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CLIMATE JUSTICE NEWS (2011) CLIMATE JUSTICE NEWS. Centre for Civil Society : -.

Climate Justice Protests at the US Consulate

Climate Change Gridlock: Where Do We Go From Here? (Part 1)
Patrick Bond of CCS and other analysts of Conference of the Parties gridlock critique the UN and major polluters - and propose bottom-up civ soc alternatives.
Listen here

Global warming is no longer a fear for the future, it’s threatening human civilization now. But a good portion of humanity doesn’t seem that concerned. On this edition, part 1 of a special 2 part series, Brian Edwards-Tiekert takes us through the climate change that is happening, the political response that isn’t, and the people trying to break the gridlock.

This series was made possible by a grant from The Lia Fund, with additional support from The Cultural Conservancy.

Tim Flannery, author of “The Weathermakers”; Professor Joseph Alcamo, United Nations Environment Program chief scientist; James Inhofe, US Senator from Oklahoma; Bernaditas Muller, South Centre climate change special advisor; Patrick Bond, Center for Civil Society director at the University of Kwazulu-Natal in Durban, South Africa; Enele Soapala, Tuvalu minister for foreign affairs, environment, and labor; Barack Obama, President of the United States; Stanislaus Lumumba Di-Aping, South Sudanese diplomat; Kumi Naidoo, Greenpeace International executive director; Mohamed Nasheed, President of the Maldives; Terisa Turner, University of Guelph economist, Nnimo Bassey, Friends of the Earth International chair

For more information:
Climate Signals – An Inventory of Climate Change Impact Reports
Skeptical Science
Climate Progress
Mobilization for Climate Justice
Center for Civil Society, University of Kwazulu-Natal
Indigenous Environmental Network
Senator James Inhofe
The South Centre
Tuvalu and Global Warming
Greenpeace International
Friends of the Earth International
COP 17 in Durban, South Africa

From Bonn to Durban, climate meetings are Conferences of Polluters
Patrick Bond 22 June 2011

Judging by what transpired at last week’s global climate negotiations in
the former West German capital, Bonn, it appears certain that in just
over five months time, the South African port city of Durban will host a
conference of procrastinators, the ‘COP 17’ (Conference of Parties),
dooming the earth to the frying pan. Further inaction on climate change
will leave our city’s name as infamous for elite incompetence and
political betrayal as is Oslo’s in the Middle East.

The South African government’s ‘talk left walk right’ climate policy
Patrick Bond 2 February 2011

It’s worth downloading a copy of South Africa’s new National Climate Change Response Green Paper ( to prepare for the local deluge of technical and political debate that Durban will host in exactly eight months’ time.

As the Kyoto Protocol’s Conference of the Parties (also known as the Durban ‘COP 17’) draws closer, we will encounter even more frequent public relations blasts than witnessed in the same International Convention Centre district a decade ago, before the World Conference Against Racism in 2001, and again last year during the soccer World Cup.

The Pretoria government’s greenwashing challenges this year include distracting its citizens from concern about:


Press release from ActionAid International:

Global Climate Fund Must Leave World Bank Behind
As the negotiations plod along slowly at the Cancun climate conference, the World Bank is moving fast to capture the vast majority of the “fast-start finance” promised to developing countries while at the same time vying for a bigger role in the future climate finance architecture.

But the World Bank is the wrong host for climate finance, and ActionAid joins hundreds of other NGOs in calling for the World Bank to simply: “Go home!”.

Instead a Global Climate Fund should be established during the COP16 in Cancun.

“The World Bank is simply the wrong institution to manage funding for climate change. How can we trust an institution with such a poor track record in involving affected communities in its work, that continues to violate the polluter pays principle by offering loans to help countries adapt to the impacts of climate change, and continues to exacerbate the climate crisis by investing billions of dollars worth of dirty fossil fuel projects?” says Ilana Solomon, Policy Analyst with ActionAid.

The alternative – a Global Climate Fund under the authority of the COP – should:

  • Be designed within the UNFCCC in an inclusive, open, and transparent process led by experts in climate, development, and other relevant areas, including negotiators and civil society. This should be completed by next UN climate change conference.

  • Have a representative governance structure that should include a majority of developing countries and should, like the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria, include at least one civil society representative from a developed country, at least one civil society representative from a developing country, and at least one person from a community affected by climate change in a developing country.

  • Have no role for the international financial institutions in its management or governance.

  • Ensure the participation of affected communities, particularly women, at all layers of decision making.

  • Ensure that funding is directly accessible to developing countries and subnational entities.

  • A climate fund is – of course – not much good without funding:

  • “Developed countries continue to try to evade their responsibility in providing climate finance to developing countries by promoting private finance and carbon markets at the expense of public funding. Numerous viable public finance options exist– taxing the financial sector, redirecting fossil fuel subsides, and using Special Drawing Rights are just a few examples. Developed countries must act with the urgency the climate crisis demands and meet their responsibilities and commitments,” says Ilana Solomon.

    A robust process should be agreed during the next days in Cancun, which lays out the process to decide on long-term public finance, with a clear workplan and outcome that can deliver a concrete decision on innovative public sources of finance by next UN climate change conference.

    For further information contact Ilana Solomon on +521 99820 57687 (Cancun number) or +1 2022 2250 04 (US number). You can also reach the head of ActionAid’s climate delegation Harjeet Singh on +44 78720 33547.

    A large rally was held Wednesday the 8th from 9.30 leaving from Palacia Municipal in Cancun. The rally marched to OKM and was at the Municipal Hall by 11.30, where a giant piñata pig representing the World Bank was smashed.

    Mexico: NGOs tell World Bank not to eye Global Climate Fund
    News - Africa news

    Cancun, Mexico – As climate change negotiations plod along slowly at the Cancun climate conference in Mexico, some non-governmental organizations have accused the World Bank of moving fast to capture the vast majority of the “fast-start finance” promised to developing countries while at the same time vying for a bigger role in the future climate finance architecture.

    ActionAid on Wednesday joined hundreds of other NGOs in calling on the World Bank to simply “Go home”, saying that the World Bank was the wrong host for climate finance.

    Some NGOs are instead advocating for a Global Climate Fund under the authority of the Conference of Parties (COP) to be established during the UN Climate Change Conference in Cancun.

    “The World Bank is simply the wrong institution to manage funding for climate change. How can we trust an institution with such a poor track record in involving affected communities in its work; it continues to violate the polluter pays principle by offering loans to help countries adapt to the impacts of climate change, and continues to exacerbate the climate crisis by investing billions of dollars worth of dirty fossil fuel projects?” Ilana Solomon, Policy Analyst with ActionAid, said Wednesday.

    Solomon said a Global Climate Fund under the authority of the COP should be designed within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in “an inclusive, open, and transparent process” led by experts in climate, development, and other relevant areas, including negotiators and civil society, adding that this should be completed by next UN climate change conference.

    It should have a representative governance structure that should include a majority of developing countries and should, like the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, include at least one civil society representative from a developed country, at least one civil society representative from a developing country, and at least one person from a community affected by climate change in a developing country.

    Developed countries continue to try to evade their responsibility in providing climate finance to developing countries by promoting private finance and carbon markets at the expense of public funding.

    'Numerous viable public finance options exist – taxing the financial sector, redirecting fossil fuel subsides, and using Special Drawing Rights are just a few examples. Developed countries must act with the urgency the climate crisis demands and meet their responsibilities and commitments,” says Solomon.

    A large rally was held Wednesday in Cancun where a giant pinata pig representing the World Bank was smashed.

    Greenpeace on Wednesday expressed concern that one of the key decisions at this meeting, on setting up a climate fund, could be pushed back to next year.

    “One of the few positive elements to emerge from Copenhagen was the promise that the climate fund would be established in Cancun – and now even this promise looks set to be broken,” said Wendel Trio, Greenpeace International Climate Policy Director.

    The task for negotiators over the remaining two days of negotiations here is to reach conciliation in a balanced manners on all outstanding elements, including the future of the Kyoto Protocol, how and where to anchor mitigation proposals that have been put forward this year and on the long-term funding to assist developing countries and specifically the most vulnerable nations.

    Pana 09 december 2010

    World Bank should stay out of carbon markets and climate finance
    Friends of the Earth International

    CANCUN, MEXICO, 8 December 2010 - World Bank President Robert Zoellick is
    coming to the climate negotiations in Cancun today to announce the
    establishment of a multi-million dollar fund to promote the creation of
    carbon markets in developing countries. Friends of the Earth International
    strongly opposes carbon markets and the perverse role of the World Bank in
    climate change and carbon trading.

    Karen Orenstein, Friends of the Earth US, said: Carbon markets are an
    irreparably flawed means of addressing climate change. They are unreliable
    and subject to fraud, and they open the door to offset loopholes that
    undermine environmental integrity. They further entrench the economic
    arrangements that facilitate the North's over-consumption and have landed
    us in this climate crisis in the first place.

    Siziwe Khanyile, Friends of the Earth South Africa, said: The World Bank
    is a major climate polluter through its funding of oil, coal and gas
    projects in the global south and has wreaked havoc on the planet’s forests
    and trampled on human and environmental rights throughout the developing
    world. It is past time for the World Bank to get out of climate finance
    and to once and for all stop filling its coffers by investing in false
    solutions like carbon trading.

    Friends of the Earth International believes that developing countries are
    not helped by the creation of their own carbon markets. Examples in
    developed countries have clearly shown that offsetting is not a solution
    to climate change. Carbon offsetting only benefits carbon traders, like
    the World Bank, who profit enormously from the expansion of carbon
    markets. The only way to tackle climate change is to radically reduce our
    consumption, emissions and reliance on fossil fuels, particularly in
    developed countries.

    A global climate fund under the full authority of the UNFCCC must be
    established in Cancun with no role whatsoever for the World Bank and other
    multilateral development banks. Public finance commensurate with what
    justice and equity demand must be deposited by developed countries into
    this fund.

    Friends of the Earth International is today joining social movements and
    civil society from around the world to demand that the World Bank stay out
    of climate finance, and signed on to an open letter to the governments now
    meeting in Cancun, calling on them to ensure that new and additional
    public resources for climate finance are made available and that a Global
    Climate Fund under the authority of the UNFCCC will be set up, with no
    role for the World Bank:

    -Karen Orenstein, + 52 (1) 998 1431414 (Mexican mobile),
    -Siziwe Khanyile, +52 (1) 998 108 03 42 (Mexican mobile),
    -Media contact Friends of the Earth International in Cancún:

    An Open Letter to the Governments of the World Meeting at the UNFCCC in Cancun

    People and communities throughout the global South need hundreds of billions of dollars each year to deal with the impacts of climate change, build resiliency and adopt alternative development pathways. The cost of compensation for past, present, and future damages due to climate change will only grow if, in addition, the necessary measures are not taken in the industrialized countries to make a just transition to equitable, non-fossil fuel based economies.

    We call on the governments of the world to comply with their obligations to ensure that new and additional public resources for climate finance are made available now in a way that is founded on the principle of historical responsibility, does not add to debt burdens, and is free from policy conditionalities.

    We urge you to set up a Global Climate Fund under the authority of the UNFCCC that has an equitable governance structure, prioritizes the participation of affected communities, operates with full transparency and accountability, and provides direct access to funding.

    The World Bank and other multilateral development banks must not be given a role in establishing or governing the new Global Climate Fund nor in managing climate finance. Their nature, structure and track record stand in contradiction to what should be the principles of fair and effective climate finance, and the structure and operations of a new fund.

    The World Bank is a lending institution that has long been imposing policy conditions and programs on South countries and peoples through its loans. Giving a role to the World Bank in climate finance will result in a significant part of climate finance flowing as loans, and will very likely come with conditionalities.

    The World Bank’s governance structures are undemocratic, with representation dominated by governments of rich, industrialized countries The Global Climate Fund should have a majority representation of South countries in its governance structure since they are the world’s majority and most affected by climate change. The needs and rights of communities impacted by climate change, and the transition to equitable and sustainable economies based on sovereign, democratic control and governance of natural resources must be at the center of decision-making on climate finance.

    The World Bank has a long track record of undermining human rights and ecological integrity. For example, in 2010 alone, the World Bank financed a record high $6.3 billion to fossil fuel projects, a 138% increase over the previous year. An institution that actively promotes the causes of global warming should not be given a role in global climate finance. Rather, it must be pressed to end such policies and practices, including the many false solutions that the Bank is now promoting.

    The World Bank actively privileges the private sector and private capital markets over public interests. Climate finance must be used to support the public good, not to promote private profit and the commodification of nature. It must come in the form of public resources, not rely on market-based programs for its generation and application. Innovative tools for raising public resources are already in our reach including redirecting fossil fuel subsidies and military spending, and taxing financial speculation.

    We call on you, the governments of the world, to keep the World Bank and other multilateral development banks out of the new Global Climate Fund and out of climate finance.


    International Organizations & Networks
    Friends of the Earth International
    Global Anti-Incinerator Alliance (GAIA)
    Grassroots International
    International Federation of Hawkers and Urban Poor
    International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)
    International Youth and Student Movement for the United Nations (ISMUN)
    Jubilee South
    LDC Watch
    Marianists International
    NGO Jeunes Volontaires pour l' Environnement-International
    Oil Change International
    People's Health Movement
    Society for Threatened Peoples International
    Transnational Institute

    Regional Organizations & Networks
    Alternatives Asia
    Amigos de la Tierra - América Latina y el Caribe (Friends of the Earth Latin America / Caribbean)
    Campaña Mesoamericana para la Justicia Climática - Mesoamerican Campaign for Climate Justice
    Charter of Human Responsibilities – Asia
    Corporate Europe Observatory
    European Network on Debt and Development (EURODAD)
    Federación de Amigos de la Tierra (Friends of the Earth Federation)
    Focus on the Global South
    Iniciativa contra los Agronegocios - America Latina
    JS-Asia/Pacific Movement on Debt and Development
    Jubileu Sul / Américas - Jubilee South / Americas
    Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA)
    South Asian Alliance for Poverty Eradication (SAAPE)
    South Asian Dialogues on Ecological Democracy (SADED)

    Country Organizations & Networks


    Bangladesh Jatiyo Sramik Jote
    Bangladesh Krishok Federation
    Coastal Association for Social Transformation Trust (CoasTRUST) – Bangladesh
    Coastal Development Partnership (CDP) - Bangladesh
    Community Development Friend (CDF) – Bangladesh
    Community Development Library - Bangladesh
    EquityBD - Bangladesh
    HumanityWatch – Bangladesh
    ISDE- Bangladesh
    Participatory Reserach and Development Initiative (PRDI) – Bangladesh
    SUPRO – Bangladesh
    VOICE - Bangladesh

    Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation of the Missionary Society of St Columban – Hongkong

    Abasan Jeebika Raksha Sangram Committee- India
    All India Bank’s Deposit Collector’s Federation
    Bharat Jan Vigyan Jatha – India
    Calcutta Hawker’s Men’s Union – India
    Environics Trust – India
    EQUATIONS – India
    Himalaya Niti Abhiyan – India
    Humanity Watch – India
    Indian Social Action Forum – India
    Intercultural Resources Delhi – India
    Janapriya Bazar Hawker Sangram Committee- India
    mines, minerals and People (mmP) – India
    National Forum of Forest People & Forest Workers - India
    National Hawkers Federation – India
    Sanitary, Pipe & Painting Workers Union – India
    Pannya Paribahan Sangram Samity – India
    United Investors Forum – India

    Commitment for Democratic Governance and Social Justice- Solo, Indonesia
    Institute for Essential Services Reform
    Koalisi Anti Utang - Indonesia
    KruHA (People’s Coalition on Rights to Water) – Indonesia
    Sarekat Hijau (Union Green)- Indonesia
    Sari – Solo Indonesia
    Serikat Buruh Indonesia (Indonesia Labour Union-SBI)
    Serikat Nelayan Indonesia (Indonesia Fisherfolk Union-SNI)
    Serikat Tani Merdeka (SETAM)- Indonesia
    Solidaritas Perempuan – Indonesia
    Suluh Muda Indonesia (SMI)– North Sumatra
    WALHI – Aceh, Indonesia
    WALHI – Jambi, Indonesia
    WALHI – Kalimantan, Indonesia
    WALHI – Sulawesi, Indonesia
    WALHI – Sumatra, Indonesia

    ATTAC – Japan
    Jubilee Kanasai Network – Japan

    Energy and Climate Policy Institute for Just Transition (ECPI) - Korea

    Citizens against Corruption – Kyrgyztan

    Monitoring Sustainability of Globalisation (MSN) - Malaysia

    All Nepal Women Association (ANWA)
    All Nepal Peasant Federation (ANPFa)
    National Alliance for Human Rights and Social Justice - Nepal
    Rural Reconstruction Nepal
    GEFONT - Nepal
    Jagaran – Nepal

    AWAMI Party Pakistan
    CADTM - Pakistan
    Labour Party Pakistan
    Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum
    Pakistan Kissan Rabita Committee

    Aksyon Klima – Pilipinas (Climate Action – Philippines)
    Aniban ng mga Manggagawa sa Agrikultura (Union of Agricultural Workers –AMA) –Philippines
    Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (Solidarity of Filipino Workers-BMP)-Philippines
    Bukluran Student Alliance – PLM -Philippines
    Ecological Society of the Philippines
    Envi-Watchers and Movers – Philippines
    Faith-based Congress against Immoral Debts (FCAID)-Philippines
    Freedom from Debt Coalition (FDC) – Philippines
    Institute for Climate and Sustainable Cities (ICSC) - Philippines
    KAISA – Nagkakaisang Iskolar para sa Pamantasan at Sambayanan (United Scholars for the University and the People) – UP Diliman -Philippines
    KAISA KA (Unity of Women for Freedom) – Philippines
    Kilusan para sa Pambansang Demokrasya (Movement for Nationalism and Democracy-KPD) – Philippines
    Koalisyon ng Pabahay sa Pilipinas (KPP)-(Coalition for Housing Rights-Philippines)
    Manggagawa para sa Kalayaan ng Bayan (Workers for National Democracy- MAKABAYAN) – Philippines
    Philippine Movement for Climate Justice (PMCJ)
    Sagip Sierra Madre Environmental Society, Inc. (SSMESI) – Philippines
    SANLAKAS – Philippines
    Sarilaya –Philippines
    Sibuyan Island Sentinels League for Environment Inc. (Sibuyan ISLE) – Philippines
    Xaverian Missionaries- Philippines
    Youth for Nationalism and Democracy (YND) – Philippines

    Environmental Challenge Organisation –Singapore

    Tourism Investigation & Monitoring Team (TIM-Team) - Thailand


    ATTAC - Argentina
    Diálogo 2000 - Argentina (Dialogue 2000 - Argentina)

    Amigos da Terra Brasil (Friends of the Earth Brazil)
    FASE – Solidarity and Education - Brazil
    Fórum Mudanças Climáticas e Justiça Social - Brasil (Brazil Forum on Climate Change and Social Justice)
    Instituto Políticas Alternativas para o Cone Sul – PACS (Institute of Alternative Policies for the Southern Cone PACS) - Brazil
    Jubileu Sul Brasil - Jubilee South Brazil
    Rede Brasil sobre Instituições Financeiras Multilaterais - Brazil Network on Multilateral Financial Institutions
    Sindicato dos Professores de Nova Friburgo e Região (Union of Professors, Nova Friburgo and Region, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil)

    Red Costarricense de Agendas Locales de Mujeres RED CALM ACAMUDE (Costa Rican Network of Local Women´s Agendas)

    Reta Tu Lado Verde! - Colombia

    Unidad Ecológica Salvadoreña UNES - Salvadoran Ecological Unit UNES - El Salvador

    Batay Ouvriye - Haití

    Bloque Popular Honduras (Popular Block Honduras)

    Red Mexicana de Accion frente al Libre Comercio (RMALC) - Mexico
    Otros Mundos AC/Amigos de la Tierra México (Other Worlds / Friends of the Earth Mexico)

    FRENADESO – Panamá (National Front on Economic and Social Rights - Panama)
    VOCES ECOLÓGICAS (Ecological Voices) – Panama

    Federation of Independent Trade Unions and NGOs – Trinidad and Tobago


    Abimbimman Foundation – Ghana
    African Youth Initiative on Climate Change (AYICC )- Ghana
    Centre for Youth Development Advocacy (CYDA) - Ghana
    Ghana National Youth Coalition on Climate Change (GNYCCC)

    Daughters of Mumbi Global Resource Center – Kenya
    Jesuit Hakimani Centre - Kenya
    Kenya Debt Relief Network – KENDREN

    Moroccan Youth Climate Coalition (MYCC)

    Third World Forum – Senegal

    Centre for Civil Society Environmental Justice Project – South Africa
    Climate Justice Now! – South Africa
    Cooperative and Policy Alternative Center (COPAC) - South Africa
    Earthlife Africa Cape Town – South Africa
    Economic Justice Network of the Fellowship of Christian Councils – South Africa
    Institute for Zero Waste – South Africa
    Jubilee South Africa
    Renewable Energy Centre– South Africa
    South Durban Community Environmental Alliance – South Africa
    Southern Africa's People's Solidaritary Network (SAPSN)
    Surplus People Project - South Africa
    Timberwatch Coalition – South Africa
    Trade Strategy Group – South Africa
    Zwartkops Conservancy – South Africa

    Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (ZIMCODD)


    Begegnungszentrum fuer aktive Gewaltlosigkeit (Center for Encounter and Active Non-Violence) - Austria
    ECA Watch – Austria

    11.11.11 – Belgium
    CADTM - Belgium

    Action Consommation –France
    AITEC-IPAM - France
    Alter Ekolo –France
    ATTAC - France
    CADTM -France
    Friends of the Earth – France
    World Forum for Alternatives – France

    ATTAC – Germany
    FDCL – Berlin – Germany
    NaturFreunde Deutschlands
    ROBIN WOOD– Germany
    URGEWALD - Germany
    Zukunftskonvent – Germany
    World Economy, Ecology and Development – Germany

    ATTAC – Hungary

    East Cork For a Safe Environment – Ireland

    A Sud - Italy
    Campagna per la Riforma della Banca Mondiale (CRBM) – Italy
    Comitato Italiano per il Contratto Mondiale per l’Acqua (CICMA) – Italy
    Fair - Italy
    Forum Italiano dei Movimenti per l’Acqua – Italy
    Mani Tese – Italy
    Servizio Civile Internazionale – Italy

    The Development Fund - Norway

    Russian Far East NGO BROC

    ATTAC - Spain
    Ecologistas en accion
    Verdegaia – Spain

    Sissi Siko - Slovenia

    Forum Syd

    Aktion Finanzplatz Schweiz - Switzerland
    La Coordination Climat et Justice Sociale de Genève Suisse – Switzerland
    Le Comité pour l'Annulation de la Dette du Tiers Monde de Suisse – Switzerland

    Jubilee Debt Campaign - UK
    People & Planet – UK
    Platform – UK
    Share The World’s Resources (STWR) – UK
    The Corner House - UK
    World Development Movement – UK


    Council of Canadians
    KAIROS: Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives
    Polaris Institute – Canada

    Advocates for Environmental Human Rights – USA
    Amazon Watch – USA
    Cascade Climate Network – USA
    Crude Accountability - USA
    EcoEquity – USA
    Green Delaware - USA
    Holy Spirit Missionary Sisters – JPIC – USA
    Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy
    Institute for Policy Studies – Sustainable Energy and Economy Network – USA
    Jubilee San Diego – USA
    Jubilee USA Network
    Labor/Community Strategy Center and Bus Riders Union - USA
    Leadership Conference of Women Religious – USA
    Little Village Environmental Justice Organization – USA
    Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns– USA
    New York Climate Action Group – USA
    Rainforest Action Network – USA

    The latest Minerals-Energy Complex attack on nature and society
    Patrick Bond 18 January 2011

    We’ve soiled South Africa’s beautiful natural nest for more than a century, but the world’s interest in how we trash our environment perked up last week for two reasons:

    'Climate capitalism’ won at Cancun - everyone else loses

    Patrick Bond 13 December 2010

    CANCUN, MEXICO. The December 11 closure of the 16th Conference of the Parties – the global climate summit - in balmy Cancun was portrayed by most participants and mainstream journalists as a victory, a ‘step forward’. Bragged US State Department lead negotiator Todd Stern, “Ideas that were first of all, skeletal last year, and not approved, are now approved and elaborated.”
    en espanol (in Spanish)

    Climate Justice in Durban: build our movement for COP 17!

    Evict Washington from Cancun and Durban to save the climate
    (WikiLeaks proves the US is an untrustworthy partner)

    Patrick Bond The Mercury EYE ON CIVIL SOCIETY column 7 December 2010

    CANCUN, MEXICO - Such a shame that now, just when world climate negotiations here depend upon decisive action, an excellent opportunity has arisen thanks to WikiLeaks, yet meek voices are dominating The Mercury in Durban, host of the 2011 climate summit.

    by Patrick Bond and Michael K. Dorsey (forthcoming in the Journal of Australian Political Economy)
    Read Paper

    CCS debates climate ‘solutions’, critiques carbon trade

    As a founder member of the Durban Group for Climate Justice in 2004, CCS’s Environmental Justice Project

  • supports the new Climate Justice Now! South Africa chapter

  • honours local eco-justice leader Sajida Khan (1952-2007) for her fight against Bisasar Road emissions trading

  • links SA climate damage to electricity overconsumption by SA’s minerals-energy complex

  • promotes higher and cheaper electricity consumption by low-income people, especially women

  • works with the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance against local emitters

  • researches trends in climate change and carbon markets

  • reports regularly on local/national/global campaigns by civil society against greenhouse gas emissions and planetary destruction, and

  • explores alternative Climate Justice strategies to mitigate emissions and finance adaptation

  • Project members
  • Patrick Bond

  • Rehana Dada

  • Oliver Meth

  • Trevor Ngwane

  • Khadija Sharife

  • Dudu Khumalo

  • Orlean Naidoo

  • Simphiwe Nojiyeza

  • Long articles and books on carbon trading

    Climate Change, Carbon Trading and Civil Society: Negative Returns on South African Investments co-edited by Patrick Bond, Rehana Dada and Graham Erion, Second edition, Amsterdam, Rozenberg Publishers, and Pietermaritzburg, University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, November 2008 (208 pp).

    The State of the Carbon Trading Debate, by Patrick Bond, Capitalism Nature Socialism, 19, 4, 2008, pp.1-18

    Privatization of the Air turns Lethal: Pay to Pollute’ Principle Kills South African Activist Sajida Khan, by Patrick Bond, Capitalism Nature Socialism, 18, 4, 2007, pp.6-37.

    Trouble in the Air: Global Warming and the Privatised Atmosphere, co-edited by Patrick Bond and Rehana Dada, Durban, UKZN Centre for Civil Society and Amsterdam, Transnational Institute, October 2005 (225 pp).

    South African Carbon Trading: A Counterproductive Climate Change Strategy, by Patrick Bond and Graham Erion, in D.McDonald (Ed), Electric Capitalism, Pretoria, Human Sciences Research
    Council, 2008, pp.338-358.

    Bond climate articles July-Oct 2009

    The Durban Declaration on Carbon Trading October 2004

    Interview with Trevor Ngwane
    by Trevor Ngwane, New Left Review, July-August 2003

    Repaying Africa for Climate Crisis: Ecological Debt as Development Finance Alternative to Carbon Trading, by Patrick Bond, forthcoming in S. Böhm and S. Dabhi (Eds), Upsetting the Offset: The Political Economy of Carbon Markets, London, MayFlyBooks, 2009.

    Work in Progress

    Climate Crisis and Contested Geographies of Carbon Trading, by Patrick Bond, forthcoming in Antipode, 2010.

    Community Resistance to Energy Privatization in South Africa, by Patrick Bond and Trevor Ngwane, forthcoming in K.Abramsky (Ed), Emancipating Energy? Global Struggles over the Transition to Renewable Energy, San Francisco, AK Press, 2010.

    Short articles:

    Carbon trading: Colonising the atmospheric commons, by Khadija
    Sharife, Pambazuka, 5 November 2009,

    When the climate change center cannot hold, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 25 October 2009,

    Seattle’ Copenhagen call, as Africans demand reparations, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 6 September 2009,

    A climate-poverty challenge in South Durban, by Vanessa Black, Patrick Bond, Rehana Dada and Desmond D’Sa, Mercury, 19 August 2009

    Shell on trial while Nigerians are slaughtered, by Khadija Sharife and Patrick Bond, ZNet, 25 May 2009,

    Ecological debt and our center’s survival, By Dennis Brutus and Patrick Bond, ZNet, 22 August 2008,

    From False to Real Solutions for Climate Change, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 6 January 2008,

    Who killed Sajida Khan?, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 18 July 2007

    Rearranging deck chairs on the climate change Titanic, ZNet, 29 November 2005,

    World Bankers and oil barons loot Africa, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 4 October 2005,

    South Africa: Durban’s perfume rods, plastic covers and sweet-smelling toxic dump, by Trusha Reddy, Pambazuka, 24 February 2005,

    Putting a price on fresh air, by Patrick Bond and Rehana Dada, Mail & Guardian, 17 January 2005,

    Fake Forests, Extractive Industries And Elusive Aids Medicines, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 1 March 2004,

    Sparks in the Townships, by Trevor Ngwane, New Left Review, July-August 2003,

    Commodification: Kyoto threatens, WSF inspires resistance, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 5 March 2003,

    Sustainable’ South Africa?, by Patrick Bond, ZNet, 12 July 2001,

    Online Video

    Patrick Bond debates Chicago Climate Exchange founder Richard Sandor (Al-Jazeera, March 2009):

    Patrick Bond lecture (7 parts) on climate justice and carbon trading (March 2008)

    Patrick Bond short and simple on carbon trading (November 2006)

    Indaba yesixazululo ngesimo sezulu
    Ngu Annie Leonard

    Ngiyajabula ukuthi umhlaba usuyahlangana mayelana nokubhekelwa
    kokushintsha kwesimo sezulu. Ngenkathi ngiqala ukuzwa ukuthi abaholi
    bethu bayahlangana ukukhuluma ngezixazululo, ngaphefumula kakhulu.
    Awuzange wena?

    Ngase ngithi, awuthi ngime kancane. Ngabe bahlelani ngalenkinga? Ngase
    ngiyabheka. Futhi kufanele ngikutshele, akuzozonke izixazululo
    abazenzayo engingazibiza ngezixazululo. Empeleni, isixazululo esihamba
    phambili, esaziwa njengokuhwebelana ngomsizi, isona esiyinkinga enkulu.

    Manje ngiyazi ukuthi lokhu engizokutshela kona into yokugcina ofune
    ukuyizwa, kodwa ikusasa lomkhathi wethu lisenkingeni enkulu, ngakho-ke
    kufanele sibe nesikhathi ukuze sazi ukuthi kwenzekani la.

    Kulungile, ake sihlangane nalamadoda enhlizweni yalokhu abakubiza ngesixazululo. Bahlanganyele namadoda aqhamuka kwiEnron abaqhamuka nesu lokuhweba ngamandla, futhi abezimali bakuWall Street njengoGoldman Sachs ibona abadala insambatheka yezikweletu zomhlaba.

    Umsebenzi wabo ukuqhamuka namasu amasha okuthengisa ezimakethe. Bathatha izingxenye ezinkulu zenzuzo bese kuthi uma wonke umuntu kanye nogogo babo sebefuna ukuba yingxenye, bese bethatha izimali ezinkulu ngenkathi imakethe isikhula ngamandla bese iyafadalala.

    Isu labo lokugcina liye lafadalala manje sebenesu elisha lezimakethe –
    ukuhwebelana ngomsizi ongcolisa umoya emkhathini. Basemkhankaseni
    wokuqala isu elizodla izigidigidi ezibalelwa kumabhiliyoni amathathu
    amadola, kodwa uma lilisu lingasaphumeleli, ngeke nje lihambe nokonga
    kwakho kweminyaka, kodwa lizohamba nakho konke!

    Ngakho-ke lwenzeka kanjano loluhwebo?
    Empeleni, bonke ocwepheshe bezesayensi bavumelana ngokuthi kufanele
    sehlise izinga lokungcola emkhathini esibalweni esingu350ppm uma sifuna
    ukugwema isimo esibi kakhulu sezulu. EMelika, kusho ukwehlisa ukukhipha
    umsizi ongcolisa umoya emkhathini ngamaphesenti angamashumi
    ayisishagalombili – mhlawumbe futhi kakhulu kunalokho – ngonyaka ka2050.
    Amashumi ayisishagalombili!

    Manje ukuthi inkinga yethu umnotho wethu womhlaba uhambe phezu
    kokukushiswa kwezimila zemvelo, ekhiqiza umsizi: izimboni ezenza yonke
    lemikhiqizo, imikhumbi kanye namatrukhi ahambisa lemikhiqizo emhlabeni
    wonke, izimoto zethu kanye namabhilidi kanye nezimpahla
    esizisebenzisayo, cishe ukuba yonke into.

    Ngakho-ke sizolehlisa kanjani izinga lomsizi ngamaphesenti angamashumi
    ayaisishagalombili singaphindeli ekuhlaleni njengezinjinga?

    Labasungulu baloluhwebo bathi indlela yemakethe entsha yokudayisa
    ngomsizi iyona ndlela ephambili engasombulula lokhu.

    Igxathu lokuqala kungaba ukwenza ohulumeni emhlabeni jikelele ukuvuma
    ukuba nesikalo esithile sokukhiqiza umsizi ongcolisa umoya emkhathini
    njalo ngonyaka. Lokho ngikubona kuyisu elihle kakhulu.

    Ngakho-ke bazoqinisekisa kanjani ukuthi ukukhiqizwa komsizi ongcolisa
    umoya emkhathini kuhlala ngaphansi kwalesosikalo? Bathi ohulumeni
    bayosabalalisa izimvume eziyisibalo esithile zokungcolisa umkhathi.
    Unyaka nonyaka kuyoba nezimvume ezimbalwa uma silandela lelisu labo
    ukuze sifinyelele emgomeni wethu

    Izinkampani ezinombono nazo zizohlanganyela ezinhlelweni zokuhlanzwa
    nokuqhubekela phambili okuhlelekile. Ngenkathi izimvume sezincipha,
    zizobiza kakhulu, ngakho-ke, izinkampani ezinezimvume eziningi
    ziyozidayisela ezinye izinkampani ezisazidinga.

    Ilapho-ke kungena khona ukuhwebelana.
    Umqondo ukuthi uma sihambisana nalelisu, akuzubaluleka ukuthi ubani ongcolisa umkhathi noma onombono. Sizohlangabezana nokuhlanzwa kwesimo sezulu, sivimbe insambatheka. Futhi lamadoda athatha izigidi ngenkathi eqhamuka nalelisu lokuhlanzwa kokugcoliswa komkhathi, ngisho phela imakethe.

    Asiphephise umkhathi, sithole imali, yini engeke siyithande, ngempela?
    Abanye abangani bami bayaqikelela ngaloluhwebo. Iningi lezinhlangano
    elimele umkhathi ohlanzekile engizihloniphayo ziyakholelwa kulokhu.
    Bayazi ukuthi akusona isixazululo esingungqaphambili futhi abathandi
    ukuthi ikusasa lomkhathi wethu libe sezandleni zalamadoda, kodwa babona
    ukuthi igxathu elibalulekile futhi kungcono kakhulu kunokuba kungenziwa
    lutho. Angikaqiniseki ngalokho.

    Futhi akumina ngendwa. Iningi lochwepheshe lososayensi, abafundi,
    abalimi, kanye nabahwebi abanombono bathi “akumiwe kancane”!

    Empeleni ngisho nchwepheshe bezokuhweba abaqhamuka nalelisu bathi lokhu kungase kungasizi ukushintsha isimo sezulu. Yilokhu okwenza ngicabange ukuthi baqinisile.

    Uma kuziwa ebugebengwini bezimali, njengesubprime mortgages njengamasu oBernie Madoff’, kuhlale kunobuhumusha. Futhi maningi amahumusha ahambisana nalelisu.

    Usathane wokuqala ukuthi kunikezwe izimvume zamahala, yingakho abanye
    abantu lelisu belibiza ngendlela yokunikelwa. Kulenqubo, izimboni
    ezinkulu ezenza umsizi ongcolisa umoya wasemkhathini ziyothola izimvume
    eziningi ezibizayo mahala. Mahala!

    Ngenkathi zingcolisa kakhulu umoya wasemkhathini, ziyothola kakhulu
    futhi izimvume.

    Kungathi siyababonga futhi ngokudala lenkinga kwasekuqaleni.
    Emazweni aseNyakatho, bake bazama ukunikezela lezizimvume mahala. Inani lezimvume lagxuma kakhulu, inani lamandla lagxuma kakhulu kubathengi, futhi uyazi kwenzekalani?

    Ukukhiqizwa komsizi ongcolisa umoya emkhathini kwakhuphuka kakhulu!
    Ingxenye eyenzeka ukuthi abangcolisi bomoya womkhathi benza inzuzo
    yezigidigidi zamadola. Ochwepheshe bezokuhweba baseMIT bathi leyonto
    ingenzeka futhi lapha eMelika.

    Lezozigidigidi ziqhamuka EMAPHAKETHENI ETHU. Isixazululo sangempela
    singafaka leyomali ekumiseni isimo esibi sezulu.

    Esikhundleni sokunika izimvume kubakhiqizi bomsizi ongcolisa umoya womkhathi, singazidayisa futhi sisebenzise imali uku: ukwakha umnotho wamandla ohlanzekile noma sinike izakhamuzi izimali zokukhokhela amafutha abizayo ngenkathi silungiselela ukungena ohlelweni lomnotho wamandla ahlanzekile noma sisizane nalabo abahlaseleka kakhulu ngenxa yokugcola komoya womkhathi. Abanye bakubiza lokhu ngokukhokha izikweletu zokubulala okwemvelo

    Njengoba thina mazwe ayizigwili kakhulu singabangcolisi kakhulu bomoya
    wasemkhathini amakhulu eminyaka, futhi saphila izimpilo eziphambili
    kakhulu, ngabe asinawo umbono wokuthi sisize labo abahlaseleke kakhulu?

    Kufana nokuthi senze umcimbi omkhulu, sangabamema omakhelwane bathu sase sibanika ukuthi bakhokhela umcimbi wethu. Lokho akukuhle neze.

    Uyazi ukuthi ekhulwini lweminyaka ezayo, ngenxa yokushintsha kwesimo
    sezulu, iziqhingi eziningi zingagcina ziminzile futhi iNhlangano
    Yomhlaba ithi abalimi abayisishagalolunye kwabayishumi bangalahlekelwa
    indlela lokumilisa ukudla.

    Ngabe isixazululo sangempela ngeke senze labantu bazuze kunalabo
    abangcolisa umoya womkhathi?

    Usathane wesibili ubizwa ngokuHolela.
    Izimvume zokuholeleka (offsetting) zidaleka ngenkathi inkampani yehlisa noma inciphisa ukukhiqiza umsizo ongcolisa umoya emkhathini. Bese bethola imvume abangayidayisela omunye umngcolisi womoya womkhathi odinga imvume yokukhiqiza omunye umoya ongcolile. Empeleni , ukwenza kokukodwa kuholela kokunye. Ingozi ekuholeleni ukuthi kunzima ukuqinisekisa ukuthi umoya ongcolile emkhathini ususiwe ukuze kwenzeke imvume. Kodwa futhi lezizimvume zibiza imali enkulu

    Lokhu kudala indlela eyingozi eyenza kube khona ukuholeleka enkohlisweni
    – kokwenza inkohliso.

    Kwezinye izingqinamba inkohliso akuyona umphelandaba, kodwa kuloludaba
    kuyikhona. Futhi kunenkohliso eningi eyenzekayo.

    NjengaseIndonesia, imboni iSinar Mas igawule amahlathi okuzimilela,
    yadala ukumosheka kwemvelo namasiko. Bathe besuka babethatha umhlaba
    osumoshekile batshala izihlahla zamafutha epalm.Qagela ukuthi batholani
    ngalokho? Yebo, izimvume zokuholeleka.

    Ngabe umsizi ongcolisa umoya emkhathini uyaphuma? Cha umsizi ongcolisa
    umoya emkhathini uvele uyangena? Ngingakufungela lokho.

    Izinkampani ziyaholeleka ngaphandle kokwenza lutho.
    Njengabezimboni ezingcolisa umoya emkhathini ezithi bezihlele ukuzinweba ngamakhulu amabili amaphesenti kodwa behlisa izinhlelo zabo ngekhulu lamaphesenti. Ngokusho kanjalo okungenalusizo, bathola izimvume zokuholeleka – izimvume abangazidayisela abanye ukuze nabo bangcolise kakhulu umoya wasemkhathini! Lokhu kungubuphukuphuku!

    Isibalo somkhonyovu siningi futhi emibi kakhulu yenzeka emazweni
    aseNingizimu ahluphekayo lapho izimboni ezinkulu zenza noma yini
    eziyithandayo, kunoma ubani ezifuna ukwenza kuyena. Bese kuthi
    nemithetho exegayo yenza baqhubeke nokuthola izimvume zokuholeleka
    ukwenza noma yini.

    Usathane wokuqala kanti okwesibili, ukunikelela kanye nokuholeleka, kwenza lesisimo sibe ngesingenabo ubulungiswa futhi esingenamthelela osizayo. Kodwa usathane wokugcina, engimbiza ngokubheka eceleni, ukwenza kube yingozi kakhulu.

    Masibheka nje, zikhona ngempela izixazululo, kodwa lendlela entsha yokuhweba enokuxega kanye nezithembiso zabanemali yenze abantu abaningi bakhohlwe ngezixazululo zangempela.

    Asikasondeli nakancane ngesivumelwano somhlaba wonke ngokuhweba ngomsizi uma siqala sibheka, futhi lokhu ikhona okumayelana nokuhweba. Kodwa esikhundleni sokugcizelela ngendlela enobulungiswa, sigijimela ukuhweba kanye nokuholeleka.

    Mayelana nazozonke iznhlobo zokuholeleka ezingamanga, kanye nokunikelela kwabangcolisa umkhathi, kanye nokwehluleka ukubhekana nokungabikhona kobulungiswa mayelana nokushintsha kwesimo sezulu ucabanga ukuthi amazwe aseNingizimu angakwazi ukuhlanganyela nathi emhlabeni wonke? Ngiyakungabaza lokho. Umangabe izincomo zokuhweba zisimisa ukuthi sivale umsizi, lokhu kungukubheka eceleni okunobungozi kakhulu.

    Asidingi ukuthi lamadoda aqhamuke nezindlela ezintsha zezixazululo.
    Thina – kanye nohulumeni bethu – singenza imithetho sizenzele thina.

    Ezweni lakithi, sesinawo umthetho – Umthetho Womoya oHlanzekile (Clean
    Air Act) – oqinisekisa ukuthi umsizi ongcolisa umoya wasemkhathini futhi
    inhlangano emelene nokuhlanzwa kwemvelo ekufanele iwuvale. Ngakho-ke
    silindeni? Phambili ngeEPA phambili! Valani lomsizi!

    Empeleni . umthetho waseMelika mayelana nokuvalwa kanye nokuhweba
    owathulwa ngo2009 ibukela phansi iClean Air Act, bese ishiyela
    abezimakethe ukulungisa lenkinga. Uma ukuvala kanye nokuhweba kwenza
    buthakathaka ukuthi senze imithetho eqinile, lokhu kungukubheka eceleni.

    Izakhamuzi zomhlaba ezinakekelayo ngalenkinga kufanele ziphumele obala
    futhi ziphoqe ukuthi kwenziwe kabusha iminotho ezosiyekisa ukusebenzisa
    izimpahla zemvelo. Kodwa ukuvala kanye nokuhweba kwenza izakhamuzi
    zicabange ukuthi yonke into izolunga uma sishayela kancane, sishintsha
    amalambu kamandla kagesi bese kuthi lamadoda aqhubeke nokunye. Uma
    ukuvala kudala intuthuko engamanga, indlela eyingozi le yokubheka eceleni.

    Lezizincomo zokuvala nokuhweba indlela nje yokuqhubeka nezamabhizinisi.
    Njengamanje, iMelika ixhasa amandla ezimpahla zemvelo kakhulu
    kunezimpahla eziphindwa zisetshenziswe. Ini! Akufanele ngabe sixhasa
    izimpahla zamandla emvelo nhlobo!

    Lamadoda ungathi awaboni ukuthi indlela elula ukugcina umsizi uphephile

    Isikhulu sezombusazwe saseMelika,uRick Boucher, ongumngani omkhulu
    wezimboni zamalahle yena uvotela ukuvala nokuhweba. Uthi lokhu
    “kuqinisekisa izimboni ukuthi ziqhubeke nokusebenzisa amalahle”.

    Akukho mthetho oncoma ukusetshenziswa kwamalahle ongavimba ukushintsha kwesimo sezulu. Nhlobo.

    Ukuvala, imithetho eqinile, ukusukuma kwezakhamuzi, kanye nezimali
    zomsizi ukuze sikhokhe izikweletu zokungcolisa imvelo kanye nokudala
    kabusha ezinye izindlela zomnotho wamandla ahlanzekile, ilokhu okungenza
    sisindise ikusasa lethu.

    Uma ngesikhathi esizayo kukhona othi ukuvala nokuhweba ikona okungcono kakhulu, ungabakholwa neze. Empeleni okungcono ukhulume nabo. Ngoba kungase kwenzeke ukuthi nabo bafuna ikusasa elivikelekile mayelana nokushintsha kwesimo sezulu. Mhlawumbe sebekhohliwe-nje ukuthi awukwazi ukuthengisa ngesixazululo esingeke sabasebenzela.

    Ngiyazi ukuthi sonke ngeke sathanda ukunikela ngalutho, ukuvikela
    umkhathi futhi sibe izigwili sisenza lokho. Lena inkinga enkulu abantu
    basemhlabeni aseke bakhekana nayo.

    Angeke siyiguqule nglowomqondo – ngomqondo wabo- osifake kulenkinga
    kwasekuqaleni. Sidinga okusha.

    Ngeke kube lula, kodwa isikhathi sokuthi sibe namaphupho amakhulu.
    Isikhathi sokuqhamuka nesixazululo sokushintsha kwesimo sezulu
    okuzosebenza ngempela.

    Climate Protest Photos

    CJN activist

    cl London 5 Dec 1

    London 5 Dec 2

    cl London 5 Dec 3

    cl London 5 Dec

    cl Manila 7 Dec

    Climate protest news part 1

    Climate protest news part 2

    Patrick Bond at SF protest against CP 15 repression

    Patrick Bond at SF protest against Danish repression of civil society and Copenhagen climate 'deal', and radio interview, 18 December 2009

    Emergency Protest & Vigil




  • WHEN: Friday December 18th 4:30-6:00PM
    WHERE: Danish Consulate, 1 California St, at Market St. (Embarcadero BART), San Francisco
    Bring candles and friends.

    “First they shut the public out of the climate negotiations, then they shut out 80% of NGOs who have been accredited to attend, and now they are jailing people who challenge the undemocratic nature of the climate negotiations, while the future of life on earth literally hangs in the balance.” -Dorothy Guerro, Focus on the Global South, Climate Justice Now Network.

    Marc Andrus, Episcopal Bishop of California
    Anuradha Mittal, Executive Director Oakland Institute Michelle Chan, Friends of the Earth
    Patrick Bond, director of the Centre for Civil Society, at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Durban, South Africa, and co-editor of the new book Climate Change, Carbon Trading and Civil Society


    The US and other wealthy climate polluting nations refuse to significantly reduce climate pollution and to pay our ecological debt to climate-impacted developing world. On Tuesday, US climate negotiator Todd Stern said he foresees no change in President Obama’s offer to cut emissions by 17 percent of 2005 levels by2020. The proposal has been widely criticized because it amounts to just a four percent cut when adopting the 1990 emission standard used by the rest of the world. Scientists call for a 40% cut by 2020in order to prevent an environmental and humanitarian catastrophe. Meanwhile, developing countries including the US, UK and Denmark drafted and circulated a document to completely circumvent the UN from all further future negotiations.

    Accredited civil society groups including Friends of the Earth, Avaaz, Tck Tck Tck, Via Campesina have been banned from the UN Climate Conference. “The surgical removal of non governmental organizations underscores the lack of democracy inherent in these negotiations. The only way to avoid catastrophic climate change is fully supporting and including peoples movements like the very ones illegitimately removed from this process.,” said Professor Micheal Dorsey, a member of the Climate Justice Now! Network.

    Danish police have engaged in mass preemptive arrests, detentions, clubbed and pepper spayed nonviolent activists, raided organizing centers and suspended basic civil liberties and democratic rights. Dr. Tadzio Mueller of Berlin, an accredited NGO observer at the COP 15 and the spokesperson for Climate Justice Action, was arrested without provocation by plain clothed police shortly after a press conference announcing nonviolent demonstrations plans. He remains in jail awaiting trial.

    Booklaunch: Climate Change, Carbon Trading & Civil Society

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