||Climate Justice Protests at the US Consulate
Climate Change Gridlock: Where Do We Go From Here? (Part 1)
Patrick Bond of CCS and other analysts of Conference of the Parties gridlock critique the UN and major polluters - and propose bottom-up civ soc alternatives.
Global warming is no longer a fear for the future, it’s threatening human civilization now. But a good portion of humanity doesn’t seem that concerned. On this edition, part 1 of a special 2 part series, Brian Edwards-Tiekert takes us through the climate change that is happening, the political response that isn’t, and the people trying to break the gridlock.
This series was made possible by a grant from The Lia Fund, with additional support from The Cultural Conservancy.
Tim Flannery, author of “The Weathermakers”; Professor Joseph Alcamo, United Nations Environment Program chief scientist; James Inhofe, US Senator from Oklahoma; Bernaditas Muller, South Centre climate change special advisor; Patrick Bond, Center for Civil Society director at the University of Kwazulu-Natal in Durban, South Africa; Enele Soapala, Tuvalu minister for foreign affairs, environment, and labor; Barack Obama, President of the United States; Stanislaus Lumumba Di-Aping, South Sudanese diplomat; Kumi Naidoo, Greenpeace International executive director; Mohamed Nasheed, President of the Maldives; Terisa Turner, University of Guelph economist, Nnimo Bassey, Friends of the Earth International chair
For more information:
Climate Signals – An Inventory of Climate Change Impact Reports
Mobilization for Climate Justice
Center for Civil Society, University of Kwazulu-Natal
Indigenous Environmental Network
Senator James Inhofe
The South Centre
Tuvalu and Global Warming
Friends of the Earth International
COP 17 in Durban, South Africa
From Bonn to Durban, climate meetings are Conferences of Polluters
Patrick Bond 22 June 2011
Judging by what transpired at last week’s global climate negotiations in
the former West German capital, Bonn, it appears certain that in just
over five months time, the South African port city of Durban will host a
conference of procrastinators, the ‘COP 17’ (Conference of Parties),
dooming the earth to the frying pan. Further inaction on climate change
will leave our city’s name as infamous for elite incompetence and
political betrayal as is Oslo’s in the Middle East.
The South African government’s ‘talk left walk right’ climate policy
Patrick Bond 2 February 2011
It’s worth downloading a copy of South Africa’s new National Climate Change Response Green Paper (http://www.climateresponse.co.za) to prepare for the local deluge of technical and political debate that Durban will host in exactly eight months’ time.
As the Kyoto Protocol’s Conference of the Parties (also known as the Durban ‘COP 17’) draws closer, we will encounter even more frequent public relations blasts than witnessed in the same International Convention Centre district a decade ago, before the World Conference Against Racism in 2001, and again last year during the soccer World Cup.
The Pretoria government’s greenwashing challenges this year include distracting its citizens from concern about:
>GRIEVANCES ABOUT WORLD BANK FUNDING TO SOUTH AFRICA FOR THE MEDUPI POWER PLANT
Press release from ActionAid International:
Global Climate Fund Must Leave World Bank Behind
As the negotiations plod along slowly at the Cancun climate conference, the World Bank is moving fast to capture the vast majority of the “fast-start finance” promised to developing countries while at the same time vying for a bigger role in the future climate finance architecture.
But the World Bank is the wrong host for climate finance, and ActionAid joins hundreds of other NGOs in calling for the World Bank to simply: “Go home!”.
Instead a Global Climate Fund should be established during the COP16 in Cancun.
“The World Bank is simply the wrong institution to manage funding for climate change. How can we trust an institution with such a poor track record in involving affected communities in its work, that continues to violate the polluter pays principle by offering loans to help countries adapt to the impacts of climate change, and continues to exacerbate the climate crisis by investing billions of dollars worth of dirty fossil fuel projects?” says Ilana Solomon, Policy Analyst with ActionAid.
The alternative – a Global Climate Fund under the authority of the COP – should:
Be designed within the UNFCCC in an inclusive, open, and transparent process led by experts in climate, development, and other relevant areas, including negotiators and civil society. This should be completed by next UN climate change conference.
Have a representative governance structure that should include a majority of developing countries and should, like the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria, include at least one civil society representative from a developed country, at least one civil society representative from a developing country, and at least one person from a community affected by climate change in a developing country.
Have no role for the international financial institutions in its management or governance.
Ensure the participation of affected communities, particularly women, at all layers of decision making.
Ensure that funding is directly accessible to developing countries and subnational entities.
A climate fund is – of course – not much good without funding:
“Developed countries continue to try to evade their responsibility in providing climate finance to developing countries by promoting private finance and carbon markets at the expense of public funding. Numerous viable public finance options exist– taxing the financial sector, redirecting fossil fuel subsides, and using Special Drawing Rights are just a few examples. Developed countries must act with the urgency the climate crisis demands and meet their responsibilities and commitments,” says Ilana Solomon.
A robust process should be agreed during the next days in Cancun, which lays out the process to decide on long-term public finance, with a clear workplan and outcome that can deliver a concrete decision on innovative public sources of finance by next UN climate change conference.
For further information contact Ilana Solomon on +521 99820 57687 (Cancun number) or +1 2022 2250 04 (US number). You can also reach the head of ActionAid’s climate delegation Harjeet Singh on +44 78720 33547.
A large rally was held Wednesday the 8th from 9.30 leaving from Palacia Municipal in Cancun. The rally marched to OKM and was at the Municipal Hall by 11.30, where a giant piñata pig representing the World Bank was smashed.
Mexico: NGOs tell World Bank not to eye Global Climate Fund
News - Africa news
Cancun, Mexico – As climate change negotiations plod along slowly at the Cancun climate conference in Mexico, some non-governmental organizations have accused the World Bank of moving fast to capture the vast majority of the “fast-start finance” promised to developing countries while at the same time vying for a bigger role in the future climate finance architecture.
ActionAid on Wednesday joined hundreds of other NGOs in calling on the World Bank to simply “Go home”, saying that the World Bank was the wrong host for climate finance.
Some NGOs are instead advocating for a Global Climate Fund under the authority of the Conference of Parties (COP) to be established during the UN Climate Change Conference in Cancun.
“The World Bank is simply the wrong institution to manage funding for climate change. How can we trust an institution with such a poor track record in involving affected communities in its work; it continues to violate the polluter pays principle by offering loans to help countries adapt to the impacts of climate change, and continues to exacerbate the climate crisis by investing billions of dollars worth of dirty fossil fuel projects?” Ilana Solomon, Policy Analyst with ActionAid, said Wednesday.
Solomon said a Global Climate Fund under the authority of the COP should be designed within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in “an inclusive, open, and transparent process” led by experts in climate, development, and other relevant areas, including negotiators and civil society, adding that this should be completed by next UN climate change conference.
It should have a representative governance structure that should include a majority of developing countries and should, like the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, include at least one civil society representative from a developed country, at least one civil society representative from a developing country, and at least one person from a community affected by climate change in a developing country.
Developed countries continue to try to evade their responsibility in providing climate finance to developing countries by promoting private finance and carbon markets at the expense of public funding.
'Numerous viable public finance options exist – taxing the financial sector, redirecting fossil fuel subsides, and using Special Drawing Rights are just a few examples. Developed countries must act with the urgency the climate crisis demands and meet their responsibilities and commitments,” says Solomon.
A large rally was held Wednesday in Cancun where a giant pinata pig representing the World Bank was smashed.
Greenpeace on Wednesday expressed concern that one of the key decisions at this meeting, on setting up a climate fund, could be pushed back to next year.
“One of the few positive elements to emerge from Copenhagen was the promise that the climate fund would be established in Cancun – and now even this promise looks set to be broken,” said Wendel Trio, Greenpeace International Climate Policy Director.
The task for negotiators over the remaining two days of negotiations here is to reach conciliation in a balanced manners on all outstanding elements, including the future of the Kyoto Protocol, how and where to anchor mitigation proposals that have been put forward this year and on the long-term funding to assist developing countries and specifically the most vulnerable nations.
Pana 09 december 2010
World Bank should stay out of carbon markets and climate finance
Friends of the Earth International
CANCUN, MEXICO, 8 December 2010 - World Bank President Robert Zoellick is
coming to the climate negotiations in Cancun today to announce the
establishment of a multi-million dollar fund to promote the creation of
carbon markets in developing countries. Friends of the Earth International
strongly opposes carbon markets and the perverse role of the World Bank in
climate change and carbon trading.
Karen Orenstein, Friends of the Earth US, said: Carbon markets are an
irreparably flawed means of addressing climate change. They are unreliable
and subject to fraud, and they open the door to offset loopholes that
undermine environmental integrity. They further entrench the economic
arrangements that facilitate the North's over-consumption and have landed
us in this climate crisis in the first place.
Siziwe Khanyile, Friends of the Earth South Africa, said: The World Bank
is a major climate polluter through its funding of oil, coal and gas
projects in the global south and has wreaked havoc on the planet’s forests
and trampled on human and environmental rights throughout the developing
world. It is past time for the World Bank to get out of climate finance
and to once and for all stop filling its coffers by investing in false
solutions like carbon trading.
Friends of the Earth International believes that developing countries are
not helped by the creation of their own carbon markets. Examples in
developed countries have clearly shown that offsetting is not a solution
to climate change. Carbon offsetting only benefits carbon traders, like
the World Bank, who profit enormously from the expansion of carbon
markets. The only way to tackle climate change is to radically reduce our
consumption, emissions and reliance on fossil fuels, particularly in
A global climate fund under the full authority of the UNFCCC must be
established in Cancun with no role whatsoever for the World Bank and other
multilateral development banks. Public finance commensurate with what
justice and equity demand must be deposited by developed countries into
Friends of the Earth International is today joining social movements and
civil society from around the world to demand that the World Bank stay out
of climate finance, and signed on to an open letter to the governments now
meeting in Cancun, calling on them to ensure that new and additional
public resources for climate finance are made available and that a Global
Climate Fund under the authority of the UNFCCC will be set up, with no
role for the World Bank: http://www.worldbankoutofclimate.org/?p=29
FOR MORE INFORMATION:
-Karen Orenstein, + 52 (1) 998 1431414 (Mexican mobile), KOrenstein@foe.org
-Siziwe Khanyile, +52 (1) 998 108 03 42 (Mexican mobile),
-Media contact Friends of the Earth International in Cancún: email@example.com
An Open Letter to the Governments of the World Meeting at the UNFCCC in Cancun
People and communities throughout the global South need hundreds of billions of dollars each year to deal with the impacts of climate change, build resiliency and adopt alternative development pathways. The cost of compensation for past, present, and future damages due to climate change will only grow if, in addition, the necessary measures are not taken in the industrialized countries to make a just transition to equitable, non-fossil fuel based economies.
We call on the governments of the world to comply with their obligations to ensure that new and additional public resources for climate finance are made available now in a way that is founded on the principle of historical responsibility, does not add to debt burdens, and is free from policy conditionalities.
We urge you to set up a Global Climate Fund under the authority of the UNFCCC that has an equitable governance structure, prioritizes the participation of affected communities, operates with full transparency and accountability, and provides direct access to funding.
The World Bank and other multilateral development banks must not be given a role in establishing or governing the new Global Climate Fund nor in managing climate finance. Their nature, structure and track record stand in contradiction to what should be the principles of fair and effective climate finance, and the structure and operations of a new fund.
The World Bank is a lending institution that has long been imposing policy conditions and programs on South countries and peoples through its loans. Giving a role to the World Bank in climate finance will result in a significant part of climate finance flowing as loans, and will very likely come with conditionalities.
The World Bank’s governance structures are undemocratic, with representation dominated by governments of rich, industrialized countries The Global Climate Fund should have a majority representation of South countries in its governance structure since they are the world’s majority and most affected by climate change. The needs and rights of communities impacted by climate change, and the transition to equitable and sustainable economies based on sovereign, democratic control and governance of natural resources must be at the center of decision-making on climate finance.
The World Bank has a long track record of undermining human rights and ecological integrity. For example, in 2010 alone, the World Bank financed a record high $6.3 billion to fossil fuel projects, a 138% increase over the previous year. An institution that actively promotes the causes of global warming should not be given a role in global climate finance. Rather, it must be pressed to end such policies and practices, including the many false solutions that the Bank is now promoting.
The World Bank actively privileges the private sector and private capital markets over public interests. Climate finance must be used to support the public good, not to promote private profit and the commodification of nature. It must come in the form of public resources, not rely on market-based programs for its generation and application. Innovative tools for raising public resources are already in our reach including redirecting fossil fuel subsidies and military spending, and taxing financial speculation.
We call on you, the governments of the world, to keep the World Bank and other multilateral development banks out of the new Global Climate Fund and out of climate finance.
International Organizations & Networks
Friends of the Earth International
Global Anti-Incinerator Alliance (GAIA)
International Federation of Hawkers and Urban Poor
International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)
International Youth and Student Movement for the United Nations (ISMUN)
NGO Jeunes Volontaires pour l' Environnement-International
Oil Change International
People's Health Movement
Society for Threatened Peoples International
Regional Organizations & Networks
Amigos de la Tierra - América Latina y el Caribe (Friends of the Earth Latin America / Caribbean)
Campaña Mesoamericana para la Justicia Climática - Mesoamerican Campaign for Climate Justice
Charter of Human Responsibilities – Asia
Corporate Europe Observatory
European Network on Debt and Development (EURODAD)
Federación de Amigos de la Tierra (Friends of the Earth Federation)
Focus on the Global South
Iniciativa contra los Agronegocios - America Latina
JS-Asia/Pacific Movement on Debt and Development
Jubileu Sul / Américas - Jubilee South / Americas
Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA)
South Asian Alliance for Poverty Eradication (SAAPE)
South Asian Dialogues on Ecological Democracy (SADED)
Country Organizations & Networks
Bangladesh Jatiyo Sramik Jote
Bangladesh Krishok Federation
Coastal Association for Social Transformation Trust (CoasTRUST) – Bangladesh
Coastal Development Partnership (CDP) - Bangladesh
Community Development Friend (CDF) – Bangladesh
Community Development Library - Bangladesh
EquityBD - Bangladesh
HumanityWatch – Bangladesh
Participatory Reserach and Development Initiative (PRDI) – Bangladesh
SUPRO – Bangladesh
VOICE - Bangladesh
Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation of the Missionary Society of St Columban – Hongkong
Abasan Jeebika Raksha Sangram Committee- India
All India Bank’s Deposit Collector’s Federation
Bharat Jan Vigyan Jatha – India
Calcutta Hawker’s Men’s Union – India
Environics Trust – India
EQUATIONS – India
Himalaya Niti Abhiyan – India
Humanity Watch – India
Indian Social Action Forum – India
Intercultural Resources Delhi – India
Janapriya Bazar Hawker Sangram Committee- India
mines, minerals and People (mmP) – India
National Forum of Forest People & Forest Workers - India
National Hawkers Federation – India
Sanitary, Pipe & Painting Workers Union – India
Pannya Paribahan Sangram Samity – India
United Investors Forum – India
Commitment for Democratic Governance and Social Justice- Solo, Indonesia
Institute for Essential Services Reform
Koalisi Anti Utang - Indonesia
KruHA (People’s Coalition on Rights to Water) – Indonesia
Sarekat Hijau (Union Green)- Indonesia
Sari – Solo Indonesia
Serikat Buruh Indonesia (Indonesia Labour Union-SBI)
Serikat Nelayan Indonesia (Indonesia Fisherfolk Union-SNI)
Serikat Tani Merdeka (SETAM)- Indonesia
Solidaritas Perempuan – Indonesia
Suluh Muda Indonesia (SMI)– North Sumatra
WALHI – Aceh, Indonesia
WALHI – Jambi, Indonesia
WALHI – Kalimantan, Indonesia
WALHI – Sulawesi, Indonesia
WALHI – Sumatra, Indonesia
ATTAC – Japan
Jubilee Kanasai Network – Japan
Energy and Climate Policy Institute for Just Transition (ECPI) - Korea
Citizens against Corruption – Kyrgyztan
Monitoring Sustainability of Globalisation (MSN) - Malaysia
All Nepal Women Association (ANWA)
All Nepal Peasant Federation (ANPFa)
National Alliance for Human Rights and Social Justice - Nepal
Rural Reconstruction Nepal
GEFONT - Nepal
Jagaran – Nepal
AWAMI Party Pakistan
CADTM - Pakistan
Labour Party Pakistan
Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum
Pakistan Kissan Rabita Committee
Aksyon Klima – Pilipinas (Climate Action – Philippines)
Aniban ng mga Manggagawa sa Agrikultura (Union of Agricultural Workers –AMA) –Philippines
Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (Solidarity of Filipino Workers-BMP)-Philippines
Bukluran Student Alliance – PLM -Philippines
Ecological Society of the Philippines
Envi-Watchers and Movers – Philippines
Faith-based Congress against Immoral Debts (FCAID)-Philippines
Freedom from Debt Coalition (FDC) – Philippines
Institute for Climate and Sustainable Cities (ICSC) - Philippines
KAISA – Nagkakaisang Iskolar para sa Pamantasan at Sambayanan (United Scholars for the University and the People) – UP Diliman -Philippines
KAISA KA (Unity of Women for Freedom) – Philippines
Kilusan para sa Pambansang Demokrasya (Movement for Nationalism and Democracy-KPD) – Philippines
Koalisyon ng Pabahay sa Pilipinas (KPP)-(Coalition for Housing Rights-Philippines)
Manggagawa para sa Kalayaan ng Bayan (Workers for National Democracy- MAKABAYAN) – Philippines
Philippine Movement for Climate Justice (PMCJ)
Sagip Sierra Madre Environmental Society, Inc. (SSMESI) – Philippines
SANLAKAS – Philippines
Sibuyan Island Sentinels League for Environment Inc. (Sibuyan ISLE) – Philippines
Xaverian Missionaries- Philippines
Youth for Nationalism and Democracy (YND) – Philippines
Environmental Challenge Organisation –Singapore
Tourism Investigation & Monitoring Team (TIM-Team) - Thailand
LATIN AMERICA and the CARIBBEAN
ATTAC - Argentina
Diálogo 2000 - Argentina (Dialogue 2000 - Argentina)
Amigos da Terra Brasil (Friends of the Earth Brazil)
FASE – Solidarity and Education - Brazil
Fórum Mudanças Climáticas e Justiça Social - Brasil (Brazil Forum on Climate Change and Social Justice)
Instituto Políticas Alternativas para o Cone Sul – PACS (Institute of Alternative Policies for the Southern Cone PACS) - Brazil
Jubileu Sul Brasil - Jubilee South Brazil
Rede Brasil sobre Instituições Financeiras Multilaterais - Brazil Network on Multilateral Financial Institutions
Sindicato dos Professores de Nova Friburgo e Região (Union of Professors, Nova Friburgo and Region, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil)
Red Costarricense de Agendas Locales de Mujeres RED CALM ACAMUDE (Costa Rican Network of Local Women´s Agendas)
Reta Tu Lado Verde! - Colombia
Unidad Ecológica Salvadoreña UNES - Salvadoran Ecological Unit UNES - El Salvador
Batay Ouvriye - Haití
Bloque Popular Honduras (Popular Block Honduras)
Red Mexicana de Accion frente al Libre Comercio (RMALC) - Mexico
Otros Mundos AC/Amigos de la Tierra México (Other Worlds / Friends of the Earth Mexico)
FRENADESO – Panamá (National Front on Economic and Social Rights - Panama)
VOCES ECOLÓGICAS (Ecological Voices) – Panama
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Federation of Independent Trade Unions and NGOs – Trinidad and Tobago
Abimbimman Foundation – Ghana
African Youth Initiative on Climate Change (AYICC )- Ghana
Centre for Youth Development Advocacy (CYDA) - Ghana
Ghana National Youth Coalition on Climate Change (GNYCCC)
Daughters of Mumbi Global Resource Center – Kenya
Jesuit Hakimani Centre - Kenya
Kenya Debt Relief Network – KENDREN
Moroccan Youth Climate Coalition (MYCC)
Third World Forum – Senegal
Centre for Civil Society Environmental Justice Project – South Africa
Climate Justice Now! – South Africa
Cooperative and Policy Alternative Center (COPAC) - South Africa
Earthlife Africa Cape Town – South Africa
Economic Justice Network of the Fellowship of Christian Councils – South Africa
Institute for Zero Waste – South Africa
Jubilee South Africa
Renewable Energy Centre– South Africa
South Durban Community Environmental Alliance – South Africa
Southern Africa's People's Solidaritary Network (SAPSN)
Surplus People Project - South Africa
Timberwatch Coalition – South Africa
Trade Strategy Group – South Africa
Zwartkops Conservancy – South Africa
Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (ZIMCODD)
Begegnungszentrum fuer aktive Gewaltlosigkeit (Center for Encounter and Active Non-Violence) - Austria
ECA Watch – Austria
11.11.11 – Belgium
CADTM - Belgium
Action Consommation –France
AITEC-IPAM - France
Alter Ekolo –France
ATTAC - France
Friends of the Earth – France
World Forum for Alternatives – France
ATTAC – Germany
FDCL – Berlin – Germany
ROBIN WOOD– Germany
URGEWALD - Germany
Zukunftskonvent – Germany
World Economy, Ecology and Development – Germany
ATTAC – Hungary
East Cork For a Safe Environment – Ireland
A Sud - Italy
Campagna per la Riforma della Banca Mondiale (CRBM) – Italy
Comitato Italiano per il Contratto Mondiale per l’Acqua (CICMA) – Italy
Fair - Italy
Forum Italiano dei Movimenti per l’Acqua – Italy
Mani Tese – Italy
Servizio Civile Internazionale – Italy
The Development Fund - Norway
Russian Far East NGO BROC
ATTAC - Spain
Ecologistas en accion
Verdegaia – Spain
Sissi Siko - Slovenia
Aktion Finanzplatz Schweiz - Switzerland
La Coordination Climat et Justice Sociale de Genève Suisse – Switzerland
Le Comité pour l'Annulation de la Dette du Tiers Monde de Suisse – Switzerland
Jubilee Debt Campaign - UK
People & Planet – UK
Platform – UK
Share The World’s Resources (STWR) – UK
The Corner House - UK
World Development Movement – UK
Council of Canadians
KAIROS: Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives
Polaris Institute – Canada
Advocates for Environmental Human Rights – USA
Amazon Watch – USA
Cascade Climate Network – USA
Crude Accountability - USA
EcoEquity – USA
Green Delaware - USA
Holy Spirit Missionary Sisters – JPIC – USA
Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy
Institute for Policy Studies – Sustainable Energy and Economy Network – USA
Jubilee San Diego – USA
Jubilee USA Network
Labor/Community Strategy Center and Bus Riders Union - USA
Leadership Conference of Women Religious – USA
Little Village Environmental Justice Organization – USA
Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns– USA
New York Climate Action Group – USA
Rainforest Action Network – USA
The latest Minerals-Energy Complex attack on nature and society
Patrick Bond 18 January 2011
We’ve soiled South Africa’s beautiful natural nest for more than a century, but the world’s interest in how we trash our environment perked up last week for two reasons:
'Climate capitalism’ won at Cancun - everyone else loses
Patrick Bond 13 December 2010
CANCUN, MEXICO. The December 11 closure of the 16th Conference of the Parties – the global climate summit - in balmy Cancun was portrayed by most participants and mainstream journalists as a victory, a ‘step forward’. Bragged US State Department lead negotiator Todd Stern, “Ideas that were first of all, skeletal last year, and not approved, are now approved and elaborated.”
en espanol (in Spanish)
Climate Justice in Durban: build our movement for COP 17!
Evict Washington from Cancun and Durban to save the climate
(WikiLeaks proves the US is an untrustworthy partner)
Patrick Bond The Mercury EYE ON CIVIL SOCIETY column 7 December 2010
CANCUN, MEXICO - Such a shame that now, just when world climate negotiations here depend upon decisive action, an excellent opportunity has arisen thanks to WikiLeaks, yet meek voices are dominating The Mercury in Durban, host of the 2011 climate summit.
DIVERSE CLIMATE JUSTICE MOVEMENTS AND WANING ECO-NEOLIBERALISM
by Patrick Bond and Michael K. Dorsey (forthcoming in the Journal of Australian Political Economy)
CCS debates climate ‘solutions’, critiques carbon trade
As a founder member of the Durban Group for Climate Justice in 2004, CCS’s Environmental Justice Project
supports the new Climate Justice Now! South Africa chapter
honours local eco-justice leader Sajida Khan (1952-2007) for her fight against Bisasar Road emissions trading
links SA climate damage to electricity overconsumption by SA’s minerals-energy complex
promotes higher and cheaper electricity consumption by low-income people, especially women
works with the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance against local emitters
researches trends in climate change and carbon markets
reports regularly on local/national/global campaigns by civil society against greenhouse gas emissions and planetary destruction, and
explores alternative Climate Justice strategies to mitigate emissions and finance adaptation
Long articles and books on carbon trading
Climate Change, Carbon Trading and Civil Society: Negative Returns on South African Investments co-edited by Patrick Bond, Rehana Dada and Graham Erion, Second edition, Amsterdam, Rozenberg Publishers, and Pietermaritzburg, University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, November 2008 (208 pp).
The State of the Carbon Trading Debate, by Patrick Bond, Capitalism Nature Socialism, 19, 4, 2008, pp.1-18
Privatization of the Air turns Lethal: Pay to Pollute’ Principle Kills South African Activist Sajida Khan, by Patrick Bond, Capitalism Nature Socialism, 18, 4, 2007, pp.6-37.
Trouble in the Air: Global Warming and the Privatised Atmosphere, co-edited by Patrick Bond and Rehana Dada, Durban, UKZN Centre for Civil Society and Amsterdam, Transnational Institute, October 2005 (225 pp).
South African Carbon Trading: A Counterproductive Climate Change Strategy, by Patrick Bond and Graham Erion, in D.McDonald (Ed), Electric Capitalism, Pretoria, Human Sciences Research
Council, 2008, pp.338-358.
Bond climate articles July-Oct 2009
The Durban Declaration on Carbon Trading October 2004
Interview with Trevor Ngwane
by Trevor Ngwane, New Left Review, July-August 2003
Repaying Africa for Climate Crisis: Ecological Debt as Development Finance Alternative to Carbon Trading, by Patrick Bond, forthcoming in S. Böhm and S. Dabhi (Eds), Upsetting the Offset: The Political Economy of Carbon Markets, London, MayFlyBooks, 2009.
Work in Progress
Climate Crisis and Contested Geographies of Carbon Trading, by Patrick Bond, forthcoming in Antipode, 2010.
Community Resistance to Energy Privatization in South Africa, by Patrick Bond and Trevor Ngwane, forthcoming in K.Abramsky (Ed), Emancipating Energy? Global Struggles over the Transition to Renewable Energy, San Francisco, AK Press, 2010.
Carbon trading: Colonising the atmospheric commons, by Khadija
Sharife, Pambazuka, 5 November 2009,
When the climate change center cannot hold, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 25 October 2009,
Seattle’ Copenhagen call, as Africans demand reparations, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 6 September 2009,
A climate-poverty challenge in South Durban, by Vanessa Black, Patrick Bond, Rehana Dada and Desmond D’Sa, Mercury, 19 August 2009
Shell on trial while Nigerians are slaughtered, by Khadija Sharife and Patrick Bond, ZNet, 25 May 2009,
Ecological debt and our center’s survival, By Dennis Brutus and Patrick Bond, ZNet, 22 August 2008,
From False to Real Solutions for Climate Change, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 6 January 2008,
Who killed Sajida Khan?, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 18 July 2007
Rearranging deck chairs on the climate change Titanic, ZNet, 29 November 2005,
World Bankers and oil barons loot Africa, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 4 October 2005,
South Africa: Durban’s perfume rods, plastic covers and sweet-smelling toxic dump, by Trusha Reddy, Pambazuka, 24 February 2005,
Putting a price on fresh air, by Patrick Bond and Rehana Dada, Mail & Guardian, 17 January 2005,
Fake Forests, Extractive Industries And Elusive Aids Medicines, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 1 March 2004,
Sparks in the Townships, by Trevor Ngwane, New Left Review, July-August 2003,
Commodification: Kyoto threatens, WSF inspires resistance, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 5 March 2003,
Sustainable’ South Africa?, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 12 July 2001,
Patrick Bond debates Chicago Climate Exchange founder Richard Sandor (Al-Jazeera, March 2009): http://www.youtube.com
Patrick Bond lecture (7 parts) on climate justice and carbon trading (March 2008)
Patrick Bond short and simple on carbon trading (November 2006)
Indaba yesixazululo ngesimo sezulu
Ngu Annie Leonard
Ngiyajabula ukuthi umhlaba usuyahlangana mayelana nokubhekelwa
kokushintsha kwesimo sezulu. Ngenkathi ngiqala ukuzwa ukuthi abaholi
bethu bayahlangana ukukhuluma ngezixazululo, ngaphefumula kakhulu.
Ngase ngithi, awuthi ngime kancane. Ngabe bahlelani ngalenkinga? Ngase
ngiyabheka. Futhi kufanele ngikutshele, akuzozonke izixazululo
abazenzayo engingazibiza ngezixazululo. Empeleni, isixazululo esihamba
phambili, esaziwa njengokuhwebelana ngomsizi, isona esiyinkinga enkulu.
Manje ngiyazi ukuthi lokhu engizokutshela kona into yokugcina ofune
ukuyizwa, kodwa ikusasa lomkhathi wethu lisenkingeni enkulu, ngakho-ke
kufanele sibe nesikhathi ukuze sazi ukuthi kwenzekani la.
Kulungile, ake sihlangane nalamadoda enhlizweni yalokhu abakubiza ngesixazululo. Bahlanganyele namadoda aqhamuka kwiEnron abaqhamuka nesu lokuhweba ngamandla, futhi abezimali bakuWall Street njengoGoldman Sachs ibona abadala insambatheka yezikweletu zomhlaba.
Umsebenzi wabo ukuqhamuka namasu amasha okuthengisa ezimakethe. Bathatha izingxenye ezinkulu zenzuzo bese kuthi uma wonke umuntu kanye nogogo babo sebefuna ukuba yingxenye, bese bethatha izimali ezinkulu ngenkathi imakethe isikhula ngamandla bese iyafadalala.
Isu labo lokugcina liye lafadalala manje sebenesu elisha lezimakethe –
ukuhwebelana ngomsizi ongcolisa umoya emkhathini. Basemkhankaseni
wokuqala isu elizodla izigidigidi ezibalelwa kumabhiliyoni amathathu
amadola, kodwa uma lilisu lingasaphumeleli, ngeke nje lihambe nokonga
kwakho kweminyaka, kodwa lizohamba nakho konke!
Ngakho-ke lwenzeka kanjano loluhwebo?
Empeleni, bonke ocwepheshe bezesayensi bavumelana ngokuthi kufanele
sehlise izinga lokungcola emkhathini esibalweni esingu350ppm uma sifuna
ukugwema isimo esibi kakhulu sezulu. EMelika, kusho ukwehlisa ukukhipha
umsizi ongcolisa umoya emkhathini ngamaphesenti angamashumi
ayisishagalombili – mhlawumbe futhi kakhulu kunalokho – ngonyaka ka2050.
Manje ukuthi inkinga yethu umnotho wethu womhlaba uhambe phezu
kokukushiswa kwezimila zemvelo, ekhiqiza umsizi: izimboni ezenza yonke
lemikhiqizo, imikhumbi kanye namatrukhi ahambisa lemikhiqizo emhlabeni
wonke, izimoto zethu kanye namabhilidi kanye nezimpahla
esizisebenzisayo, cishe ukuba yonke into.
Ngakho-ke sizolehlisa kanjani izinga lomsizi ngamaphesenti angamashumi
ayaisishagalombili singaphindeli ekuhlaleni njengezinjinga?
Labasungulu baloluhwebo bathi indlela yemakethe entsha yokudayisa
ngomsizi iyona ndlela ephambili engasombulula lokhu.
Igxathu lokuqala kungaba ukwenza ohulumeni emhlabeni jikelele ukuvuma
ukuba nesikalo esithile sokukhiqiza umsizi ongcolisa umoya emkhathini
njalo ngonyaka. Lokho ngikubona kuyisu elihle kakhulu.
Ngakho-ke bazoqinisekisa kanjani ukuthi ukukhiqizwa komsizi ongcolisa
umoya emkhathini kuhlala ngaphansi kwalesosikalo? Bathi ohulumeni
bayosabalalisa izimvume eziyisibalo esithile zokungcolisa umkhathi.
Unyaka nonyaka kuyoba nezimvume ezimbalwa uma silandela lelisu labo
ukuze sifinyelele emgomeni wethu
Izinkampani ezinombono nazo zizohlanganyela ezinhlelweni zokuhlanzwa
nokuqhubekela phambili okuhlelekile. Ngenkathi izimvume sezincipha,
zizobiza kakhulu, ngakho-ke, izinkampani ezinezimvume eziningi
ziyozidayisela ezinye izinkampani ezisazidinga.
Ilapho-ke kungena khona ukuhwebelana.
Umqondo ukuthi uma sihambisana nalelisu, akuzubaluleka ukuthi ubani ongcolisa umkhathi noma onombono. Sizohlangabezana nokuhlanzwa kwesimo sezulu, sivimbe insambatheka. Futhi lamadoda athatha izigidi ngenkathi eqhamuka nalelisu lokuhlanzwa kokugcoliswa komkhathi, ngisho phela imakethe.
Asiphephise umkhathi, sithole imali, yini engeke siyithande, ngempela?
Abanye abangani bami bayaqikelela ngaloluhwebo. Iningi lezinhlangano
elimele umkhathi ohlanzekile engizihloniphayo ziyakholelwa kulokhu.
Bayazi ukuthi akusona isixazululo esingungqaphambili futhi abathandi
ukuthi ikusasa lomkhathi wethu libe sezandleni zalamadoda, kodwa babona
ukuthi igxathu elibalulekile futhi kungcono kakhulu kunokuba kungenziwa
lutho. Angikaqiniseki ngalokho.
Futhi akumina ngendwa. Iningi lochwepheshe lososayensi, abafundi,
abalimi, kanye nabahwebi abanombono bathi “akumiwe kancane”!
Empeleni ngisho nchwepheshe bezokuhweba abaqhamuka nalelisu bathi lokhu kungase kungasizi ukushintsha isimo sezulu. Yilokhu okwenza ngicabange ukuthi baqinisile.
Uma kuziwa ebugebengwini bezimali, njengesubprime mortgages njengamasu oBernie Madoff’, kuhlale kunobuhumusha. Futhi maningi amahumusha ahambisana nalelisu.
Usathane wokuqala ukuthi kunikezwe izimvume zamahala, yingakho abanye
abantu lelisu belibiza ngendlela yokunikelwa. Kulenqubo, izimboni
ezinkulu ezenza umsizi ongcolisa umoya wasemkhathini ziyothola izimvume
eziningi ezibizayo mahala. Mahala!
Ngenkathi zingcolisa kakhulu umoya wasemkhathini, ziyothola kakhulu
Kungathi siyababonga futhi ngokudala lenkinga kwasekuqaleni.
Emazweni aseNyakatho, bake bazama ukunikezela lezizimvume mahala. Inani lezimvume lagxuma kakhulu, inani lamandla lagxuma kakhulu kubathengi, futhi uyazi kwenzekalani?
Ukukhiqizwa komsizi ongcolisa umoya emkhathini kwakhuphuka kakhulu!
Ingxenye eyenzeka ukuthi abangcolisi bomoya womkhathi benza inzuzo
yezigidigidi zamadola. Ochwepheshe bezokuhweba baseMIT bathi leyonto
ingenzeka futhi lapha eMelika.
Lezozigidigidi ziqhamuka EMAPHAKETHENI ETHU. Isixazululo sangempela
singafaka leyomali ekumiseni isimo esibi sezulu.
Esikhundleni sokunika izimvume kubakhiqizi bomsizi ongcolisa umoya womkhathi, singazidayisa futhi sisebenzise imali uku: ukwakha umnotho wamandla ohlanzekile noma sinike izakhamuzi izimali zokukhokhela amafutha abizayo ngenkathi silungiselela ukungena ohlelweni lomnotho wamandla ahlanzekile noma sisizane nalabo abahlaseleka kakhulu ngenxa yokugcola komoya womkhathi. Abanye bakubiza lokhu ngokukhokha izikweletu zokubulala okwemvelo
Njengoba thina mazwe ayizigwili kakhulu singabangcolisi kakhulu bomoya
wasemkhathini amakhulu eminyaka, futhi saphila izimpilo eziphambili
kakhulu, ngabe asinawo umbono wokuthi sisize labo abahlaseleke kakhulu?
Kufana nokuthi senze umcimbi omkhulu, sangabamema omakhelwane bathu sase sibanika ukuthi bakhokhela umcimbi wethu. Lokho akukuhle neze.
Uyazi ukuthi ekhulwini lweminyaka ezayo, ngenxa yokushintsha kwesimo
sezulu, iziqhingi eziningi zingagcina ziminzile futhi iNhlangano
Yomhlaba ithi abalimi abayisishagalolunye kwabayishumi bangalahlekelwa
indlela lokumilisa ukudla.
Ngabe isixazululo sangempela ngeke senze labantu bazuze kunalabo
abangcolisa umoya womkhathi?
Usathane wesibili ubizwa ngokuHolela.
Izimvume zokuholeleka (offsetting) zidaleka ngenkathi inkampani yehlisa noma inciphisa ukukhiqiza umsizo ongcolisa umoya emkhathini. Bese bethola imvume abangayidayisela omunye umngcolisi womoya womkhathi odinga imvume yokukhiqiza omunye umoya ongcolile. Empeleni , ukwenza kokukodwa kuholela kokunye. Ingozi ekuholeleni ukuthi kunzima ukuqinisekisa ukuthi umoya ongcolile emkhathini ususiwe ukuze kwenzeke imvume. Kodwa futhi lezizimvume zibiza imali enkulu
Lokhu kudala indlela eyingozi eyenza kube khona ukuholeleka enkohlisweni
– kokwenza inkohliso.
Kwezinye izingqinamba inkohliso akuyona umphelandaba, kodwa kuloludaba
kuyikhona. Futhi kunenkohliso eningi eyenzekayo.
NjengaseIndonesia, imboni iSinar Mas igawule amahlathi okuzimilela,
yadala ukumosheka kwemvelo namasiko. Bathe besuka babethatha umhlaba
osumoshekile batshala izihlahla zamafutha epalm.Qagela ukuthi batholani
ngalokho? Yebo, izimvume zokuholeleka.
Ngabe umsizi ongcolisa umoya emkhathini uyaphuma? Cha umsizi ongcolisa
umoya emkhathini uvele uyangena? Ngingakufungela lokho.
Izinkampani ziyaholeleka ngaphandle kokwenza lutho.
Njengabezimboni ezingcolisa umoya emkhathini ezithi bezihlele ukuzinweba ngamakhulu amabili amaphesenti kodwa behlisa izinhlelo zabo ngekhulu lamaphesenti. Ngokusho kanjalo okungenalusizo, bathola izimvume zokuholeleka – izimvume abangazidayisela abanye ukuze nabo bangcolise kakhulu umoya wasemkhathini! Lokhu kungubuphukuphuku!
Isibalo somkhonyovu siningi futhi emibi kakhulu yenzeka emazweni
aseNingizimu ahluphekayo lapho izimboni ezinkulu zenza noma yini
eziyithandayo, kunoma ubani ezifuna ukwenza kuyena. Bese kuthi
nemithetho exegayo yenza baqhubeke nokuthola izimvume zokuholeleka
ukwenza noma yini.
Usathane wokuqala kanti okwesibili, ukunikelela kanye nokuholeleka, kwenza lesisimo sibe ngesingenabo ubulungiswa futhi esingenamthelela osizayo. Kodwa usathane wokugcina, engimbiza ngokubheka eceleni, ukwenza kube yingozi kakhulu.
Masibheka nje, zikhona ngempela izixazululo, kodwa lendlela entsha yokuhweba enokuxega kanye nezithembiso zabanemali yenze abantu abaningi bakhohlwe ngezixazululo zangempela.
Asikasondeli nakancane ngesivumelwano somhlaba wonke ngokuhweba ngomsizi uma siqala sibheka, futhi lokhu ikhona okumayelana nokuhweba. Kodwa esikhundleni sokugcizelela ngendlela enobulungiswa, sigijimela ukuhweba kanye nokuholeleka.
Mayelana nazozonke iznhlobo zokuholeleka ezingamanga, kanye nokunikelela kwabangcolisa umkhathi, kanye nokwehluleka ukubhekana nokungabikhona kobulungiswa mayelana nokushintsha kwesimo sezulu ucabanga ukuthi amazwe aseNingizimu angakwazi ukuhlanganyela nathi emhlabeni wonke? Ngiyakungabaza lokho. Umangabe izincomo zokuhweba zisimisa ukuthi sivale umsizi, lokhu kungukubheka eceleni okunobungozi kakhulu.
Asidingi ukuthi lamadoda aqhamuke nezindlela ezintsha zezixazululo.
Thina – kanye nohulumeni bethu – singenza imithetho sizenzele thina.
Ezweni lakithi, sesinawo umthetho – Umthetho Womoya oHlanzekile (Clean
Air Act) – oqinisekisa ukuthi umsizi ongcolisa umoya wasemkhathini futhi
inhlangano emelene nokuhlanzwa kwemvelo ekufanele iwuvale. Ngakho-ke
silindeni? Phambili ngeEPA phambili! Valani lomsizi!
Empeleni . umthetho waseMelika mayelana nokuvalwa kanye nokuhweba
owathulwa ngo2009 ibukela phansi iClean Air Act, bese ishiyela
abezimakethe ukulungisa lenkinga. Uma ukuvala kanye nokuhweba kwenza
buthakathaka ukuthi senze imithetho eqinile, lokhu kungukubheka eceleni.
Izakhamuzi zomhlaba ezinakekelayo ngalenkinga kufanele ziphumele obala
futhi ziphoqe ukuthi kwenziwe kabusha iminotho ezosiyekisa ukusebenzisa
izimpahla zemvelo. Kodwa ukuvala kanye nokuhweba kwenza izakhamuzi
zicabange ukuthi yonke into izolunga uma sishayela kancane, sishintsha
amalambu kamandla kagesi bese kuthi lamadoda aqhubeke nokunye. Uma
ukuvala kudala intuthuko engamanga, indlela eyingozi le yokubheka eceleni.
Lezizincomo zokuvala nokuhweba indlela nje yokuqhubeka nezamabhizinisi.
Njengamanje, iMelika ixhasa amandla ezimpahla zemvelo kakhulu
kunezimpahla eziphindwa zisetshenziswe. Ini! Akufanele ngabe sixhasa
izimpahla zamandla emvelo nhlobo!
Lamadoda ungathi awaboni ukuthi indlela elula ukugcina umsizi uphephile
Isikhulu sezombusazwe saseMelika,uRick Boucher, ongumngani omkhulu
wezimboni zamalahle yena uvotela ukuvala nokuhweba. Uthi lokhu
“kuqinisekisa izimboni ukuthi ziqhubeke nokusebenzisa amalahle”.
Akukho mthetho oncoma ukusetshenziswa kwamalahle ongavimba ukushintsha kwesimo sezulu. Nhlobo.
Ukuvala, imithetho eqinile, ukusukuma kwezakhamuzi, kanye nezimali
zomsizi ukuze sikhokhe izikweletu zokungcolisa imvelo kanye nokudala
kabusha ezinye izindlela zomnotho wamandla ahlanzekile, ilokhu okungenza
sisindise ikusasa lethu.
Uma ngesikhathi esizayo kukhona othi ukuvala nokuhweba ikona okungcono kakhulu, ungabakholwa neze. Empeleni okungcono ukhulume nabo. Ngoba kungase kwenzeke ukuthi nabo bafuna ikusasa elivikelekile mayelana nokushintsha kwesimo sezulu. Mhlawumbe sebekhohliwe-nje ukuthi awukwazi ukuthengisa ngesixazululo esingeke sabasebenzela.
Ngiyazi ukuthi sonke ngeke sathanda ukunikela ngalutho, ukuvikela
umkhathi futhi sibe izigwili sisenza lokho. Lena inkinga enkulu abantu
basemhlabeni aseke bakhekana nayo.
Angeke siyiguqule nglowomqondo – ngomqondo wabo- osifake kulenkinga
kwasekuqaleni. Sidinga okusha.
Ngeke kube lula, kodwa isikhathi sokuthi sibe namaphupho amakhulu.
Isikhathi sokuqhamuka nesixazululo sokushintsha kwesimo sezulu
Climate Protest Photos
cl London 5 Dec 1
London 5 Dec 2
cl London 5 Dec 3
cl London 5 Dec
cl Manila 7 Dec
Climate protest news part 1
Climate protest news part 2
Patrick Bond at SF protest against CP 15 repression
Patrick Bond at SF protest against Danish repression of civil society and Copenhagen climate 'deal', and radio interview, 18 December 2009
Emergency Protest & Vigil
CLIMATE TALKS UNDEMOCRATIC & ON VERGE OF FAILURE.
US/RICH COUNTRIES REFUSE SERIOUS REDUCTIONS & CLIMATE DEBT
MASSIVE POLICE REPRESSION AGAINST NONVIOLENT CIVIL SOCIETY
WHEN: Friday December 18th 4:30-6:00PM
WHERE: Danish Consulate, 1 California St, at Market St. (Embarcadero BART), San Francisco
Bring candles and friends.
INTERVIEW ON KPFA
“First they shut the public out of the climate negotiations, then they shut out 80% of NGOs who have been accredited to attend, and now they are jailing people who challenge the undemocratic nature of the climate negotiations, while the future of life on earth literally hangs in the balance.” -Dorothy Guerro, Focus on the Global South, Climate Justice Now Network.
Marc Andrus, Episcopal Bishop of California
Anuradha Mittal, Executive Director Oakland Institute Michelle Chan, Friends of the Earth
Patrick Bond, director of the Centre for Civil Society, at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Durban, South Africa, and co-editor of the new book Climate Change, Carbon Trading and Civil Society
UN CLIMATE TALKS ON VERGE OF FAILURE:
The US and other wealthy climate polluting nations refuse to significantly reduce climate pollution and to pay our ecological debt to climate-impacted developing world. On Tuesday, US climate negotiator Todd Stern said he foresees no change in President Obama’s offer to cut emissions by 17 percent of 2005 levels by2020. The proposal has been widely criticized because it amounts to just a four percent cut when adopting the 1990 emission standard used by the rest of the world. Scientists call for a 40% cut by 2020in order to prevent an environmental and humanitarian catastrophe. Meanwhile, developing countries including the US, UK and Denmark drafted and circulated a document to completely circumvent the UN from all further future negotiations.
CIVIL SOCIETY NGO’S BANNED FROM UN:
Accredited civil society groups including Friends of the Earth, Avaaz, Tck Tck Tck, Via Campesina have been banned from the UN Climate Conference. “The surgical removal of non governmental organizations underscores the lack of democracy inherent in these negotiations. The only way to avoid catastrophic climate change is fully supporting and including peoples movements like the very ones illegitimately removed from this process.,” said Professor Micheal Dorsey, a member of the Climate Justice Now! Network.
DENMARK VIOLATES DEMOCRATIC & HUMAN RIGHTS, ATTACKS NONVIOLENT ACTIVISTS
Danish police have engaged in mass preemptive arrests, detentions, clubbed and pepper spayed nonviolent activists, raided organizing centers and suspended basic civil liberties and democratic rights. Dr. Tadzio Mueller of Berlin, an accredited NGO observer at the COP 15 and the spokesperson for Climate Justice Action, was arrested without provocation by plain clothed police shortly after a press conference announcing nonviolent demonstrations plans. He remains in jail awaiting trial.
Booklaunch: Climate Change, Carbon Trading & Civil Society