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South African Protest News 15 - 27 August 2011 (2011) South African Protest News 15 - 27 August 2011.  : -.

21 held for protests
IOL News 24 August 2011

Police arrested 15 pupils and six other people during protests in Maokeng in Kroonstad on Wednesday, police said.

Spokesman Maselela Langa said protesters had been burning tyres and blockading roads in the Maokeng township since Tuesday.

Fifteen pupils were arrested for public violence after they raided high schools in the area forcing other pupils to join the protest, Langa said.

Classes were interrupted at the Bodibeng Secondary School after protesters pulled pupils from the school.

“Nobody was hurt in the process, but it was total chaos. We had to release the pupils before things got out of hand;” said a school teacher who did not want to be named.

Langa said protesters were angry about electricity cuts in the area.

Six other protesters were arrested for malicious damage to property.

Police were monitoring the situation. – Sapa

Protesters nabbed in Kwa-Thema
IOl News 25 August 2011

Police arrested eight people during protests in Kwa-Thema, Ekurhuleni, Gauteng police said on Thursday.

Captain Johannes Ramphora said the eight protesters were arrested for alleged public violence on Wednesday evening.

He said protesters gathered at the Kwa-Thema civic centre where they burnt tyres and blockaded main roads with rocks and dustbins.

Police had to use tear gas to disperse the crowd who were demanding to buy electricity directly from Eskom.

Ramphora said police were also deployed at councillors' houses in Kwa-Thema after they received threats from protesters saying they would burn down the houses.

He said there were no protests on Thursday, but police were monitoring the area in case the protesters decide to gather again in afternoon.

Three protesters were arrested for public violence on Monday. – Sapa

Residents torch Pretoria flats
IOL News 26 August 2011

Protesting residents of Schubart Park flats, in Pretoria, set fire to refuse in the stairwells on Friday morning, Tshwane emergency services said.

“There has been some tension there… because there was apparently no water or electricity in the block of flats,” said spokesman Johan Pieterse.

A flat on the 15th floor was completely gutted by the blaze, and rubbish accumulated on the stairs was set alight.

Two people were treated for smoke inhalation, Pieterse said.

In July 2008, four adults and a toddler burnt to death when neighbouring Kruger Park flats were set alight in protest against evictions from Schubart Park by a private security company.

In November 2008, the municipality announced it would renovate the block of flats, as they were seen as a health and safety hazard.

That year on Christmas day, 50 people were arrested when protests – also over water and electricity cuts – turned violent at the building. – Sapa

Ex-gangster made to dig own grave
Zara Nicholson 25 August 2011

A former gangster was rescued from being buried alive in a 3m-deep grave on a local beach by a group of men he says wrongfully accused him of stealing a vehicle.

The Delft man, who would only be identified as “Arab”, 35, said he was at home cooking when a group of men stormed into his flat asking about a stolen Quantum taxi.

Cosatu on the offensive
Jabulani Sikhakhane (IOL News ) 26 August 2011

Cosatu will embark on a major campaign in the last four months of this year in support of its demand for a living wage and the banning of labour brokers, and to oppose the electronic tolling of roads, Walmart’s takeover of Massmart and the relaxation of labour laws.

The trade union federation said on Thursday it would on Friday also kick off a campaign in Polokwane, Limpopo, against corruption by marching to the offices of the premier, the SAPS, the SA Revenue Service and the SA Local Government Association.

The statement was issued after a three-day meeting of the federation’s central executive committee.

On the Walmart issue, Cosatu said the proposed retrenchment by Pick n Pay of 3 137 workers was “clearly an attempt to anticipate the arrival of Walmart in South Africa”.

The federation said the retailer had compounded its problems by spending R110 million on rebranding itself, an amount that Cosatu described as exorbitant.

“Yet they blame their increased costs on the high number of workers.”

Cosatu said its affiliate, the SA Commercial Catering and Allied Workers Union (Saccawu), had confirmed that Pick n Pay was in talks with Tesco, a UK retail group, “about ‘efficiencies’ they would expect from Pick n Pay”.

Pick n Pay spokeswoman Tamra Veley said Tesco executives had visited the local retail group five months ago to look at its new-generation store at the corner of William Nicol and Republic roads in Hurlingham, Joburg.

“They are not talking to Pick n Pay,” Veley said.

Cosatu said it would consider Saccawu’s call for a national boycott of Pick n Pay and a march to the house of founder Raymond Ackerman.

The federation is planning a mass strike on October 5 if business, the government, labour and civil society representatives at Nedlac fail to reach agreement on the banning of labour brokers.

On initiatives to mitigate the impact of climate change, Cosatu said the transition to a low-carbon economy must not be at the expense of workers or developing countries.

The federation called on industrialised countries to pay for the damage their development had done to Earth’s atmosphere.

“A just transition provides the opportunity for deeper transformation that includes the redistribution of power and resources towards a more just and equitable social order.

“The central executive committee emphasised the importance of creating new ‘green jobs’ before we can accept cuts in existing jobs,” Cosatu said. - The Star

Cosatu 26 August 2011

COSATU KZN fully supports the march in Newcastle tomorrow by SACTWU members in the Clothing and Textile Industry. It is common knowledge that Newcastle is the seedbed of super exploitation of workers in the Clothing and Textile Industry.

COSATU in KZN has always maintained that no labour laws will ever function properly if nothing is done about those employers in Newcastle. To them nothing is of importance except super-exploitation and the advancement of maximum profit accumulation.

Clearly they are capable of defying any and every labour law under the pretence that there is labour surplus in abundance. They continue to undermine bargaining council decisions and settlements and subject workers to the worst of conditions. It is the same employers who broke the record by going on strike against government and the industry’s bargaining council. It is the same employers who locked in an employee who was highly pregnant and was forced to deliver at the workplace.

Clearly as long as there are employers like those in Newcastle the country will continue to lead the world in poverty, income inequalities and unemployment. As COSATU KZN, we will be represented by the Provincial Secretary, Zet Luzipo at the march and will be demanding full compliance with all decision of the bargaining council, an end to labour brokers and better Occupational Health and Safety.

CELL: 072 884 3456/079 514 8887

Strike makes towns’ water cuts worse
Sharika Regchand *(The Mercury) 23 August 2011

WATER cuts, which have been exacerbated since municipal workers’ downed tools last week, are threatening to cripple Underberg and Himeville, two villages dependent on tourism.

In the past 21 days, the Drakensberg villages have been without water for six days. Residents and business people blamed the ongoing problem on “bad management” at the Sisonke district municipality, which supplies the water.

However, the recent escalation in water cuts was said to be a result of the nationwide municipal workers’ strike. There were allegations that aggrieved workers had sabotaged the water supply.

However, the chairman of the local ratepayers’ association, John Jackson, said the water problems had been going on for years.

“The problem has been on and off due to water pumps breaking down,” he said.

Businessman Sam Knox expressed similar views, adding that the water cuts had an “enormous” impact on tourists.

Another businessman, Dave Adam, said that the “tourist destination is being held to ransom by Sisonke”.

Sisonke’s head of water services, Ben Ngcobo, said that work had begun over eight months ago to upgrade the water treatment plant. The main pipe from the pumping station was also being upgraded.

He added that the old reservoirs had been demolished and a new one, which was triple the size, had been erected. However, it would only be commissioned in about two months.

“In essence, when there is construction taking place there has to be disturbances here and there,” he said.

Residents save water and exercise patience because the system is being upgraded,” he said.

Sisonke municipal manager Nhlanhla Mabaso was unaware of allegations that striking municipal workers had sabotaged the water supply, but said he would investigate the claims.

Residents up in arms over stench
Lungelo Mkamba and Gugu Mbonambi 24 August 2011

WHILE armed metro police accompany and protect private companies cleaning up streets in Durban’s CBD at night, a Chatsworth community is watching as a dump grows on its doorstep.

Residents complained bitterly yesterday of the stench from their local dump.

Because the Welbedacht landfill site is full, owing to it not having been cleared since the municipal strike began, residents taking rubbish to the dump have been unable to enter and have simply dropped their refuse outside the gates.

The buildup of refuse is now spreading along the sides of Florence Nightingale Drive, which leads to the dump.

Durban Solid Waste’s head of strategic new development, Robert Abbu said: “We have allowed residents to dump the waste at the site. It is better that they don’t keep it at their residences. We are discussing these issues, but we can’t control the smell. Once the strike is over, it will be sorted out. It is not only Chatsworth with the problem. We don’t have resources because of the strike.”

Abbu would not name the other areas.

Florist Veni Padayachee said her customers had been deterred from visiting her shop by the smell at the dump, while Kuben Govender, who sells fruit and vegetables near the site, described the situation as a “health hazard”.

He, too, was feeling the effect of the smell on sales.

There are houses and the Westcliffe High School a stone’s throw from the dump.

Asked if the situation posed health risks, Priah Dass of the eThekwini communications unit said she could not comment until she had inspected the area.

Metro police spokesman Eugene Msomi confirmed that officers were protecting companies cleaning up the mess left behind by striking municipal workers.

Municipal spokesman Thabo Mofokeng said the municipality had put in action a contingency plan with private contractors.

He said 2 628 employees failed to go to work yesterday, while 977 were on leave.

“The municipality had plans to deal with the collection of refuse. However, residents were urged to only place refuse on the pavements on collection days and if it was not collected by the end of the day, to take it back inside until the next collection date. They should also call the Durban Solid Waste call centre at 031 311 8804 for assistance.”

Meanwhile, the Independent Municipal and Allied Trade Union (Imatu) would march through Durban today.

Spokesman Simon Riekert said union members would be disciplined during the march.

Police spokesman Vincent Mdunge said police arrested 43 people in Richards Bay yesterday for intimidation and public violence, 13 in Pinetown for malicious damage to property and two in Durban on similar charges.

NEHAWU 24 August 2011

NEHAWU welcomes the announced departure of Mr Charles Ndabeni as Chief Executive Officer of MTPA and we feel vindicated by these developments as we have repeatedly asserted that unless an intervention is made, the public entity under his leadership as CEO will collapse. The union has noted with a great sense of satisfaction the statement by the MEC for Economic Development, Environment and Tourism, Mr Norman Mokoena on the resignations at Mpumalanga Tourism and Parks Agency.

The recent industrial action and the subsequent march by NEHAWU members on the 5th August 2011 were as a result of his poor management style and failure to engage meaningfully with stakeholders and consequently deal properly with issues.

COSATU NW supports SAMWU marches
Cosatu 24 August 2011

The Congress of South African Trade Unions in the North West supports the municipal workers’ protest actions for better wages in the province.

COSATU calls on the municipal workers to intensify their action in order to put pressure on SALGA to adhere to their demands.

COSATU will also demand an investigation on the irregular spending of the councils during the inauguration of the mayors in the province in particular in Madibeng and Moses Kotane.

COSATU will also demand that the council of Madibeng must remove from its agenda the item of reinstating the former municipal manager, who is facing charges of corruption and fraud, and also that basic services like water should be provided to the people of Letlhabile Maboloka and other areas in the municipality

COSATU will also lead all the three marches in the province and the marches are scheduled as follows:


24 August 2011

24 August 2011

24 August 2011

26 August 2011

All members of COSATU are requested to join these marches in support of SAMWU members

For more information call COSATU NW provincial secretary Solly Phetoe 0823044055.

Municipal Workers Strike Update (Durban)
EThekwini Municipality 24 August 2011

Approximately 11.3% of eThekwini Municipalitys workforce was reported
to be absent without permission today, as the Municipal workers
strike entered its second week.

Sporadic incidents of intimidation, assault and vandalism were
reported at various Municipal depots and offices around the City,
resulting in 15 participants being arrested and charged with various

EThekwini Municipality is also preparing for the march tomorrow,
24/08/11, by members of Independent Municipal and Allied Trade Union
(Imatu). Residents and business owners are urged to avoid the march
route, which will start from King Dinizulu Park and proceed down Dr
Prixley KaSeme Street to the City Hall.

For more information contact the Municipal Spokesman, Mr Thabo
Mofokeng, on 031 311 4820 or 082 731 7456 or e-mail

NEHAWU 24 August 2011

Members of NEHAWU in Maluti Region {Qwaqwa}, Free State Province supported by the progressive organisations and community members will be marching against outsourcing and privatisation. The Premier has in the past two years consistently promised to stem the tide privatisation and take steps to reverse most of the outsourced and privatised functions back to government.

So far all provincial departments are silent about their plans of in-sourcing and continue to renew contracts of private service providers. Our union is therefore making a stand and saying enough is enough. We will be marching and handing over a memorandum of demands to the powers that be with the hope that sanity will prevail. If we do not get any satisfaction we will be forced to escalate our action to the next level.

The details of the planned march today are as follows:

Maluti region: One march
Date : 24th August 2011.
Time : 11H00
Departure point : Freedom Square in QwaQwa
Handing memorandum : Manapo Hospital

Issued by NEHAWU Communications Department

For further information, please contact Free State Provincial Chairperson-Montseng Tsiu @ 082 971 6433 or Sizwe Pamla (NEHAWU Media Liaison Officer) at 011 833 2902 or email:
Visit NEHAWU website:

Bapong ‘under control’
IOL News 26 August 2011

The situation in Bapong was “tense but under control” on Friday, five days after community protests started, said North West police.

“The situation is tense because… (on Thursday) protesters banged down a Somali tuckshop,” said Sergeant Kelebogile Moiloa.

No one had been arrested for the damage yet, she said.

The protests started on Sunday when residents blockaded the road between Sun City and Pretoria with burning tyres.

Bapong residents have accused Lonmin mine of neglecting its social responsibility to develop the area.

They have demanded that the platinum mining company employ 2 500 locals and offer bursaries to school children.

Protesters damaged vehicles belonging to the police, the mine and civilians during the week. A number of foreign-owned businesses were also looted.

The Sowetan reported that the Bapo-ba-Mogale tribal authorities threatened that they would not renew a lease agreement with the mine – which expires at the end of the month – if their demands were not met by Friday.

Lonmin CEO Ian Farmer told the newspaper that the company spent R40 million a year on community development projects.

“We split the money into (education and health services), but greater emphasis is on education because we believe educating more people will ultimately deal with issues such as high unemployment and poverty,” he said. – Sapa

19 held in North West
IOL News 23 August 2011

Nineteen people were arrested for public violence in Bapong in North West province following protests against a local mine, provincial police said on Tuesday.

The arrests were made on Monday evening, when a number of vehicles, including police cars, were damaged, Brigadier Thulani Ngubane said.

“We will not be taking police cars into the area again, we will rather use armoured riot vehicles,” he said.

Thirteen people were arrested at the weekend after blocking the road between Pretoria and Sun City. Residents began protesting on Sunday night against Lonmin employment policies at its Marikana mine.

The community wanted the company to employ local workers and help develop the town. Protesters barricaded roads and threw stones at police cars.

The SABC reported that Lonmin disputed allegations that the mine was abdicating its social responsibilities. It said community representatives were currently in talks with mine management. – Sapa

‘SlutWalk’ comes to Cape Town
Schalk Van Zuydam 20 August 2011

About 2 000 provocatively dressed protesters marched through Cape Town on Saturday, bringing an international campaign against the notion that a woman's appearance can excuse attacks to a country where rape is seen as a national crisis.

Men wore miniskirts and women draped sexy lingerie over their street clothes as they walked a route where fans partied during last year's football World Cup. Some protesters pushed their children in strollers and carried signs declaring, “Rapists rape people, not outfits,” and “Weak men rape.”

“SlutWalks” originated in Toronto, Canada, where they were sparked by a police officer's remark that women could avoid being raped by not dressing like “sluts.”

“It's very important that women should understand that their dignity should not be taken away from them,” said Tayla Orgill, who was among the Cape Town walkers.

According to the most recent police statistics, more than 55 000 cases of rape and indecent assault were reported in South Africa from 2009 to 2010. The number of sexual offenses against women climbed nearly 20 percent from the previous year, according to police. - Sapa-AP

'It's a dress, not a yes!'
Mail & Guardian 23 August 2011

Hundreds took to the streets of Cape Town in South Africa's first Slutwalk at the weekend, to protest against the idea that to stay safe from rapists, "women should avoid dressing like sluts".

Striking cleaning workers march to Prestige Cleaning Services
Satawu 23 August 2011

The South African Transport & Allied Workers Union (SATAWU) members in the cleaning sector went out on a two-weeks old strike over wage dispute. Today’s(Tuesday) over 4 000 cleaning workers will hand over memorandum of demands to Mr Paul Roux one of Prestige Cleaning Services negotiators.

Satawu’s determination to resolve the strike is marked by frantic efforts in our part and current engagements in bilateral meetings with the Employer’s Associations. Our approach to current negotiations is that management should engage in good faith as our demands in the cleaning industry are not unreasonable if consideration is given to excessive profits creamed off by the employers.

The march will take place as follows

Date: Tuesday, 23 August 2011

Time: 10H00 Venue : Karsene Depo- Heidelberg Road & Piet Street, City Deep, Johannesburg.

Handover of memorandum of demands to Mr Paul Roux : 12H00

We hope cleaning industry Employer’s Associations will come to their senses and we assure them our preparedness to reciprocate this with sanity and smartness as 10% wage increase and other related conditions of employment demands are justifiable.

Issued by: Mamokgethi Reagoikanya Molopyane

National Spokesperson -082 395 0907

Enquiries: Gauteng Provincial Secretary
Chris Nkosi - 078 625 9229

Uiswsa SRC 22 August 2011

Today (22 August, 2011) about 200 UNISWA students petitioned the UNISWA administration to open the university. They started their protest action in the morning, around 0900hrs. However, they could not get inside the university premises since the university is still not opened owing to the economic crisis in Swaziland.

The students, after delivering the petition through their SRC, then marched on the Kwaluseni road in Matsapha, from the UNISWA Kwaluseni campus all the way to Eteni (on the way to Manzini). Eteni is about three kilometres away from UNISWA Kwaluseni campus.

When the students turned, with an intention to go back to the UNISWA gate, they were joined by a police casper which tried to intimidate them. The ever defiant students, however, were not intimidated. They said they would not go back to UNISWA until and unless the police vehicle turned away. Instead they decided to defiantly sit on the road. They sat there until about 1500hrs when the SRC brought back the response from the UNISWA administration.


The UNISWA administration simply said they will not open the university because the Mswati-led government still has not, and is not willing, to pay about R80 million. The administration further stated that there is no money to run anything at the university.

Students then decided that on Wednesday, 24 August, 2011, they will march to Parliament in Lobamba.

Contact: Sibusiso Nhlabatsi
SRC Vice-President
+268 7622 0323

Lucky Lukhele- SSN spokesperson
Tell:011 339 3621
Fax: 0866135762
Mobile: 072 502 4141

NEHAWU 23 August 2011

Members of NEHAWU in Kopano Region, Free State Province supported by the progressive organisations and community members will present to the honourable Premier of the Free State province, Cde Ace Magashule a memorandum of demands on behalf of all those workers whose labour power has been mostly exploited through the utilization of private companies in government departments. In public hospitals workers are forced to work extra hours due to chronic staff shortages in the name of Performance Management Development System benefits.

The Premier has in the past two years consistently mentioned in his State of the Province Address that the government is going to in-source all outsourced services back to the public service. But unfortunately during the same period none of the departments which had outsourced their functions over the years had in their budget speeches and planning made provisions for in-sourcing.

If the departments are silent about their plans of in-sourcing and continue to renew contracts, this promise as contained in the Premier’s State of the Province Address is reduced into nothing else but a public stunt with neither outcomes nor programs for implementation.

Our members who work for these private companies are subjected to cruel, brutal and exploitative working conditions in the public service with meagre salaries. This happens while the owners of companies get millions from government and continue to immorally and obscenely enrich themselves at the expense of the poor workers. They make huge profits for doing absolutely nothing.

Our union is therefore making a stand and saying enough is enough. We will be marching and handing over a memorandum of demands to the powers that be with the hope that sanity will prevail. If we do not get any satisfaction we will be forced to escalate our action to the next level.

The details of the planned march tomorrow are as follows:

Kopano region: Welkom

DATE : 23rd August 2011

TIME : 9H00

DEPARTURE POINT : Mannis Taxi Rank

HANDING OVER OF MEMORANDUM : Department of Home Affairs

Strikers promise worse chaos
IOL News 20 August 2011

Striking municipal workers in eThekwini threatened to “intensify” their actions from today, including plunging Durban into darkness, leaving the city without water and “causing casualties”. If this happens, eThekwini will end up in a similar state to areas in eShowe and Underberg where residents have been left without water.

South African Municipal Workers Union (Samwu) secretary general Nhlanhla Nyandeni said last night their strike would continue until their wage demands were met.

Samwu downed tools earlier this week for an 18 percent increase, or R2 000, whichever was the greater. The South African Local Government Association (Salga) has offered 6.8 percent. Nyandeni said if there was no positive feedback from Salga, the union was willing to “intensify” their strike action from today.

“All the depots, Durban Solid Waste, water, electricity and other essential services will come to a standstill,” said Nyandeni. He said even the Metro Police departments would be affected.

“If there’s no response by Monday, the struggle will intensify, the whole city will be in darkness, there will be no water, there will be casualties as well,” said Nyandeni.

He said the union was opposed to the city employing “scab” labourers to collect refuse, saying those workers would be “stopped”.

The interdict secured by eThekwini municipality was “null and void” he said, as the union had legally opposed it.

“We led arguments in court yesterday, and as such the existing interdict is not applicable,” said Nyandeni.

Yesterday, about 350 workers picketed outside the Florence Mkhize building on Anton Lembede (Smith) Street.

“The city lost a lot in revenue because people couldn’t make payments,” said Nyandeni.

Meanwhile, Independent Municipal and Allied Trade Union (Imatu) regional manager Dave Rogers said their strike had begun yesterday but he was unable to say how many of their members had opted to down tools.

“We have a lot of essential service workers who will probably continue to work,” he said.

Imatu has about 12 000 members in eThekwini and Rogers expects about half of those to march in the Durban city centre on Wednesday. Samwu held their march on Wednesday, during which some members burnt rubbish bins.

eThekwini municipality spokesman Thabo Mofokeng said there had been sporadic acts of violence yesterday.

“There were breaches in terms of the rules of picketing, but the city is engaging with the unions on this,” said Mofokeng, adding that residents should keep their refuse bags inside their properties and place them on the pavement only on refuse collection days.

Striking municipal workers on the rampage in the Eshowe area caused serious damage to a number of water meters, leading to massive water losses, as well as smashing the windows at the uMlalazi Municipal offices and overturning rubbish bins on to the street.

Yesterday, Danie Lubbe, acting municipal manager for uThungulu District Municipality, under which uMlalazi Municipality falls, said reservoir levels were getting dangerously low.

At uMhlathuze Municipality, in Richards Bay, workers set tyres alight and stormed the municipal buildings earlier this week to hand over a memorandum of grievances.

In the Kwasani municipality, in the Underberg area, charges of sabotage were expected to be laid by the local councillors against striking municipal staff. DA councillor Dave Adam said water valves were selectively shut down, depriving local homes, businesses and tourist destinations in the area of water supplies.

Pietermaritzburg, spokesman Brian Zuma said there had been no violent incidents there yesterday.

“Striking workers, however, have been served with a court interdict which says that essential service workers have to return to work,” said Zuma.

Salga could not be reached for comment yesterday. - Independent on Saturday

Municipal workers start Joburg march
Business Report 19 August 2011

“There's no bread for the poor. We all buy the same bread for the same price. Even executives pay the same price we pay,” SA Municipal Workers' Union (Samwu) provincial chairman Koena Ramotlou told protesters before the march started around noon.

He said the 18 percent they were demanding would improve their lives.

The SA Local Government Association (Salga) has offered six percent.

“The employer could afford the 18 percent without increasing rates and taxes, check what the executives are taking home,” said Ramotlou.

The Samwu members were marching to Salga's offices in Braamfontein, but there was little sign of Samwu's claim that 60

percent of workers would participate.

Only about 500 workers arrived, and the march started two hours late.

Union officials have denied claims that disgruntled members are boycotting the national strike because of corruption within its provincial leadership.

Johannesburg metro spokeswoman Edna Molewa said on Friday that at least 15 roads would be closed for the duration of the march, while Metrobus spokeswoman Esther Dreyer warned commuters that no buses would run in the city centre.

“We will be withdrawing buses from the city centre from 9am to 2pm in view of the Samwu march... to safeguard passengers and protect our property,” she said.

On Thursday, City of Johannesburg spokesman Nthatisi Modingoane said most municipal departments had shown full attendance despite the strike that started on Monday.

“Work is continuing, none of our services have been affected.”

The SABC reported on Monday that 85 percent of Samwu members in Gauteng were not taking part in the strike.

Elsewhere in the country this week, municipal workers trashed several cities, including Cape Town, Pietermaritzburg and Nelspruit.

According to a report in Beeld newspaper on Friday, police ordered the Nelspruit marchers to clean up their mess before allowing them to proceed with their march.

It took them so long to clean up that they were three hours late for the handing over of their memorandum, by which time municipal officials had already left. - Sapa

Rubber bullets fired at protesters
The Mercury 19 August 2011

Rubber bullets were fired at protesters in Tembisa, near Kempton Park, on Friday, Ekurhuleni metro police said.

“They were stoning (metro) police vehicles. We asked them nicely to stop, but they didn't so we had no further option but to shoot them with rubber bullets,” said Inspector Mveli Nhlapo.

Earlier, he said protesters were being allowed to proceed to the Mehlareng Stadium even though their march was illegal.

“The protesters have said they going to the stadium to speak to their leaders and then they will disperse. So we are giving them the go ahead.”

Residents were apparently protesting about the high cost of electricity.

They had burnt tyres and blocked roads in the area and were intimidating people into staying away from work said Nhlapo.

Four schools had been closed as a result of the protest. “Children were told not to go school and the residents did not want the schools opened,” he said. - Sapa

Seven held during Thembisa protests
IOL News 19 August 2011

Seven people were arrested during protests in Tembisa, near Kempton Park, on Friday, Ekurhuleni metro police said.

They faced charges of public violence and malicious damage to property, said Inspector Mveli Nhlapo.

Earlier, metro police fired rubber bullets at protesters who were stoning their vehicles.

“We asked them nicely to stop, but they didn't so we had no further option but to shoot them with rubber bullets,” Nhlapo said.

The seven people arrested had been involved in the stoning.

The situation had since quietened down and protesters were starting to disperse, he said.

Residents were apparently protesting about the high cost of electricity.

They had burnt tyres and blocked roads in the area and were intimidating people into staying away from work, said Nhlapo.

Four schools had been closed as a result of the protest. “Children were told not to go school and the residents did not want the schools opened,” he said. - Sapa

Striking Cleaning Workers led by SATAWU Gauteng to hand over a memorandum

Striking cleaning workers will hand over a memorandum of demands to a representative from the Department of Labour in Tshwane today . “Our members have turned out in numbers to support their striking cleaning colleagues.” Said Chris Nkosi –Gauteng Provincial Secretary. We expect about 3000 workers to be gathered Church Square- Tshwane at 10h00am Friday, 19 August 2011. Then march to the Department of Labour in Schoeman Street to hand over a memorandum of demands at 12h00.

In the memorandum, workers are asking that all issues be resolved, of which the critical one is the minimum wage of R4200 across the board. This is the Women’s Month (August), the sector is obviously dominated by women as per the statistics, We want Minister Oliphant to speak on behalf of her fellow women who are abused by capital and greedy small and medium companies in the pretext of BEEE.

Issued by; Mamokgethi Reagoikanya Molopyane, Satawu Spokesperson
082 395 0907/011 333 6127
twitter: @Reagoikanya

SAMWU Gauteng provincial march tomorrow

Media, both print and visual, are hereby invited to the Provincial March of the SAMWU Gauteng Province. The March would be held as follows:

DATE: 19th August 2011

TIME: 09H00

VENUE: Peter Rose Park (Braamfontein) Corner of Victoria Street & Empire Road

The march will move from Peter Rose Park towards Hooft Street (Parktown) via Empire Road – Victoria Street – Joubert Extension and onto Hooft Street, where SALGA’s offices are.

We will be marching to the Premier’s Office thereafter, which is on Simmonds Street, Central Johannesburg.

For more information please do not hesitate to contact the following people:

Koena Ramotlou: Provincial Chairperson at 073 254 9394

Ntsikelelo Klaas: Provincial Secretary at 071 3631 843

Issued by;

Tahir Sema.
South African Municipal Workers' Union of COSATU.
National Media and Publicity Officer.
Office: 011-331 0333.

Fax: 0866186479.
Cell: 0829403403.


“We find the use of state machinery to undermine workers’ rights deplorable.” Said SAMWU Provincial Secretary, Andre Adams this morning. This statement comes after a number of workers were arrested for participating in lawful pickets, in the City of Cape Town, authorised by the Union in order to achieve our wage demands.

This alarming trend of the use of police to intervene on behalf of employers, in a labour dispute, is worrying and is a stark reminder of the role the police played in the hey days of apartheid.

The Union has sent formal communication to the Commissioner of Police in the Western Cape, to instruct his officers to refrain from harassing our members who are exercising their lawful right to picket outside municipal premises.

“If the commissioner fails to instruct his officers to refrain from harassing workers in exercising their lawful right to picket, we will not hesitate to go to court to seek an order to restrain the police in this regard.” Said Adams.

We are awaiting a response from the commissioner and depending on his response, will instruct our attorneys accordingly.

For comment contact SAMWU’s Provincial Secretary, Andre Adams on 074 177 2344 or SAMWU’s Provincial Chairperson Jonathan Krakri on 083 559 2427

Issued by;

Tahir Sema.
South African Municipal Workers' Union of COSATU.
National Media and Publicity Officer.
Office: 011-331 0333.

Fax: 0866186479.
Cell: 0829403403.

SATAWU Eastern Cape members will be marching to the Provincial Department of Labour

About 8000 workers in the Eastern Cape will be marching to the provincial Department of Labour on Friday, 19 August 2011, in support of the on-going National Cleaning strike. They will hand over a memorandum of demands to the National Contract Cleaners' Association (NCCA) at 13h30pm.

The march will take place in three areas:

· Umtata – from Satawu offices to the Department of Labour
· Port Elizabeth – from Nongoloza Njebe to the Department of Labour
· East London – from North Ed Stadium to the Department of Labour

“Nothing will stop us from achieving our demands as they are just and intended to improve the living conditions of our members. We are prepared to fight as long as selfish employers refuse to ensure that workers are entitled to better living wages,” said Eastern Cape Secretary Honest Sinama.

· All Unions in the strike are demanding 10% increase across the board
· 40 working hours a week
· 7% equal contribution to the Provident Fund

The employers are currently offering 8% across the board but have kept mum on the working hours.

Issued by SATAWU Eastern Cape

Contact: Eastern Cape Provincial Secretary- Honest Sinama- 072 610 6775

Students protest Jansen's crackdown on UFS politics
Mail & Guardian 17 August 2011

A group of students were on Wednesday protesting in front of the main building of the University of Free State (UFS) Bloemfontein campus.

Provincial South African Student Congress (Sasco) chairperson Manyene Lesapo said they want the removal of UFS rector Jonathan Jansen.

"He has burned political structures on campus."

Lesapo said they were unhappy with the upcoming Student Representative Council (SRC) election that was due to take place at the end of the month. He said there was no political activity allowed on campus.

This year candidates for the SRC will go through a selection process and they would stand alone for a position on the SRC. These candidates are allowed no backing from political formations.

The UFS posted details of the illegal march on its Facebook page, saying the protest was by people mainly from outside the campus.

Students gathered in front of the main building and emptied rubbish bins.

The protest was watched by policemen. -- Sapa

Thousands march in the Free State to demand safety
NUM 17 August 2011

Thousands of mineworkers will tomorrow march from the Orange Circle in Dorn, Welkom in the Free State to the Town Hall to demand that the mining industry, the Department of Mineral Resources and the Department of Labour take seriously their demand for their safety. This is part of the build-up towards the national day of mourning which will be held on the 4th of October 2011 where mineworkers will down tools in pursuit of their demand to be safe.

A memorandum will be delivered to representatives of the mining industry, the Department of Mineral Resources and the Department of Labour. The details of the march are as follows:

Time: 14H00
Venue: Gather at the Orange Circle in Dorn

The march in the Free State will be followed by another in Limpopo next week, the 27th August. The National Union of Mineworkers is committed to pressure the mining industry to ensure that workers do not die at work as well as to force the government departments to act decisively when workers loose their lives at work. To date, a total of 79 miners lost their lives in the country and the figure is rising. The target in terms of fatalities is zero and the mining industry remains defiant when it comes to compliance.

Patrick Mira (Regional Health and Safety Chairperson)- 073 392 0019

Lesiba Seshoka- (NUM National Spokesman)- 082 803 6719

Workers in Limpopo come out in their numbers

Workers in the Limpopo province have come out in their numbers today and yesterday, demanding a double digit annual wage increase. Contrary to what the employer body SALGA has been saying.

The Union vehemently rejects the lies and propaganda being spread, by the employer, that workers in Limpopo have not been participating in the Unions National Strike Action. The momentum in the province is building rapidly and workers protests are on Thursday to culminate into a massive Provincial march.

Services will be halted at all municipalities in the province. Marches have attracted thousands this morning. 85% of the workforce in the province is participating in the National Strike action.

SAMWU has embarked on a national strike action which begun on the 15th of August 2011. A series of strike activities are currently underway throughout the country.

As indicated in previous communiqués, we rejected the paltry offer of 6% made to workers by the employer body, SALGA. We are demanding 18% or R2000, whichever is greater.

For comment contact SAMWU’s Provincial Secretary Alfred Sithole on 072 159 6495.

Issued by;

Tahir Sema.
South African Municipal Workers' Union of COSATU.
National Media and Publicity Officer.
Office: 011-331 0333.

Fax: 0866186479.
Cell: 0829403403.

Strikers wreak havoc across the country
IOL News 17 August 2011

In Pretoria the heavy presence of Tshwane Metro Police and SAPS officers did not deter the workers from overturning dustbins on city streets.

The workers, mostly from the waste management and electricity divisions, sang songs insulting Tshwane mayor Kgosientso Ramokgopa and his executive for “refusing to give us our money”.

They marched to the city’s finance offices in Pretorius Street, where they were addressed by SA Municipal Workers Union (Samwu) regional secretary Zebulon Monkoe and chairman Sonnyboy Moloto.

Monkoe told workers that Samwu found it unacceptable that the newly-appointed city manager Jason Ngobeni stood to earn an annual package of R2.7 million yet workers’ demand for an 18 percent pay hike was being rejected.

“Comrades, we cannot accept these contradictions while we are struggling to maintain our livelihoods. We also reject the lies being spread that we are not united in our actions. The workers are united in this strike and it will go on until our demands are met,” he told workers.

Moloto said they were due to march again on Wednesday and enforce “a total shutdown” of all municipal services, by ensuring that all Samwu-affiliated members take part in the strike.

The workers eventually dispersed after a warning from the SAPS and the metro police that they had exhausted their allocated time to march on the streets.

In Cape Town, striking workers looted vendor stalls, set plastic bins on fire and smashed the windows of vehicles as they protested in the city centre.

Shortly after 2pm the city’s main shopping avenue, Adderley Street, was covered with litter and burnt-out bins. Shops on the street locked their doors as the workers, who smashed windows of vehicles, approached. Parliament, near the top end of Adderley Street, was cordoned off by police.

Thirteen protesters were arrested and would be charged with public violence, police said.

Samwu spokesman Tahir Sema said on Tuesday the union did not condone any form of trashing. “This detracts the attention from what the workers are fighting for,” said Sema.

Striking workers might have decided to trash the streets because they wanted to send a message, he said. “We understand what workers are doing; they want their voices to be heard by the employers.”

Sema said the strike, which started on Monday, was intensifying and that it would culminate in protest marches in the different provinces within the next few days.

The union had not received any revised wage offer from the employer body, the South African Local Government Association (Salga), he said.

According to Sema, Samwu would like to see the strike action ending as soon as possible. “We are waiting for the employer to come to the negotiating table,” said Sema.

Salga spokeswoman Melisa Kentane said their doors were still open for negotiations. “We are still waiting for the unions to come back to us,” said Kentane, adding that the 18 percent demanded by the unions was unaffordable.

Striking municipal workers also littered the streets of central Pietermaritzburg and forced several roads to be closed.

Police officers cordoned off the area around Commercial and Langalibalele streets, while attempts were made to clear roads and sidewalks.

Msunduzi municipality spokesman Brian Zuma acknowledged the strike was affecting services.

Traffic in the CBD was disrupted when traffic lights went out on Albert Luthuli Street, one of the city's busiest. He denied suggestions foul play was behind the outages.

“We have established that one of the transformers had problems and this resulted in the outages in some parts of the city,” Zuma said.

The municipality would use independent contractors to attend to water and electricity-related problems.

Meanwhile the DA in KwaZulu-Natal called on Samwu to call its members to order. With the strike on its second day, DA leader Sizwe Mchunu expressed concern at the amount of filth in the city.

“We call on Samwu to immediately rein in its members. While strikers have a right to declare their grievances, this has to be done in a peaceful and non-destructive manner.”

Tshwane Metro Council spokesman Pieter de Necker said the strike had not had any huge impact on the municipality’s ability to render services. He said the municipality’s bus service was operational, with all shifts running throughout Tshwane.

The municipality’s political leadership had expressed their disappointment with Samwu members who took to the streets in Pretoria’s CBD on Tuesday, he said.

“No permission was granted by the Tshwane Metro Police Division for any marches in the city. It is estimated that about 120 people took part in the illegal march.

“Although dustbins were emptied on the streets, no reports of violence were received.”

De Necker said the metro police had made it clear that CCTV footage would be used as evidence to discipline employees for littering and public disturbance.

“The leadership is humbled by the fact that many city employees reported for work today (Tuesday).

“The expectation is that our residents will be serviced and complaints will be attended to,” he said.

De Necker said some departments reported that some employees did report, but were on a “go slow”, and not working. “The city will not tolerate such behaviour and strong action will be taken,” he said. - Pretoria News, Sapa

Uproar over Hillary housing
Nondumiso Mbuyazi 16 August 2011

Tenants of a Hillary housing complex have managed to obtain an urgent court order preventing 93 families from being evicted.

Angry tenants burnt tyres, brandished sticks and stones and danced in the pouring rain outside the Valley View complex on Charles Winser Drive yesterday.

The feud between the tenants and Sohco – a company which develops and manages affordable rental flats for families with a monthly household income of between R2 400 and R7 800 – had begun early last year when a small group of tenants had encouraged others to stop paying rent, said the company’s CEO, Heather Maxwell.

She said eviction orders had been granted for 93 tenants, after both the High and Supreme courts ruled in favour of Sohco. The complex has 157 units.

The tenants subsequently lodged an urgent application at the Durban High Court on Sunday, seeking permission to file an appeal with the Constitutional Court.

Representatives from the sheriff’s office, accompanied by the police and private security guards, were about to evict the tenants yesterday morning when the tenants received the court order preventing the evictions from going ahead until the matter was resolved at the Constitutional Court.

“A large number of tenants have continued to pay rent in terms of their agreement with Sohco, despite active intimidation from non-paying tenants,” said Maxwell.

Sohco is partly funded by government housing subsidy programmes and partly by bank loans taken out by the company.

Maxwell said the company was left with no option but to institute eviction proceedings against non-paying tenants through the courts after exhausting all other avenues.

A letter served to the tenants on Friday from the sheriff for Durban Central, Richie Maree, stated that the tenants were to be evicted yesterday.

“I am giving you the opportunity to avoid this humiliating experience for you and your family. Particularly for your children. I have decided to give you the opportunity to remove yourself from the premises in a dignified manner, over the weekend,” reads the letter.

Sohco had no choice but to postpone the evictions, said Maxwell.

Bearing placards with messages such as “We are not going anywhere”, “These are our flats” and “Go to hell”, the disgruntled tenants accused the company of several discrepancies. They allege that the company is charging them exorbitant rental fees, which were not agreed on when they moved in the complex in 2008.

The tenants also allege that they were promised full ownership of the flats after renting for four years but the company had since gone back on its word.

Troy Morrow, the complex chairman, said that prior to the tenants moving in, they had been told the rent would range from R850 to R1 500.

The new rent, he said, now ranged from R850 to R2 850. “We can’t afford this amount,” said Morrow.

Maxwell rejected as totally baseless claims that the tenants had been misled about how much rent they would pay.

She also denied the full ownership claims.

“During a comprehensive application process, it was made clear that the units are available only on a rental basis,” she said.

Police spokesman, Captain Thulani Zwane, said no one had been arrested and no cases had been opened.

SATAWU North West cleaners to march to the provincial office of the Department of Labour

SATAWU North West will be marching in support of our striking cleaning members. The march will start at 12h00 today from the bus rank to Game centre in Rustenburg North West. We are expecting more than 800 cleaning workers. We are expecting COSATU , SACP and ANC in the province for solidarity support. Fighting together we can achieve more for our workers!

The workers in this industry are vulnerable and amongst the most exploited by employers. SATAWU North West is calling on the Department of Labour to fast-track the process of establishing wage policy framework that will impose a minimum wage to the employers.

The memorandum will be handed to the Provincial Manager of Department of labour to forward it to the employers representatives, workers won’t rest until the demands are met. They want a living wage not peanuts.

Our demands are:
1. R4200 basic salary
2. 13th Cheque
3. 7% contribution to Provident Fund
4. Establishment of bargaining council.

Issued by SATAWU North West

Contact: North West Provincial Secretary- Job Dliso- 082 463 1840/ 071489 1384

Strikes continue in mining, municipal sectors
Mail & Guardian 16 August 2011

More than 200 000 municipal workers walked off the job on Monday, a trade union said, in a strike which intensifies labour strife that has rocked Africa's biggest economy.

However, the South African Broadcast Corporation reported that more than 85% of workers from the South African Municipal Workers Union (Samwu) had boycotted the strike because of corruption within the "dysfunctional" provincial leadership.

Their employer, the South African Local Government Association (Salga), said it was pleasantly surprised by the number of union members who arrived for work.

"We somehow expected it. We had put contingencies in place if the eventuality arose where we were overwhelmed ... but there was not too much buy-in in Gauteng at least," said operations chief Lance Joel.

He said if Gauteng did not attract strikers, it would be difficult to do so in any other province.

Samwu general secretary Mthandeki Nhlapo said he could not comment on participation until he had received feedback from provinces.

Double-digits only
Samwu has formally asked for a wage increase of 18%, well above the 5% inflation rate, and have said they will not settle for less than a double-digit increase. Employers have offered 6%.

"In all likelihood, municipal workers will not get 18%," Samwu spokesperson Tahir Sema told Reuters. "We do have a bottom line position of 10%. We are not willing to compromise or settle for anything less than 10%."

No talks are planned with the employers.
Samwu said 145 000 of its members joined the strike along with more than 55 000 from other unions. Its previous rallies have been punctuated by members parading through urban centres, overturning rubbish bins and spreading litter on streets.

Most of the disputes in the current, annual mid-year bargaining session, known locally as "strike season", have been settled with deals for 7% to 10% wage increases.

Economists have said settlements well above inflation make the country less competitive by pushing up the cost for a workforce already more expensive and less efficient than its emerging market rivals.

Employers have responded by cutting jobs in a country where unemployment is already running at 25%.

The ruling African National Congress, in a governing alliance with organised labour, does not want to antagonise a group that has supplied it with millions of votes by pushing workers to accept more modest pay hikes.

Platinum and electricity
In other wage disputes, platinum miners and union members of state utility Eskom have been in talks with employers, who are trying to head off strikes in the two vital sectors.

Talks are expected this week between the powerful National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) and the world's top two platinum producers, Anglo American Platinum and Impala Platinum (Implats).

Since South Africa is the biggest producer of the precious metal used in jewellery and catalytic converters for cars, any strike would probably have an impact on global platinum prices.

The NUM said on Saturday that Implats had improved its pay rise offer to between 8% and 10%, but the labour group wants bigger, double-digit, increases.

NUM members at Eskom and two other unions plan a meeting on Tuesday on whether to accept a 7% offer from the utility that supplies nearly all of the country's power. The unions, which won hefty wage hikes last year, have been seeking 13% this year.

Any significant pay rises would affect the utility's strained balance sheet and could lead to further steep rises in electricity tariffs.

Meanwhile, the NUM on Monday rejected the latest pay rise offer from Exxaro Coal.

The union said in July it was demanding a 14% rise in wages from Exxaro operations not represented by the chamber of mines.

On Monday the union said the company had offered wage increases of between 8% and 10% depending on worker's category. The offer was for two years, it said.

"The NUM has rejected these offers ... The NUM will approach the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration for conciliation," the union said in a statement. -- Reuters, Sapa

‘Samwu strike boycotted by most’
Business Report 15 August 2011

Over 85 percent of SA Municipal Workers' Union (Samwu) members boycotted a strike over wage increases in Gauteng on Monday, the SABC reported.

Workers told the broadcaster they did not take part because of corruption within the “dysfunctional” provincial leadership.

Their employer, the SA Local Government Association (Salga), said it was pleasantly surprised by the number of union members who arrived for work.

“We somehow expected it. We had put contingencies in place if the eventuality arose where we were overwhelmed... but there was not too much buy-in in Gauteng at least,” operations chief Lance Joel told Sapa.

He said if Gauteng did not attract strikers, it would be difficult to do so in any other province.

Samwu general secretary Mthandeki Nhlapo said he could not comment on participation until he had received feedback from provinces.

Workers around the country took to the streets on Monday for an 18 percent wage increase.

In Cape Town workers banged on bins and made fires out of trash outside the city's offices. Workers marched peacefully to the Bram Fischer building in Bloemfontein.

City of Johannesburg spokesman Nthatisi Modingoane said all essential services were running, despite the strike.

In Tshwane, only 17 percent workers failed to report for duty. In KwaZulu-Natal strikers stayed home as chilly weather gripped the province.

Samwu members wanted an 18 percent pay hike or R2000, whichever was greater.

Members rejected a six percent increase made to workers. Salga spokeswoman Milisa Kentane said their offer stood at 6.08 percent.

“Our doors remain open (for talks). But 18 percent is just not an option. Our municipalities will be unable to carry that.” - Sapa

COSATU at Rustenburg court
Cosatu 15 august 2011

The Congress of South African Trade Unions in the North West will stage a picket at the Rustenburg magisterial court on 16 August 2011.

The picket will be in demand of the arrest of all the other suspects who are implicated in the murder of comrade Moss Phakoe and that the arrested suspect must not be granted bail until he tells the police who his masters are.

We also demand that the current speaker of Rustenburg municipality and the mayor be removed, because the suspect was the bodyguard of the former mayor who is the speaker today and the current mayor appointed the same suspect in his office as a bodyguard and driver.

COSATU believes that the death of comrade Moss was political and he was killed for exposing corruption.

COSATU once more congratulates the current investigating team for the progress made thus far.

We call all our members and all communities around Bojanala to support our demonstrations.

The picket will start at 09H00 at the Rustenburg magistrate court.

For more information contact Solly Phetoe COSATU North West Provincial secretary at 082 304 4055

Two killed in mob justice
IOL News 15 August 2011

Two men were killed in mob justice incidents in the Eastern Cape, police said on Monday.

Brigadier Marinda Mills said Lusanda Kongolo was beaten up after he was accused of attempting to rape an elderly woman on Sunday. He was also accused of the rape and murder of an elderly woman in July this year.

Kongolo died in hospital due to the injuries he suffered. Four men have been arrested in connection with the assault.

In another incident also on Sunday, in Pola Park, Mthatha, 28-year-old Banda Maphelo was beaten to death after it was alleged that he had broken into several houses.

“He was allegedly caught in the act on Sunday,” said Mills.

A woman and two men were arrested in connection with his murder.

Three people arrested in Pola Park were expected to appear in the Mthatha Magistrate's Court on Tuesday and four arrested in Indwe would appear in the Indwe Magistrate's Court on Tuesday. – Sapa

‘Municipal workers intimidating colleagues’
IOL News 15 August 2011

Municipal workers in Cape Town have been intimidating their colleagues into taking part in a country wide wage strike, the City of Cape Town said on Monday.

“The city has noticed a concerning trend whereby union members are coming into work and trying to intimidate their colleagues into participating in the strike and hindering the delivery of municipal services,” a statement from the city said.

“Incidents of intimidation related to the strike have already been reported throughout Cape Town.”

The city said it had to temporarily close the Khayelitsha Fire Station, the Masiphumelele and Fish Hoek clinics and the driving licence testing centres at Khayelitsha and Fish Hoek after staff were intimidated.

“We respect the right of workers to strike, but strongly condemn striking workers resorting to violence and intimidation,” said the city’s mayoral committee member for corporate services, Demetri Qually.

The SA Municipal Workers Union launched the strike for an 18 percent increase on Monday.

The South African Local Government Association (Salga) has said that it cannot afford to meet the increase and has offered the workers 6,08 percent.

Members of the Independent Municipal and Allied Trade Union (Imatu) are due to join the strike on August 19.

“The wage demands are completely unrealistic,” Qually said.

“For each percentile demanded, the city would have to increase its wage budget by R67 million.

“The City cannot reprioritise its budget in this way, because amongst other things vacancies could not be filled, possibly even having to reduce staffing levels.

“Service delivery would be negatively affected.”

Qually said the principle of “no work no remuneration” would apply to all municipal staff on strike.

The strike is expected to affect solid waste services, refuse removal in formal and informal areas, street sweeping, emptying of public bins, the removal of illegal dumping and services to businesses and industries. - Sapa

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