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Publication Details

Reference
various (2010) South African civil society and xenophobia. The Atlantic Philanthropies  : 1-52.

Summary


(Johannesburg, July 2010)
This comprehensive 500-page report, coordinated by Strategy & Tactics, was written by some of South Africa's leading social and political scientists as well as civil society activists. The report analyses the conditions that allowed xenophobic violence to erupt in South Africa in May 2008, leaving 62 people dead.

But its real focus is on civil society organisations, which played a key role in mitigating the worst of the violence and assisting victims, while the state dithered.

The report includes comparative chapters looking at the post-election violence in Kenya and the genocide in the Great Lakes region, and provides the first comprehensive and progressive review of civil society in South Africa for many years.

The study offers a host of recommendations for civil society organisations, both in regard to migrants, refugees and asylum seekers - a chapter specifically written by migrant civil society organisations operating within South Africa is included. The study also comments more generally on what is needed to maintain the strength, visibility and coherence that this critical sector displayed in the transition to democracy, and again in responding to xenophobic violence.

We have posted the first two chapters of the Synthesis Report of the study on the website – Overview & Prospects and Summary of Findings and Recommendations.

However, a wealth of additional information was captured by the report in a series of other chapters and in case studies.

The full report can be downloaded by visiting the following websites:

Strategy & Tactics:

The Gauteng City-Region Observatory (a partnership between the University of Johannesburg, the University of the Witwatersrand and the Gauteng Provincial Government):

OR

ordered on CD ROM (free of charge) by e-mailing the order form below to g.bayne@atlanticphilanthropies.org

Order form




List of Contents (full report):

Synthesis Report

1. Overview & prospects
David Everatt, Strategy & Tactics/Gauteng City-Region Observatory

2. Summary of findings and recommendations
Jenny Parsley, independent researcher
David Everatt, Strategy & Tactics/Gauteng City-Region Observatory


3. Setting the scene: Migration and urbanisation in South Africa
Sally Peberdy, University of the Western Cape

4. ‘What happened’ A narrative of the May 2008 xenophobic violence
Annsilla Nyar, Gauteng City-Region Observatory

5. ‘Xenophobia and civil society: Why did it happen?
Patrick Bond, Trevor Ngwane and Baruti Amisi, Centre for Civil Society, University of KwaZulu-Natal

6. Problematising civil society: On what terrain does xenophobia flourish?
Patrick Bond, Centre for Civil Society, University of KwaZulu-Natal
Mary Galvin, independent researcher
Mazibuko Jara, independent researcher and co-editor of Amandla
Trevor Ngwane, Centre for Civil Society, University of KwaZulu-Natal


7. The media’s coverage of xenophobia and the xenophobic violence prior to and including May 2008
Matthew Smith, Strategy & Tactics

8. Migrant voices
Baruti Amisi, Centre for Civil Society, University of KwaZulu-Natal

9. Genocide and the Great Lakes Region
Matthew Smith, Strategy & Tactics

10. Stopping a conflagration: The response of Kenyan civil society to the post-2007 election violence
Karuti Kanyinga, Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi


Case Studies

1. ‘That violence was just the beginning…’: Views on ‘foreigners’ and the May 2008 xenophobic violence as expressed in focus groups staged at the time
David Everatt, Strategy & Tactics/Gauteng City-Region Observatory

2. Progressive humanitarian and social mobilisation in a neo-apartheid Cape Town: a report on civil society and the May 2008 xenophobic violence
Mazibuko Jara, independent researcher and co-editor of Amandla
Sally Peberdy, University of the Western Cape


3. Xenophobia and civil society: Durban’s structured social divisions
Baruti Amisi, Patrick Bond, Nokuthula Cele, Rebecca Hinley, Faith ka Manzi, Welcome Mwelase, Orlean Nairoo, Trevor Ngwane, Samantha Shwarer, Sheperd Zvavanhu, Centre for Civil Society, University of KwaZulu-Natal

4. ‘Many shades of the truth’: the Ramaphosa case study
Nobayethi Dube, Strategy & Tactics

5. Khutsong and xenophobic violence: Exploring the case of the dog that didn’t bark
Joshua Kirschner and Comfort Phokela, Centre for Sociological Research, University of Johannesburg

6. Towards addressing the root causes of social tensions: evaluating civil society and local government responses to xenophobic violence in Alexandra
Luke Sinwell and Neo Podi, Centre for Sociological Research, University of Johannesburg

7. Social movement responses to xenophobia: a case study of the Soweto Electricity Crisis Committee, the Anti-Privatization Forum and The Coalition Against Xenophobia
Trevor Ngwane and Nonhlanhla Vilakazi, Centre for Sociological Research, University of Johannesburg

8. COSATU’s responses to xenophobia
Mondli Hlatshwayo, Centre for Sociological Research, University of Johannesburg

9. One centre of power: The African National Congress and the violence of May, 2008
Steven Friedman, Centre for the Study of Democracy, Rhodes University/University of Johannesburg

10. ‘Business as usual’: The response of the corporate sector to the May 2008 xenophobic attacks
Annsilla Nyar, Gauteng City-Region Observatory

11. The response of churches to the violence of 2008
Sizwe Phakathi, Gauteng City-Region Observatory

12. Responding to the May 2008 xenophobic attacks: A case study of The Gift of the Givers
Ashwin Desai, Centre for Sociological Research, University of Johannesburg

13. ‘Visible and vulnerable’: Asian migrant communities in South Africa
Yoon Jung Park,, Centre for Sociological Research, University of Johannesburg
Pragna Rugunanan, Department of Sociology, University of Johannesburg


14. The right to respond: A meta-review of the role of the South African media’s coverage of xenophobia and the xenophobic violence prior to and including May 2008
Matthew Smith, Strategy & Tactics

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