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Publication Details

Reference
Bond, Patrick (2015) Tokenism in South African social policy. seminar on 'tokenistic' social policy at UKZN Development Studies : 1-30.

Summary
South Africa’s welfare state expansion is said to be one of the leading “social democratic” achievements of the post-apartheid era. However, tokenistic features – including a neoliberal (fiscally-austere) context, the extension (not transformation) of apartheid’s inheritance, and commercialization of state services – mean the deeper crises of society and economy are not being effectively mitigated, in spite of alternative strategies of decommodification pursued by civil society activists.

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