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CLIMATE CRISIS at COP20: Let down in Lima



The Anti-Politics of Climate Finance:
The Creation and Performativity of the Green Climate Fund

Sarah Bracking, in Antipode, December 2014

This paper reviews the institutional design process of the Green Climate Fund (GCF) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) from December 2011 to May 2014. Powerful countries, corporations and banks have extended their control over and non-delivery of climate finance, while civil society actors have argued over discourse, won small representational victories, and deepened their involvement in technologies of advanced liberal governance. Thus far a spectacle of (non) performativity and anti-politics has resulted, where debates of substance are replaced by discussion over technical entities and calculative logics. Civil Society Organisations' (CSO) involvement in this has no direct relationship to furthering the objectives of ecological injustice, not least because the technologies they are helping to design are legitimating devices that are thinly referent to science, and whose significance to eventual investment decisions is variable. A refocusing on the low level of democratic procedure is warranted, in which CSOs should insist on publicly authored and scientific review, rather than attempting to fill this lacunae themselves.
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Carbon Trading Crashing: Spatio-temporal fixes within climate-crisis capitalism, global environmental governance and geopolitical competition in emissions laxity
Patrick Bond

The recent rounds of world climate negotiations reveal severe flaws in the character of global capitalism, the role of the state in its transformation and state-capitalist relations. The hope for the planet’s survival has been vested in a combination of multilateral emissions rearrangements and national regulation, which since 1997 have hinged on the premise that market-centric strategies such as emissions trading schemes and offsets can allocate costs and benefits appropriately. In constructing market arrangments and, later, an accompanying Green Climate Fund to support emissions mitigation and climate change adaptation, there has necessarily arisen a high degree of uneven geographical development. The sources and impacts of greenhouse gas emissions are diverse, with ‘common but differentiated responsibilities’ acknowledged since 2002, and compensation for ‘loss and damage’ recognized as a vital component since 2012. But these global strategies are unfolding not within the parameters of state control of market dynamics. Instead, they remain subordinated to the ongoing neoliberal accumulation strategy of financialization. This process is fraught with contradictions, resulting in amplified crises, and increasing resort to both temporal and spatial fixes, as well as accumulation by dispossession – the three modes of crisis displacement (not resolution) identified by David Harvey (1982, 2003). In this context, recent United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change summits since Durban in 2011 confirm that with the demise of the Kyoto Protocol’s binding commitments on the wealthy countries to making emissions cuts, a renewed effort is underway to promote market-incentivized reductions. In spite of widely-acknowledged emissions market failure, especially in Europe, several ‘emerging markets’ – including within the Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa network – have begun the process of setting up markets or expanding their offset strategies now that, after 2012, they no longer qualify for Clean Development Mechanism credits. The social, geopolitical and ecological implications are sobering, especially for a Climate Justice movement that seeks to radically reduce GreenHouse Gas emissions in a way that permits Southern industrialization, to decommission carbon markets and to enforce payment of the North’s ‘climate debt.’ Aligned against that agenda, re-articulated state-capitalist relations are both formidable with respect to crisis-management, and futile on their own terms given the contradictions implicit within spatial and ecological fixes to climate-crisis capitalism.
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Is the Climate Justice Movement Ready to Scale-Jump Our Politics?
Patrick Bond

Bond argues that climate change movements, organizations and communities are not yet strong enough to shape climate negotiations. He also suggests that Latin American counterpower is vital to that struggle.
Global pessimism and local optimism: that’s how to quickly explain Climate Justice (CJ) ‘scale politics.’ Or, better: paralysis above, movement below.

The combination is on display again this week, in Lima, Peru, at the twentieth annual United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ‘Conference of the Parties’, the ‘COP20’ (actually, ‘Conference of the Polluters’ is more accurate). So it is opportune to re-assess global environmental governance as a site of struggle, one that has proven so frustrating over the past two decades.
It is time again to ask, specifically, can hundreds of successful episodes in which communities and workers resist local greenhouse gas generation (‘Blockadia’ is Naomi Klein’s term for the newly liberated spaces) or seed local post-carbon alternatives, now accumulate into a power sufficient to shape climate negotiations?

My answer is, unfortunately, not yet. We need to become much stronger and more coherent in rebuilding the CJ movement, once so full of hope, from 2007-09, but since then in the doldrums – even though individual, mostly disconnected activist initiatives have deserved enormous admiration, no more so than in the Americas.

Lima comes on the heels of two world attention-grabbing policy events: a United Nations special summit in September just after a 400 000-strong Manhattan people’s march and Wall Street blockade, and the Washington-Beijing deal on a new emissions-reduction timetable.

The Andean opening
The COP20 offers a chance to gauge the resulting balance of forces, especially in the critical Andean countries where melting mountain glaciers and shrinking Amazonian jungles meet. Here, combinations of the world’s most radical conceptions of nature’s integrity (‘Rights of Mother Earth’, sumak kawsay and buen vivir) combine with concrete struggles to transcend the destruction of nature or its commodification.

In my experience, the world’s most visionary CJ, post-capitalist politics are fused when Ecuador’s Accion Ecologica eco-feminists find indigenous movement allies and solidarity activists across the world. The Quito NGO had long argued the case for collecting the Global North’s ‘ecological debt’ to the South and to the planet. But it was only when oil drilling was proposed in the Yasuni National Park – on the Peru border, deep in the Amazon – that the stakes were raised for both Action Ecologica and the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities.

They lost the first rounds of the battle: first, shaming Germany and Norway into making payments to leave the oil in the soil (an initial $3.5 billion was demanded, as a downpayment on the North’s climate debt), and second, once the money was deemed insufficient, a national referendum to protect Yasuni (regardless of payments) was not treated fairly by Ecuador’s extractivist ruling class.

But international outreach continues. As Ivonne Yanez of Accion Ecologica explains, ‘Now we are trying to join with the movements to reclaim the commons, in an effort to start a dialogue with people across the world. We want to see anti-capitalist movements fighting together in a new internationalism, beyond the solidarity with affected peoples in the way it is traditionally understood.’

Pink plus green, or just fossil-soiled?
The Yasuni struggle and others like it – e.g. Bolivia’s notorious proposed forest highway, TIPNIS – force onto the progressive agenda this uncomfortable dilemma: are the ‘pink’ governments of Rafael Correa in Ecuador, Evo Morales in Bolivia and Nicolas Maduro in nearby Venezuela capable of generating serious eco-socialist policies consistent with their leaders’ rhetoric? Or instead, are the new elites irretrievably petro-Keynesian, petro-Indigenous and petro-Socialist, respectively, with radical climate politics foiled by their economies’ carbon rentiers?

In more conservative Peru, the current regime of Ollanta Humala swept into power in 2011 on a pinkish electoral platform. Yet the mining sector has since boomed, with disastrous impacts in the highlands and Amazon alike.
Recall that in 2009, the Awajun and Wampis Peoples and the Interethnic Association for Development of the Peruvian Jungle (Aidesep) blockaded roads in Bagua, leading to a confrontation with the military that left 38 dead and 200 wounded. As Aidesep’s leader Alberto Pizango put it, ‘Thanks to the Amazonian mobilizations I can say that today the indigenous agenda is not only inserted in the national level and within the State, but on the international level.’

Yet Pizango and 52 others are in the midst of being prosecuted for that protest. And profiteers continue to apply pressure. To his credit, Peruvian Environment Minister Manuel Pulgar-Vidal admits that thanks to the threat of the ‘forestry market of carbon, people are losing trust and confidence around that mechanism. People are thinking that it can create conditions to lose their land.’
Still, Pulgar-Vidal believes safeguards will be sufficient. At an Indonesian forest debate in May, he asked, ‘What kind of incentives can we create to bring the business sectors to the forest?’ He praised Unilever as ‘a good example of how a private sector [firm] can play a more active role regarding the forest.’
Expressing faith in the ‘green economy’, Pulgar-Vidal continued, ‘What we need to do is to address the problem of the value of the carbon bond around the forest. The current prices are creating a lack of interest… disincentives to have the business sector and the investor more close to the forestry sector.’

The persistence of COP-hosting polluters and COP saboteurs
This sort of vulgar-capitalist COP hosting is not a coincidence. The four preceding COPs, in Poland, Qatar, South Africa and Mexico, witnessed dominant local state actors co-presiding alongside UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretary Christiana Figueres. Following the power logic within their national power blocs, they remained universally addicted to hydro-carbon exploitation, with one common, logical COP result: total failure to move world capitalism away from the cliff-edge.

Likewise, the UNFCCC appears addicted to market mechanisms as alleged solutions to climate chaos, even after the breakdown of the two main carbon trading schemes: in the European Union, which has suffered an 80 percent price crash since 2008, and the US where the Chicago Climate Exchange (self-interestedly promoted by Al Gore) suffered a fatal heart attack in 2011. Nevertheless, the UNFCCC and World Bank express high hopes for a new generation of carbon trading and offsets in California, a few major Chinese cities and a layer of middle-sized economies including South Korea, Brazil and South Africa.
In other words, ruling-class personalities still shape global climate politics far more than CJ activists, as witnessed in the futility with which the latter have attempted to influence the UN’s Green Climate Fund. Between the coal, oil and mining barons who rule over recent COP hosts on the one hand, and a former carbon trader (Figueres) who rules the UNFCCC on the other, there has never been any possibility for getting the CJ perspective a seat at the global table.
The structural problem is simple: each national delegation comes to each COP with the agenda of maximizing the interests of its own corporations, which tend to prominently include those with industrial or fossil fuel assets. Hence their need to emit more and more gases, and prevent a CO2 ceiling from being imposed. A Conference of Polluters it will remain until that flaw is solved, or until the world elects governments possessing even minimal awareness of the climate threat and the political will to address it (the way they did in 1987 when the ozone hole’s expansion was halted by the UN Montreal Protocol that banned CFCs).

The COPs are also stymied because the US State Department’s main negotiator, Todd Stern, looms over the proceedings like a smug vulture during a deadly drought. Thanks to Edward Snowden’s revelations about Washington’s surveillance capacity, we recently learned how Stern and US President Barack Obama cheated their way through the ‘Hopenhagen’ climate summit in 2009 by listening in on the competition’s cellphones, rendering hopeless a genuine deal that would enforce emission cuts.

And thanks also to Chelsea Manning and WikiLeaks providing us those 250 000 confidential State Department cables, we know that the weeks after the Copenhagen fiasco were spent by Stern and his colleagues cajoling, bullying and bribing. They did so with such gusto that they even purchased (for a lousy $50 million in aid) the tough-sounding Maldives Island leadership whose famous scuba-gear-adorned underwater cabinet meeting stunt in late 2009 dramatised that sinking feeling.

As a result of our awareness about Washington’s COP corruption, might the growing US climate activist community become sufficiently brave as to test their budding civil disobedience muscles neck-locking Stern and John Kerry? Could they, for example, prevent the US delegates from departing Washington for Lima? (Comrades, a timely blockade of the I-66 highway and Dulles Airport Access Road in early December would do the trick.) And please add to that ‘no pasaran’ list the COPs’ saboteurs from Ottawa, Canberra and Tokyo, too.

Still, such leaders and delegations are rarely much more than the personification of the class power wielded by leading fractions of capital over labour. It is in a structural critique of capitalist, patriarchal, racist-colonialist and anti-ecological systems that we annually find the COP elites sorely wanting.

The merits of CJers harassing COPsters
Even if we can conclude ahead of time that the COP20 will break the ‘Climate Action Network’ (CAN) NGO reformers’ hearts, as have all others since Kyoto in 1997, this event is important. It serves CJ activists as a platform for highlighting Latin American struggles. It will also nurture the flowering activists who attended the CJ-oriented pre-COP prep-coms in Venezuela twice this year.

And it offers a warm-up protest – more fearsome to COP elites than tame Warsaw’s or Durban’s, we might safely predict – for the ‘big one’ in Paris: the COP21. In August this year, French activists’ prep meeting generated visions of shutting down Paris, and identifying a date in early December 2015 for a global mass protest and closure of educational institutions as the youth find their voices.

One reason CJ activists must continue investing the bulk of their political energies ‘below’, locally, and condemning the elites above – i.e., not getting lulled into global COP-reformism – is because more people are asking the question posed after Copenhagen in relation to the UNFCCC (as we did at Seattle in relation to the WTO in 1999): ‘fix it or nix it’?

After all, the World Bank and IMF are now regularly considered last-century institutions given their incapacities, and the US dollar is apparently being terminally weakened by the Federal Reserve’s printing-press dilution and by the coming liberalised yuan trade. Isn’t the UN also destined, as Tariq Ali put it after the US-UK 2003 Iraq invasion was endorsed in the UN General Assembly, ‘to go the way of the League of Nations’?

The UNFCCC’s irrelevance at the time of its greatest need and responsibility will be one of our descendants’ most confounding puzzles.

After Copenhagen, illusions promoted by stodgy Climate Action Network member groups under the slogan ‘Seal the Deal!’ were dashed. As 350.org’s Bill McKibbon put it, the presidents of the US, Brazil, China, South Africa and India (the latter four termed BASIC) ‘wrecked the UN’ by meeting separately and agreeing to eventually make merely voluntary commitments. Now add (Kyoto-reneging) Russia to the BASICs and, as the BRICS, the economic agenda signaled at their Fortaleza, Brazil summit in July this year boils down to financing infrastructure to ensure more rapid extraction, climate be damned.

Still, the insolence of the Obama Administration outshines the BRICS, when cutting another exclusive side deal so soon before Lima and Paris. The November 12 climate pact with China clarified to CJers how much more pressure is needed from below if we are to maintain warming below the 2 degrees danger threshold (not the 3+ degrees that Barack Obama and Xi Jinping settled on). Yet the bilateral deal actually reduces pressure to hammer out a genuinely binding global agreement with sharp punishments for emissions violations, plus the needed annual climate debt payments of several hundred billion dollars from polluters to climate victims.
As a result, rising activist militancy is ever more vital, as the window for making the North’s (and BRICS’) needed emissions cuts begins to close tight. I’ve been most surprised by the militancy emanating from what is probably the most difficult place to organise on climate outside China, the US. There, the Climate Justice Alliance, Global Climate Convergence and System Change Not Climate Change networks did an impressive job radicalizing the previously bland (Avaaz) discourses just before the People’s Climate March in New York.

As miserable as the balance of forces appears in Lima, nevertheless the CJ community is regularly reinvigorated when in contact with Andean activists: by the campaign against oil extraction from Yasuni; by the $8.6 billion ecological debt battle against the legacy of oil spills by Texaco (now Chevron) nearby; and by the region’s indigenous resistance to privatized trees in the form of Reducing Emissions through Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD).

Indeed if REDD is a chosen battleground for the most advanced Latin American activists, then the worry is that, as happened at the Cancun COP16 in 2010, men like Humala and Pulgar-Vidal will divide and rule civil society with patronage pay-offs. The possibility of consolidating many other local initiatives into national and then global-scale struggle awaits a stronger sense of CJ strategies to prevent cooptation or brute repression. They may well come from the Lima side events and protests.
Since the heady days when 1980s-era IMF Riots gave way to mass social movement formations, to Zapatismo, to Brazil’s Movement of Landless Workers, to leftist political parties and to other manifestations of progress, Latin Americans have been at the vanguard of the world’s civilising forces, in the best sense of that abused term. They – and we – are not strong enough to change the balance of forces favouring climate injustice in Lima. But they do usually signal the way forward.
originally published at Telesur

 Events Index 2021
 Alex Lenferna CCS Webinar: A Green New Eskom? Wednesday 14 April 2021 
 N. Shange, M.A Varghese, S. Ngubane & N. Mbuthuma CCS Webinar: Young Civil Society and Contemporary Issue. Wednesday 31 March 2021 
 Saliem Fakir CCS Webinar:Unpacking South Africa's Just Transition-A conversation with Saliem Fakir. Tuesday 23 March 2021 
 Bruce Baigrie What Is The Ecological Crisis and How Do We Halt It? Wednesday 10 March 2021 
 Vishwas Satgar CCS Webinar: The Climate Justice Charter Response to the Worsening Climate Crisis and South Africa’s Carbon Democracy. Wednesday 3 March 2021 
 Clint Le Bruyns, Saajidha Sader & Fikile Vilakazi. CCS Webinar: “Coloniality is not over: it is all over” On reconstituting the deconstituted in and through the humanities. Wednesday 25 November 2020 
 Rosalind Hampton, CCS Webinar: Haunting colonial legacies in-and-of the Canadian University. Wednesday 18 November 2020 
 Remi Joseph-Salisbury, CCS Webinar: Anti-Racist Scholar-Activism as Decolonial Praxis in British Universities. Wednesday 11 November 2020 
 Ndumiso Daluxolo Ngidi CCS Webinar: The use of ‘Decolonial Methodologies’ to Foster Political Agency. Wednesday 4 November 2020 
 Tana Joseph CCS Webinar: Decolonising the Sciences. Wednesday 21 October 2020 
 Leigh-Ann Naidoo CCS Webinar: Statues Must Fall. Wednesday 16 September 2020 
 Marjaan Sirdar, CCS Webinar: George Floyd and the Minneapolis Uprising. Wednesday 9 September 2020 
 Hamid Khan CCS Webinar: Defund the Police, Abolish the Stalker State – A Global Fight. Wednesday 2 September 2020 
 Danford Chibvongodze & Andries Motau, CCS Webinar: The Organizing Principle - Understanding the Erasure of Black Women in Liberation Movements from enslaved... Wednesday 26 August 2020 
 Tiffany Caesar CCS Webinar: Black Mothers and Activism In The Black Lives Matter Movement. Wednesday 19 August 2020 
 David Austin CCS Webinar: #BlackLivesMatter - Igniting A Global Call For Change. Wednesday 12 August 2020 
 Thami Nkosi CCS Webinar Curbing Covid-19: Restrictions on Civil and Political Rights. Wednesday 29 July 2020 
 Avena Jacklin CCS Webinar: Covid-19 and Environmental Regulations in South Africa: Curtailing Public Participation. Wednesday 22 July 2020 
 Vuyiseka Dubula CSS Webinar: The Impact of Covid-19 on the South African Health System. Wednesday, 15 July 2020 
 Patrick Bond CSS Webinar: A Global Political Economy of Covid-19 Social Struggles. Wednesday, 8 July 2020 
 Thobani Zikalala CCS Webinar: Covid-19 Challenges in Higher Education – A Student’s Perspective. Wednesday 24 June 2020 
 Gillian Maree CSS Webinar: The Spatial Distribution of Risks and Vulnerabilities: The GCRO Covid-19 Gauteng Map. Wednesday, 1 July 2020 
 Dominic Brown CCS Webinar: Funding the Basic Income Grant (BIG) in SA Post Covid-19. Wednesday 17 June 2020 
 Mark Heywood CCS Webinar: The South African Civil Society Response to Covid-19: The good, the bad and the ugly. Wednesday 10 June 2020 
 Lubna Nadvi CCS Webinar: South Africa’s Covid-19 Response and Political Leadership. Wednesday 3 June, 2020 
 Brian Minga Amza CCS Seminar: The uncomfortable place of spirituality and religion in the struggle for liberation. Wednesday 18 March 2020 
 Andries Motau CCS in collaboration with docLOVE: Documentary Screening "Thank you for the rain." Wednesday, 27 February 2020 
 Danford Chibvongodze Documentary Screening: City of Joy to mark 16 days of activism for no violence against women and children. Wednesday, 20 November 2019 
 Akshi Behari, Michael Rout & Ronald Bafana Rebel Architecture Documentary Series: The pedreiro and the master planner(Part 6). Wednesday 30 October 
 Akshi Behari, Michael Rout & Ronald Bafana Rebel Architecture Documentary Series: Working on water (Part 5), Wednesday 23 October 
 Andries Motau CCS in collaboration with docLOVE: A documentary screening of “This Land”. Thursday 24 October 2019 
 Akshi Behari, Michael Rout & Ronald Bafana Documentary Series: Greening the city (Part 4). Wednesday 9 October 2019 
 Akshi Behari, Michael Rout & Ronald Bafana Documentary Series: The architecture of violence (Part 3). Wednesday 9 October 2019 
 Oliver Mtapuri, CCS Seminar – Why innovation matters: To invent or Not invent (at own peril). Thursday 26 September 2019 
 Akshi Behari, Michael Rout & Ronald Bafana Documentary Series: Rebel Architecture (Part 2). Thursday, 19 September 2019 
 Akshi Behari, Michael Rout & Ronald Bafana Documentary Series: Rebel Architecture. Thursday, 12 September 2019 
 Andries Motau, CCS & docLOVE Documentary Screening: JOZI GOLD – A Human Catastrophe, A Toxic City, An Unlikely Activist. Thursday 29 August 2019 
 Mvu Ngcoya CCS Seminar: Why Cuba’s Agricultural Revolution Puts South Africa’s Agrarian Programmes to Shame. Thursday 8 August 2019 
 Mzamo Zondi, CCS Seminar: Activist Co-Optation: Tasting State Power. Wednesday 31 July 2019 
 Philisiwe Mazibuko, Andre de Bruin and Patricia Ipileng Agnes Dove, CCS Special Seminar Series – Race and Identity Facilitated by Mvuselelo Ngcoya. Tuesday 30 July 2019 
 Danford Chibvongodze, CCS Documentary Screening – The Power of Us. Thursday 18 July 2019 
 Joyce Chitja, Discussants: Tapiwa Muzerengi and Xolisile Ngumbela. CSS Seminar: Uncomfortable Tensions in the Food (In) Security Conundrum - The Role of Communities in Southern African Contexts. Thursday 27 June 2019 
 Daniel Byamungu Dunia, CCS and ASONET Seminar: SA Legislation on the Socioeconomic Rights of Refugees and Asylum Seekers. Wednesday 12 June 2019 
 Lara Lee, Documentary Screening - BURKINABE BOUNTY. Wednesday, 5th June 2019 
 Isaac Khambule, CCS Seminar: A 5 Year Review of South Africa’s National Development Plan and its Developmental State Ambition. Wednesday 29 May 2019 
 CCS Documentary Screening: Everything Must Fall. Thursday 30 May 2019 
 Patrick Bond, Lisa Thompson & Mbuso Ngubane, CCS and African Centre for Citizenship and Democracy Seminar: The Local-Global Political Economy of Durban. Friday 17 May 2019 
 Judith Ojo-Aromokudu CCS Seminar: Understanding the spatial language of informal settlements in Durban: Informing upgrading programs for self-reliant and sustainable communities. Tuesday 7 May 2019 
 CCS and φowerfest! Free Public Screening: Shadow World. Thursday 25 April 2019 
 Lubna Nadvi, CCS and UKZN School of Social Sciences Seminar – What do party lists reveal about political parties contesting the 2019 SA Elections? Wednesday 24 April 2019 
 Lukhona Mnguni, CCS and the UKZN Maurice Webb Race Relations Unit Seminar: Elections 2019 and South Africa’s 25 years of Democracy "Where to from here?". Wednesday 18 April 2019 
 Sthembiso Khuluse and Daniel Dunia, CCS and the Right2Know Campaign Seminar: Your Right To Protest in South Africa. Friday 12 April 2019 
 Lerato Malope CCS Seminar: Service Delivery and Citizen Participation in Cato Manor. Wednesday 10 April 2019 
 Ranjita Mohanty, Ilya Matveev, Brian Meir CCS Seminar: Democratising Development: Struggles for Rights and Social Justice – An Indian Case Study. Friday 5 April 2019 
 Nduduzo Majozi, CCS Seminar: Housing Service Delivery in Cato Manor. Wednesday 27 March 2019 
 Danford Chibvongodze, CCS Documentary Screening: An Ocean of Lies on Venezuela. Friday 29 March 2019 
 Geoff Harris and Tlohang Letsie CCS Seminar - Demilitarising Lesotho: The Peace Dividend - A Basic Income Grant? Wednesday 20 March 2019 
 Thobani Zikalala CCS Seminar: Wokeness vs Consciousness. Wednesday 13 March 2019 
 Nisha Naidoo, CCS: Impact Strategy Workshop. Thursday 7 March 2019 
 Philisiwe Mazibuko & Percy Nhau, CCS Seminar: The ‘#Data Must Fall’ Campaign. Wednesday 6 March 2019 
 Mzamo Zondi CCS Seminar: Empowering Communities to Self-Mobilise: The TAC Method. Wednesday 27 February 2019 
 Nisha Naidoo, CCS: Impact Strategy Workshop. Wednesday 13 February 2019 
 Aziz Choudry and Salim Vally, CCS Seminar: History's Schools: Past Struggles and Present Realities. Tuesday 27 November 2018 
 CCS & Powerfest Public Screening "The Public Bank Solution: How can we own our oewn banks?". Thursday 8 November 2018 
 Dr Victor Ayeni, CCS and African Ombudsman Research Centre Seminar: Improving Service Delivery in Africa. Tuesday 6 November 2018 
 Alude Mahali, CCS & HSRC Present Documentary Screening & Seminar: Ready or Not!. Thursday 22 November 2018 
 CCS & Powerfest, Public Screening of "Busted: Money Myths and Truths Revealed". Thursday 25 October 2018 
 Henrik Bjorn Valeur, A Culture of Fearing ‘The Other’: Spatial Segregation in South Africa. Wednesday 7 November 2018 
 Danford Chibvongodze, Seminar Six: "Half Man, Half Amazing"- The Gift of Nasir Jones' Music to African Collective Identity. Thursday, 11 October 2018 
 Brian Minga Amza and Dime Maziba, CCS Seminar: 31 Years Later - A Consideration of the Ideas of Thomas Sankara. Wednesday, 24 October 2018 
 Ajibola Adigun CCS Seminar: African Pedagogy and Decolonization: Debunking Myths and Caricatures. Thursday 18 October 2018 
 CCS & Powerfest! Public Screening of "FALSE PROFITS: SA AND THE GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS". Wednesday, 26 September 2018 
 CCS Seminar: Co-Production of Knowledge - Lessons from Innovative Sanitation Service Delivery in Thandanani and Banana City informal Settlements, Durban. Wednesday 17 October 2018 
 Mxolisi Nyuswa, CCS Community Scholars Seminar: Complexities and Challenges for Civil Society Building and Unity: Perspectives from the KZN Civil Society Coalition. Thursday 27 September 2018 
 Eliza Solis-Maart, CCS Documentary Screening: Rural Development and Livelihoods in South Africa. Thursday 13 September 2018 
 Simbarashe Tembo, CCS Seminar: Constitutionalism in Zimbabwe: An Interrogation of the 2018 Election. Wednesday, 19 September 2018 
 Thobani Zikalala, CCS Seminar: Adopting a Black Consciousness Analysis in Understanding Land Expropriation in South Africa. Wednesday, 12 September 2018 
 CCS Community Scholar Workshop Activism and Technology. Wednesday, 29 August 2018 
 Eliza Solis-Maart, CCS Documentary Screening: Canada's Dark Secret. Thursday 30 August 2018  
  CCS UKZN & Powerfest!: Festival of Powerful Ideas, Public Screening: The D.I.Y Economy. Friday, 24 August 2018 
 Daniel Byamungu Dunia, CCS Seminar: Building capacity and skills for effective and successful integration of refugee communities in South Africa. Wednesday 8 August 2018 
 Eliza Solis-Maart, CCS Documentary Screening: Human Trafficking, Thursday 19 July 2018 
 CCS UKZN & Powerfest!: Festival of Powerful Ideas, Public Screening of AUTOGESTIo. Thursday 12 July 2018 
 Wenche Dageid, CCS Seminar: Agenda 2030 on Sustainable Development – prospects for health and equity. Monday 9 July 2018  
 Sachil Singh, CCS Seminar: Questioning the Medical Value of Data on Race and Ethnicity: A case study of the DynaMed Point of Care tool. Thursday 5 July 2018  
 CCS Seminar: Should I stay or should I go? Exploring mobility in the context of climatically-driven environmental change, Wednesday 27 June 2018 
 Gerald Boyce, CCS Seminar: From blackest night to brightest day, Thursday 28 June 2018 
 CCS, UKZN and Powerfest Festival of Powerful Ideas: Cuba-An African Odyssey, 14 June 2018 
 Mvu Ngcoya, CCS and Critical Times, Critical Race Project Great African Thinkers Seminar Series 2017 / 2018: Land as a multi-splendorous thing: Kwasi Wiredu on how to think about land, Wednesday 30 May 2018 
 Deborah Ewing, Emma Goutte-Gattat, Aron Hagos Tesfai CCS and AIDS Foundation Seminar: Using technology to improve refugee and migrant access to sexual and reproductive health care?,Thursday 31 May 2018 
 Eliza Solis-Maart, CCS Documentary Screening: White Helmets, Thursday 24 May 2018 
 CCS, UKZN & Powerfest! Festival of Powerful Ideas: Celebrating Africa Month Stealing Africa, Wednesday 16 May 2018 
 Chris Desmond CCS Seminar: Liberation Studies: Development through Recognition, Wednesday 9 May 2018 
 Andrew Lawrence CCS Seminar - Obstacles to realising the 'Million Climate Jobs' Vision: Which policy strategies can work? When? How?, Friday 18 May 2018 
 CCS, UKZN, Powerfest: Festival of Powerful Ideas (FREE FILM AND POPCORN SERIES), Thursday 26 April 2018 
 Eliza Solis-Maart, CCS Documentary Screening: April Theme Earth Day "Seeds of Sovereignty" & "Cowspiracy"...Discover environmentalism. 19 April 2018 
 Alfred Moraka, How Not To Despoil Yourself of African Wonders: Oyeronke Oyewumi’s work as African Epistemological Enchantment. Wednesday 18 April 2018 
 Dr Joseph Rudigi Rukema, CCS Seminar: Entrepreneurship through Research - Converting Research into Community Projects. Wednesday 11 April 2018 
 Philile Langa, Centre for Civil Society and Critical Times, Critical Race Project Great African Thinkers Seminar Series 2017 / 2018. Thursday 29 March 2018 
 Confessions of an Economic Hitman, The Centre for Civil Society and Powerfest: Festival of Powerful Ideas 2018 Free Film and Popcorn Series. Wednesday 28 March 2018 
 Professor Siphamandla Zondi, CCS and International Relations, School of Social Sciences Seminar: Hearing Africa Speak Again - Amilcar Cabral’s Seven Theses on the African Predicament Today. Tuesday 27 March 2018 
 Eliza Solis-Maart, CCS Documentary Screening: #MeToo vs. Time's Up & We Should All Be Feminists. Thursday 22 March 2018 
 Documentary Screening, CCS and KZN Palestine Forum Documentary Screening: Anti Black Racism and Israel’s White Supremacy, 14 March 2018 
 Mary de Haas, Of Corruption and Commissions but no Conclusions Seminar Series: The Moerane Commission, 15 March 2018 
 Jay Johnson, CCS Seminar: Contested Rights and Spaces in the City: the Case of Refugee Reception Offices in South Africa, 13 March 2018 
 Daniel Byamungu Dunia,CCS and Africa Solidarity Network (ASONET) Seminar: The Trials of Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Migrants in South Africa , 1 March 2018  
 King Sibiya, CCS and Powerfest: Festival of Powerful Ideas, 27 February 2018 
 97% Owned, CCS and Powerfest: Festival of Powerful Ideas 2018, Documentary Screening Series 2018, 28 February 2018 
 Eliza Solis-Maart, CCS: Documentary Screening , 22 February 2018 
 Siviwe Mdoda, Right 2 Know (R2K) Campaign Seminar: Public Interest Information vs Private Information: Jacques Pauw’s ‘The President’s Keepers’ Case, 1 February 2018 
 Shaun Ruggunan CCS Seminar: Waves of Change: Globalisation and Labour Markets, 15 November 2017 
 Gerard Boyce The Dentons Commission, 1 November 2017 
 Ndumiso Dladla Prolegomenon to an Africanist Historiography in South Africa: Mogobe Ramose’s Critical Philosophy of Race, 25 October 2017 
 Eliza Solis-Maart CSS Seminar: Young Civil Society and Contemporary Issues, 11 October 2017 
 Rozena Maart Great African Thinkers Seminar Series 2017 / 2018 , 27 September 2017 
 Gerard Boyce CCS Seminar: Of Corruption and Commissions but no Conclusions Seminar Series, 20 September 2017  
 Shauna Mottiar CCS Seminar: Everyday Forms of Resistance in Durban, 1 September 2017 
 Mhlobo Gunguluzi and Thabane Miya Centre for Civil Society and Right2Know Campaign Seminar: The Right to Protest, 27 July 2017 
 Bandile Mdlalose, Daniel Dunia and Nisha Naidoo, The Peoples Economic Forum Responds to the World Economic Forum, 1 June 2017 
 Mvu Ngcoya, Rozena Maart, Shaun Ruggunan, Mershen Pillay Centre for Civil Society Seminar: Decolonising Curricula, 25 May 2017 
 Peter Sutoris, Environmental Activism and Environmental Education: (De) Politicising Struggles in India and South Africa, 18 May 2017 
 Lubna Nadvi, Lukhona Mnguni, Shauna Mottiar, The April 7th Protests, 20 April 2017 
 John Devenish, CCS Seminar: The use of interactive maps and scatter graphs to study protest in the BRICS countries, 13 April 2017  
 Shauna Mottiar, Mvuselelo Ngcoya BOOK LAUNCH: Philanthropy in South Africa - Horizontality, ubuntu and social justice, 22 March 2017 
 Peter McKenzie Photo Exhibition - Durbanity, 09 March 2017 
 Elisabet Van Wymeersch On change, conflicts and planning theory: the transformative potential of disruptive contestation, 2 March 2017 
 Daniel Byamungu Dunia, Africa Solidarity Network (ASONET) Community Building Workshop: CRIMINALISATION OF HATE CRIMES AND HATE SPEECH, 24 February 2017 
 Jasper Finkeldey, Centre for Civil Society Seminar: (No) Limits to extraction? Popular Mobilization and the Impacts of the Extractive Industries in KZN, 9 February 2017 
 Bandile Mdlalose, New Urban Agenda’ – Report Back from Habitat III, United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development Ecuador, 28 November 
 Patrick Bond, From Trump to BRICS, where is civil society headed? 18 November 
 Gerard Boyce, Arguments in favour of putting the South African government's nuclear plans to a popular referendum, 28 October  
 Duduzile Khumalo, Sibongile Buthelezi, Cathy Sutherland, Vicky Sim, Social constructions of environmental services in a rapidly densifying peri-urban area under dual governance in eThekwini Municipality, 26 October  
 Alex Hotz CCS Seminar: Challenging Secrecy and Surveillance: Building Anti-Surveillance Activism, 19 August 
 Itai Kagwere, Daniel Byamungu Dunia and Gabriel Hertis CCS Seminar: Challenges of Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Migrants in South Africa, 26 August 
 Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: Sight on the target: Tackling destructive fishing, 12 August 
 Carolijn van Noort CCS Seminar: “Strategic narratives of infrastructural development: is BRICS modernizing the tale?”, 26 July 
 CCS Co-Hosts: The Governance and Politics of HIV AIDS, 19 July 
 Moises Arce CCS Seminar: The Political Consequences of Mobilizations against Resource Extraction, 12 July 
 Zimbabwe's Despondent Political Economy - a Durban workshop to honour Sam Moyo 13-14 June 2016 
 Patrick Bond gives political economy lecture to Durban Chamber of Commerce and Industry's Women in Business Forum, 26 April 2016 
 CCS hosts mining critics for press conference, 7 April 
 Assassination in Xolobeni: Film screening and memorial meeting for Sikhosiphi Bazooka Rhadebe, 6 April 
 Patrick Bond & Ana Garcia launch BRICS in Toronto, 31 March 
 Akin Akikboye CCS Seminar: KZN's Internally Displaced People, 31 March 
 Patrick Bond & Ana Garcia present critique of world ports, New York, 30 March 
 Dieter Lünse CCS Seminar: Strength of nonviolent action, 22 March 
 Hafsa Kanjwal CCS Seminar: India in Turmoil, 23 March 
 Patrick Bond testifies at public hearing on Transnet's South Durban plans, 21 March 
 Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS and Pan-Africanism, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 15 March 
 Yaa Ashantewaa K. Archer-Ngidi CCS Seminar: The role of Black women in liberation, 10 March 
 Patrick Bond reports on research into urban economic and ecological violence, IDRC & UKAID conference, Johannesburg, 8 March 
 Patrick Bond addresses Women in Mining (Womin) conference on movement building, Johannesburg, 7 March 
 Allen & Barbara Isaacman CCS Seminar: Dams, displacement, and the delusion of development, 4 March  
 Patrick Bond presents South Durban paper in Merebank, 2 March 
 Andrew Lawrence CCS Seminar: Why nuclear energy is bad for South Africa, bad for the world—and how it can be opposed, 29 February 2016  
 China Ngubane , Chumile Sali & Dalli Weyers CCS Seminar: Social Justice Coalition Citizen Oversight of Policing in Khayelitsha Court Case Presentation, 26 February 
 CCS hosts groundWork, SDCEA and FrackFreeSA for climate and energy workshop, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Can the SA budget afford #FeesMustFall demands and other social spending? 23 February  
 Patrick Bond joins Mondli Hlatshwayo & Aziz Choudry to launch Just Work, Ike's Books, 22 February 
 Peter Cole CCS Seminar: A History of Dockers, Social Movements and Transnational Solidarity in Durban and San Francisco, 17 February 
 Patrick Bond lectures on BRICS at Univ of the Western Cape, Cape Town, 15 February 
 Delwyn Pillay, Jorim Gerrad, Madaline George & Nozipho Mkhabela CCS Seminar: A return to MUTOKO, Zimbabwe, 10 February  
 Nick Turse CCS Seminar: AFRICOM’s New Math and “Scarier” Times Ahead in Africa, 5 February 
 Menzi Maseko & Mandla Mbuyisa CCS Seminar: Black Consciousness, Fees Must Fall and Lessons from the Life of Ongkopotse Tiro, 1 February  
 Gabriel Hertis, China Ngubane & Daniel Dunia CCS Seminar: Central African and Zimbabwean geopolitics and their implications for Durban civil society II, 27 January  
 Patrick Bond keynote at Tata Institute Development Studies conference, 23 January 
 Patrick Bond, Thando Manzi, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane present urban analysis at Tata Institute, Mumbai, 19-22 January 
 Patrick Bond, Achin Vanaik, Ajay Patnaik & Alka Acharya launch BRICS book, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 18 January 
 Gabriel Hertis, China Ngubane, Daniel Dumia & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: African geopolitics and their implications for Durban civil society I, 11 January 
 Events Index 2015 
 CCS students Boaventura Monjane, Mithika Mwenda, Tabitha Spence & Celia Alario at the COP21 climate summit, Paris, 1-12 December 
 Jorim Gerrard & Paul Steffen CCS Seminar: Influencing society's views of refugees, 9 December  
 Workshop on Climate Change and Environmental Justice with the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, 7-10 December  
 Ashwin Desai, Betty Govinden, Crispin Hemson & Andile Mngxitama CCS Seminar: The Gandhi debate, 27 November 
 Stefano Battain & Daniela Biocca CCS Seminar: Alternative development or alternative to development? 27 November 
 Patrick Bond debates Sihle Zikalala & Vasu Gounden on the state of South Africa, eThekwini Progressive Professionals Forum, 25 November 
 CCS Seminar: Remembering Sam Moyo, 25 November  
 Christelle Terreblanche debates Ubuntu at the University of Pretoria, 23 November 
 Patrick Bond & Toendepi Shonhe CCS Seminar: BRICS crumble, commodities crash and Africa's climate changes, 20 November 
 Patrick Bond seminar on BRICS banking at University of Cape Town School of Economics, 16 November 
 Delwyn Pillay CCS Seminar: KZN civil society responses to the Paris Climate Change Conference, 9 November 
 Patrick Bond with Numsa and BRICS climate critique at Historical Materialism conference, London, 5-6 November 
 Patrick Bond seminar on BRICS as sub-imperialism at Open University, 4 November 
 Andile Mngxitama CCS Seminar: Black First! but what is Black? 4 November 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS and climate change at Sussex University, 3 November 
 Mondli Hlatshwayo CCS Seminar: Numsa, technological change and politics at ArcelorMittal's Vanderbijlpark plant, 22 October 
 Tri Continental Film Festival Screenings at CCS 21-24 October 
 Patrick Bond launches BRICS book in New York 19 October 
 Patrick Bond delivers keynote at Cyprus conference on mining and sustainable development, 16 October 
 Brian Minga Anza, Mwamba Kalombo Thithi & Sinqobangaye Magestic Pro Sibisi CCS Seminar: Creative challenges to xenophobia, 15 October 2015 
 Patrick Bond, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Inequality, the criminalisation of protest and internecine social conflict, 9 October 
 Patrick Bond delivers sustainability keynote to SA Public Health Association conference, 8 October 
 Patrick Bond debates UN Sustainable Development Goals, ClassicFM, Johannesburg, 1 October 
 Patrick Bond talks on African uprisings at Mapungubwe Institute, Pretoria, 30 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Africa in the world economy, Channel Africa, Johannesburg, 29 September 
 Ana Garcia presents BRICS critique at Geopolitical Economy conference, Winnipeg, 26 September 
 Patrick Bond lectures on degrowth in Berlin, 16 September 
 CCS welcomes World Social Science Forum to Durban, with talks by Vuyiseka Dubula, Patrick Bond & others in CCS, 13 - 16 September  
 CCS welcomes Codesria and WSSF to Ike's Books, 12 September 
 CCS hosts the South-South Institute during the World Social Science Forum, 10-18 September 
 Patrick Bond lectures at Codesria/Osisa Economic Justice Institute, 8-9 September 
 Patrick Bond, Boaventura Monjane & Mithika Mwenda at Africa Climate Talks, Dar es Salaam, 3-5 September 
 Vladimir Slivyak What's wrong with Russia's nuclear energy deal-making? 4 September  
 John Devenish CCS Seminar: Mapping social unrest in South Africa, 1 September  
 Patrick Bond lectures on climate and deglobalisation alternatives at Attac University, Marseille, 26 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on legacy of Rosa Luxemburg at New School for Social Research, New York, 21 August 
 China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Xenophobia as symptom, 20 August  
 Justine van Rooyen CCS Seminar: The Social Inclusion/Exclusion of Intersex South Africans, 12 August 
 Patrick Bond keynote speech at BRICS-in-Africa conference, Livingstone, 7-11 August 
 Patrick Bond and Sam Moyo speak at Trust Africa conference on Illicit Financial Flows, Harare, 3 August 
 Patrick Bond delivers paper on climate and the blue economy, Wits University, 2 August 
 Patrick Bond in economic debate at M&G Literary Festival, Johannesburg, 1 August 
 Yaa Ashantewaa Ngidi CCS Seminar: The state of the Pan Africanist movement, 30 July 
 Ryan Solomon CCS Seminar: Belonging, inclusion and South African civil society in the campaigns against AIDS and xenophobia, 29 July 
 Patrick Bond moderates UKZN College of Humanities debate on xenophobia and higher ed transformation, 28 July 
 Lloyd Sachikonye CCS Seminar: Social research and civil society in Zimbabwe, 28 July 
 Patrick Bond & Mithika Mwenda at Climate Futures symposium, Italy, 13-17 July 
 China Ngubane, Bandile Mdlalose & Nonhle Mbuthuma CCS Seminar: The state of social activism against xenophobia, human rights violations and mining exploitation - three case sites, 3 July 
 CCS co-hosts (with Chris Hani Institute) World Association for Political Economy, Johannesburg, 19-21 June 
 CCS workshop with ASONET, Action Support Centre and South African Liaison Office, on South Africa, Peace and Security in the post-2015 Development Agenda, 10-11 June 
 CCS/ASONET workshop on xenophobia, 5 June 
 Alf Nilsen launches his book We Make Our Own History, at Ike's Books, 4 June 
 Patrick Bond addresses civil society electricity crisis summit on load-shedding, Johannesburg, 2 June  
 Patrick Bond talks on extractivism, BRICS sub-imperialism and South Africa at Left Forum, New York, 30-31 May 
 China Ngubane, Gabriel Hertis, Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Persistent Durban xenophobia and Operation Fiela, 20 May 
 CCS hosts Colgate University students for social movement research, June 
 Nonhle Mbuthuma CCS Seminar: Xolobeni mining, unobtanium-titanium battle update, 14 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on carbon markets and climate debt, Gyeongsang University, Jinju, Korea, 12 May 
 Patrick Bond speaks on South African political economy, Hong Kong Reader bookshop, 11 May 
 Gcina Makoba, Bandile Mdlalose & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Rhodes' walls must fall! 30 April  
 CCS Film Screening: The GAMA Strike A victory for all workers, 24 April 
 Faith ka Manzi & Bandile Mdlalose at Climate Justice strategy meeting, Maputo, April 21-23 
 Patrick Bond lectures on degrowth and the green economy, Berlin, 21 April 
 Paul Kariuki, Bandile Mdlalose, China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Xenophobia in Durban, 14 April 
 CCS joins Greenpeace and R2K in solidarity meeting with Somkhele coal victims, northern KZN, 12 April 
 Patrick Bond lecture on water commodification and resistance at Zimbabwe Sustainable Economics Forum, Harare, 9 April 
 China Ngubane & Jean-Pierre Lukamba CCS Seminar: Xenophobia in Isipingo, 7 April 
 Alice Thomson, Desmond D’Sa & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Liberal and radical approaches to Environmental Justice campaigning, 1 April 
 Patrick Bond speaks on coalitions for national economic sovereignty, World Social Forum, University of Tunis el Manar, 25 March 
 Akin Akiboye & Jorim Gerrard CCS Seminar: Xenophobia and displacement, 17 March 
 Sofie Hellberg CCS Seminar: Water, life and politics in Durban, 10 March 
 Faith kaManzi, Nonhle Mbuthuma, Melissa Hansen & others International Women’s Day at the UKZN Centre for Civil Society: Resistance to Resource Cursing in KZN, the Eastern Cape and the DRC, 9th March 
 Israeli Apartheid Week Events 2 - 8 March 
 Baruti Amisi and Boaventura Monjane speak at US Power Africa conference, University of Illinois, 2-4 March 
 Baruti Amisi, Gerard Boyce & Patrick Bond CCS Workshop: 'False solutions' to climate and energy crises, 26 February 
 Carlos Cardoso CCS Seminar: Knowledge production and intellectual formation in Africa from Codesria's perspective, 20 February 
 Benny Wenda CCS Seminar: The campaign to free West Papua, 19 February 
 Gcina Makoba & Faith ka-Manzi CCS Seminar: Campaigning against coal in KZN, 18 February 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS sherpa Anil Sooklal, UCT Centre for Conflict Resolution, 16 February 
 Desmond D'Sa, David Le Page, Bhavna Deonarain, Winnie Mdletshe & others: Launch of Fossil Free KZN, 13 February 
 Angus Joseph CCS Seminar: Climate justice and solidarity from Lima to Paris, 13 February 
 Nhamo Chikowore & China Ngubane Zimbabwe's new conjuncture and SA's new xenophobia, 6 February 
 Baruti Amisi, Brain Amza & and Jacky Kabidu DRC uprising, repression and solidarity, 5 February 
 Chris Coward CCS Seminar: New spaces of social activism, 28 January 
 Immanuel Ness CCS Seminar: Lessons from the labour movements of China and India, 27 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Electricity crisis scenarios, 20 January 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Oil spills, coal digs, resource cursing and resistance, 12 January 
 Events Index 2014 
 Gcina Makoba & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: United Front Preparatory Assembly assessment, 22 December 
 Thando Manzi, Au Loong Yu & John Devenish CCS Seminar: BRICS-from-below struggles for justice, 19 December 
 CCS hosts South Durban climate camp, 8-11 December 
 Patrick Bond, Bandile Mdlalose, Shauna Mottiar, Themba Mchunu & China Ngubane CCS press conference and workshop: Durban politics stressed to break-point, 5 December 
 Mondli Hlatshwayo CCS Seminar: Organised labour's losses since 1994, worker-community relations after 2014, 28 November 
 Patrick Bond critiques World Bank at UWC poverty conference, 27 November 
 CCS hosts launch of Fossil Free South Africa, 27 November 
 Faith ka-Manzi debates SA social protest at Gumede Lecture, Durban History Museum, 27 November 
 Melissa Hansen CCS Seminar: Struggles over conservation space in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, 24 November  
 Patrick Bond lectures on Africa's Resource Curse, Stellenbosch University, 20 November 
 Vuyiseka Dubula, Faith ka-Manzi & Mzamo Zondi CCS Seminar: Treatment Action Campaign reaches the knife-edge, 18 November, 2014 
 CCS hosts Durban environmental network, 15 November 
 Aziz Choudry CCS Seminar: Learning and research in social movements, 14 November 
 Aziz Choudry CCS Seminar: NGOization, 'civil society' and social change: Complicity, contradictions and prospects, 13 November 
 Gun Free South Africa workshop with CCS, 12 November 
 Creesen Naicker CCS Seminar: Sport for Development in South Africa, 11 November 
 Patrick Bond joins SA panel at Historical Materialism conference, London, 7 November 
 Patrick Bond lectures on neoliberalism and social policy at South-South Institute in Bangkok, 5 November 
 Patrick Bond keynote address on African IT, to the International Development Informatics Association, 3 November 
 Patrick Bond debates GDP with SA government, Pretoria, 31 October 
 Patrick Bond debates GDP reform at University of Pretoria, 28 October 
 China Ngubane and Patrick Bond at UKZN Geography workshop on community politics, 24 October 
 CCS hosts CT Social Justice Coalition training on sanitation advocacy, 22 October 
 CCS hosts Greenpeace film on climate and Arctic oil, Black Ice, 14 October 
 Diana Buttu CCS Seminar: The situation in Palestine, 8 October 
 Mithika Mwenda lecture on climate justice at Climate Change and Development Conference, Morocco, 7 October 
 Stefan Cramer CCS Seminar on Karoo fracking, 7 October 
 Omar Shaukat CCS Seminar: Thinking through ISIS, 1 October 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA social policy at University of Burgundy, Dijon, 25 September 
 Patrick Bond debates Mark Weisbrot on BRICS at IPS, Washington, 23 September 
 Mithika Mwenda and Patrick Bond talk on climate justice, Converge for Climate at Graffiti Church, New York City, 20 September 
 Awethu! network meets at CCS, 20 September 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South Africa at City University of New York, 18 September 
 John Saul and Patrick Bond launch books at Cape Town Open Book Fair, 17 September 
 Gcina Makoba update on recyclables project in Inanda, 15 September 
 The UKZN Centre for Civil Society and Palestine Solidarity Forum host a Gaza Documentary Screening, 11 September  
 Patrick Bond debates the causes and implications of Marikana at the Durban Democracy and Development Programme, 10 September 
 Mnikeni Phakathi & Asha Moodley CCS Seminar (with the Right to Know Campaign): Student Protest at UKZN 2014, 5 September 
 Patrick Bond debates climate and energy at Univ of Leipzig 'Degrowth' conference, Germany, 5 September 
 Gcina Makoba & Patrick Bond Durban water and sanitation policies, projects and politics, 1 September 
 Patrick Bond input on BRICS at Centre for Conflict Resolution seminar, Pretoria, 31 August 
 Patrick Bond on Resource Curses and antidotes, at Institute for Social and Economic Studies, Maputo, 28 August 
 China Ngubane & Sizwe Shiba Southern African people's solidarity dynamics, 28 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South Durban strategy, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea, 22 August 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA political economy at Chinese Academy of Marxism, Beijing, 20 August 
 Mithika Mwenda CCS Seminar: Climate change and global policy battles, 15 August 
 Niall Reddy CCS Seminar: BRICS after Fortaleza, 14 August 
 Ilan Pappé Dennis Brutus Memorial Lecture: Israel’s ethnic cleansing of Palestine, 5 August 
 UKZN CCS Masters Student Mithika Mwenda testifies on Climate Justice on Our Common Planet, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA, 4 August 
 Loraine Dongo & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Climate, oil and activism in South Africa, 31 July  
 Patrick Bond debates Intensive Energy User Group's Shaun Nel on energy, SAfm, 23 July 
 Patrick Bond debates SACP's Alex Mashilo on SA politics, SA Democratic Teachers Union KZN Province, Durban, 24 July 
 Susan Spronk Contesting Water Privatisation through an Efficiency Narrative, 23 July 
 Matt Meyer The State of the Art in Non-violent Civil Disobedience, 22 July 
 Patrick Bond discusses infrastructure finance, Fortaleza, 15 July 
 CCS-Brazilian collaboration at the 2014 BRICS Summit, 14-16 July in Fortaleza 
 Patrick Bond debates JP Landman on SA poli econ, Ike's Books, 9 July 
 Bhekinkosi Moyo CCS Seminar: Southern African civil society, 7 July 
 Jack Dyer CCS Seminar: The economic consequences of Durban's port expansion, 25 June 2014 
 Patrick Bond lecture on SA macroeconomic conditions, at UKZN SA Research Chair initiative workshop, 20 June 
 Patrick Bond debates SA soccer leader Danny Jordaan on the World Cup's legacy, BBC radio, 18 June 
 John Devenish CCS Seminar: Protests in India, South Africa & Brazil The issues participants & tactics, 17 June 2014 
 Patrick Bond debates the SA economy with MEC Mike Mabuyakhulu, UKZN Business School, 11 June 
 Patrick Bond debates sustainability at Governance Innovation conference, University of Pretoria, 5 June 
 CCS hosts mineworker solidarity event, 31 May 
 Patrick Bond lecture on South African water commodification, University of London, 30 May 
 Patrick Bond debates 'Africa Rising (or Uprising?)' in Maputo at Frelimo Political School, 29 May 2014 
 Patrick Bond speaks on global finance at the World Association for Political Economy, Hanoi, 24 May 
 Shauna Mottiar presents at 'Contentious Politics' seminar, University of Johannesburg, 22 May 
 Patrick Bond & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: BRICS from above, the middle and below: which directions for alliances and conflicts? 16 May 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS civil society, SA Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg, 13 May 
 Patrick Bond presentation on climate justice governance via skype to Linkoping University, Sweden, 8 May 
 Gcina Makoba and Thuli Hlela host Miners Shot Down in Durban townships, 1 May 
 Admos Chimhowu CCS Seminar: Food Sovereignty Discourses, Land and Labour in Southern Africa, 30 April 
 Patrick Bond presents on BRICS geopolitics and BRICS banking, Rio de Janeiro, 28-29 April 
 Shauna Mottiar delivers paper on popular protest in South Africa, Oxford University, 26 April 
 Floyd Shivambu, Innocent Ndiki, Louise Colvin and Patrick Bond CCS Workshop: Which critiques of post-Apartheid malgovernance - and which counter strategies - come next?, 25 April 
 Bram Buscher CCS Seminar: ‘I Nature’: Web 2.0, Social Media and the Political Economy of Conservation, 25 April 
 Patrick Bond discusses DeSutcliffisation at Durban University of Technology Urban Futures Centre, 24 April 
 Patrick Bond talk on SA@20 in New York, 19 April 
 Patrick Bond keynote lecture on climate, health and risk, University of Washington, Seattle, 17 April 
 Ken Walibora Waliaula CCS Seminar: Remembering and Disremembering Africa, 16 April 
 Ben Turok School of Social Sciences & CCS Seminar: With my head above the parapet: An insider account of the ANC in power, 15 April 
 Thando Manzi CCS Seminar: Brazilian civil society contests the World Cup, economic injustice and BRICS, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond gives three talks at the Association of American Geographers, Tampa, 10 April 
 Patrick Bond on comparative solidarity with Palestine and South Africa, Johns Hopkins University, 7 April 
 Patrick Bond paper on Climate Change, Debt and Justice in Africa at University of North Carolina conference, 5 April 
 Zackie Achmat, Thando Manzi, Paul Routledge Dennis Brutus Memorial Debate: The state of our social movements, from SA to BRICS to the world 31 March  
 Paul Routledge CCS/Development Studies seminar on politics of climate change, 31 March 
 Zackie Achmat and Ndifuma Ukwazi offer activist Autumn School, 31 March - 2 April 
 Prince Mashele CCS Seminar: The fall of the ANC, 28 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on a Redistributive Eco-Debt Payment system, University of Lund, 28 March 
 Waldemar Diener CCS Seminar: Identity formation amongst immigrant traditional healers, 27 March  
 Charles Mangongera & Toendepi Shonhe CCS Seminar: Who rules Zimbabwe - and what should civil society do now? , 25 March 
 Patrick Bond and Xolani Dube debate 20 years of liberation (plus booklaunch), Time of the Writer festival, 20 March 
 Lukhona Mnguni, Molaudi Sekake & Lesiba Seshoka (invited)CCS Seminar: UKZN student woes and freedom of expression, 20 March  
 Patrick Bond responds to Deputy Foreign Minister Ebrahim Ebrahim foreign policy presentation, 19 March 
 Vanessa Burger and Faith kaManzi support Durban harbour mobilisation, Dalton Hostel, 16 March 
 Israeli Apartheid Week talk by Miko Peled, CCS co-sponsorship with Palestine Solidarity movement, 14 March 
 Peter McKenzie CCS Seminar: Cato Manor Between hope and Possibility, 13 March 
 Patrick Bond testimony on water politics at SA Human Rights Commission, 11 March 
 Patrick Bond lecture at Rosa Luxemburg centenary of Accumulation of Capital, Berlin, 9 March 
 Patrick Bond seminar on SA's Resource Curse, Harare, 28 February 
 Sreeram Chaulia CCS Seminar on Brazil-Russia-India-China-SA, 25 February 
 Patrick Bond seminar on 'tokenistic' social policy at UKZN Development Studies, 19 February 
 China Ngubane addresses conference on Community Serving Humanity, UKZN, 12 February 
 Patrick Bond addresses PanAfrican Climate Justice Alliance challenges, Dakar, 10 February 
 Vishwas Satgar runs workshop on the United Front approach, 30 January 
 Patrick Bond addresses Numsa shopstewards on economic crises, Johannesburg, 25 January 
 Patrick Bond testifies to Parliament against mega-projects, 16 January 
 Shauna Mottiar Protest and participation in Cato Manor, Merebank and Wentworth, 15 January  
 Patrick Bond lecture on development and political economy and method, Birzeit University, Ramallah, Palestine, 6 January 
 Events Index 2013 
 China Ngubane and Patrick Bond speak at the People's Dialogue BRICS strategy session, Johannesburg, 10-12 December 
 Thando Manzi and Patrick Bond discuss Durban slum research at the Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, 10 December 
 Patrick Bond, Farai Maguwu and Khadija Sharife testify to African Union commission against corruption, Arusha, 7 December 
 Mithika Mwenda CCS Seminar: Report-back from Warsaw climate summit, 6 December 
 Patrick Bond debates natural capital and GDP at Wits University, Johannesburg, 5 December 
 CCS hosts Democracy from Below citizenship movement 30 November - 1 December 
 Giuliano Martinello CCS Seminar: Dispossession and resistance to SA agribusiness in the new scramble for Southern and Eastern African land, 28 November  
 Patrick Bond at South Durban BRICS-from-below campaign against port-petrochemical expansion, Wentworth, 27 November 
 Film Screenings: Non-Violence as a Strategy for Social Change: CCS Seminar room, 19 September, 17 October, 21 November 
 Patrick Bond debates climate and capitalism at COP19 in Warsaw, 17 November 
 CCS participates in South Durban People's Climate Camp, 14-17 November 
 Patrick Bond lectures on global finance in Brussels, 13-15 November 
 Patrick Bond presents on Commoning, Rights and Praxis at Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, 8 November 
 Patrick Bond public lecture on the New Africa Scramble in Berlin, 7 November 
 Patrick Bond CCS Seminar: Financial crises and social resistance, from household to global scales, 6 November 
 Gcina Makoba & Muna Lakhani CCS Seminar: Mapping Waste From Cradle to Grave: the Inkanyezi Community Recyclers and Global Zero-Waste Movement, 31 October 
 CCS founder Adam Habib launches South Africa's Suspended Revolution, Ike's Books, 29 October 
 Brutus Memorial Debate: "From democracy to kleptocracy", 26 October 
 Faith Manzi CCS Seminar: The Anatomy of a Cato Manor 'Popcorn Protest', 24 October 
 Patrick Bond critiques financial markets at Unemployment Insurance Fund board meeting, 15 October 
 Waldemar Diener CCS Seminar: Cartooning race and class after Marikana, 10 October 
 Molaudi Sekake, Christelle Terreblanche & China Ngubane CCS Seminar: Commoning as an antidote to uneven development in Southern Africa, 9 October 
 CCS PhD student Vuyiseka Dubula leads AIDS research workshop, Johannesburg, 4 October 
 CCS co-organises workshop on 'Beyond Uneven Development' in Maputo, 1-3 October 
 Patrick Bond on Durban's urban neoliberalism, Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, NYC, 29 September 
 Margherita di Paola Film Screening - On the Art of War, 20 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks on the World Economic Crisis and BRICS, at the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, 13 September 
 Patrick Bond speaks at 'Rising Powers' workshop, Fudan University, Shanghai, 12 September 
 Patrick Bond at Shanghai Academy of Social Science, 11 September  
 Patrick Bond lecture on geopolitics at Institute for International Relations, Prague, 9 September 
 Patrick Bond at G20 Post-Globalisation Initiative G20 counter-summit, St Petersburg/Moscow, 2-6 September 
 Geoff Harris & Sylvia Kaye CCS Seminar: Nonviolence in social-change strategy and tactics, 30 August 
 Patrick Bond on BRICS and 'natural capital' at Centre for Natural Resource Governance, Harare, 29 August 
 Khadija Sharife at 'No REDD in Africa Network,' Maputo, 27-29 August 
 China Ngubane helps launch Diakonia's KZN School of Activism, Albert Falls, 27 August 
 Patrick Bond at Durban Flatdwellers conference, 24 August 
 China Ngubane, Joy Mabenge & Tafadzwa Maguchu Regional and Zimbabwean civil society challenged, 22 August 
 Ed Harriman, Khadija Sharife & Sarah Bracking CCS Workshop: Corruption, corporate bribery, arms deals and social critique, 21 August 
 Simphiwe Nojiyeza & Richard Kamidza CCS Seminar: Neoliberal water, neoliberal trade, 19 August 
 Simphiwe Magwaza, Simangele Manzi, Thando Manzi, Niki Moore, Knut Nustad, Jabulile Wanda & Philani Zulu CCS seminar on Cato Manor politics, Thursday, 15 August 
 Patrick Bond debates BRICS, UKZN Student Union, 14 August 
 Patrick Bond discusses SA's economic crisis at National Union of Metalworkers, Johannesburg, 8 August 
 Christine Jeske CCS Seminar: Social conceptualizations of work, unemployment, and blame in KwaZulu-Natal, 6 August 
 Larry Swatuk CCS Seminar on water resource conflicts, 1 August 
 Lorenzo Fioramonti Centre for Civil Society Seminar: Gross Domestic Problem, 18 July 2013 
 CCS hosts Open Society's Sustainable Development course for Southern Africa, 15-27 July 
 Faith ka-Manzi, Anne-Marie Debbané & Patrick Bond CCS Seminar on Durban hotspots (Cato Manor service delivery and South Durban privatised wastewater and port/petrochem expansion), 10 July 
 Thamsanqa Mthembu & Hylton Alcock Video Screening: Participatory vide