patrick Bond in SF Bay Area on World Bank loan to Eskom, 4 April 
 Patrick Bond on water commons, Syracuse University, 29-30 March 
 Trevor Ngwane seminar on activism and global campaigns, Univ of Helsinki, 26 March 
 CCS/VANSA KZN Panel discussion: 'What is Art and what is not?', March 25 
 Patrick Bond on 'Organising for Climate Justice', Left Forum, NYC, 21 March  
 Workers, Zama Hlatshwayo, Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar on UKZN labour outsourcing crisis 19 March 
 Carol ThompsonCCS Seminar on resisting agro‑industry, 18 March 
 David Zirin Seminar on Fifa's Looting of SA, 13 March  
 Dennis Brutus memorial, 11 March 
 Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar on SA's social protest wave, 9 March 
 Patrick Bond testifies to parliament on economic policy, 2 March 
 Molefi Ndlovu and Claudia Wegener seminar at the Centre for Critical Research on Race and Identity, 2 March 
 CCS anti‑xenophobia research workshop, 27 February 
 Patrick Bond speaks on The ebb and flow of water rights, Univ of Cape Town Department of Public Law, 25 February 
 Press Conference: Keep our South African Coal in the Hole! 22 February 2010 
  Patrick Bond at Power Indaba privatisation conference, 22 February 
 CCS Economic Justice course, with Trevor Ngwane, Samson Zondi and Patrick Bond, from 20 Feb‑29 May 
 Climate Justice Now! SA‑KZN chapter hosted at CCS, 13 February 
 Hallowes, D'Sa, Ngwane, Bond , Dada: Seminar on proposed World Bank coal loan to Eskom, Friday, 12 February* 
 Durban renewable energy site visits by Minnesh Bipath, SA National Energy Research Institute with Muna Lakhani and Patrick Bond 10 February 2010 
 Patrick Bond paper for Socialist Register workshop, 6 February 
 Susan Galleymore CCS Seminar: A Dearth of Imagination Leads to Wasting Perfectly Good Waste, 5 February 
 Durban Sings Follow-up and planning session with 8 Editorial Collectives, 4 February  
 Patrick Bond on climate change & Dennis Brutus Memorial at World Social Forum, Porto Alegre, 28 January 
 Rehana Dada & Patrick Bond Seminar: Copenhagen Climate and Eskom Energy Conflicts, 26 January 
 Dennis Brutus tribute, with Social Movements Indaba and Durban community groups, 23 January 
  Peter McKenzie & Doung Jahangeer Seminar: The Saharawi,Warwick Junction and Footsak Politics, 20 January 
 Patrick Bond debates NHI at Idasa, CT, 19 January 
 CCS cohosts Climate Justice Now! on electricity hearings strategy, 15 January 
 Events Index 2009 
 Patrick Bond at SF protest against Danish repression of civil society and Copenhagen climate 'deal', and radio interview, 18 December 
 Patrick Bond addresses climate seminar at Univ of Lund Business School, 15 December 
 Kristine Wasrud Participation and Influence in Water Policy in Durban, South Africa, 11 December  
 Climate Justice Film Festival, 10 December  
 Umesh de Silva Seminar: Traditional farming in Umzinyathi, 9 December 
 Oliver Meth at the CCS Workshop on women & child abuse Cato Crest Library, 8 December  
 Patrick Bond at Roskilde Univ Civil Society Centre, 7 December 
 Patrick Bond keynotes Leeds 'Democratisation in Africa' conference, 4 December 
 Sinegugu Zukulu & John Clarke CCS Seminar: Resilience, Resolarisation and Relocalisation, 30 November  
 Nick Smith CCS Seminar Politics of protection/crime/policing, 26 November 
 Patrick Bond speaks at Mandela Foundation about SA economic disasters, 26 November 
 Seminar on outsourced and contract workers at UKZN, 24 November 
 3rd Climate Justice Now! KZN meeting, 20 November 
 CCS and Durban Sings! at the Global Crisis and Africa: Struggles for Alternatives hosted by the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation; Randburg, Johannesburg 19-21 November 
 MAKE SOME NOISE! Concert 6 November  
 Immanuel Wallerstein Wolpe Lecture: Crisis of the Capitalist System Where to from Here?, 5 November 
 Solidarity with Durban's oppressed: Bottom-up resistance strategies of shackdwellers, pollution victims and labour-brokered workers, 4 November 
 The Crises and the Commons: Durban debates on politics, economics and environment 4-7 November  
 Faith Manzi & Oliver Meth at the Gender Based Violence Workshop, Durban 27 & 28 October 
 Seminar on Problems faced by UKZN workers, Westville campus, 28 October 
 Bengt Brülde & Stellan Vinthagenand Seminar: Ethics, Resistance and Global Justice, 26 October  
 Baruti Amisi, Trevor Ngwane & Patrick Bond Anti-Xenophobia research project with Strategy&Tactics 19- 20 October 
 Durban Sings (Molefi Ndlovu & Claudia Wegener) at National Oral History Conference, 13-16 October 
 Tri-Continental Film Festival Durban community screenings – (hosted by Oliver Meth) at Inanda, Chatsworth, Wentworth, CBD, & Folweni, 1-12 October 
 Patrick Bond lectures at Suffolk Univ, Boston, 29 Sept-2 Oct 
 Dennis Brutus honored by War Resisters League, 18 September 
 Patrick Bond Booklaunch: Climate Change, Carbon Trading & Civil Society, 18 September 
 Helen McCueCCS Seminar: Grassroots Mobilising within Refugee Communities: Perspectives on Palestine and Australia, 18 September 
 Patrick Bond skypecast on climate and ecological debt to Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke, Copenhagen, 16 September 
 Oliver Meth People to People International Documentary Conference, 10-12 September  
 Dick Forslund & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: South Africa's capitalist crisis and civil society, 7 September 
 Dudu Khumalo on the Durban public transport crisis, 1 September  
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: National Health Insurance: Can SA afford it?, 24 August  
 John Berg CCS Seminar: Barack Obama's presidency and civil society reactions, 24 August  
 Norman Finkelstein Wolpe Lecture: Resolving the Israel-Palestine Conflict: What we can learn from Gandhi, 20 August  
 CCS Seminar with outsourced workers at UKZN, 12 August  
 Patrick Bond debates Sampie Terreblanche (Stellenbosch), 6 August, UCT 
 Patrick Bond addresses Ecuador eco-finance conference (videolink), 4 August 
 Dr Essop Pahad CCS Seminar: Thinking about the Legacy of Mbeki's Politics, 4 August 
 Patrick Bond at the South African Civil Society Energy Caucus Meeting, 29-30 July  
 Barak Hoffman CCS Seminar: Democracy and Civil Society Research in Ghana and SA, 27 July 
 CCS hosts free screenings of Durban International Film Festival, 25 July - 1 August  
 Sean Flynn & Maj Fiil CCS Seminar on water rights, ( SKYPECAST ) 24 July 
 Patrick Bond lecture at carbon trading conference, Johannesburg, 22 July 
 Sein Win Seminar by Burmese prime minister (exiled) on solidarity (SKYPECAST), 21 July 
 Tunde Adegbola A Pan-African Harold Wolpe Lecture & cultural events, 16 July 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA Political Economy, San Francisco socialist conference, 4 July  
 Orlean Naidoo on participation at DDP seminar, 30 June 
 Patrick Bond speaks on 'World Slump: Financial Crisis and Emerging Class Struggles in the Global South', 28 June, Toronto 
 Patrick Bond on African social resistance to economic crisis, 26 June, Moscow 
 Oliver Meth and Orlean Naidoo facilitate Diakonia Council of Churches Democracy Course, 24 -26 June 
 Alex Callinicos Wolpe Lecture: Economic crisis and prospects for social revolution, 18 June*  
 Blair Rutherford CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe farm labour, social justice and citizenship, 17 June 
 Trevor Ngwane CCS Seminar: Community resistance to energy privatisation and ecological degradation, 11 June 
 Gaby Bikombo, Judy Mulqueeny, Harry Ramlal, Caroline Skinner CCS Seminar: War of Warwick Junction, 9 June 
 DURBAN SINGS central editorial workshops, 8 & 22 June 
 Patrick Bond, Abedian, Dumisa, Maharaj et al on 'Zumanomics', UKZN Biz School, 3 June 
 Rehana Dada keynote address to Southern African Faith Communities' Environment Institute AGM, 2 June 
 Patrick Bond on African underdevelopment at Sussex IDS conference (via skypecast), 1 June 
 Trevor Ngwane presents at the International Conference on Ideas and Strategies in the Alterglobalisation Movement, Seoul, 29 May 
 Peter McKenzie cultural seminar on 'Footsak: On the Ball for 2010', 28 May 
 Björn SurborgCCS Seminar: Contesting Johannesburg's extractive industries, 25 May  
 Paul Verryn, Methodist Bishop of Johannesburg: Wolpe Lecture: Poverty and xenophobia, 21 May 
 Robert Jensen, Univ of Texas: CCS Seminar: Whiteness and social change in the US, 21 May 
 Tony Clarke, Polaris Institute: CCS Seminar: The state of the world water wars, 15 May 
 Patrick Bond debates 'The G20 Global Deal' at Wits/Osisa, Johannesburg, 12 May 
 Molefi Ndlovu CCS Seminar: Azania Rising: The demise of the 1652 class project, 13 May 
 Rehana Dada,CCS Seminar: Climate mitigation case studies, 11 May 
 CCS/DYFS - Anti-xenophobia film screening facilitators workshop, 9 May 
 Orlean Naidoo CCS Seminar: Chatsworth upgrading struggles and victories, 8 May 
 Patrick Bond, Joburg Wolpe Lecture at Wits Univ, 7 May 
 Patrick Bond at Cosatu electricity workshop, Joburg, 6 May 
 Joan Canela and Helena OlcinaCCS Seminar: Social movements in Bolivia and Catalan, 5 May 
 William Gumede Wolpe Lecture: SA’s “Democracy Gap”, 30 April  
 Three representatives of the Tamil liberation movement youthCCS Seminar: The Tamil people under seige, 21 April  
 Leading eco-social spokespersons from political parties and civil society Seminar: Environmental confrontations - Political parties meet civil society, POSTPONED 
 Rehana Dada at York Univ climate ecojustice conference, Toronto, 16-17 April 
 Dennis Brutus celebrations, honorary doctorates conferred at both Rhodes Univ and Mandela Univ, 16-17 April 
 John Minto CCS Seminar: The Legacy of Anti-apartheid Sports Boycotts, 16 April 
 Nelson Muhirwa & Jean Chrisostome Kanamugire CCS Seminar: The Rwandan Genocide 15 Years On, 8 April 
 Oliver Meth Seminar: Wentworth Crime, Gangs and Civil Society, 7 April  
 Dennis Brutus on Reconciliation and Memory in Post-Apartheid SA, Nelson Mandela Foundation, Johannesburg, 2-3 April 
 Ida Susser booklaunch, 'AIDS, Sex and Culture', with Quarraisha Abdool Karim, at Ike's Books, 2 April 
 Sofie Hellberg CCS Seminar: Governing lives through hydropolitics in eThekwini , 1 April 2009 
 Claudia Wegener & Molefi Mafereka Ndlovu Digital Soiree Durban Sings Internet Radio project, 24 March  
 Simone Claar Seminar: Post-Apartheid Political Economy and State Policy, 19 March 
 Oliver Meth presents at the HSRC Violent Crime and Democratization in the Global South Conference, 18-20 March 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza CCS Seminar: African Development Bank water projects, 12 March 
 Deniz Kellecioglu CCS Seminar: Zimbabwe Civil Society confronts Mugabe's Economy, 11 March 
  Patrick Bond debates ANC economic policy, 9 March, Durban 
 Kalinca Copello Seminar: ICTs and social movements: From Chiapas to Brazil to South Africa, 6 March 
 Lisa Ramsay & Schwarzanne Leafe Seminar & Film: Climate Change and Eco-Social Resistance in South Durban, 27 February 
 Patrick Bond presents to ActionAid/Nepad conference on global financial crisis, 24 February, Midrand 
 Molefi Ndlovu Johannesburg: Market Photo Workshop, 22-28 February  
 Orlean Naidoo & Patrick Bond seminar on Free Basic Water, and screening of Flow, 18 February 
 Ida Susser Seminar: AIDS, Sex, Culture and Civil Society, 11 February 
 Dennis Brutus and Moya Atkinson film/seminar on US anti-war movement, 9 February 
 Patrick Bond seminar on the ongoing global financial crisis, University of Johannesburg, 6 February 
 Durban Sings internet audio and community radio with Molefi Ndlovu and Claudia Wegener, 2-6 February 
 Patrick Bond in dialogue with Jeremy Cronin on financial crisis, Johannesburg, 28 January 
 Dennis Brutus, Lubna Nadvi, Monica Rorvik and Salim Vally Seminar: Should Israel be boycotted? If so, how?, 27 January 
 Giyani Dube, Lubna Nadvi, Kate Griffiths and Timothy Rukombo Wolpe Lecture: Civil Society Internationalism - from Lindela to Gaza to Washington, 22 January 
 Pamela Ngwenya, Molefi Ndlovu, Claudia Wegener Seminar: Participatory community audio/video as a tool for social research, 21 January  
 Dale McKinley, Orlean Naidoo, Dudu Khumalo, Bryan Ashe Seminar on the World Water Forum, 19 January 
 Mavuso Dingani film/seminar on the Zimbabwean exile in Durban, 6 January 



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