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Publication Details

Reference
Hunter, Nina  (2006) Crises in Social Reproduction in a Developmental State: Home-Based care in KwaZulu-Natal. Centre for Civil Society  Colloquium on the Economy, Society and Nature: 1-18.

Summary
In the last few decades neoliberalism has become predominant in governments around the world, with assaults on those functions of the state which were intended to compensate for the inadequacies and injustices of the market (De Angelis, 2000). Gill and Bakker (2003) point to a growing crisis of social reproduction, most acute in poor developing countries, and among the poorest, that is associated with the fiscal crisis of the state and the removal of state provisions. In the South African context, these occurrences are not new. Referring to Apartheid South Africa, Harold Wolpe (1972) argues that the crucial function performed by the policy of segregation was to maintain the productive capacity of the pre-capitalist economies and the social system of the African societies in order to ensure that these societies provided a portion of the means of reproduction of the African labour power. The extended family in the reserves to which migrant labour returned in between periods of work was able to fulfill the social security functions necessary for the reproduction of the migrant work force. Therefore the capitalist sector and the state were relieved of the need to expend resources on these necessary functions, with the former able to secure an increased rate of surplus value.

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 Relevant Publications
 The Accumulation of Capital. Chapter 27: THE STRUGGLE AGAINST NATURAL ECONOMY: Rosa Luxemburg 
 Capitalism & cheap labour power in South Africa: Harold Wolpe 
 Labour Market Discrimination and its Aftermath in Southern Africa Guy Mhone 



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