||South Africa is an upper middle income country and yet it is beset with huge inequalities. It has been said that poverty can be linked with hunger, unemployment, exploitation and lack of access to clean water and sanitation among others . There has been a study that showed that poor households lack access to basic services, although there have been remarkable strides in the provision of clean water and adequate sanitation since 1994. According to Ingrid Woolward , 77% of the non-poor have piped water, compared with 47% poor. Yet the Constitution in section 27 provides that ‘everyone has the right to have access to sufficient water’. It continues to provide that ‘the state is obliged to respect, protect, promote and fulfil this right and should thus take reasonable legislative and other measures within its available resources to achieve the progressive realization of this right’. This means that any government policy or conduct that will be incongruent with sentiments embodied in section 27 as a whole will be deemed unconstitutional, as our constitution is the supreme law of the land.